Emilia Pardo Bazán. Zaka 100 atamwalira. Zidutswa zankhani

Chithunzi cha Emilia Pardo Bazán. Wolemba Joaquín Sorolla.

Emilia Pardo Bazán adamwalira tsiku longa lero zaka 100 zapitazo. Chiwerengero chake ndi chimodzi mwazotulutsa zazikulu, osati zolemba zokha, komanso chikhalidwe pakati pa zaka za XNUMXth ndi XNUMX. Mwina kuzindikira kwake kwakukulu ndi kutchuka zimachokera ku ntchito yake Pazos de Ulloa, koma idakhudza timitengo tonse, kuyambira pazachilengedwe mpaka kukwaniritsa, kudutsa buku lalifupi, nkhani yayifupi, zolemba zamanyuzipepala komanso nkhani zazifupi. Ndi zina mwa izi zomwe ndimapanga a kusankha snippet monga kuwerenga kukumbukira.

Nkhani zachikondi

Mtima wotayika 

Ndikupita masana ena kuti ndiyende m'misewu ya mzindawo, ndinawona chinthu chofiira pansi; Ndinatsika: unali mtima wamagazi ndi wamoyo womwe ndinasonkhanitsa mosamala. "Mkazi wina ayenera kuti adasochera," ndimaganiza, ndikuwona kuyera ndi kukoma kwa viscera, yomwe, ikakhudza zala zanga, idagundana ngati ili mkati mwa chifuwa cha mwini wake. Ndinaukulunga mosamala mu nsalu yoyera, ndinabisa, ndikubisa pansi pa zovala zanga, ndipo ndinayamba kufunsa kuti mayi amene anataya mtima mumsewu anali ndani. Kuti ndifufuze bwino, ndidapeza magalasi abwino omwe adandilola kuwona, kudzera mu bodice, zovala zamkati, nyama ndi nthiti - monga kudzera mwa omwe amathandizira oyera mtima ndipo ali ndi zenera laling'ono pachifuwa chawo -, malo a mtima.

Chisangalalo

Sizingatheke kupaka chisamaliro ndi kukhala tcheru komwe mbewa yamayi idasamalira mbewa zake. Wodzala ndi pike adawakulira, osangalala komanso osangalala, komanso ndi ubweya wa phulusa wonyezimira kotero kuti umapereka chisangalalo; Ndipo posafuna kusiya zaumulungu kwa munthu, adauza ana ake machenjezo amakhalidwe abwino, anzeru komanso owongoka, ndikuwapatsa iwo tcheru pamisampha ndi zoopsa za dziko lotukuka. "Adzakhala mbewa ndi ubongo komanso kuganiza bwino," adatero mbewa mumtima mwake, powona momwe amamvera mwachidwi komanso momwe amasungilira zikopa zawo posonyeza kuvomereza.

Koma ndikuwuzani pano, mwachinsinsi kwambiri, kuti mbewa zinali zodalilika chifukwa anali asanatulutse mitu yawo mu dzenje lomwe amayi awo anawasangalatsa. Bowolo linkachita mu thunthu la mtengo, lidawateteza modabwitsa, ndipo linali lotentha m'nyengo yozizira komanso yozizira nthawi yotentha, nthawi zonse limakhala lodzaza, komanso labisala kotero kuti ana asukulu samakayikira kuti kuli banja lamanyazi lomwe limakhala kumeneko.

Nkhani zamkati

Za chisa

Kuyenera kupita ku Madrid kukasamalira nkhani yofunika, Chimodzi mwazinthu zomwe zikukhudzidwa kwambiri zomwe zimakakamiza munthu kuti akhale miyezi ingapo akutsuka fumbi la mabenchi ndi mpando wa mathalauza, ndidazindikira za nyumba yotsika mtengo, ndipo mmenemo ndidakhazikika mchipinda "chabwino" , moyang'anizana ndi msewu wa Preciados.

Anzathu omwe timakhala nawo mozungulira adayesetsa kukhazikitsa pakati pathu chizolowezi choyipa, kuwombera nthabwala ndi mikangano yomwe nthawi zambiri imasandulika kukhala wopanda tanthauzo kapena mwamwano. Ndinalowa mgobolomo. Mlendo yekhayo amene adawonetsa kusungako anali mnyamata wazaka pafupifupi makumi awiri mphambu zinayi, wosakhazikika, wotchedwa Demetrio Lasús. Nthawi zonse amabwera mochedwa patebulo, kupuma pantchito molawirira, kudya pang'ono, kudutsa bolodi; Amamwa madzi, amayankha mwaulemu, koma samachita miseche, osachita chidwi kapena owonera, ndipo izi zidandipangitsa kukhala wachifundo.

Nkhani za Sacroprofan

Ndalama zadziko lapansi

Kalelo kunali mfumu (sitimayenera kunena kuti mfumu) ndipo anali ndi mwana wamwamuna m'modzi yekha, wabwino ngati buledi wabwino, Ovomerezeka ngati namwali (mwa iwo osadziwa zambiri) komanso wamoyo wokhala ndi chiyembekezo chodzikweza ndi zikhulupiriro zabwino komanso zabwino. Osati kukayikira, kapena ngakhale pang'ono kukayikira komwe kudasokoneza mzimu wachichepere komanso wangwiro wa kalonga, yemwe ndi manja awiri ku Humanity, kumwetulira pamilomo yake ndi chikhulupiriro mumtima mwake, anali kuponda njira yamaluwa.

Komabe, Mfumu Yake Yaufumu, yemwe anali wamkulu, kuposa Wam'mwambamwamba, ndipo anali, monga akunenera, kupindika kopindika, adakwiya kuti mwana wake wamwamuna yekhayo amakhulupirira nkhonya muubwino, kukhulupirika komanso kumamatira kwa anthu onse ine anapeza uko. Pofuna kumuchenjeza za kuopsa kosakhulupirika, iye anafunsira kwa anzeru awiri kapena atatu odziwika kwambiri muufumu wake, omwe amafufuza m'mabuku, kukweza ziwerengero, kutulutsa ma horoscopic, komanso kulosera; Atachita izi, adayitanitsa kalonga, ndikumuchenjeza, mwamawu anzeru komanso ogwirizana, kuti achepetse izi kuti aweruze bwino onse, ndikumvetsetsa kuti dziko lapansi sichina koma bwalo lalikulu lankhondo pomwe zokonda zimalimbana ndi zokonda ndi zilakolako. motsutsana ndi zilakolako, ndikuti, malinga ndi malingaliro a akatswiri anzeru akale, munthu ndi nkhandwe kwa munthu.

Gwero: Albalearning


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