Nīnauele me Maribel Medina, pelekikena o ka Wā Wahine a me ka mea kākau o ka trilogy Koko.

Maribel Medina

ʻO Maribel Medina: ka puke moʻolelo lawehala e hōʻino ana i nā hewa nui o ke kaiāulu.

Pōmaikaʻi mākou i kēia lā ma kā mākou blog me ʻO Maribel medina, (Pamplona, ​​1969) mea hana o Trilogy puke ʻeleʻele hoku ʻO Coroner Laura Terraux a me Interpol Agent ʻo Thomas Connors. ʻO Maribel Medina ka mea hoʻokumu a me ka pelekikena o kēia manawa ka NGO Wahine Wā Manawa.

«Pāleʻele ʻo Pablo a ke holoi nei i kona mau waimaka me ka hainaka.Ua hauʻoli wau i ka ʻike ʻana aku iā ia i ke kaumaha, ua pūʻiwa wau i kēlā ʻano o ke kanaka. Ua hewa wau e hoʻokolokolo iā ia: he naʻau ko ka Foolelo. Inā hiki iā ia ke uē no ka ʻīlio, e hoʻokuʻu wale nō ʻo ia iā mākou i kekahi lā. Ua manaʻo wau no mākou kēlā mau waimaka, no nā kaikamahine a pau āna i hoʻokauwā ai. "

(Koko i ka mauʻu. Maribel Medina)

Nūhou moʻokalaleo: ʻO Doping i ka haʻuki e wehe i ka trilogy, hoʻomau me ka palaho i ka ʻoihana lāʻau lapaʻau a me nā hoʻāʻo me nā kānaka i nā ʻāina pōpilikia a hoʻopau me ke kālepa kanaka. ʻEkolu mau pilikia o ka hopena pili kaiaulu e nīnau i ka hana o ka ʻōnaehana o kēia manawa. ʻO ka puke moʻolelo hewa e like me ka hōʻino ʻana i nā ʻino o kā mākou kaiāulu?

Maribel Medina: He kumu o ka hoʻopiʻi ka moʻo hewa a, i kēlā manawa, ʻo ia ka mea e pono ai iaʻu. ʻO kaʻu kākau ʻana kaʻu megaphone e hoʻōho ai i kahi kūpono ʻole. ʻAʻole ia iaʻu he hoʻomaikaʻi ka naʻaupō, ʻaʻole wau makemake i ka ʻike ʻole a ʻimi wau i ka mea like i loaʻa i ka mea heluhelu e ukali iaʻu.

AL: ʻEkolu mau wahi like ʻole: mai nā Swiss Alps ma Sangre de Barro ua huakaʻi mākou i India me ke koko Untouchable, kikoʻī i ke kūlanakauhale o Benares, a mai laila a i Peru, i ke Koko ma waena o ka mauʻu, ka hapa hope o ka Trilogy. ʻO kekahi kumu no nā wahi like ʻole?

MM: Makemake au e huakaʻi ka mea heluhelu me aʻu. ʻIke ʻo ia i nā wahi aʻu i aloha ai. Ma waho aʻe o ka lilo ʻana i protagonist hou o ka puke.

AL: Pelekikena o ka NGO Women's Time e hana nei no ka hoʻomohala ʻana i nā wahine ma India, Nepal, Dominican Republic a me Sepania. ʻO ka hoʻolaʻa ʻana i ka hoʻomaikaʻi nohona kanaka he mea mau ia i ko Maribel ola. Noho ka ʻike koʻikoʻi ma mua o kahi NGO e hoʻohuli i nā moʻolelo āu i hopu ai ma kāu mau puke?

MM: ʻAe loa. Ua noho wau ma India a ʻike maka i ka hana a Big Pharma i ka poʻe ʻilihune. Penei e hānau ai Koko koko ʻole ʻia. Ua hoihoi wau i ka hoʻolauna ʻana i ka mea heluhelu i kahi honua i kahi mamao loa mai koʻu ola o kēlā me kēia lā. ʻO Benares kahi kūlanakauhale kahi e hele kūlohelohe ai ka make. ʻIke ʻoe i nā ʻelemākule e kali nei no ka make i nā gahts, nānā ʻoe i ka uahi mai nā crematoria he nui e nānā ʻole i nā Ganges, huhū ʻia ʻoe e ka ʻōnaehana caste e hoʻomalu nei. Ua noʻonoʻo wau pehea e hiki ai iā ʻoe ke ʻimi i kahi mea pepehi kanaka serial i kahi inoa ʻole o nā alanui, kahi e make ai nā poʻe he nui me ka ʻole o kahi moʻolelo. Aia kekahi ʻoiaʻiʻo ma mua o ka fiction. Loaʻa i nā ʻoihana lāʻau lapaʻau nui ke kiʻi o ka Eliminator, kekahi mea kuleana no ka uhi ʻana i nā hana maikaʻi ʻole. A hana kekahi o nā mea hoʻokūkū i kahi NGO. ʻIke ʻoe…

AL: He aha ka pahuhopu nui o kēia puke ʻekolu?

MM: Ua ʻōlelo ʻo Mabel Lozano e pili ana i kahi muliwai ma Peru kahi i kiola ai lākou i nā kaikamahine i make, ua ʻimi au i kēlā ʻāina a loaʻa ʻo La Rinconada, hehena ma ka honua. He kūpono loa ia naʻu ma ke ʻano he hiʻohiʻona o ka mea i ʻike ʻia e kaʻu mau hāmeʻe ma laila. ʻO ka luna o kahi nūpepa ma laila, ʻo Correo Puno, i hāʻawi mai iaʻu i nā kuhi he nui, a me kekahi o nā mea nūpepa Sepania i noho ma mua, ʻo ke koena ka hana a ka mea kākau e hoʻoneʻe i ka mea heluhelu i kēlā wahi a hōʻemi iā ia a paʻa i kona puʻuwai. ʻAʻole paʻakikī iaʻu.

Maopopo ka pahuhopu, e hōʻino ai i ke kauā o ke kenekulia XXI; kanaka trafficking. ʻAʻole hiki ke ʻae ʻia kahi ʻāina e like me Sepania ʻaʻohe ona kānāwai e pāpā ana i ka moekolohe, e waiho ana i loko o ka limbo kū kānāwai i hiki i nā wahine ke kūʻai aku, kūʻai aku, hoʻolimalima ʻia me ka ʻae a ka poʻe kālai'āina. ʻAʻole hiki iaʻu ke lilo i makuahine hānai, ʻaʻole hiki iaʻu ke kūʻai aku i kahi puʻupaʻa, akā hiki iaʻu ke hoʻolimalima. ʻAno hoʻomākeʻaka ia.

koko i ka mauʻu

ʻO ke koko i waena o ka mauʻu, ka hoʻoiho hope loa o ka trilogy Koko.

AL: He coroner a me kahi agena Interpol ma ke ʻano he protagonists o ka trilogy. Hiki ma ʻO Laura Terraux lāua ʻo Thomas Connors i ka hopena o ke ala me ka hoʻoiho hou loa, Koko i ka mauʻu?

MM:  Noʻu he mea nui ʻaʻole nā ​​mākaʻi i mākaʻi, ʻaʻole wau a ʻaʻohe oʻu manaʻo pehea e noiʻi ai; Ua makemake au i kaʻu mau puke e like me ka hiki. Makemake wau e kākau e pili ana i kaʻu ʻike.

Hāʻawi kahi kāne iā Toma iaʻu i kahi pāʻani loko ʻino, ʻoiai ʻo ka Toma o kaʻu puke mua: hedonist, wahine wahine, aloha pilikino, ka mea i kīkēkē i ke ola o nā poʻe ʻē aʻe, ua loli ka hopena o kahi mea i hoʻohuli i ke ola i lalo. Maikaʻi loa ia. Eia nō naʻe, he kilokilo kilokilo ʻo Laura, koa, kūpaʻa, ka mea ʻike i kāna makemake a hakakā me ka hapahā ʻole. Inā mākou e hoʻohui i kēlā mea ʻumeʻume i hānau ʻia ma waena o lākou, hoʻoholo pono ia i ka hoʻoholo a nā kāne.

A ʻae, ʻo ia ka hopena o ke ala. A makemake wau e waiho ia ma luna ma mua o ka haʻalele ʻana o ka poʻe heluhelu iaʻu.

AL: Ke hoʻoneʻe ʻia nā kumuhana e like me ka wela o kēlā mau mea i loko o kāu mau puke, hiki i kekahi mau ʻano a i ʻole nā ​​kūlana ke manaʻo e koho ʻia. Ma luna o nā mea āpau, ke hana ʻia me ka ikaika o ka ʻikepili āu e hoʻolako ai i nā puke. Ua loaʻa paha kekahi ʻano hōʻole a hopena maikaʻi ʻole paha ma ka ʻaoʻao o nā ʻāpana o ka nohona Sepania?

MM: ʻO nā pilikia nui loa me ke Koko o ka Mud. ʻO kaʻu kāne he mea haʻuki ʻelite. I kekahi lā ua haʻiʻo ia iaʻu e pili ana i ke kumukūʻai āu e uku ai a hiki i ka puhaka. Ua pupuhi ʻo ia iaʻu. Me he mea lā he hoʻopunipuni nui ia iaʻu. Kūʻai lākou iā mākou i ka neʻe Olumepika ma ke ʻano he mea olakino a maikaʻi ʻole, akā he wahaheʻe ia. Ma hope he mau kauka e hana nei i ka lawe ʻana i ka mea haʻuki i luna. Hana ʻia nā kiʻi kiʻi haʻuki ma kahi hale hana.

He mea paʻakikī a hoʻopiha ʻia me nā pilikia. No nā alakaʻi he nui i ka doping hāʻawi i ka hanohano a me ke kālā, ʻo ia, ʻaʻole ia he pilikia, no ke aha lākou e kōkua ai iaʻu? ʻO laki kahi manaʻo ʻole o kekahi, e like me Interpol Lyon lāua ʻo Enrique Gómez Bastida -ʻo ia ka luna o ka Spanish Anti-Doping Agency-. ʻO ia wale nō ke kumuhana kahi i hoʻoweliweli ʻia me nā hoʻopiʻi, a ua hoʻōki nā kamaʻāina o ke ʻano o kaʻu kāne i ke kamaʻilio ʻana me ia.

AL: ʻAʻole loa wau e noi i kahi mea kākau e koho ma waena o kāna puke moʻolelo, akā makemake mākou iā ia. hui me ʻoe ma ke ʻano he mea heluhelu. Ka mea kēlā puke he aha kāu e hoʻomanaʻo ai kūikawā e ka meli, he aha ka mea e hōʻoluʻolu ai iā ʻoe ke ʻike ma kāu papa? ¿algakahi mea kākau āu e makemake nui ai, o kahi āu e holo ai i ka hale kūʻai puke ke paʻi ʻia lākou?

MM: ʻO nā mea aʻu i heluhelu ai i kaʻu mau ʻōpio. ʻO nā mele a Lord Byron i kahakaha ʻia ma luna o kāna huaʻōlelo "Aia wau i ka honua i mua oʻu" kahi mea maikaʻi iaʻu. A laila ua haki ʻo Baudelaire a me kāna hōʻiliʻili o nā mele ʻo Las flores del mal i kuʻu poʻo: ʻO ka paukū "ʻO kou mau hoʻomanaʻo i kūkulu ʻia e nā palena" i lilo i kumu o ke ola: pono wau e ʻai i ka honua i nā nahu, me ka palena ʻole ʻē aʻe o kaʻu.

Akā ʻo ka mea kākau nāna i kaha nui iaʻu ma ka moʻokalaleo ʻo Curzio Malaparte. Ua uhi ʻia kāna mau puke i ka papa hele po a kuʻu makuakāne. He mau makahiki ka lōʻihi o koʻu hōʻoia ʻana i ka maikaʻi o kāna haʻi moʻolelo poetic-journalist. Ua kākau ʻo Malaparte e pili ana i ka luʻuluʻu o ke Kaua Honua II me kahi leo ʻano ʻole:

"Makemake wau e ʻike i ka mea e loaʻa ai, ke ʻimi nei i nā moʻo nui." ʻO kāna mau mōneka kekahi o kāna huakaʻi.

I kēia manawa ʻelua wale nō mea kākau nona kaʻu mau paʻi a pau: John M. Coetzee lāua ʻo Carlos Zanón.

ʻO wau nō kahi hale kūʻai puke a me kaʻiole hale waihona puke, makemake au e heluhelu i nā ʻano puke āpau, akā ua lilo wau i mea koi nui.

AL: He aha nā manawa kūikawā o kāu ʻoihana ʻoihana? ʻO kēlā mau mea āu e haʻi aku ai i kāu moʻopuna.

MM: ʻO ka lā i kūʻai aku ai kuʻu keʻena palapala i ke kahakaha Blood of Mud ma ka pūnaewele. Ua ʻike wau i ke noi a ʻaʻole wau i piliwi. He pīhoihoi loa ia, ʻaʻole no ke kālā, akā no ka hōʻoia ʻana he mea kaʻu e haʻi aku ai a ua hana maikaʻi ʻia.

AL: I kēia mau manawa ke hoʻomau ka ʻenehana i ko mākou ola, ʻaʻole hiki ke alo aʻe e nīnau e pili ana i ka nā pūnaewele, kahi hanana e hoʻokaʻawale i nā mea kākau ma waena o ka poʻe e hōʻole iā lākou ma ke ʻano he ʻoihana ʻoihana a me nā mea hoʻomana iā lākou. Pehea ʻoe e noho ai? He aha nā mea pili pūnaewele e lawe iā ʻoe? ʻOi aku lākou i nā drawbacks?

MM: Maikaʻi lākou iaʻu inā ʻoe e kāohi iā lākou. ʻO ia, inā ʻaʻole lākou he kuleana. ʻAʻole wau i kākau i nā nīnau pilikino, ʻaʻole wau e hōʻike i koʻu ola. ʻO ka puke ka mea, ʻaʻole naʻu.

ʻAe lākou iaʻu i kahi kokoke me nā mea heluhelu e paʻakikī ʻole ai.

AL: puke pepa uila a pepa paha?

MM: Ka pepa

AL: Hana ka powa moʻokalaleo?

MM: ʻAʻole wau e noʻonoʻo e pili ana. ʻOiai ke alakaʻi ʻia mākou e nā poʻe kālaiʻāina ʻike ʻole i ka heluhelu i ka pilikia moʻomeheu, ʻaʻohe makemake a kānāwai paha e hoʻopaʻi iā ia, no laila e aho e kāpae ʻole iā ia. Ma waho o kaʻu hiki. 

AL: E pani, e like me nā manawa mau, e nīnau ana wau iā ʻoe i ka nīnau pili loa hiki iā ʻoe ke nīnau i kahi mea kākau.no ke aha maié kākau ʻoe?

MM: Ua lohi wau i ka hana. Manaʻo wau he hopena kaʻu kākau ʻana i kaʻu heluhelu heluhelu, kokoke i ka fanaticism. Ma hope o ke kanahā ua hoʻomaka wau e kākau a he huhū ka huhū ma mua o ka pono. Makemake wau e kamaʻilio e pili ana i kahi hoʻopono nui a ʻo ka puke ka mea waena. A laila ua koi ka kūleʻa iaʻu e hoʻomau. ʻO ia ke kumu i manaʻo ʻole ai iaʻu iho he mea kākau, he mea haʻi moʻolelo wale nō. ʻAʻohe oʻu pono e kākau.

Gracias ʻO Maribel medina, makemake iā ʻoe i nā kūleʻa i kāu mau ʻoihana āpau a pilikino, i kū ʻole ke kahakaha a hoʻomau ʻoe e pīhoihoi iā mākou a hoʻoulu i ko mākou lunamanaʻo me kēlā me kēia puke hou.


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

Kāu leka uila aae? E,ʻaʻole e paʻiʻia.

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  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.