ʻO ka makuahine o Frankenstein

Kuhi ʻia e ka mea kākau ʻo Almudena Grandes.

Kuhi ʻia e ka mea kākau ʻo Almudena Grandes.

ʻO ka makuahine o Frankenstein he puke moʻolelo na Almudena Grandes a ʻo ia ka hapana o nā kaʻina Nā Episodes o ke Kaua Pau ʻole. Hōʻike kēia poʻo i kahi moʻolelo i hoʻonohonoho ʻia ma Sepania hope. Pēlā nō, hōʻike ke kumuhana o ka puke i kahi ʻāpana o nā hopena psychiatric i hopena ʻia e ke Kaua Kivila a me ke aupuni Franco.

No kēia mea, hōʻike ka mea kākau i nā huapalapala he haneli - he fictitious kekahi, a he poʻe maoli kekahi - i waena o ke kūlana mōʻaukala o ia manawa. Ma laila, ua hāmama kahi papahele e pili ana i nā makahiki hope o ke ola o Aurora Rodríguez Carballeira, i hoʻopaʻa ʻia i kahi hale puʻuhonua. Kahi mea hou aʻe, hōʻike ka puke i nā ʻike hilinaʻi o kēia wahine Paniolo i lilo i mea kaulana i nā makahiki 30 no ka pepehi kanaka ʻana i kāna kaikamahine.

No laila

Ua hānau ʻia ʻo Almudena Grandes Hernández ma Madrid ma Mei 7, 1960. Ua hoʻopau ʻo ia i kāna aʻo ʻana i ka ʻoihana ma ke Kulanui o Complutense o Madrid, kahi i puka ai ʻo ia ma Geography a me ka Mōʻaukala. ʻO kāna hana mua ma ka hale paʻi; Ma laila kāna hana nui e kākau i nā wāwae wāwae o nā kiʻi i nā puke aʻo. Ua kōkua kēia hana iā ia e kamaʻāina i ke kākau ʻana.

Heihei palapala

ʻO kāna puke mua, Nā makahiki o Lulu (1989), kahi kūleʻa nui: unuhi ʻia i loko o 20 mau ʻōlelo, ka mea lanakila o ka makana XI La Sonrisa Vertical Award a hoʻololi ʻia i ka kinima. Mai ia manawa, ua hana ka mea kākau i nā puke hou i loaʻa nā helu hoʻoponopono maikaʻi a me ka mahalo nui ʻia. I ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, ʻo nā mea i ʻōlelo ʻia ma lalo ua lawe ʻia i ka hale kiʻiʻoniʻoni.

  • He inoa tango ʻo Malena (1994)
  • Nā Atlas o ke kālaihonua kanaka (1998)
  • ka airs paʻakikī (2002)

Episodes de hoʻokahi kaua pau ole

Aʻo 2010, Nui i paʻiʻia ʻO Agnes a me ka hauʻoli, ka hoʻoili mua o ka moʻo Nā Episodes o ke kaua pau ʻole. Me kēia puke, ua lanakila ka mea kākau i ka Elena Poniatowska Ibero-American Novel Prize (2011), a me nā makana ʻē aʻe. Aia a ʻelima mau hana e hana ai i ka saga; ʻo ka hā: Nā mea maʻi o Kauka García, i loaʻa ka makana Narrative National 2018.

ʻO ka makuahine o Frankenstein

Ka pōʻaiapili o ka hana

Ua hui ʻo Grandes me ka moʻolelo o Aurora Rodríguez Carballeira ma hope o ka heluhelu ʻana ʻO ka puke i loaʻa ma Ciempozuelos (1989), na Guillermo Rendueles. Hoihoi i kēia ʻano, ka Mea kākau o Madrid hoʻomau i ka hoʻokolokolo ʻana i mea e palapala kikoʻī ai e pili ana i ka hihia. No kēia kumu, ma loko o ka hoʻolālā e hōʻike ʻia ai nā hanana maoli, kahi e hāʻawi ai i ka moʻolelo i ka hopena nui aʻe.

Hoʻonohonoho ka hoʻomohala i ka mea heluhelu ma ka Ciempozuelos Asylum (kokoke i Madrid), i ka wā 1950. Uhi ka ʻōlelo i nā ʻaoʻao 560 i hoʻouka ʻia me ka mōʻaukala e wehewehe i nā hoʻololi i loaʻa mai nā hakakā kaua lehulehu. I kēia ala, ʻike ʻia kahi pāluna ma kahi o 3 mau huapalapala: Aurora, María a me Kelemania, nā mea e hoʻololi i ke kanaka mua i ka moʻolelo.

Hōʻuluʻulu

ʻO ke ala mua

Aʻo 1954, hoʻi ka psychiatrist Kelemania ʻo Velásquez i Sepania e hana i ka hale o nā wahine ma Ciempozuelos, ma hope o ka noho ʻana i 15 mau makahiki ma Kuikilana. Ma muli o ka hoʻopili ʻia ʻana o ka lāʻau hou me ka chlorpromazine - he neuroleptic i hoʻohana ʻia e hōʻemi i nā hopena o ka schizophrenia - ua hoʻopiʻi nui ʻia ia ma loko o ka psychiatric center. Eia naʻe, e kahaha nā hopena i nā mea āpau.

Kelemānia ʻike koke ʻo ia ʻo kekahi o kāna mau maʻi ʻo Aurora Rodríguez Carballeira, kahi wahine i hoʻoulu i ka hoihoi mai ka wā kamaliʻi. I kona wā kamaliʻi, hoʻomanaʻo ʻo ia i ka hoʻolohe ʻana i kāna ʻōlelo i haʻi aku ai i kona makuakāne - ʻo Kauka Velásquez - e pili ana iā ia. Pepehi kanaka o kāna kaikamahine. No laila, komo ka psychiatrist i ka hihia e ʻike i ka lapaʻau maikaʻi loa a hoʻāʻo e hoʻomaikaʻi i kāna mau lā hope loa.

ʻO ka mea hoʻomanawanui

ʻO Aurora Rodríguez Carballeira kahi wahine mehameha loa, kipa wale ʻia e María Castejón, kahi kahu hānai i noho mau ma laila (ʻo ia ka moʻopuna moʻopuna). Manaʻo ʻo María i ka mahalo nui no Aurora, no ka mea, ua aʻo ʻo ia iā ia e heluhelu a kākau. Eia hou, i kēlā me kēia lā leʻaleʻa ʻo ia i ka hoʻolilo manawa ʻana i loko o kona lumi, kahi e hoʻolaʻa ai iā ia iho i ka heluhelu ʻana iā ia, ʻoiai e makapō ʻo Rodríguez.

ʻO ka maʻi

holaKahua He kūlana ʻo ia no ka wahine naʻaupō loa, ka mea pale i nā eugenics a me nā kuleana wahine. Kāna ʻeha ʻia i kahi maʻi e hiki ai i nā hallucination, manias hoʻomāinoino a me nā kuhihewa o ka hanohano. Hōʻike ka moʻolelo i kāna mau makahiki ʻelua i hala o ke ola, ma hope o ka hala ʻana o ʻelua mau makahiki o ka paʻahao no ka hewa i hana ʻia i kāna kaikamahine, āna i mihi ʻole ai.

Ua hoʻoholo e hana i ka "wahine kūpono o ka wā e hiki mai ana", ua hoʻomaka ʻo Aurora e loaʻa kahi kaikamahine a hānai iā ia me kāna mau manaʻo nui. Ua kāhea ka lede i kēlā kaikamahine: Hildegart Rodríguez Carballeira - nona kahi hana ʻepekema. Ma lalo o kēlā pae hoʻohālikelike, hānai i kahi keiki prodigy, me ka kūleʻa nui i ke kumu. Akā, ka makemake o ka wahine ʻōpio no ke kūʻokoʻa a makemake e haʻalele i kona makuahine i alakaʻi ʻia i un hopena weliweli.

He wahine ʻōpio kupaianaha

ʻO Hildegart Akamai loa ʻo ia, me 3 mau makahiki wale nō āna i ʻike ai i ka heluhelu a me ke kākau ʻana. Ua ___ ia ʻo ka loio hope loa i puka i ke kula ma Sepania, ʻoiai ke aʻo ʻana i ʻelua mau ʻoihana hou aku: Ka lāʻau lapaʻau a me akeakamai a me nā leka. Hoʻohui ʻia, he mea hana politika i ka wā ʻōpio, no laila, he wā hoʻohiki maikaʻi kāna i ka wā e hiki mai ana ... ua pepehi ʻia ʻo ia e kona makuahine, ʻo 18 wale nō kona mau makahiki.

ʻO Ciempozuelos ʻAsekulo

En ʻO ka makuahine o Frankenstein, ʻimi ka mea kākau e hōʻike i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo o nā wahine o ia wā. No kēia kumu, hoʻohana ʻo Grandes i ka sanatorium noʻonoʻo Ciempozuelos no nā wahine ma ke ʻano he hoʻonohonoho. Ma muli o ka manaʻo ʻole o kēia puʻuhonua no nā wahine me nā pilikia noʻonoʻo, aia kekahi mau wahine i hoʻopaʻa ʻia i ka hale paʻahao no ka makemake e kūʻokoʻa a i ʻole ka noho manuahi ʻana i kā lākou moekolohe.

He moʻolelo aloha hiki ʻole

I ka hōʻea ʻana i Ciempozuelos, Ua hoihoi ʻia ʻo Kelemania iā María, kahi wahine ʻōpio i hoʻohoka ʻia a hoka hoʻi. ʻO ia, no kāna ʻāpana, hōʻole iā ia, kahi mea e puzzles ai iā Kelemania, ka mea e ʻike i ke kumu o kona mehameha a me ka pohihihi. ʻO ke aloha pāpā ʻia ma muli o nā kūlana o kahi ʻāina kahi e noho aliʻi nā kaulike pālua, piha i nā lula pono ʻole a me nā hana pono ʻole ma nā wahi āpau.

ʻO nā huapalapala maoli

Aia i loko o ka moʻoʻōlelo kekahi mau huapalapala maoli o ka manawa, e like me, ʻo Antonio Vallejo Nájera a me Juan José López Ibor. ʻO Antonio ka luna o Ciempozuelos, kahi kāne i manaʻoʻiʻo i nā eugenics a ʻo wai ka mea i manaʻoʻiʻo e hoʻopau ʻia nā Marxist āpau. No laila, ua paipai ʻo ia i ke kī ʻana i nā mākua me kēlā kumumanaʻo a me ka hāʻawi ʻana i kā lākou poʻe keiki i nā ʻohana o ka National Movement.

Ma kekahiʻaoʻao, ʻO López Ibor - ʻoiai ʻaʻohe ona launa me Vallejo - ua ʻae ʻo ia i ka hana hoʻomāinoino ʻia o nā mea i kapa ʻia ʻo "ʻulaʻula" a me nā kāne kāne. He psychiatrist kēia i nā manawa o Franco, nāna i hoʻomaʻamaʻa i nā kau electroshock a me nā lobotomies. Hoʻohana wale ʻia kēia mau kaʻina hana i nā kāne, ʻoiai ʻaʻole hiki i nā wahine ke loaʻa ke kūʻokoʻa moekolohe.

Nā lālā ʻē aʻe o ka moʻolelo

I ke kuhi e hōʻike i nā huapalapala lua (fiction) i kōkua i ka hoʻopiha ʻana i ka moʻolelo. I waena o lākou, ʻo Father Armenteros a me nā nun Belén a me Anselma, nā mea e kū ana i ka mea hoʻomana i loko o ka hale noho.. Hoʻohui ʻia, ʻo Eduardo Méndez, kahi psychiatrist homosexual, kahi mea i hōʻino ʻia i kona wā ʻōpio o nā hana a López Ibor a lilo i hoa aloha no Kelemania a me María.


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

ʻO kahi manaʻo, waiho i kāu

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

Kāu leka uila aae? E,ʻaʻole e paʻiʻia. i hāliu aku i koi 'ia kula *

*

*

  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.

  1.   ʻO Sergio Ribeiro Pontet ia

    He inoa tango ʻo Melena (1994), hewa ia. ʻO ka inoa maoli "Malena" a ʻaʻole ʻo Melena. Eia kekahi, ʻo ke poʻo o ka tango i kuhikuhi ʻia ʻo ia », Malena; a ʻaʻole ʻo Melena.