Rosa Montero, walandila National Literature Prize 2017

Chithunzi © Patricia A. Llaneza

Dzulo, Novembala 13, adapatsidwa Mphoto Ya National Literature 2017 kwa wolemba Rose Montero. Kuchokera Zolemba Zamakono, choyambirira, kuthokoza wolemba chifukwa cha mphotho yoyenerayi ndipo ife, owerenga athu, tikusiyirani mwachidule mabuku ake asanu abwino kwambiri. Ngati simunawerenge chilichonse, uwu ndi mwayi wanu. Sankhani chimodzi mwazomwe tikupereka pano, zomwe tatsimikiza kuti muzikonda, mulimonse momwe mungasankhire.

«Nkhani za akazi» (Alfaguara, Januware 2012)

Mmawu a wolemba iyemwini, «Bukuli limabweretsa pamodzi, mumtundu wina wowonjezera, mbiri ya azimayi yomwe ndidafalitsa mu zowonjezera Lamlungu la El País. Sindikudziwa komwe ndingapangire ntchitozi: ngakhale zili zolembedwa kwambiri, sizolemba zaukadaulo kapena zolemba za anthu, koma zokonda kwambiri, zolemba zawo. Ndi nkhani za azimayi apadera omwe ndimayesetsa kuwamvetsetsa. Pali owolowa manja ndipo pali oyipa, amantha kapena olimba mtima, osokonekera kapena amantha; Zonsezi ndizo, inde, zoyambirira kwambiri ndipo zina ndizodabwitsa chifukwa cha zozizwitsa zawo. Koma ndikuganiza kuti, ngakhale zingawoneke zachilendo bwanji, titha kudzizindikira tokha mwa iwo. Ndipo ndikuti aliyense wa ife atseke mkati mwake miyoyo yonse ».

"Okonda ndi adani" (Alfaguara, Januware 2012)

M'bukuli tikhoza kupeza nkhani zingapo. Nkhani zomwe zimatchula zolemba zomwe zimakamba za malo amdima achisangalalo ndi zowawa omwe ndi okwatirana: ndiye kuti, amakhudzana ndi chikondi komanso kusowa chikondi, kufunikira ndikupanga enawo. Ndi nkhani zomwe zimalankhula zakukhumba kwakuthupi ndi kukhumba; ku chizolowezi ndi kukhumudwa; za chisangalalo ndi gehena.

Nkhani izi, zomwe nthawi zambiri zimakhala zosokoneza, zowawa, zodzaza ndi kusekerera kwachikondi, zimapanga galasi loyipa laubwenzi wathu wamdima kwambiri, mdera laphompho komanso losasunthika lomwe nthawi zonse limakana kutchulidwa.

"Mbiri ya mfumu yowonekera" (Alfaguara, Januware 2012)

M'zaka za zana la khumi ndi ziwiri zovuta, Leola, msungwana wosauka wachinyamata, amavula msilikali wakufa pankhondo ndipo amavala zovala zake zachitsulo, kuti adziteteze atabisala bwino. Umu ndi momwe nkhani yoyambira komanso yosangalatsa ya moyo wake imayambira, chochitika chomwe sichili cha Leola yekha komanso chathu, chifukwa buku laulemu ili ndi zosakaniza zabwino likutiuza za dziko lapansi lino ndi zomwe tonsefe tili.

"Mbiri ya Mfumu Yowonekera" ndi zachilendo ulendo wopita ku Middle Ages yosadziwika lomwe limanunkhika ndikumverera pakhungu, ndi nthano yomwe imasuntha ndi kukongola kwake kwakukulu, ndi limodzi mwamabuku omwe samawerengedwa, koma adakhalako. Buku loyambirira komanso lamphamvu, buku la Rosa Montero lili ndi mphamvu zochulukirapo zamabuku zomwe zidayenera kukhala zapamwamba.

"Lingaliro lopusa kuti ndisadzakuwonaninso" (Seix Barral, 2013)

Rosa Montero atawerenga nyuzipepala yabwino kwambiri ija Marie Curie Zinayamba pambuyo pa imfa ya amuna awo, ndipo zomwe zikuphatikizidwa kumapeto kwa bukuli, adawona kuti nkhani ya mayi wokondweretsayu yemwe adakumana ndi nthawi yake idadzaza mutu wake ndi malingaliro ndi malingaliro.

Lingaliro lopusa loti sindidzakuwonaninso linabadwa kuchokera kumoto wamawu uja, kuchokera mkuntho woopsawo. Kutsatira ntchito yodabwitsa ya Curie, Rosa Montero amamanga kufotokozera pakati pa kukumbukira kwamunthu ndi kukumbukira kwa aliyense, pakati pakuwunika kwa nthawi yathu ndi kusunthidwa kwapafupi. Awa ndi masamba omwe amalankhula zakuthana ndi zowawa, maubale pakati pa abambo ndi amai, kukongola kwa kugonana, imfa yabwino ndi moyo wokongola, sayansi ndi umbuli, kupulumutsa kwa mabuku ndi nzeru za iwo omwe amaphunzira kusangalala ndi moyo kwathunthu mopepuka.

Wamoyo, waulere komanso wapachiyambi, buku losasunthika ili ndi zithunzi, zokumbukira, maubwenzi ndi zolemba zomwe zimapereka chisangalalo choyambirira chomvera nkhani zabwino. Lemba lodalirika, losangalatsa komanso lophatikizika lomwe lingakupezeni patsamba lake loyamba.

«Nyama» (Alfaguara, 2016)

Usiku wa opera Soledad amalemba gigolo kuti amuperekeze nawo kuwonetserako kuti apange nsanje kwa wokonda wakale. Koma chochitika chachiwawa komanso chosayembekezereka chimasokoneza chilichonse ndikuwonetsa kuyambika kwa ubale wosokoneza, waphulika komanso mwina wowopsa. Ali ndi zaka makumi asanu ndi limodzi; gigolo, makumi atatu mphambu ziwiri.

Kuchokera kuseka, komanso chifukwa chaukali komanso kukhumudwa kwa iwo omwe apandukira kuwonongeka kwa nthawi, nkhani ya moyo wa Soledad ilumikizana ndi nkhani za olemba otembereredwa pachionetsero chomwe akukonzekera ku National Library.

Nyama Ndi buku lolimba mtima komanso lodabwitsa, lotseguka kwambiri komanso lodziwika bwino kuposa onse a Rosa Montero.

Ntchitoyi yakhala yopambana, pakati pa ena, ya Mphoto ya Novel ya Spring, el Mphoto ya Grinzane Cavour, el Zomwe Muyenera Kuwerenga Mphotho ya Buku Lopambana Lapachaka ndi Mphoto Yotsutsa ya Madrid.

Kodi mukufuna zifukwa zina zowerengera wolemba wamkuluyu? Ngati mawuwa sanakukhutitseni, sitikudziwa chomwe chingachitike.


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