Manuel Rivas

Manuel Rivas ndi mlembi waku Spain yemwe amadziwika kuti ndi m'modzi mwa anthu odziwika bwino kwambiri olemba mabuku achi Galicia masiku ano. Pa ntchito yake yonse adadzipereka pakupanga zolemba, zolemba ndi ntchito ndakatulo; zomwe iye mwini amatcha "kuzembetsa amuna ndi akazi". Ambiri mwa mabuku ake adamasuliridwa m'zilankhulo zoposa 30, ndipo ena adasinthidwa kuti azigwiritsa ntchito makanema kangapo.

Momwemonso, wolemba waku Galicia adadziwika bwino pantchito yake yolemba utolankhani. Ntchitoyi yawonetsedwa pakupanga kwake: Utolankhani ndi nkhani (1994), yomwe imagwiritsidwa ntchito ngati cholembedwa m'mabungwe akuluakulu a Sayansi Yachidziwitso ku Spain.

Mbiri Yakale

Wolemba komanso mtolankhani Manuel Rivas Barrós adabadwira ku La Curuña pa Okutobala 24, 1957. Anachokera kubanja losauka, amayi ake amagulitsa mkaka ndipo abambo ake ankagwira ntchito yomanga nyumba. Ngakhale panali zovuta, adakwanitsa kuphunzira ku IES Monelos. Zaka zingapo pambuyo pake - ndikugwira ntchito ngati mtolankhani - adaphunzira ndikupeza digiri yake mu Sayansi Yachidziwitso ku Complutense University of Madrid.

Zolemba

Rivas wakhala ndi nthawi yayitali ngati mtolankhani; walowa m'malo atolankhani, komanso wailesi komanso kanema wawayilesi. Ali ndi zaka 15 zokha, adayamba ntchito munyuzipepala Abwino Achigalicia. Mu 1976, adalowa magaziniyi Teima, positi lolembedwa mu Chigalicia.

Ntchito yake m'magazini yaku Spain ndiyodziwika bwino Sinthani 16, komwe adamaliza kukhala wachiwiri kwa director komanso kuyang'anira dera lazikhalidwe za Chibaluni. Ponena za kutenga nawo gawo pawailesi, idatsegulidwanso mu 2003 - limodzi ndi Xurxo Souto - Cuac FM (Wailesi yakanema ya La Curuña). Pakadali pano amagwira ntchito yolemba nyuzipepala Dzikoli, ntchito yomwe wakhala akugwira kumeneko kuyambira 1983.

Mpikisano wamabuku

Rivas adalemba ndakatulo zake zoyambirira m'ma 70s, zomwe adalemba m'magazini yosadziwika ya gululi Loia. Panjira yake yonse ngati ndakatulo wapereka ndakatulo 9 ndi anthology yotchedwa: Tauni yausiku (1997). Anati buku limakwaniritsidwa ndi disc, momwe iye mwini amawerenga nyimbo zake 12.

Momwemonso, wolemba adadzipereka pakupanga mabuku okhala ndi zofalitsa zokwanira 19. Ntchito yake yoyamba pamtunduwu ili ndi dzina la Ng'ombe miliyoni (1989), yomwe ili ndi nkhani ndi ndakatulo. Ndi ntchitoyi, Rivas adakwaniritsa kwa nthawi yoyamba mphotho ya Galician Narrative Criticism.

Pa ntchito yake Adasindikiza zolemba zingapo zomwe zidamupatsa mbiri yoipa, monga kusonkhanitsa nkhani Mukundifuna chiyani, chikondi? (1995). Ndi izi adakwanitsa kulandira National Narrative Awards (1996) ndi Torrente Ballester (1995). Mwa izi kusonkhanitsa ndi: Lilime la agulugufe, Nkhani yayifupi yomwe idasinthidwa kukhala kanema mu 1999 ndikupambana mphotho ya Goya pakuwonetsera bwino mu 2000.

Mwa zina mwazinthu zofunikira kwambiri titha kunena: Pensulo yamatabwa (1998), Malawi a moto (2002), Tonsefe (2003), Chilichonse ndi chete (2010) y Mawu otsika (2012). Buku lomaliza lomwe wolemba adalemba ndi Kukhala popanda chilolezo ndi nkhani zina zakumadzulo (2018), yomwe ili ndi mabuku atatu achidule: Kuopa ma hedgehogs, Kukhala opanda chilolezo y Nyanja yopatulika.

Mabuku abwino kwambiri a Manuel Rivas

Mukundifuna chiyani, chikondi? (1997)

Ndi buku lopangidwa ndi nkhani 17 zomwe zimafotokoza mitu yosiyanasiyana yokhudza maubwenzi amunthu, achikhalidwe komanso apano. Masewerowa mzimu wazolemba wa wolemba ukuwonetsedwa, kumene chikondi ndicho maziko a nkhani zonse. Kumva uku kumawonetsedwa m'njira zosiyanasiyana: kuyambira pa platonic mpaka pachisoni chomvetsa chisoni.

Ena Mwa awa nkhani zimakhala ndi mawu osangalatsa komanso oseketsa, koma zina zimakhudza mitu yolimba, ziwonetsero za zenizeni zenizeni.  Anthu omwe amatenga nawo mbali munkhanizi ndi wamba komanso osavuta, monga: wapaulendo, wogulitsa mkaka, woyimba wachinyamata, ana ndi anzawo apamtima; aliyense wokhala ndi pempho linalake.

Mwa nkhani, zotsatirazi ndizowonekera: Lilime la agulugufe, nkhani pakati pa khanda ndi mphunzitsi wake, yomwe imakhudzidwa ndikuwonongeka kwa zaka za m'ma 30. Nkhaniyi idasinthidwa bwino kuti iwonetsedwe ndi Anton Reixa. Pomaliza, ziyenera kudziwika kuti kuphatikiza kumeneku kunamasuliridwa m'zilankhulo zoposa 30 ndikulola kuti wolemba azindikiridwe padziko lapansi.

Nkhani za Mukundifuna chiyani, chikondi? (1997):

  • "Ukundifuna chiyani, wachikondi?"
  • "Lilime la agulugufe"
  • "Sax mu nkhungu"
  • "Mkazi wamkaka wa Vermeer"
  • "Kunja uko"
  • "Udzakhala wokondwa kwambiri"
  • "Carmiña"
  • "Mister & Iron Maiden"
  • "Manda akulu a Havana"
  • "Msungwana wovala mathalauza achifwamba"
  • "Conga, Conga"
  • "Zinthu"
  • "Zojambula"
  • "Duwa loyera la mileme"
  • "Kuwala kwa Yoko"
  • "Kufika kwa nzeru ndi nthawi."

Pensulo yamatabwa (2002)

Ndi buku lachikondi lomwe nalonso ikuwonetsa zenizeni za akaidi aku republican omwe anali m'ndende ya Santiago de Compostela, mchaka cha 1936. Nkhaniyi imanenedwa mwa munthu woyamba ndi wachitatu ndi anthu awiri akulu: Dr. Daniel Da Barca ndi Herbal. Komanso gawo lofunikira pachiwembucho: Marisa Mallo ndi Wopenta - mkaidi yemwe amajambula zojambula zosiyanasiyana ndi pensulo ya kalipentala.

Zosinthasintha

M'bukuli nkhani yachikondi pakati pa Dr. Daniel Da Barca-republican- ndi Marisa Mallo wachichepere akufotokozedwa. Da Barca amamangidwa chifukwa chazandale komanso malingaliro ake. Izi zimasokoneza ubale pakati pa awiriwa, chifukwa ayenera kumenyera nkhondo chikondi chawo, ukwati wawo wamtsogolo patali komanso zowona kuti dziko lonselo likukhala.

Mbali inayi, pali wamndende Herbal, yemwe amakumana ndi Da Barca mndende ndikumukonda. Mkuluyu ndi munthu wosokonezeka, yemwe amasangalala kuzunzidwa komanso kuzunzidwa, ndipo wapha anthu ambiri mndende.

WojambulayoKumbali yake, amadziwika ndi luso lake lalikulu lojambula. Iye adakoka Pórtico de la Gloria, ndipo kumeneko adayimira anzake omwe amamuzunza. Ntchitoyi idachitika ndi pensulo yaukalipentala chabe, yomwe adamulanda ndi Herbal nthawi yayitali asanaigwire.

Nkhani ikupitirira, adotolo aweruzidwa kuti aphedwe. Asanamwalire, amakuzunzidwa kwambiri ndi Herbal, yemwe amayesera kudzipha moyo wake usanathe. Ngakhale adakumana ndi zovuta, amatha kupulumuka ndikukwaniritsa chikhumbo chake chokwatirana ndi chikondi cha moyo wake. Zaka zingapo pambuyo pake, amamasulidwa ndipo akumaliza kupita ku ukapolo ku Latin America, kuchokera komwe amauza gawo lake la nkhaniyi poyankhulana.

Mawu otsika (2012)

Ndi nkhani yonena za zomwe wolemba ndi mlongo wake María adakumana nazo, kuyambira ali mwana mpaka kukula ku La Curuña. La Mbiri ikufotokozedwa m'machaputala 22, ndi mitu yomwe imapereka poyambira pang'ono pazomwe zidalembedwa. M'bukuli, protagonist akuwonetsa mantha ake komanso zokumana nazo zosiyanasiyana kubanja lake; zambiri mwa izi ndizomvetsa chisoni komanso zosasangalatsa.

Zosinthasintha

Manuel Rivas akufotokoza zokumbukira zaubwana wake ndi banja lake, ndikugogomezera kwambiri chikhalidwe ndi malo aku Galicia. Zochitika zambiri m'moyo wake zimafotokozedwa mwachidule, momveka bwino.

Munkhaniyi María amadziwika - mlongo wake wokondedwa-, yemwe amamuwonetsa ngati mtsikana wopanduka wokhala ndi mbiri yodziwika. Amalemekezedwa kwambiri kumapeto kwa seweroli, popeza adamwalira atadwala khansa yayikulu.


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