Javier Marías amwalira ali ndi zaka 70

Javier Marias anamwalira

Kujambula: Javier Marias. Mafonti: Mabuku a Penguin.

Wolemba Javier Marías wamwalira Lamlungu lino ku Madrid. Zomwe zachitika, adamwalira ndi zovuta za chibayo zomwe adazikoka kwa mwezi watha zomwe zidamusiya m'chipatala.

Olemba mabuku amalirira imfa yake chifukwa wagunda mosayembekezereka. Wolembayo akadakwanitsa zaka 71 pa Seputembara 20. Zambiri ndi zolemba zake ndi zolemba zake. Anali wolemba mabuku wolemekezeka komanso wodziwika bwino. Iye wakhala mlembi m'Chisipanishi anaphunzira ku yunivesite, amene ntchito yake ndi chitsanzo cha kalembedwe kake ndi kufunikira kwake mu zilembo za ku Puerto Rico. Tsopano watisiya.

Miyezi yake yomaliza ndi ntchito monga wolemba

Mliri wa COVID-19 usanachitike, akadachita opaleshoni yamsana yomwe idamusiya zaka zaposachedwa kukhala mnyumba yake ku Madrid, ndikupita ku Barcelona komwe kuli nyumba ya mkazi wake. Pa nthawiyi wayesetsa kuti asasiye kulemba. Kuwonjezera pa kudzizungulira yekha ndi mabuku oti awerenge, mu 2021 adatipatsa buku lake lomaliza, nambala khumi ndi zisanu ndi chimodzi, Thomas Nevinson ndipo mu February chaka chomwecho adasindikiza zolemba zake, Kodi wophikayo adzakhala munthu wabwino?

Javier Marías anali m'modzi mwa olemba odziwika bwino azaka za m'ma XNUMX ndi XNUMX. Kalembedwe kake kakhoza kufotokozedwa momveka bwino m'zilankhulo, koma modabwitsa kwambiri komanso momveka bwino.. Mwina ichi ndi chifukwa chake ntchito yake yakhudza kwambiri. Iye ndi mmodzi mwa olemba omwe amathandiza kukulitsa chinenero, pamenepa, Chisipanishi. Ena mwa mabuku ake odziwika bwino ndi Miyoyo yonse, Mtima woyera kwambiri, Nkhope yanu mawa, Zophwanya, Chilumba cha Bertha, kapena "buku labodza" Wakuda kwakanthawiNtchito yake yamasuliridwa m'zinenero 46 m'mayiko 59, ndipo mabuku ake oposa XNUMX miliyoni agulitsidwa..

Kutsutsana

Wolemba uyu nayenso sanapatsidwe mikangano.. Monga zomwe ananena poyankhulana zaka zingapo zapitazo zokhudzana ndi chikhalidwe cha akazi komanso zomwe zinayambitsa kusasangalala m'magulu ena a anthu a ku Spain. Mwa zina, iye anafotokoza kusagwirizana kwake pa za udindo wosiyidwa kwa amayi pa njinga zamoto, mwachitsanzo, kupsompsonana kwamwambo kwa mphoto kwa wopambana pa mpikisanowo.

Koma, zinayambitsa mikangano yosiyanasiyana m'magulu olemba. Izi zinali choncho ndi ntchito yake. Miyoyo yonse, zomwe adabweretsa mkonzi kuti asinthe buku lake, Elías Querejeta, kukhoti. Kupitilira mkangano uliwonse kapena wotsutsa, Javier Marías adapatsa dziko lolemba ntchito zabwino zachikhalidwe ndi anthu.

Royal Spanish Academy ndi kuzindikira

Momwemonso, ndi nthawi yomvetsa chisoni komanso yosintha ku Royal Spanish Academy, yomwe bungwe lake Javier Marías lakhalapo kuyambira 2006, ngakhale sizinali mpaka 2008 pomwe adatenga kalatayo R. Mawu amene anapereka atalowa m’gulu lotchuka limeneli anali ndi mutu Pazovuta kuwerenga.

Javier Marías anali wolemba komanso womasulira. Anamaliza maphunziro a Philosophy ndi Letters kuchokera ku yunivesite ya Complutense ya Madrid, adachita ntchito yophunzitsa monga pulofesa wa Spanish Literature and Translation Theory m'mayunivesite angapo, monga Oxford. mofanana, chofunika kwambiri chinali kumasulira kwake kwa Tristram Shandy ndi zomwe adapatsidwa Mphotho Yadziko Lonse Yomasulira mu 1979. Zoonadi, mndandanda wa zizindikiritso, mphotho ndi mphotho za wolemba uyu ndizokwanira. Mu 2021 adasankhidwa kukhala membala wapadziko lonse lapansi Royal Society of Literature wa Great Britain, kukhala wolemba woyamba ku Spain kuti akwaniritse izi.

Javier Marías: bwalo lake

Javier Marías anabadwira ku Madrid mu 1951 ndipo nthawi zonse amalumikizana ndi akatswiri anzeru omwe amakondadi talente yobadwa nayo.. Iye anali wa m'banja lotukuka kwambiri: bambo ake, Julián Marías, anali wophunzira komanso wafilosofi (panthawi yomweyo anali wophunzira wa Ortega y Gasset), amayi ake anali wolemba Dolores Franco Manera, ndipo amalume ake anali filimuyo. wotsogolera Yesu Franco. Zikadafunikanso kuwonjezera abale ake omwe ali mbali ya dziko la chikhalidwe.

Bambo ake anathawa ku Spain chifukwa sankaloledwa kuphunzitsa ku yunivesite ya ku Spain chifukwa sanali womvera boma la Franco. Banja anakakhala ku United States m'nyumba ya wolemba ndakatulo Jorge Guillen, mnansi wake anali wolemekezeka Vladimir Nabokov.. Anawerengera pakati pa abwenzi ake Fernando Savater ndipo ankadziwika bwino ndi Fernando Rico. Onsewa adalowa m'mabuku, koma Javier Marías nayenso.

Komabe, mwaukadaulo, bwalo lake lofunikira kwambiri kwa iye, mosakayikira, owerenga ake, omwe amamuthokoza nthawi zonse chifukwa chokhala wolemba wopezeka, wokoma mtima komanso wofunitsitsa.

kukumbukira kwa wolemba

Sitikufuna m'nkhaniyi kuphonya mwayi wopereka ndemanga pa yankho limene Javier Marías ankapereka nthawi zonse ku funso la chifukwa chake adakhala wolemba; chifukwa ananena kuti ndi njira yopitira ku ntchito zolimba. Mwachiwonekere ntchito yolemba inali njira yabwino yopeŵera bwana, masiku otopetsa kapena udindo wodzuka m’maŵa uliwonse. Inali njira, monga ankachitira nthabwala, kukhala ndi moyo waulesi wodekha. Koma, chodabwitsa, adavomereza, kuti sakanaganiza kuti kulemba kunali kutali kwambiri ndi zonsezo. Komabe, sakanaganiza kuti akanasangalala nazo ngati mmene ankachitira.. Mosakayikira iyi ndi njira yabwino yokumbukira wolemba makalata athu ameneyu.


Zomwe zili m'nkhaniyi zikutsatira mfundo zathu za malamulo okonzekera. Kuti mufotokoze cholakwika dinani Apa.

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