1984

1984.

1984.

1984 ʻo ia ka puke moʻolelo kiʻi nui loa o ka mea kākau Pelekane a me ka mea kākau moʻolelo ʻo Eric Arthur Blair, ʻike ʻia ma ka honua holoʻokoʻa ma lalo o kāna pseudonym, ʻO George Orwell. Paʻi ʻia ma Iune 9, 1949, ʻaʻole ia ka hana mua i manaʻo ʻia dystopian, ʻoi aku ka nui inā ʻo ia ke poʻo inoa i hana i kēia huaʻōlelo i loko o ka honua holoʻokoʻa.

He kūleʻa kūleʻa nui kēia puke mai kāna hoʻonohonoho mua ʻana ma nā waihona puke. Mai ia manawa, ua hoʻi mai ia me kahi mau i ka luna o nā palapala kūʻai. ʻO ka rebound nui hope loa i hana ʻia ma 2016, i ka wā i koho ʻia ai ʻo Donald Trump - me ke kāhāhā o ka hapa nui - ma ke ʻano he pelekikena 45 o ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa.

ʻO ka mea kākau

Ua hānau ʻia ʻo Eric Arthur Blair ma Iune 25, 1903, ma Motihari, kahi kūlanakauhale i loko o nā panalāʻau kolone nui o Pelekane i India. I loko o kona ola he koa ikaika ia e kūʻē i nā ʻōnaehana totaliter a me imperialist. I kona wā ʻōpio, kipi aku ʻo ia i kāna aupuni ponoʻī ma Burma.

Ma hope ua huakaʻi ʻo ia i Sepania e hui pū i ka pale o ka Lepupalika kūʻē i ka hoʻouka kaua ʻana a ke aupuni Franco. ʻO ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, ʻaneʻane ʻo ia e kī ʻia i Catalonia no ia (ua pakele kupanaha ʻo ia). ʻO kēia mau ʻike āpau, me ka kūʻē i nā aupuni Nazi a me Stalinist, aia i loko o kāna mau hana he nui. Kahi hiʻohiʻona maopopo i 1984, a i loko o kāna puke moʻolelo ʻona ʻē aʻe: Rebelion ma ka mahiʻai.

ʻO nā makahiki o ka hoʻokolokolo nūhou

Ua hana ʻo Orwell, ka mea kākau nūpepa, i kahi manawa lōʻihi e hōʻiliʻili i nā ʻikepili āpau i hoʻopili ʻia i ka ʻōlelo no ʻelima mau makahiki. Hōʻike kēia i nā kikoʻī nui e hoʻomālamalama nei i nā poʻe i ka waena o XNUMX mau kenekulia. ʻO ka heluhelu ʻana i kēia loiloi mōʻaukala i hiki i ka poʻe he nui e hoʻomaopopo i ka hōʻiliʻili ʻana o nā hanana convulsive i hana ʻia ma ʻEulopa mai ke Kaua Nui.

ʻO ke poʻo inoa 1984 kahi i kahi kihi i kahi wā lōʻihi e hiki mai ana, no kēia kumu i ka manawa i manaʻo ʻia ai he "wānana wānana". ʻOiai ʻo ka mea kākau ponoʻī i wehewehe aʻe ma mua o hoʻokahi manawa ʻaʻole ia he mau kuhi wale e pili ana i ka wā e hiki mai ana o ke kanaka. ʻO ka loiloi nui ia o nā mea i hiki a hiki i ka hapa mua o ke kenekulia XNUMX.

I ka hanauna

Rebelion ma ka mahiʻai ua paʻi 'ia ma ka makahiki 1945; 1984 i ka makahiki 1949… ua hala ʻo George Orwell i hoʻokahi makahiki ma hope mai, he mea ʻeha ʻia no ka maʻi puʻu lōʻihi lōʻihi. E like me nā mea pena kiʻi nui o nā manawa āpau, ʻaʻole hiki iā ia ke hauʻoli piha i ka kūleʻa o kāna hana. ʻAʻole kēia he mea liʻiliʻi, no ka mea, ua manaʻo ʻia ʻo ia kekahi o nā mea kākau mana ʻoi loa o ke kenekulia XNUMX.

ʻO George Orwell.

ʻO George Orwell.

Eia kekahi, ke hoʻomau nei kona mana i ka milenio hou. He aha hou aʻe, aie ʻo ia i ka huaʻōlelo "Orwellian", kahi huaʻōlelo i hoʻohana ʻia i kēia manawa e kuhikuhi i nā aupuni totaliter. Eia kekahi, pili ka huaʻōlelo i nā ʻōnaehana e luku hewa i ka mōʻaukala a me ka moʻomeheu o nā kaiāulu āpau e kūlike i ko lākou mau makemake.

1984, i kahi pōkole

Ladana, 1984. ʻO ke kūlanakauhale ʻEnelani, a me ke koena o nā moku Pelekane, nā ʻāpana o Oceania. I ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, hōʻike lākou i kekahi o nā mana nui ʻekolu a ka honua i māhele ai i loko. ʻO nā panalāʻau o kēia moku'āina mega ʻo ʻIlani, hema o ʻApelika, ʻo ʻAmelika ma ke ʻano holoʻokoʻa, Nu Kilani, a me ʻAukekulia.

ʻO nā aupuni ʻelua ʻē aʻe i kēia manawa ʻo Eurasia - i hana ʻia e ka Soviet Union a me ke koena o ʻEulopa (koe wale ʻo Iceland - a me East Asia, kahi compendium ma waena o Kina, Iapana a me Korea. Ke kaua mau nei kēia mau pūʻulu (ʻO ka mea waiwai nui ʻoi loa, no laila, pono e lana āpau i kēlā me kēia kumukūʻai. I ka manawa like, ʻo nā hakakā kaua kahi ala kūpono loa e kaohi i ka lehulehu.

Nā hāmeʻe

ʻO Winston Smith ka protagonist a me ka rapporteur. Hana i kekahi o nā hoʻokūkū i hoʻolālā ʻia e mālama i ka mana i ka mana: ke Kuhina o ka ʻoiaʻiʻo. ʻO kāna hana ʻo ke kākau hou ʻana i ka mōʻaukala i kūpono i nā makemake o ke aupuni. I kēia manawa, ʻaʻohe mea inā ʻoe e kākau i ka ʻepekema ʻepekema a wehe i nā moʻolelo maoli. No kēia kumu, huhū ʻo ia i ka ʻōnaehana e kū nei.

ʻO kona makemake no ka loli e hoʻowalewale iā ia e hui pū me kahi Brotherhood of Resistance me Julia, ke kaikamahine āna i aloha ai a kaʻana like i nā manaʻo like.. Akā ʻo ka hui kipi kipi i manaʻo ʻia he ala ʻē aʻe o ka kaohi. Hoʻopaʻa ʻia nā mea ʻelua, hoʻomāinoino ʻia a koi ʻia e ʻae me he mea lā he nīnau lā nā aupuni āpau, ʻoiai ʻo "ʻelua a ʻoi aku ʻelua ʻelima mau mea ʻelima."

Nā kiʻiona

1984 nā makana me nā manaʻo kikoʻi chilling a me nā hāmeʻa e kū nei i kēia lā. ʻO ke kaikaina mua i haku ʻia ʻo Big Brother, hele mai i ka lima me ka manaʻo o ka mokuʻāina omnipresent a me ka huakaʻi kiaʻi. Aia Hāmeʻa (pale) kau ʻia i mea e nānā ai i kēlā me kēia neʻe o ka poʻe.

I kēia manawa, nā leo kolohe loa e kūʻē i ka Digital Revolution kuhikuhi iā Alexa a i ʻole Google i kēia lā e hoʻokō i ka ʻoi aku ka liʻiliʻi o ka hana like ka nui o ka lehulehu. ʻO ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, ʻo ka hapa nui o nā kumumanaʻo kipi o nā makahiki i hala aku nei i kau ʻia ma kēia ʻano manaʻo Orwellian.

Ka moʻolelo ʻepekema wānana?

ʻO George Orwell ʻōlelo.

ʻO George Orwell ʻōlelo.

ʻO ka "mākaʻi manaʻo" kekahi o nā hōʻailona o 1984. ʻO kāna pahuhopu hope loa ka hana pū ʻana, me nā portfolios kuhina (ʻokoʻa ka Ministry of Truth aia kekahi o ke aloha, Abundance a me ka maluhia) me ka kaomi ʻana i ka manaʻo o ka iho. No laila, pāpā ʻia kēlā me kēia kanaka, no ka mea, he kaiāulu homogeneous ka lehulehu ma o ka makaʻu a me ke kaua.

ʻAʻohe hua'ōlelo

Ma ka ʻaoʻao ʻē aʻe, ʻo ka hoʻohana ʻana i ka ʻike kekahi o nā ʻano hohonu e Orwell i kāna moʻolelo, a me ka hoʻohana ʻana i ka ʻōlelo neo. He ʻōnaehana kēia i hana ʻia e ʻoki i nā huaʻōlelo me ka manaʻo o ke keʻa i waho me he mea ʻole ʻole nā ​​mea āpau i hiki ʻole ke noʻonoʻo ʻia.

ʻIke nō, nui nā mea like i ko kēia ao honua. I nā manawa e kaʻana like ʻia ai ka nūhou ma o ka pāpili kaiaulu, ʻaʻole hiki ke maopopo loa i nā palena ma waena o ka ʻoiaʻiʻo a me nā wahaheʻe. Hoʻohui ʻia, ka emoji ke kokoke nei lākou a kokoke i ka haʻalele ʻana i ka heluna kanaka me ka leo ʻole.

Aia kekahi wā e hiki mai ana?

ʻAʻohe manaʻo o luku, ka panina o 1984 pessimistic loa ia. Pau nā huaʻōlelo me ka wehewehe o ke ao holoʻokoʻa kahi e hiki ʻole ai ke hoʻokau. Ma ka extrapolating i kēia hopohopo i "ke ola maoli", he pakele paha kā ke kanaka? ... Ua lohi paha.


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

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  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.