Hōʻuluʻulu manaʻo ma "Ka ʻoiaʻiʻo e pili ana i ka hihia Savolta", na Eduardo Mendoza

Ua hoʻopuka ʻo Eduardo Mendoza i kāna puke "ʻO ka ʻoiaʻiʻo e pili ana i ka hihia Savolta" i ka makahiki 1975. Hiki ke noʻonoʻo nui ʻia kēia puke ma ke ʻano he wahi hoʻomaka o ka moʻolelo o kēia manawa. I loko o kēia puke wehewehe, me ka haʻalele ʻole i ka hoʻohana ʻana i nā ʻenehana hoʻokolohua, hāʻawi ʻo Mendoza i kahi paio e hopu i ka manaʻo o ka mea heluhelu.

Inā makemake ʻoe e ʻike iki aʻe e pili ana i ka mea e pili ana i kēia puke, e hoʻomau me ka heluhelu ʻana me mākou i kēia hōʻuluʻulu manaʻo pōkole ma "ʻO ka ʻoiaʻiʻo e pili ana i ka hihia Savolta"na Eduardo Mendoza. Inā, ma ka ʻaoʻao ʻē aʻe, e hoʻolālā ʻoe e heluhelu koke ia, e aho ʻoe e hōʻoki i ka heluhelu ʻana ma aneʻi. Hoʻolaha o ka hiki luku!

Nā hanana nui i loko o ka puke

Uhi o ka hihia Savolta

"ʻO ka ʻoiaʻiʻo e pili ana i ka hihia Savolta" he puke moʻolelo hoʻopulapula i ka anohona a me ka nohona politika o Barcelona ma waena o 1917 a me 1919 (He mea kūpono me kēia lā!). ʻO ka hana, ka mea e nānā i kona hoihoi i ka hoʻolālā, pili pū kekahi me nā mea hou o ka hanana a me ka stylistic.

A laila, e hōʻuluʻulu pōkole mākou i nā mea e hana nei i kēlā me kēia ʻokoʻa ʻokoʻa o ka puke.

ʻO ka ʻōlelo mai Javier Miranda

ʻOiai ʻo ka mea haʻi moʻolelo nui i loko o kēia puke ʻo Javier Miranda, kahi mea hōʻike i nā hanana, aia pū kekahi nā palapala i hāʻawi ʻia i kahi kaʻina hoʻokolokolo. ʻO ka ʻōlelo a ka mea haʻi moʻolelo i mua o kahi luna kānāwai ma Nu Ioka i ka makahiki 1927, ka mea nona nā memo pōkole i kope ʻia, hāʻawi i ka ʻike koʻikoʻi.

Ka pepehi kanaka ʻana iā Savolta

He kanaka Palani ʻo Paul-André Lepprince i hui pū ʻia me ke kaikamahine a Enric Savolta a komo i loko o nā hale hana lima, kahi e hoʻolālā ai i ke kūʻai kū ʻole ʻana i nā mea kaua i nā Kelemania i ka wā o ke Kaua Honua Mua. Ma hope koke iho, e make ʻo Enric Savolta i kahi hoʻouka kaua i hoʻopiʻi ʻia e ka poʻe hoʻoweliweli mai nā hana hana.

ʻO Maria Coral

I ka ʻoiaʻiʻo, ʻo Lepprince ka mea nāna i kauoha i ka pepehi kanaka o Savolta, no ka makaʻu o ʻike ʻia ʻo ia a no kona makemake e kaohi i kāna ʻoihana. ʻO Javier Miranda, ka mea i mahalo nui iā Paul-André Lepprince a ʻike ʻole i kāna hana lawehala, ʻo ia nō kāna mea i hōʻino ʻia: Ua noi aku ʻo Lepprince iā ia e male iā María Coral, kahi wahine hōʻike i aloha mua iā ia e hāʻawi iā ia i kahi kūlana hanohano hanohano; ʻo ia ka manawa ke ʻike ʻo ia i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo iā ia i loko o kahi kūkā e haʻi ʻia i loko o kahi ʻāpana pōkole o ka puke.

Make o Lepprince

Ua hoʻomake a kumakaia ʻo Lepprince e ka hui Savolta, akā ʻo ka hopena o ke kaua i hōʻeuʻeu i ka panakalupa o ka hale hana lima. Ma hope o ka hoʻāʻo ʻana i kahi ʻoihana politika i kūleʻa ʻole, make make ʻo Lepprince.

I ka manawa i hala aku ai ʻo Lepprince, ua haʻi aku ke Komisina ʻo Vázquez iā Javier Miranda i kāna mau hana hewa. Ma hope koke iho, ua hōʻea kahi leka mai Lepprince iā Miranda kahi āna i haʻi aku ai iā ia ua lawe ʻo ia i ka inikua ola i hiki i kāna wahine a me kāna kaikamahine ke hōʻiliʻili iā ia ma hope o kekahi manawa, i ʻole e ala aʻe ka manaʻo kānalua. Ma hope o kekahi mau makahiki, hoʻāʻo ʻo Miranda e hoʻokele i kēlā kuleana. Ua pau ka puke moʻolelo me kahi leka mahalo a María Rosa Savolta, ko Lepprince wahine kāne make.

ʻO ka hōʻuluʻulu o ka ʻoiaʻiʻo e pili ana i ka hihia Savolta ma ka mokuna

ʻO ka moʻolelo o ka ʻoiaʻiʻo e pili ana i ka hihia Savolta na Eduardo Mendoza hiki ke hoʻokaʻawale ʻelua i nā ʻāpana ʻelua, a ʻo kēlā me kēia o lākou i nā mokuna he nui kahi e hana ʻia ai nā hanana, ma ke ʻano he mea heluhelu, pono ʻoe e hoʻomanaʻo i loko o ka moʻolelo holoʻokoʻa.

No laila, e hoʻolilo mākou iā ʻoe i hōʻuluʻulu mokuna ma kēlā me kēia mokuna i ʻike ʻoe i kahi o nā mea i luna a mākou i ʻōlelo ai.

Mokuna o ka ʻāpana mua

ʻO ka ʻāpana mua he ʻelima mau mokuna. He mea nui kēlā me kēia o lākou iho, ʻoiai inā pono mākou e pili me kekahi, e ʻōlelo mākou ʻo ka mea mua ka mea nui. ʻO kēia no ka mea ma laila mākou e hoʻolauna ai i nā huapalapala a me nā hanana i kēlā me kēia. ʻOiaʻiʻo, paipai wau iā ʻoe i kekahi pepa ma ka lima e kākau iā lākou i lalo no ka mea aia ka nui o lākou a hiki ke huikau paha.

Ma ka mokuna 1, me ka hui ʻana i nā huapalapala, loaʻa iā ʻoe kekahi mau kūmole a me nā kaʻina, i kēlā manawa, ʻaʻole ʻoe e hoʻopili, a noʻonoʻo paha he kūpono lākou. Huikau loa nā mea āpau a kāwili ʻia i hala me kēia manawa.

Ma ka laulā, he pōkole ka hōʻuluʻulu manaʻo o kēia mokuna. Ma muli o kahi ʻatikala a Lepprince, ka luna o ka hui ʻo Savolta, i heluhelu ai i ka The Voice of Justice, ua launa ʻo ia me kahi kāne.. Hana ʻia ia ma o ka loio loio ʻo Cortabanyes, pili i ka hui ʻo Savolta, a ma kahi e hana ai ʻo Javier Miranda. Ma laila lākou e ʻike ai aia ka hoʻoweliweli o ka ʻōlapa ma ka ʻoihana a hoʻoholo e hoʻolimalima i ʻelua mau thugs e hāʻawi i kahi laʻana i nā alakaʻi.

Hoʻohui ʻia, aia kahi pāʻina Eve New Year, a me kahi lele e ʻike ai mākou i kahi palapala hōʻoia me ka mana mua o nā hanana.

ʻO ka mokuna 2 ka pōkole loa, a pili wale i nā kumuhana ʻelua: ma ka ʻaoʻao hoʻokahi, kahi nīnau ʻelua o Javier Miranda; ma kekahi, he kaʻina mai ka manawa o ke ʻano a mākou e ʻike ai i ke ʻano o kāna hana, ka pilina me "Pajarito", me ka make ʻano ʻē o Teresa lāua ʻo Pajarito.

Hōʻike hou ka mokuna aʻe iā mākou e pili ana i ka wā i hala, e pili ana pehea ʻo Javier Miranda i lilo i "hoaaloha" o ka luna Savolta, ka pili aloha i loaʻa iā ia i loko o ia manawa pōkole ... A, ʻoiai, ke nānā nei ia i ka hopena o ka pāʻina makahiki, ke kī ʻia ʻana ka mea hana a luna nui o Savolta i kāna pāʻina ponoʻī a i mua o nā poʻe a pau ma laila.

ʻO ka mokuna penultimate, mokuna ʻehā, hāʻawi iā mākou i kahi loiloi hou aʻe no ka mea, ʻoiai he ʻokoʻa nā kaʻina mai ka moʻolelo nui, pili ia i ka hoʻolālā o ka mea e hana ana ma hope o ka make ʻana o ka mea ʻoihana, pehea ʻo Lepprince, ka hoa luna o Miranda, i hōʻea ai i ka piko o ka mana, nā papahana iā ia, a me nā hana ʻokoʻa āna i hana ai e hōʻoia i ka lawe ʻole ʻana o kekahi iā ia mai kēlā wahi.

ʻO ka mea hope loa, ka ʻelima mokuna, e kamaʻilio e pili ana i ka ka mākaʻi hoʻokolokolo, pehea ʻo ia e ukali pono ai iā Lepprince lāua ʻo Miranda, a me ke kūlana o kēia mau mea ʻelua: aia kekahi ma luna, aʻo kekahi e hele nei i kahi kūlana weliweli.

Mokuna o ka ʻāpana ʻelua

Hiki ke hoʻokaʻawale ʻia ka ʻāpana ʻelua o kēia moʻolelo i ʻelua mau poloka, ma ka lima hoʻokahi, i nā mokuna mua ʻelima; a ma ka ʻē aʻe, ʻo ka ʻelima hope loa.

I nā mokuna mua ʻelima kokoke i ʻekolu mau moʻolelo i kūlike a haʻi i ka moʻolelo o nā huapalapala ʻekolu: ʻo ka mea mua, ʻo Javier Miranda a me kāna male ʻana iā María Coral (me ka hoʻohui i nā mea āpau). ʻo ka lua, he pāʻina kahi e noho ai ka Lepprince a pehea e hana ai me nā pilikia i kāna ʻoihana (panakalupa) a me nā mea kuleana (ʻo kekahi o lākou mea nui); aʻo ke kolu, e hoʻihoʻi iā mākou i ka wā i hala, e haʻi ana i ka moʻolelo o kahi mea hōʻike i hōʻike i ka make o Pajarito, e wehewehe ana i nā kiko he nui mai ka ʻāpana mua.

ʻO ka hope loa, ʻo ka haʻi ʻia nā mokuna hope loa i ke ala laina i nā mea āpau e hana ʻia me nā huapalapala. He ala ia e hoʻohui ai i nā kiko a i kēlā me kēia mea e pau ana nā ʻano, kekahi me nā manawa pōpilikia, a me nā mea ʻē aʻe ʻaʻole nui.

Nā huapalapala i ʻike ʻia ma ka ʻoiaʻiʻo e pili ana i ka hihia Savolta

I kēia manawa ua ʻike ʻoe i ka mokuna e ka hōʻuluʻulu mokuna o ka mea e hana nei i ka mōʻaukala o Eduardo Mendoza, ʻaʻole makemake mākou e haʻalele iā ʻoe me ka hui ʻole ʻana i nā mea nui. Eia nō naʻe, ʻaʻole mākou e nānā i nā huaʻōlelo (ma hope o nā mea āpau āu i ʻike ai), akā ma ka nā papa kaiaulu i hōʻike ʻia ma nā mokuna. E hoʻomanaʻo e kamaʻilio ana mākou e pili ana iā Barcelona kahi e nui ai nā pae kaiaulu.

No laila, iā ʻoe:

ʻO ke keonimana

ʻO lākou kēlā mau huapalapala me ke kūlana nohona maikaʻi, waiwai, ikaika ... Savolta, Claudedeu, Pere Parells ... No kēia, manip manip, hana i nā mea me ka ʻole o ka hāʻawi ʻana iā lākou i kahi scruples (ʻoiai ke ʻike lākou he hewa kā lākou hana), etc. mea mau.

Akā ʻaʻole nā ​​kāne wale nō, hoʻohuli ʻia nā kāne o nā huapalapala e kēia pae kaiaulu, ʻoiai, i kēia hihia, ʻoi aku ka like o ka «wahine vase», ʻo ia hoʻi, kūlou lākou i ka mea a nā kāne e ʻōlelo ai a mālama wale iā "Pretend "i ke kaiāulu.

Papa waena

No ka papa waena, ua hōʻike ʻia ka hapa nui e ka nā luna, a i ʻole nā ​​poʻe e mālama nei i nā hana hoʻokele a me nā hoʻokolokolo…, akā i ka manawa like aia nō kekahi kānalua no ka pololei a ʻole paha o kā lākou hana. ʻO kahi laʻana, ʻo ka loio Cortabanyes a i ʻole nā ​​mākaʻi e aʻo i kēia hihia.

ʻO ka papa kaiaulu uku

I ka puke, kēia hui lilo i mea hōʻike wale no ka mea e hana ana ma loko o ka mōʻaukala, a makaʻu lākou o ʻānai ia iā lākou i kahi ala maikaʻi ʻole. E like me kāu e ʻōlelo ai "uku i ka ʻāpō."

ʻO ka proletariat

E ʻōlelo mākou ʻo ia ka pae haʻahaʻa loa o ke kaulahao o ke kūlana kaiaulu, a he mau mea lākou, ʻoiai ʻaʻole lākou e hoʻomohala (no ka mea ʻo ka mea kākau ke nānā nei i ka bourgeoisie luna), aia kekahi e kū iki.

ʻO Lumpen proletariat

ʻO ka mea hope loa, i kēia mahele hiki iā mākou ke ʻōlelo aia aia kekahi mau huapalapala i loaʻa kahi kūlana haʻahaʻa ma mua o nā mea ma mua, ʻo ia hoʻi, ma kekahi ʻano, hōʻole ʻia no kā lākou hana, inā he moekolohe, he hoʻomāinoino, a pēlā aku.


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

Kāu leka uila aae? E,ʻaʻole e paʻiʻia. i hāliu aku i koi 'ia kula *

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  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.