ʻO nā puke ʻoi loa o ka moʻokalaleo ʻApelika

ʻO nā puke ʻoi loa o ka moʻokalaleo ʻApelika

Ua ʻae ka moʻomeheu waha i nā lāhui like ʻole o ka honua e hoʻolaha i nā aʻo nui a hōʻike i ke ʻano o kekahi moʻomeheu i ka mōʻaukala. I ka hihia o kahi ʻāina e like me ʻApelika, ua hana nā ʻohana like ʻole i kēia ʻano hana o kā lākou mea nui o ke kamaʻilio ʻana a hiki i ka hōʻea ʻana o ka noho ʻana a me nā hoʻokau ʻana o nā mana haole i kā lākou kuʻuna. ʻO ka mea pōmaikaʻi, ua ʻae ka milenio hou i kahi nalu o nā mea kākau ʻApelika e hōʻike i ka honua i ka hoʻoilina o kahi ʻāinapuniʻole e like me ka piha o nā moʻolelo a me nā mele. Makemake ʻoe e ʻike nā puke hou aʻe e pili ana i ka moʻokalaleo ʻApelika?

Haule nā ​​mea āpau, na Chinua Achebe

Hāʻule nā ​​mea āpau mai Chinua Achebe

Inā he puke e wehewehe ana e like me kekahi mau poʻe i nā pilikia nui a ka noho kolone ʻana i hāpai ʻia no ʻApelika, ʻo ia ka hāʻule o nā mea āpau. Hana kamahaʻo o ka ʻO Chinua Achebe ka mea kākau moʻolelo ʻo Nigeria, i makemake e like me nā mea ʻē aʻe i kona ʻāina i hōʻeha ʻia i ka hoʻāʻo mua ma ka ʻeuanelio Anglican i ka 1958 kenekulia, kēia puke i paʻi ʻia ma XNUMX e haʻi nei i ka moʻolelo o Okonkwo, ke koa ikaika loa o Umuofia, kahi poʻe fictional o ka moʻomeheu Igbo na nā ʻelele mua hōʻea me ka pahuhopu o ka hoʻololi ʻana i nā loina a hāʻawi i kā lākou ʻike i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo. ʻOldlelo ʻia e like me kahi moʻolelo, a kūpono e hoʻohaʻahaʻa iā ʻoe iho i nā ʻōlelo a me ka moʻomeheu o kēia kihi kū hoʻokahi o ʻApelika, ʻo Todo se dismorona kahi pono e heluhelu ʻia no nā poʻe āpau e makemake e komo i loko. ka moʻolelo o ka ʻāina nui nui loa o ka honua.

ʻAmelika, na Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie

ʻO Americanah na Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie

ʻO ʻAmelika, ʻo ia ka mea a ka poʻe kamaʻāina i kapa aku ai i kekahi poʻe i hele mua mai ka ʻāina ʻApelika Komohana i ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa a hoʻi maila. ʻO kahi huaʻolelo e hiki ai iā mākou ke kuhikuhi iā Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie, malia paha ka mea kākau moʻolelo ʻApelika nui loa i kēia lā. ʻIke i kahi wahine e pale aku i ka niho a me ke kui i kāna mau kamaʻilio, nā moʻolelo, a me nā ʻaha kūkā, ua hana ʻo Ngozi i kēia puke i ke kūleʻa nui loa ma United States e ka haʻi ʻana i ka moʻolelo o kahi wahine ʻōpio a me kāna mau pilikia e holomua ma hope o ka neʻe ʻana i kekahi ʻaoʻao o ka loko iʻa. Paʻi ʻia ma 2013, ua loaʻa iā ʻAmelika ka makana Circle Buke Lahui, kekahi o nā makana moʻokalaleo hanohano ma ʻAmelika Hui Pū ʻIa.

ʻO kaʻu leka lōʻihi loa, mai Mariama Bâ

ʻO kaʻu leka lōʻihi loa mai Mariama Ba

ʻAʻole like me nā ʻāina komohana, ʻO ka polygamy ka mea maʻamau i ka hapanui o ʻApelika. ʻO kahi kuʻuna e hōʻino i nā wahine e hoʻokau ʻia e kā lākou kāne a ʻike i kā lākou hiki ke hele i mua i nā wahi e like me senegal, kahi ʻāina nona ka ʻoiaʻiʻo i kamaʻilio ʻia e kēia puke e ʻO Mariama Bâ, kahi mea kākau i kali a hiki i kona kanalimakūmākahi o kona mau makahiki e haʻi i kāna ʻoiaʻiʻo. ʻO nā mea nui o kaʻu Leta Lōʻihi Loa he mau wahine ʻelua: ʻo Aïssatou, ka mea i hoʻoholo e haʻalele i kāna kāne a neʻe i kahi ʻē, a ʻo Ramatoulaye, ʻoiai e noho ana ma Senegal, hoʻomaka lākou e hōʻike i kahi loli o ke kūlana i kūlike me nā makani o ka loli i lawe ʻia ai ke kūʻokoʻa o kēia ʻāina ʻApelika Komohana i 1960.

ʻO ka pōʻino, na JM Coetzee

Ka pōʻino o JM Coetzee

El keʻokeʻo ua ʻeha ʻo ʻApelika Hema a hiki i ka 1994 ʻO ia kekahi o nā koena hope loa o ka noho ʻana i kū ʻia ma ʻApelika i nā kenekulia. A ʻo kekahi o nā mea kākau nāna i mālama pono e hopu i ka ʻoiaʻiʻo o kēlā ʻāpana a me nā hopena e hiki mai ana, ʻo Coetzee, ʻO ka Makana Nobel ma ka Palapala i loko o kēia "Misfortune" e haki i kahi moʻolelo e luʻu iā mākou i ka hohonu o kahi luawai piha i nā mea huna. ʻO Devastating, ka moʻolelo o ke polofesa ʻo David Lurie a me kāna pilina me kāna kaikamahine ʻo Lucy i kahi huakaʻi ma waena o nuanced, i kēlā me kēia lā ʻo ʻApelika Hema e hoʻowalewale i nā mea heluhelu wiwo ʻole.

ʻO kahi hua palaoa, mai Ngugi wa Thiongʻo

ʻO kahi hua palaoa mai Ngugi Wa Thiongʻo

Hoʻoikaika ʻia e ka puke mua āna i wehe ai, ka Baibala, ʻO kā Kenist kākau kākau kaulana loa hopu ʻia i loko o kahi palaoa, kahi poʻo inoa i lawe ʻia mai ka paukū i ka Episetole mua i ko Korineto, ka moʻolelo o kahi poʻe a me ko lākou mōʻaukala i loko o nā lā ʻehā ma mua o Uhuru, ka inoa e ʻike ʻia ai ʻo ia. Kūʻokoʻa Kenyan i hōʻea ma Kēkēmapa 12, 1963. Paʻi ʻia i ka makahiki 1967, ʻO kahi palaoa palaoa kekahi o nā hana hae a Thiongʻo i hoʻopaʻa ʻia i ka manawa no paipai i ka hale keaka ʻōlelo Kikuyu i nā wahi kaiāulu o kou ʻāina a ʻo kekahi o nā ʻO nā moemoeā mau loa no kahi Nobel Prize in Literature ke hoʻomau nei i ke kūʻē iā ia.

Honua Holo Moe, na Mia Couto

ʻO ka hele wāwae honua e Mia Kouto

Ua manaʻo ʻia e like me kekahi o nā puke ʻApelika ʻoi loa loa, ʻO Sleepwalking Earth ka mea i lilo i moʻolelo crude e pili ana i ke kaua kīwila ma Mozambique o 80 ma o nā maka o ka ʻelemakule ʻo Tuahir a me ke keikikāne ʻo Muidinga, ʻelua mau huapalapala i hūnā ʻia i loko o kahi kaʻa ʻōpala kahi i ʻike ai lākou i nā puke kākau kahi i kākau ai kekahi o nā mea kaʻa i kona ola. . ʻO Masterpiece o Kouto, kahi mea kākau hae i ka hoʻomaopopo ʻana i ka mōʻaukala o kahi lāhui Mozambican i ʻike ʻia ma 1498 e nā Pokiki ʻO Vasco de Gama a noʻonoʻo ʻia i kēia lā ʻo ia kekahi o nā mea hoʻomohala nui ʻole ʻia o ka honua.

ʻAʻole i paʻa ʻo Allahou e Ahmadou Kourouma

ʻAʻole i hoʻopaʻa ʻia ʻo Allah e Ahamadou Kourouma

No Ke Ivory Coast, mai Kourouma i manaʻo ʻia e nā mea he nui ka mana francophone o Chinua Achebe. ʻIke i nā pilikia o kona ʻāina a me kona ʻāina, ka mea kākau, i hoʻomaka e kākau i ka makahiki he kanahā, i waiho ʻia ma ke ʻano he hiʻohiʻona maikaʻi loa o kāna ʻike ʻana ʻaʻole koi ʻia ʻo Allah, kahi hana e hōʻike iā mākou i ka moʻolelo crude of Birahima, ua hoʻouna ʻia kahi keiki makua ʻole i Liberia a me Sierra Leone ma ke ʻano he koa koa. ʻO kekahi o nā puke maikaʻi loa i ka moʻokalaleo ʻApelika ke pili ana i ka wā kamaliʻi i hōʻino ʻia o nā kamaliʻi he tausani mau keiki i hoʻohana ʻia i nā ʻāina ʻelua i manaʻo ʻia e Kourouma ma ke ʻano he "brothel".

ʻO ke ahi o nā kumu, na Emmanuel Dongala

ʻO ke ahi o nā kumu o Emmanuel Dongala

Hānau ʻia ma 1941 i ka Lepupalika ʻo Kongo, ʻo Emmanuel Dongala ka mea kākau lunamakaʻāinana loa o ka mea i lilo i kekahi o nā ʻāina i hōʻeha loa ʻia e ka noho haole ʻana. Hoʻolohe ke ahi o nā kumu i nā nīnau he nui a ka mea nui o kēia puke, ʻo Mandala Mankunku, i loko o hoʻokahi kenekulia. ka noho aupuni ʻana, ka noho aliʻi Marxist a me ke kūʻokoʻa ulana lākou i ka moʻolelo o kahi lāhui pilikia.

He aha kou manaʻo i nā puke ʻoi loa o ka moʻokalaleo ʻApelika?


Hoʻopili ka ʻike o ka ʻatikala i kā mākou kumumanaʻo o ka hoʻoponopono hoʻoponopono. E hōʻike i kahi kaomi hemahema ʻaneʻi.

E lilo i mea mua e wehewehe

E waiho i kāu manaʻo

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  1. He kuleana no ka ʻikepili: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Ke kumu o ka ʻikepili: kaohi SPAM, hoʻokele ʻōlelo.
  3. Legitimation: Kou ʻae
  4. Ka kamaʻilio ʻana o ka ʻikepili: ʻaʻole e hōʻike ʻia ka ʻikepili i nā ʻaoʻao ʻekolu koe ka mana o ke kānāwai.
  5. Pūnaewele mālama: Pūnaewele i mālama ʻia e Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Nā Kuleana: I kēlā me kēia manawa hiki iā ʻoe ke palena, hoʻōla a kāpae i kāu ʻike.