Magajin garin Zalamea

Magajin garin Zalamea.

Magajin garin Zalamea.

Magajin garin Zalamea ne, tare da Rayuwa mafarki ce, mafi kyawun alamar alama na Pedro Calderon de la Barca. Marubucin wasan kwaikwayo na Mutanen Espanya ɗayan manyan wakilai ne na ilimin baroqueism na adabi, wanda aikinsa ya kasance na abin da ake kira Golden Age.

Wannan lokacin alheri ya wuce fiye da karni. Ya fara ne kusan shekaru goma na ƙarshe na karni na XNUMX, wanda yayi daidai da zuwan Columbus zuwa yankunan Amurka. Mutuwar wannan marubucin - wanda ya faru a 1861 - ya nuna ƙarshen zamanin.. Tsakanin waɗannan ranakun biyu duniya ta haɗu da tsofaffi na tsayin daka Don Quijote ta Miguel de Cervantes lokacin da muke da bayanin.

Sobre el autor

A cewar marubucin kansa jim kaɗan kafin ya mutu, akwai kusan wasannin kwaikwayo 110 da ya rubuta a lokacin rayuwarsa. Baya ga wasan kwaikwayo da wasan kwaikwayo - "subgenres" wanda ya dace da shi Magajin garin Zalamea- Jerin ya hada da motoci na alfarma, gami da gajerun kayan wasan kwaikwayo (rawa, hors d'oeuvres, jácaras da mojigangas).

Magajin garin Zalamea, A "maimaitawa"?

Kuna iya siyan littafin anan: Babu kayayyakin samu.

Tabbas, a shekarar da aka rubuta wannan yanki (kusan 1635) kalmar "sake" hanya ce mai nisa daga kafawa. Mafi yawa ƙasa a Spain. Amma A cikin maganganun aiki, wannan shine ainihin abin da ya faru da Magajin garin Zalamea.

Calderon de la Barca Yana farawa daga wata hujja gama gari don wannan lokacin kuma tana bayar da nata sigar. Ya ci gaba har ma da ƙari: ya ɗauki wasa da wannan suna ta Lope de Vega, ya gyara ayoyin, ya tsallake wasu al'amuran da ba su da amfani kuma ya ƙara maƙilcin rufe shi da shi.

Muhawara, tare da labarin shaidu

Aikin yana faruwa a cikin ainihin mahallin, sabili da haka, haruffa daban-daban na tarihi sun shiga cikin makircin. Yan wasa da ke cikin layin labarin mutum, ma'ana, tare da keɓaɓɓun al'amuran da suke ɓangare na "ƙananan ƙira". Wanne, sananne ne ga masu sauraro na majalisun farko a lokacin karni na sha bakwai.

Abubuwan juyawa a cikin labarin

Shekarar 1580. Sarki Felipe na II na Sifen, —hali ne mai hankali, bisa ga ra'ayin talakawan sa - ya tafi Fotigal don a nada shi sarautar wannan al'ummar. Mutuwar Sebastián I (1578) da na magajinsa, Enrique I (1580), sun bar wannan ƙasar ta faɗa cikin rikicin maye. Kafin zaɓen magajinsa da kotunan Fotigal suka yi, masarautar Spain ta karɓi sarautar.

Daidai lokacin da aka canza masa wuri zuwa Lisbon don a nada masa kambin, sojojinsa sun tsaya a Zalamea. Wani gari ne a Extremadura, kusa da layin iyaka. A can, Kyaftin Don Álvaro de Ataide ya karɓi masauki a gidan Pedro Crespo, mafi girman mugunta a wurin. Bayani mai mahimmanci: "mugu" saboda shi mutum ne daga ƙauye, ba wai don yana halin mugunta ba.

Farkon juyawa

Mutumin soja yana son Isabel, 'yar mai gidan da take zaune kuma ta bayyana ƙaunarta a gare shi. Amma duk da haka ta ƙi shi. Da yake fuskantar rashin yarda, Don Álvaro ya sace yarinyar ya kuma bata mata rai (Wadannan ire-iren wadannan labaran sun kasance gama-gari a wannan lokacin. Sakamakon haka, Felipe II da kansa ya bayar da wata doka wacce ta haramtawa mambobin sojojinsa cin zarafin mata, karkashin barazanar harbi).

Pedro Calderón de la Barca.

Pedro Calderón de la Barca.

Crespo, da sanin abin da ya faru, ya roƙi kyaftin ɗin ya auri ɗiyarsa. Wannan ba wai kawai don share sunan Isabel ba ne; a zahiri, mawadacin manomi yana fatan maido da mutuncinsa. A cikin roƙon, ya ba da damar canza duk kadarorinsa - manya-manya - wanda zai zama surukinsa. Amma tayi watsi da tayin da wulakanci, tunda Don Álvaro soja ne na fadawa.

Sabon juyi

Don Álvaro ya ɗauki ƙaramin abu ne ya zama mai mallakar dukiyar wani balarabe. Abin da ya fi haka, yana riƙe da ra'ayi iri ɗaya dangane da yarinyar da kansa ya fusata. Amma jim kadan bayan haka An nada Crespo Magajin Garin Zalamea. Kare kansa a cikin sabon matsayinsa, ya yanke shawarar ɗaukar adalci a hannunsa; yayi umarni da a kama kyaftin nan take kuma a kashe shi.

Maganar ƙarshe

Magajin gari ba shi da fikihu a cikin yanayin soja. Sakamakon haka, tanadin Castro, a ka'ida, ya saba wa doka. Nacewar magajin gari don aiwatar da hukuncin nasa, yana haifar da rikici tare da jagorancin sojojin masarauta hakan na sanya mutuncin garin cikin hatsari. Amma lokacin da komai ya ɓace, Felipe II ya bayyana kuma ya ɗauki mataki akan batun.

Masarautar, kodayake ya tabbatar da cewa Castro ba daidai ba ne a cikin sifofin, ya yarda da shi. Ya tabbatar da hukuncin kafin a zartar da shi, ana kashe Don Álvaro de Ataide tare da kulake. Ba abin mamaki bane, ɗayan madadin taken wannan aikin daidai yake Clubungiyar da aka ba da ita sosai.

Wanda aka azabtar kuma mai laifi

Duk da hukuncin da mai fyaden ya samu, matashiyar Isabel ita ma tana da hukunci. An aika ta ne don ta kwashe sauran rayuwarta a tsare cikin gidan zuhudu. Dalilin yanke shawarar shine uba (wanda ya karɓi taken magajin gari na har abada daga sarki). Daga nan ne kawai zai iya ganin martabarta da ta danginsa suka dawo.

Maganar tsakanin layuka

Kalmomin daga Pedro Calderon de la Barca.

Kalmomin daga Pedro Calderon de la Barca.

Magajin garin Zalamea ya sami wani abu da ba zai yiwu ba ga marubutan wasan kwaikwayo a lokacin: don barin mashahurai cikin farin ciki da wadatar zuci., kamar manoma. Gidaje sun kasance masu tsananin adawa a cikin Spain tun kafin Zamanin Zamani. Hakanan, mashahuran masu fasaha da masu ilimi na lokacin ba sa guje wa wannan batun.

A cikin almara - kamar dai a rayuwa - 'yan masarauta kusan koyaushe suna cin nasara. Yawancin maza na wasiƙu suna cikin wannan rukunin zamantakewar al'umma. A lokaci guda, masu zuwa daga waje suna da sha'awar saka wa waɗannan '' baiwar '' farin ciki.

Daraja

Jagorancin son kanka, jarumin labarin yana da babban buri guda daya: don dawo da martabarsa. Yarta da aka ci zarafin ta ba laifi ba ne a gare ta; ainihin wanda aka azabtar shine uba. Halin da masanan Spain suka amince dashi, duk da haka na Renaissance. Muradin da wani ɗan ƙasa ke bi (mai arziki, amma baƙauye, bayan duk) kamar Pedro Castro.

A kowane hali, Calderon de la Barca ya sami damar farantawa tare Magajin garin Zalamea "Moors da Krista." A wannan ma'anar, akwai yiwuwar waɗannan '' ƙirarrakin '' da ke cikin maganarsa ba a lura da su ba sai lokaci mai tsawo daga baya.

Wani aikin antimilitarist ne?

Akwai wadanda suka tsallaka Magajin garin Zalamea a matsayin jawabin kin jinin soja. Koyaya, kusa da ƙarshen labarin mai ba da labarin yana da alhakin kayar da wannan ra'ayin. Babban dan Castro - cikakken mutum mara gida wanda bashi da ma'ana a rayuwa - an saka shi cikin rundunar masarauta. Mahaifin, nesa da yin nadama, yana murna da wannan aikin.

Castro ya yi imanin cewa ainihin rundunar sojan za ta ba wa zuriyata damar sanin kyawawan halaye na rayuwa. Hakanan, kafin ɓata lokaci, ya fi kyau ku bauta wa sarkinku. Kodayake ba a bayyana karara ba, shin marubucin ya tabbatar da hakan ne saboda yardarsa ko kuma wani wawan ɓoye ne da aka ɓoye a tsakiyar tattaunawar babban halayensa.


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

Kasance na farko don yin sharhi

Bar tsokaci

Your email address ba za a buga.

*

*

  1. Mai alhakin bayanan: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Dalilin bayanan: Gudanar da SPAM, gudanar da sharhi.
  3. Halacci: Yarda da yarda
  4. Sadarwar bayanan: Ba za a sanar da wasu bayanan ga wasu kamfanoni ba sai ta hanyar wajibcin doka.
  5. Ajiye bayanai: Bayanin yanar gizo wanda Occentus Networks (EU) suka dauki nauyi
  6. Hakkoki: A kowane lokaci zaka iyakance, dawo da share bayanan ka.

bool (gaskiya)