"Alice ta cikin madubin." Sashi na biyu da ba a sani ba na tarihin Lewis Carroll.

Alice Ta hanyar Ganin Gilashi, Lewis Carroll

Ko da yake Alice a cikin Wonderland ba tare da wata shakka ba shahararren labarin Lewis Carroll, akwai labari na biyu, tare da jarumi iri ɗaya, wanda yayi daidai ko ya fi na farkon kyau. Game da shi ya ce Ana Maria Matute, a lokacin sanannen jawabin nasa A cikin dazuzzuka, tare da abin da ya shiga cikin RAE: «Lokacin da Alice ta keta katangar madubin madubi, wanda ba zato ba tsammani ya canza zuwa hazo na azurfa mai haske wanda ya narke kira tare da hannayen yarinyar, Ya kasance kamar koyaushe ɗayan ɗayan sihiri ne a tarihin adabi. […] Saboda ba za mu manta cewa abin da madubin ya ba mu ba wani abu ne face mafi aminci kuma a lokaci guda mafi ban mamaki na gaskiyarmu. "

Kuma wannan shine ainihin abin da gajeren labari Ta gilashin kallo da abin da Alice ta samu a can. Littafin tafiya ce zuwa wata duniyar, amma a lokaci guda tafiya ce zuwa cikinmu, zuwa wancan ɗayan da tunaninmu ya ƙunsa. Labari ne da wataƙila ba ta da wata ma'amala kamar wacce ta gabace ta ba, amma mafi kyau an gina ta, kuma wacce babu shakka ta ƙare da mu yayin da muke karanta shi, har ma bayan mun gama shi.

Ikon kalmomi

"Idan kanaso, zan iya baka sunan daya daga cikin kwarin dake cikin kasata."

"Idan suna da suna," Mosquito ya lura dasu kai tsaye, "Ina jin zasu zo idan aka kira su."

"Ba haka ba ne kamar yadda na sani," in ji Alicia.

Sauro, ya tambaya, "menene amfanin sunaye a garesu?"

"Kuna marhabin da su," in ji Alicia, "amma ina tsammanin suna da amfani ga mutanen da suka sanya su ... Idan ba haka ba, me ya sa abubuwa za su sami sunaye?"

"Wa ya sani!"

Alice ta cikin madubi ya dawo don inganta tunanin Wittgenstian game da yare. Maimaita magana a cikin littafin shine mahimmancin amfani da kalmomi daidai, da banbanci tsakanin sunaye masu dacewa da sunaye gama gari, kodayake duka hanya ce ta ragewa da fahimtar gaskiya.

Tambayoyi masu ban sha'awa a gefe, waɗannan wasannin na harshe suna ƙarewa har zuwa yanayi na ban dariya, waɗanda ke da daɗin karantawa, kusan koyaushe saboda wani bai fahimci abin da mai tattaunawar yake son faɗi ba. Kamar yadda halin Tentetieso yayi bayani sosai game da kalmomi, "Tambayar ita ce wanene ke iko a nan ... idan su ko ni!"

"Insectswarin Gidan Madubi", babi na uku na fitowar Anglo-Saxon.

Mafarki a cikin mafarki

"Kai dai wani irin abu ne a mafarkin Sarki!"

"Idan kun farka yanzu," in ji Tara, "za ku shuɗe kamar yadda kyandir yake ɓacewa yayin da layar ta ƙare."

-Ba gaskiya bane! Alicia ta yi ihu cikin fushi. "[…] Za su tadda Sarki idan suna yawan surutu.

"Taya kake son ka tayar da Sarki in dai kai wani bangare ne daga cikin burinsa?" Ka sani sarai cewa ba gaske bane.

-Ni da gaske ne '! Alicia talakawa ta ce, tana zubar da hawaye mai yawa.

"Ba za ku zama gaske ba duk yadda kuka yi!"

Akwai wasu fannoni da yawa masu ban sha'awa a cikin labarin: ta yaya madubi yayi warwas kuma ya juyar da gaskiya, ko ci gaba daidaici tsakanin motsa Alice da wasan dara, don kawo misalai biyu kawai. Duk da haka, Ina so in nuna wani ra'ayi, mai ɗorewa a cikin labarin, kuma game da abin da ba a rubuta mafi ƙaranci ba: enigmatic, kuma a lokaci guda mai ban tsoro yiwuwar cewa duniyar da ke kewaye da mu, da kanmu, shine mafarkin Allah, ko kuma wani abin baƙonmu.

Anyi amfani da ra'ayin, ta hanyarsu, daga baya marubuta sun bambanta da Borges da Lovecraft. Alicia kanta tana yin tunanine akan wannan gaskiyar a cikin almara: «Don haka ba mafarki bane, sai dai in komai mafarki ne kuma dukkanmu muna cikin sa ... A wannan halin, Na fi so burina bai zama na Jan Sarki ba! Yana matukar damuna in kasance cikin mafarkin da ba nawa bane! "

Mafarki ne ko haƙiƙa, gaskiyar ita ce, ya cancanci zama a cikin duniyar da za mu iya karanta littattafai kamar Alice ta cikin madubiby Lewis Carroll. Labari wanda a ƙarshe shine kwanakin ƙarshe na ƙuruciya ga yarinyar da ta rayu tsawon lokaci, da daɗewa.


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

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