Ilinde uGodot

Isimo se-Ireland

Isimo se-Ireland

Ilinde uGodot (1948) ngumdlalo wetiyetha engenangqondo ebhalwe ngu-Irishman uSamuel Beckett. Kuwo wonke umlando obanzi wombhali, lo "Tragicomedy ngezenzo ezimbili" - njengoba wawunesihloko esingezansi - umbhalo owaziwa kakhulu emhlabeni wonke. Kuyaphawuleka ukuthi kwakuyisiqephu esethula ngokusemthethweni u-Beckett endaweni yaseshashalazini, futhi kwamzuzela uNobel Prize for Literature ngo-1969.

Iqiniso elithandekayo ukuthi u-Beckett - isazi sezilimi esithanda kakhulu nomfundi wezilimi - wasebenzisa ulimi lwesiFrentshi ukubhala lo msebenzi. Hhayi ngeze ncwadi yesihloko Ishicilelwe ngaphansi kombhalo okhuluma isiFulentshi Les Éditions de Minuit, ngemuva kweminyaka emine kubhaliwe (1952). Ilinde uGodot yaqala ukukhonjiswa esiteji ngoJanuwari 5, 1953, eParis.

Isifinyezo somsebenzi

U-Beckett wahlukanisa umsebenzi ngendlela elula: ngezenzo ezimbili.

Isenzo sokuqala

Kule ngxenye, isakhiwo sikhombisa UVladimir no-Estragon bafika esigabeni esakhiwa «Indlela esendleleni. Isihlahla. —Lezi zakhi zigcinwa kuwo wonke umsebenzi— Ngentambama eyodwa. " Abalingiswa bagqoka i-scruffy futhi ingcolile, okwenza ukuthi kutholakale ukuthi bangabantu abangenamakhaya, ngoba akukho lutho oluphathekayo olwaziwayo ngabo. Bavelaphi, ukuthi kwenzekani esikhathini sabo esidlule nokuthi kungani begqoka kanjena kuyimfihlakalo ngokuphelele.

IGodot: isizathu sokulinda

Okwaziwa ngempela, futhi nomsebenzi unesibopho sokwenza kwaziwe kahle kakhulu, yilokho balinda i "Godot" ethile". Ubani? Akekho owaziyoKodwa-ke, lo mbhalo unikeza lo mlingiswa oyindida namandla okulungisa ubunzima balabo abamlindele.

Thengisa Ilinde uGodot: ...
Ilinde uGodot: ...
Azikho izibuyekezo

Ukufika kukaPozzo noLucky

Ngenkathi belinde ongafiki, uDidi noGogo - njengoba abalingiswa abaziwa kanjalo - izingxoxo ngemuva kokuxoxisana bezulazula ngamampunge futhi bacwila ebubini “bokuba”. Ngemva kwesikhashana, UPozzo - umnikazi nenkosi yendawo abahamba kuyo, ngokusho kwakhe - nenceku yakhe uLucky bajoyina ukulinda.

UPozzo idwetshwe njenge oqhoshayo ojwayelekile ocebile. Lapho efika, ugcizelela amandla akhe futhi uzama ukubonisa ukuzithiba nokuzethemba. Kodwa-ke, njengoba isikhathi sishisa inhlebo, kuya ngokusobala ukuthi - njengabo bonke abanye abalingiswa - usozigidi usoxakwe kule nkinga efanayo: akazi ukuthi kungani noma kungani akhona. Unenhlanhla, yena, ungumuntu ozithobayo noncike kuye, uyisigqila.

Umlayezo odumazayo owandisa ukulinda

Samuel Beckett

Samuel Beckett

Lapho usuku seluzophela kungekho okukhombisa ukuthi uGodot uzofika, kwenzeka okuthile okungalindelekile: kuvela ingane. Lona usondela eduze kwalapho uPozzo, uLucky, uGogo noDidi bezulazula khona y ibazisa ukuthi, Yebo KULUNGILE UGodot akazukuza, Kungenzeka kakhulu yenza ukubonakala ngosuku olulandelayo

UVladimir no-Estragon, Ngemuva kwalezi zindaba, bayavuma ukubuya ekuseni. Abayeki uhlelo lwabo: badinga, ngazo zonke izindlela, ukuhlangabezana noGodot.

Isenzo sesibili

Njengoba nje kwathiwa, isimo esifanayo sihlala. Isihlahla, namagatsha aso adangele, sizama sijule ukuze sisetshenziswe futhi siqede isithukuthezi nenqubo. UDidi noGogo babuyela kuleyo ndawo futhi baphinda imihosha yabo. Nokho, kwenzeka okwehlukile maqondana nosuku lwangaphambilini, futhi lokho ngukuthi baqala ukubona ukuthi bekukhona izolo, ngoba izinkomba zokuthi bebekhona ziyabonakala.

Uyakwazi ukukhuluma ke ukwazi okwesikhashana, noma, empeleni, konke kuyaphindwa; uhlobo "lwe-Groundhog Day."

Ukubuya nezinguquko ezinqala

ULucky nenkosi yakhe bayabuya, nokho, basesimweni esihluke kakhulu. Inceku manje isiyisimungulu, kanti uPozzo uhlushwa yimpumputhe. Ngaphansi kwale panorama yezinguquko ezinqala, ithemba lokufika liyaqhubeka, futhi nezingxoxo ezingenangqondo, ezingenangqondo, isithombe sokungabi nasizathu sempilo.

Njengezolo, isithunywa esincane siyabuya. Nokho,, lapho ebuzwa uDidi noGogo, ingane iyakuphika ukuthi ibikade inabo izolo. Yebo yebo phinda futhi izindaba ezifanayo: UGodot ngeke eze namhlanje, kodwa kungenzeka ukuthi kusasa eze.

Izinhlamvu bayabonana futhi, naphakathi kokudumala nokuzisola, Bavume ukubuya ngakusasa. Umuthi onesizungu uhlala umile njengophawu lokuzibulala njengendlela yokuphuma; UVladimir no-Estragon bayakubona futhi bacabange ngakho, kepha balinda ukubona ukuthi "kusasa" kuzoletha ini.

Ngale ndlela umsebenzi ufinyelela umvuthwandaba, unikeza okungahle kube yiluphu, okuyinto engekho ngaphezu kosuku nosuku lomuntu nokuthi yini ekusebenziseni kwakhe ngokugcwele ukwazi akubiza ngokuthi "impilo."

Ukuhlaziywa Ilinde i-Gogdot

Ilinde uGodot, kukodwa, kungukuswela umsebenzi okusidonsela ukuthi yini usuku nosuku lomuntu. Okujwayelekile ezenzweni ezimbili zombhalo —Ngaphandle kwenguquko eyodwa noma enye ngezikhathi ezithile— ukuphindaphinda okuqhubekayo lokho akwenzi lutho ngaphandle kokukhombisa ukuhamba okungenakulungiswa komuntu ngamunye, igxathu negxathu, eya ethuneni lakhe.

Ubuciko bokulula

Kukubulula komsebenzi, yize ubukeka uyindida, lapho ubuciko bakhe bulele khona, lapho kukhona ingcebo yakhe: umdwebo emabhodini oveza okungenangqondo okuzungeze umuntu.

Yize uGodot - obekulindelwe isikhathi eside, obekulindelwe isikhathi eside - engaze avele, ukungabi khona kwakhe kunikeza umbono wengozi eyimbudane yokuba khona komuntu. Isikhathi esiteji sithola isizathu saso ngezenzo okuthi, noma zibukeka zingenangqondo, zingabi ngcono noma zibe zimbi kunezinye, ngoba okulindelwe, ngendlela efanayo, ngeke eze.

Noma yini eyenzekayo, akukho okuzoshintsha isiphetho sabesilisa

Emdlalweni kuyafana ukuhleka noma ukukhala, phefumula noma cha, buka ntambama ifa noma isihlahla somile, noma ube munye nesihlahla nezwe. FUTHI akukho kulokhu okuzoshintsha isiphetho esiyingqayizivele: ukufika kokungabikho.

UGodot akayena uNkulunkulu ...

USamuel Beckett ucaphuna

USamuel Beckett ucaphuna

Yize kuyo yonke le minyaka kube khona labo abathi uGodot unguNkulunkulu uqobo, UBeckett wakuphika ukucabanga okunjalo. Yebo, yize bekuhlobanisa empeleni nokulinda okuqhubekayo komuntu kobunkulunkulu emasikweni ahlukahlukene, besebenzisa ukuqondana okulula negama lesi-Anglo UNkulunkulu, iqiniso ukuthi umbhali wakukhombisa lokho igama livela ezwini le-francophone i-godillot, okungukuthi: "ibhuthi", ngeSpanishi. Ngakho-ke, yini uDidi noGogo ababeyilindele?

Futhi kube khona labo abaxhumanise isithunywa sikaGodot nomesiya wesiko lamaJudeo-Christian, futhi kunengqondo lapho. Kodwa kucatshangelwa okwashiwo ngumbhali, le mbono nayo iyalahlwa.

Impilo: iluphu

Ukuphela bekungeke kube ngokuvumelana kakhudlwana nakho konke okunye okukhuliswe emsebenzini, impela. Ngakho-ke ubuyela emuva ekuqaleni, kepha uthola ukuthi uyiyo, ukuthi bekulindwe izolo, noma noma kunegazi elingaphezulu kunanamuhla, kepha akukho ngaphansi kwe kusasa. Futhi lowo othi kumele afike uyakuphika ukuthi ubeshilo izolo, kepha uthembisa ukuthi kungenzeka kusasa ... njalonjalo, kuze kube umoya wokugcina.

Amazwana avela kubagxeki abakhethekile ku Ilinde uGodot

  • «Akukho okwenzekayo, kabili«, IVivian Mercier.
  • “Akukho okwenzekayo, akekho oza, akekho ohambayo, kubi lokho!«, Akaziwa, ngemuva kokukhonjiswa eParis ngo-1953.
  • "Ilinde uGodot, kunengqondo ngaphezu kokungenangqondo”. IMayelit Valera Arvelo

Curiosities of Ilinde uGodot

  • Umgxeki UKenneth Burke, ngemuva kokubona umdlalo, Uthe ukuxhumana phakathi kuka-El Gordo no-El Flaco kufana kakhulu nalokho kukaVladimir no-Estragon. Okuqondakala kakhulu, ngokwazi ukuthi u-Beckett wayengumlandeli we Amafutha kanye nomzimba omncane.
  • Phakathi kwemisuka eminingi yesihloko, kukhona okukodwa okushoyo lokho U-Beckett weza nayo ngesikhathi ejabulela iTour de France. Ngaphandle kokuthi umjaho usuqedile, abantu bebesalindele. Samuel ubuze ukuthi: "Ulindeni?" Futhi, ngaphandle kokungabaza, baphendula ezilalelini "KuGodot!". Le nkulumo ibhekise kulowo ancintisana naye obesele emuva futhi obesazofika.
  • Zonke izinhlamvu Ziyathwala isigqoko se ophosayo. Futhi lokhu akuyona into engaqondakali U-Beckett wayengumlandeli kaChaplin, kanjalo kwakuyindlela yakhe yokumhlonipha. Futhi ukuthi emsebenzini kunenqwaba ye-cinema ethule, okuningi okushiwo ngumzimba, kwalokho okushiwo ukuthula, ngaphandle kokuzibamba. Mayelana nalokhu, umqondisi weshashalazi u-Alfredo Sanzol uveze lapho exoxwa no El País kusuka eSpain:

“Kuyahlekisa, ucacisa ukuthi uVladimir no-Estragon bagqoka izigqoko zokuphosa yingakho kuzo zonke iziteji bahlala begqoka izigqoko. Bengimelana. Iqiniso ngukuthi ngazama izigqoko nezinye izinhlobo zezigqoko, kepha azisebenzi. Kuze kube ngiyalela izitsha zokubhowula futhi, vele, bekufanele bafake izitsha. Isigqoko sokuphosa yiChaplin, noma eSpain, uColl. Bacasula ukudluliselwa okuningi. Kube yinto ethobekile kimi ”.

  • Ngesikhathi Ilinde uGodot bekungumbhoshongo wokuqala osemthethweni ka Beckett enkundleni yemidlalo, kube nemizamo emibili edlule ehlulekile ukwenzeka. Enye yazo kwakuwumdlalo okhuluma ngoSamuel Johnson. Elinye lalikhona Eleutheria, kodwa yachithwa ngemuva kokuphuma kukaGodot.

Izilinganiso ze- Ilinde uGodot

  • “Sikugcinile ukuqokwa, yilokho kuphela. Asibona abangcwele, kepha sikugcinile ukuqokwa. Bangaki abantu abangasho okufanayo?
  • “Izinyembezi zomhlaba aziguquki. Kulowo nalowo oqala ukukhala, kwenye ingxenye kukhona omunye oyekayo ukwenza kanjalo ”.
  • “Ngikhumbula amabalazwe eZwe Elingcwele. Ngebala. Kumnandi. ULwandle Olufile lwaluluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka. Ngangomile nje ngiyibuka. Ungitshele: sizoya lapho ukuchitha usuku lwethu lwangemva komshado. Sizobhukuda. Sizojabula ".
  • “VLADIMIR: Ngalokhu sesihambise isikhathi. ESTRAGON: Bekuzoba okufanayo, noma kunjalo. VLADIMIR: Yebo, kodwa kushesha kancane ”.

Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

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