UNada, nguCarmen Laforet

UCarmen Laforet.

UCarmen Laforet.

Nada iyinoveli yombhali odumile waseSpain uCarmen Laforet, owathola umklomelo weNadal ngo-1945 (ngawo lowo nyaka washicilelwa). Umlingiswa oyinhloko kule ngxenye ngu-Andrea, umfundi wasenyuvesi osanda kufika ekhaya lezihlobo eBarcelona. Lapho, umlingiswa ophambili uhlose ukuqeda ukuqeqeshwa kwakhe kwezemfundo futhi aqonde ekuzimeleni kwakhe.

Kepha kuyisimo esigcwele ubunzima phakathi nenkathi yangemva kwempi kaFranco. Ngalesi sizathu, ezinye zezihlobo zakhe ezake zacebile zikhombisa izinkinga ezinkulu zengqondo futhi, ngenxa yalokho, ukuhlala ndawonye kuba nokuphikisana okukhulu. Ekugcineni, intombazane inethuba lokunqoba zonke lezi zihibe ngenxa yokuxhaswa yilabo efunda nabo ekolishi.

Mayelana nomlobi

Ubuntwana nentsha

UCarmen Laforet Díaz wazalwa ngoSepthemba 6, 1921 eBarcelona, ​​eCatalonia, eSpain. Wayeyizibulo lomshado phakathi komakhi waseCatalan nothisha waseToledo. Ngo-1924, umndeni wakhe wathuthela eGran Canaria ngenxa yezinkinga zomsebenzi kayise (Wayengumfundisi wongoti bezimboni).

Abafowabo abancane u-Eduardo noJuan bazalelwa lapho, abagcina isibopho esihle nabo impilo yakhe yonke. Ubuyele eBarcelona lapho eneminyaka engu-18 eyofunda ifilosofi nezincwadi, okokuqala, kanye nomthetho kamuva. Kodwa-ke, azikho kulezi zinhlanga ezimbili ezaqedwa.

Umsebenzi omuhle wokubhala

Ngemuva kokuhlanganisa iminyaka engu-21, uCarmen osemusha wathuthela eMadrid. Ngenkathi elapho wahlangana nomgxeki wezincwadi uManuel Cerezales, owamkhuthaza ukuba abhale. Ngaleyondlela, ULaforet washicilela inoveli yakhe yokuqala ngo-1945, Nada, wanconywa kakhulu futhi waklonyeliswa uNadal Prize. Ngakolunye uhlangothi, wayeshade noCerezales phakathi kuka-1946 no-1970, lo mbhangqwana wawunezingane ezinhlanu.

Ngo-1948 wathola ukuhlukaniswa kweRoyal Academy, ngokuqala kwakhe nangomlandeli wakhe, Umklomelo we-Fastenrath. Eqinisweni, phakathi neminyaka engamashumi amathathu eyalandela yomsebenzi wakhe wokubhala waqongelela imiklomelo eminingi nokuhlonishwa. Okuqhubeke ngemuva kokushona kwakhe, okwenzeka ngoFebhuwari 28, 2004, eMajadahonda (Umphakathi waseMadrid), ngenxa ye-Alzheimer's.

Imiklomelo

Ngaphandle kwalabo okukhulunyiwe Nada y Umklomelo we-Fastenrath, Umbhali waseCatalan uwine umklomelo weMenorca Novel Prize kanye noMklomelo Kazwelonke Wezincwadi we Owesifazane omusha (1955). Ngaphezu kwalokho, uLaforet wadala iqoqo elikhulu lamanoveli nezindaba ezimfishane. Uyeke ukubhala kuphela lapho eqala ukuba nezinkinga zememori ngenxa yesimo sakhe, okwathi, wasuka emkhakheni womphakathi.

Ezinye izihloko eziphawulekayo emsebenzini wokubhala kaCarmen Laforet

  • ­­Isiqhingi namademoni (1950). Inoveli.
  • Ukuqothulwa (1963). Isitolimende sokuqala se-trilogy Izinyathelo ezintathu ngaphandle kwesikhathiulandelwa ngu Ngekhoneni (2004) futhi Isihlobo (ayishicilelwanga).
  • Incwadi eya kuDon Juan (2007). Ukuhlanganiswa kwazo zonke izindaba zakhe ezimfishane.
  • URomeo noJuliet II (2008). Ukuhlanganiswa kwayo yonke imibhalo yakhe yothando.

Ukuhlaziywa Nada

Akukho lutho

Akukho lutho

Ungathenga inoveli lapha: Nada

Isendlalelo nomongo

Umama kaCarmen Laforet ushone eminyakeni embalwa ngemuva kokubeletha amadodana akhe amabili. Kamuva, ubaba womlobi wenza isivumelwano somshado wesibili nowesifazane okwaholela enkingeni yangempela kowesifazane omncane waseCatalan. Ngalesi sizathu, iningi labaphikisi bombhali weBarcelona yizintandane (no-Andrea).

Ngokusobala, iMpi Yombango kanye nengcindezelo kaFranco nakho kubonakala ekuthuthukiseni lo msebenzi. Ngendlela efanayo, le ncwadi ichaza ukubhekana nemibono yentsha lapho ibhekene nokubola kwemvelo yayo. Ngaphezu kwalokho - njengakweminye imibhalo ngo I-Laforet- umbhali ukhombisa umbono wakhe wobufazi ngaphezu kombono wakhe wokholo.

Isakhiwo ne-synopsis

Nada inoveli ihlukaniswe izingxenye ezintathu ezihlukaniswe ngokusobala:

Indlela

Ihlanganisa izahluko eziyishumi zokuqala. Ilandisa ngokufika kuka-Andrea eBarcelona ezoqala izifundo zakhe eziphakeme. Ndawonye, ​​kuchazwa umgwaqo nendlu yomndeni wakhe (kugcwele okunethezeka esikhathini esedlule, okwamanje kuyindawo ecindezelayo). Kanye nobuntu bezinhlamvu ezicasukile ezihlala lapho; izingxoxo (okunye okuyingozi kakhulu) kanye nemikhuba emibi isinkwa sansuku zonke.

Umalume wakhe oqinile kuphela uRomán (i-violinist) obonakala engenandaba nezindaba zabanye abantu. Kancane kancane, u-Andrea uzizwa enesidingo sokuzihlukanisa nabo bonke ubuhlanya bendawo ahlala kuyo. Ngakho-ke, uchitha isikhathi esiningi eNyuvesi, lapho enza khona abangane abasha, phakathi kwabo, ikakhulukazi uxhuma no-Ena noPons. Lesi sigaba sigcina ngokudluliselwa kuka-Anti Angustias esigodlweni sezindela.

Izithiyo

Kusuka ezahlukweni 11 kuye ku-18, lapho izinkinga zanda khona. Izingxabano ekhaya ziba nehlazo futhi zibe nobudlova ngokwengeziwe, okwenza u-Andrea angalali ebusuku. Ngaphezu kwalokho, uthathe isinqumo sokukhokhela isinkwa sasekuseni kuphela ukuphatha imali yakhe kangcono. Kodwa lokhu kusho ukulamba ngezikhathi ezithile.

U-Andrea, uma engekho ekilasini, uchitha isikhathi esiningi ngangokunokwenzeka efunda emtatsheni wezincwadi. Okwamanje ukhulisa iqembu lakhe labangane futhi ucela u-Ena ukuthi angayi endlini yakhe, yize kamuva umlingiswa ophambili eshintsha umqondo wakhe. Noma kunjalo, Ubudlelwano obungajwayelekile buvela phakathi kuka-Ena noMalume Román, ngesikhathi esifanayo lapho ukuthandana kukaPons no-Andrea kuqala (yize lobu budlelwano bungeke bukhule ngokuhamba kwesikhathi).

Isinqumo

Kufaka kusuka esahlukweni 19 kuye ekugcineni (25). U-Andrea uqala ukuhlobana nonina ka-Ena, owayenesikhathi esidlule esihle noRomán. Ngesikhathi esibucayi sendaba, U-Ena wembulela u-Andrea inhloso yakhe yangempela: ukuhlazisa amaRoma ngokuziphindisela ngokushiya unina. Ngomphumela, u-Ena uzohlala eMadrid kanti uRoman uzibulala ngensingo.

Ukucaphuna kukaCarmen Laforet.

Ukucaphuna kukaCarmen Laforet.

Ngasekupheleni, u-anti Gloria (owahlukunyezwa ngumyeni wakhe, uJuan) uvakashelwa odadewabo. Ngaphezu kwalokho, labo besifazane noJuan bagcina besola uGloria ompofu ngokuba yimbangela yobunzima endlini, kubandakanya nokufa kukaRoman. Le noveli ivala ngo-Andrea evalelisa kuzo zonke izihlobo zakhe. Uya eMadrid, emenywe ngumngani wakhe u-Ena futhi enesithembiso somsebenzi.

themes

UCarmen Laforet ekhombisa e Nada imibono eyahlukene maqondana nokungalingani kwezenhlalo ngobudlelwano babalingiswa bayo (U-Ena, ovela emndenini ocebile, no-Andrea). Ukuziphindisela kungenye yezizathu emlandweni, eyenziwe ngu-Ena futhi yaqedwa ngokufa kwamaRoma. Akukho nokushoda kokuphoxeka kothando namacebo akhohlisayo.

Nokho, isici esishaqisayo kakhulu se- Nada yisikhalazo esisobala ngokuhlukunyezwa kwasekhaya nguGloria. Yebo - njengoba kwenzeka ezimweni eziningi zangempela - udalula ubunzima obudingekayo bezinye izihlobo, ngoba uJuan ubheka kuphela izizathu zokumhlasela ngenxa yezinkinga zakhe.


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Amazwana, shiya okwakho

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe.

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.

  1.   UGustavo Woltmann kusho

    Incazelo enhle kakhulu yale noveli. Ngiyayithanda ifomethi yaleli khasi ngoba ibuye iqhakambise indaba yombhali.
    - UGustavo Woltmann.