5 ababhali abaqophe umlando

Emkhakheni wezincwadi, njengakuzo zonke ezinye, kube namagama amakhulu abesifazane abathulisiwe, abafihliwe futhi abahlolwa. Abanye, ngenhlanhla, bazalwa esikhathini samanje futhi bakwazi ukuziveza njengoba befuna ngokubhala imisebenzi emikhulu enezibongo nezibongo.

Kulesi sihloko, sizokutshela ngeziningi zazo, zombili lezo obekufanele zicashe ngaphansi kwegama lomgunyathi wesilisa nalabo abenze kanjalo ngegama labo langempela. Bobabili abanye nabanye baye baba futhi bakhona ababhali abakhulu abenza umlando. Uma ufuna ukwazi ukuthi yiziphi ezikhethiwe futhi wazi okuncane ngazo ngayinye yazo, nayi eminye imininingwane efanelekile.

UGloria Fuertes (1917-1998)

  • Imbongi yaseSpain yesizukulwane sokuqala sangemva kwempi.
  • Okungokwesizukulwane sama-50 futhi "Postismo" (ukunyakaza kwezinkondlo).
  • Usebenze ezinhlelweni ezingenakubalwa zezingane nentsha kuTVE.
  • Owesifazane, wayevikela njalo emibhalweni yakhe, ukulingana phakathi kwabesilisa nabesifazane.
  • I-Pacifist nokulwela imvelo.
  • Isibalo esibalulekile sezinkondlo zaseSpain zekhulu lama-XNUMX.
  • Wenzele abantu abadala izincwadi, izinkondlo, izindaba zezingane, imidlalo yaseshashalazini, njll.
  • Ubulawe ngumdlavuza wamaphaphu.

UVirginia Woolf (1882-1941)

  • Isibalo esibalulekile somphakathi wezincwadi zesiNgisi.
  • Umbhali wesifazane futhi obalulekile I-Anglo-Saxon Modernism yekhulu lama-XNUMX.
  • Ukhulume emibhalweni eminingi ngezinkinga abesifazane ababenazo ngaleso sikhathi zokunikela ngempilo yabo ekubhaleni.
  • Wabhala amanoveli, ama-eseyi, izindaba ezimfishane, izincwadi, njll.
  • Washada nombhali eneminyaka engama-30 ULeonard Woolf.
  • Wayethanda umbhali uVita Sackville-West, owayeshade noHarold Nicolson ngaleso sikhathi. Ukuthandana kwabo kwaphela cishe iminyaka eyi-10, kepha ngemuva kwalokho bahlala bengabangani.
  • Wayephethwe yibipolar. Lokhu, kanye nokudangala kwakhe, kwamholela ekutheni azibulale ngoMashi 28, 1941. Wagxumela e-River Ouse nejazi lakhe eligcwele amatshe emaphaketheni akhe.
  • Ezine zakhe imisebenzi eyengeziwe yesici Yilezi: "Nkk. Dalloway", «Endlini yokukhanya», "Orlando" y "Amagagasi".

URosalía de Castro (1837-1885)

  • Wazalwa ngo-1837.
  • Imbongi yaseSpain nombhali wamanoveli, ayibhala ngeSpanishi nangesiGalician, ngenhloso yokuthi ulimi lwakubo ngeke lufe.
  • Kanye no UGustavo Adolfo Becquer, wayengumanduleli wezinkondlo zanamuhla zaseSpain.
  • Yize uhlobo ayelulima kakhulu kwakuyi-prose, uRosalía wayaziwa ngaphezu kwakho konke ngezinkondlo zakhe, ikakhulukazi ngomsebenzi wakhe. «Izingoma ze-Galician».
  • Wayengumbhali owanikela kakhulu kumculo wengoma yaseGalician-Portuguese, eyinikeza iqiniso udumo olimini lwesiGalician.
  • Wafa ngomdlavuza wesibeletho ngoJulayi 15, 1885.

UJane Austen (1775-1817)

  • Umbhali wakudala we Izincwadi zesiNgisi, owaziwa ngaphezu kwakho konke ngomsebenzi wakhe "Ukuziqhenya Nobandlululo".
  • Ihlelwe futhi yahlukaniswa ngezindlela ezahlukahlukene, ngokusho kwabagxeki abahlukahlukene bemibhalo. Ngenkathi umuntu embheka njengombhali olandelanayo, abagxeki nabagxeki besifazane baqinisekisa ukuthi ezincwadini zakhe ukwenziwa okusha komcabango mayelana imfundo yabesifazane kusuka komunye umbhali omkhulu: UMary Wollstonecraft.
  • Imisebenzi yakhe ilethwe ku Cine ezikhathini eziningana.
  • Iningi lemisebenzi yakhe lalibhalwe ngaphansi kwegama lomgunyathi futhi akazange athathwe njengomlobi omkhulu kuze kube sekhulwini le-XNUMX.
  • Ukungenile ku- Charlotte Brontë, omunye umbhali omkhulu, kokunye ukugxeka okunonya izincwadi zakhe.
  • Wafa ngesifo sofuba ngoJulayi 18, 1817 eneminyaka engama-41.

UMaria de Zayas (1590-1661)

  • Umbhali waseSpain we Ubudala begolide.
  • Umbhali we- amanoveli amafushane ezanqanyulwa futhi zavinjelwa UkuQulwa Kwamacala Ezihlubuki ngekhulu le-XNUMX, yize ngaphambili zaziphumelele kakhulu futhi zaphinde zakhishwa.
  • Imisebenzi yakhe inesifundo esivelele sabesifazane.
  • Ngesikhathi sama-80s, uTelevisión Española, wasakaza uchungechunge olwaziwa njenge "Insimu yaseVenus", iphefumulelwe izindaba ezivusa inkanuko ngumlobi.
  • Sus imisebenzi ephawuleka kakhulu fueron "Uthando namanoveli ayisibonelo", "Ukudumazeka" y "Ukukhaphela ebunganeni".
  • Kukholakala ukuthi wadlula emhlabeni ngonyaka we-1661, kodwa akuqinisekile.

Kuyafaneleka futhi ukusho abanye ababhali abanjengo UCarmen Martín Gaite, uCarmen Laforet, Ana María Matute, uSimone de Beauvoir ne-etcetera ende imisebenzi yayo nempilo yayo nayo ephawulekayo.


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Yiba ngowokuqala ukuphawula

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe.

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.