UJavier Marías ushona eneminyaka engu-70

UJavier Marias uyafa

Isithombe: Javier Marias. Ifonti: Penguin Books.

Umbhali uJavier Marías ushone ngeSonto eMadrid. Kwenzeka lokhu nje, washona ngenxa yezinkinga zenyumoniya abeyihudula ngenyanga edlule nokwagcina ngokuthi asale esibhedlela.

Izwe lemibhalo liyakhala ngokudlula kwakhe ngoba ushaye kungalindelekile. Umbhali ubezohlanganisa iminyaka engama-71 ngoSepthemba 20. Maningi amanoveli akhe nezindatshana zakhe. Wayengumbhali ohlonishwa kakhulu futhi owaziwayo. Ube ngumbhali ngolimi lwesiSpanishi owafunda enyuvesi, umsebenzi wakhe uyisibonelo sesitayela sakhe nokubaluleka kwezinhlamvu zeSpanishi. Manje usishiyile.

Izinyanga zakhe zokugcina nokusebenza njengombhali

Ngaphambi kwalolu bhubhane lwe-COVID-19, ubezohlinzwa kanzima emhlane wakhe okwamshiya eminyakeni yamuva ehlala endlini yakhe eMadrid, futhi wathatha uhambo oluya eBarcelona lapho kutholakala khona indlu yomkakhe. Ngalesi sikhathi uzamile ukungakuyeki ukubhala. Ngaphezu kokuzungeza izincwadi azozifunda, ngo-2021 wasinika inoveli yakhe yokugcina, inombolo yeshumi nesithupha, UThomas Nevinson kwathi ngoNhlolanja walo nyaka washicilela iqoqo lezihloko zakhe, Ingabe umpheki uzoba umuntu olungile?

UJavier Marías wayengomunye wababhali abakhulu besikhathi samanje bekhulu lama-XNUMX nelama-XNUMX. Isitayela sakhe singachazwa ngaphakathi kokucaciswa kolimi, kodwa ngokunotha okungavamile kokwenziwa kwemagama kanye nokunotha kwamagama.. Mhlawumbe yingakho umsebenzi wakhe ube nomthelela onjalo. Ungomunye walabo babhali abasiza ekwandiseni ulimi, kulokhu, iSpanishi. Amanye amanoveli akhe aziwa kakhulu yilawa Yonke imiphefumulo, Inhliziyo imhlophe qwa, Ubuso bakho kusasa, Ama-Crushes, UBerta Isla, noma "inoveli yamanga" Emuva emuva kwesikhathiUmsebenzi wakhe uhunyushelwe ezilimini ezingama-46 emazweni angama-59, futhi kudayiswe amakhophi ezincwadi zakhe angaphezu kwezigidi eziyisishiyagalombili..

Impikiswano

Lo mbhali naye akakhululiwe engxabanweni.. Njengezitatimende azenza engxoxweni eminyakeni embalwa edlule mayelana nokulwela amalungelo abantu besifazane futhi ezadala ukungakhululeki kweminye imikhakha yomphakathi waseSpain. Phakathi kokunye, uzwakalise ukungaboni ngaso linye ngeqhaza elishiywe kwabesifazane ekugibeleni amabhayisikili, isibonelo, elokuqabulana kwesintu lokuklomelisa ophumelele umjaho.

Ngakolunye uhlangothi, kwaholela ezingxabanweni ezehlukene emibuthanweni yemibhalo. Kwaba njalo ngomsebenzi wakhe. Yonke imiphefumulo, lapho aletha khona umdidiyeli ophethe incwadi yakhe ethi, Elías Querejeta, enkantolo. Ngaphandle kwanoma iyiphi impikiswano noma isinciphisi, u-Javier Marías unikeze umhlaba wezincwadi imisebenzi emihle yesiko nomphakathi.

Royal Spanish Academy kanye nokuqashelwa

Ngokunjalo, yisikhathi esidabukisayo nesishintshayo seRoyal Spanish Academy, isikhungo sayo uJavier Marías ebeyingxenye yaso kusukela ngo-2006, yize kuze kwaba ngu-2008 lapho athola khona incwadi ethi R. Inkulumo ayethule ngesikhathi engenela le nhlangano ehlonishwayo yayinesihloko Ebunzimeni bokubala.

UJavier Marías wayengumbhali futhi engumhumushi. Uthole iziqu zeFilosofi nezincwadi e-Complutense University of Madrid, wenza umsebenzi wokufundisa njengoprofesa we-Spanish Literature and Translation Theory emanyuvesi amaningana, njenge-Oxford. Ngokulinganayo, okubaluleke kakhulu kwaba ukuhumusha kwakhe Tristram Shandy nokuthi waklonyeliswa ngakho Umklomelo Kazwelonke Wokuhumusha e 1979. Kunjalo, uhlu lokuqashelwa, imiklomelo kanye nemiklomelo yalo mbhali luphelele. Ngo-2021 waqokwa njengelungu lamazwe ngamazwe le- I-Royal Society of Literature yaseGreat Britain, eba umbhali wokuqala waseSpain ukuyifinyelela.

UJavier Marías: umbuthano wakhe

UJavier Marías wazalelwa eMadrid ngo-1951 futhi ubelokhu exhunyaniswa neqembu elihlakaniphile elithanda ithalente elizelwe.. Wayengowomndeni ofunde kakhulu: uyise, uJulián Marías, wayeyisifundiswa nesazi sefilosofi (ngasikhathi sinye futhi engumfundi we-Ortega y Gasset), umama wakhe wayengumbhali uDolores Franco Manera, kanti umalume wakhe wayeyifilimu. umqondisi uJesús Franco. Bekuzodingeka futhi kwengezwe abafowabo nabo abayingxenye yezwe lamasiko.

Uyise kwadingeka abaleke eSpain njengoba engavunyelwe ukufundisa enyuvesi yaseSpain ngoba wayengeyena umuntu ozwelayo nombuso kaFranco. Umndeni wazinza e-United States endlini imbongi Jorge Guillén, umakhelwane wakhe kwaba ohlonishwayo uVladimir Nabokov.. Wabala phakathi kwabangane bakhe uFernando Savater futhi wayaziwa kakhulu nguFernando Rico. Bonke behlile emibhalweni yezincwadi, kodwa noJavier Marías naye.

Kodwa-ke, ngokomsebenzi, umbuthano wakhe obaluleke kakhulu kuye, ngaphandle kokungabaza, abafundi bakhe, abahlale bembonga ngokuba umlobi ofinyelelekayo, onomusa futhi ozimisele.

inkumbulo yombhali

Asifuni kulesi sihloko ukuba siphuthelwe ithuba lokuphawula ngempendulo uJavier Marías ayehlale eyinikeza umbuzo wokuthi kungani waba umbhali; ngoba uthe kuyindlela yokuhamba ngokuzikhandla. Ngokusobala umsebenzi wokubhala wawuyindlela enhle yokugwema umphathi, izinsuku ezikhathazayo noma isibopho sokuvuka ekuseni njalo ekuseni. Kwakuyindlela, njengoba encokola, ukuphila impilo yobuvila epholile. Kodwa ngokuxakayo, wavuma, ukuthi wayengeke neze acabange ukuthi ukubhala kuqhelelene kangaka nakho konke lokho. Nokho, wayengeke acabange ukuthi wayeyokujabulela kakhulu njengoba enza.. Lokhu ngokungangabazeki kuyindlela enhle yokukhumbula lo mbhali odumile wezincwadi zethu.


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Yiba ngowokuqala ukuphawula

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe.

*

*

  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.