Haɗu da lambar yabo ta Nobel ta 2021 a cikin adabi

Kyautar Nobel a cikin Adabi

Kyautar Nobel a cikin Adabi

A ranar 7 ga Oktoba na wannan shekara, an bayyana sunan wanda ya lashe lambar yabo ta Nobel ta XNUMX a fannin Adabi. Wanda ya ci nasara shi ne Abdulrazak Gurnah ɗan ƙasar Tanzaniya, marubuci tare da dogon aiki mai zurfi, wanda aka sani da taɓarɓarewa da ƙarfi kan batutuwan da suka shafi yaƙi, 'yan gudun hijira da wariyar launin fata.

Aiki kamar Aljanna (1994) y Rashin haihuwa (2005) ya jagoranci membobin Kwalejin Yaren mutanen Sweden zuwa irin wannan tattaunawa, yana mai bayyana cewa Zanzibarí ya ci nasara don "asusunsu na tasirin mulkin mallaka da makomar 'yan gudun hijira a Teku tsakanin al'adu da nahiyoyi." Wannan dai shi ne karo na biyar a tarihin wannan kyauta da wani dan Afirka ya samu karramawaA gabansa, an karbe shi: Wole Soyinka, Nadine Gordimer, John Maxwell Coetzee da Naguib Mahfuz.

Game da wanda ya yi nasara, Abdulrazak Gurnah

Abdulrazak Gurnah

Abdulrazak Gurnah

An haife shi a ranar 20 ga Disamba a tsibirin Zanzibar, Tanzania, a 1948. Kuruciyarsa ta sha bamban da littattafai kamar Daren LarabawaYa kasance mai yawan karanta wakokin Asiya, musamman Farisa da Larabci.

Tursasawa dole

Da kyar ya kai shekarun girma. Dole ne ya bar gidansa saboda rikice -rikicen yaƙe -yaƙe da rikice -rikicen da suka taso a ƙasashen Tanzaniya tun 1964. Yana ɗan shekara 18 kawai, ya tashi zuwa Ingila ya zauna a can.

Rayuwar kanta lyrics

Don haka, ba abin mamaki ba ne, cewa ayyukansa sun nuna daidai da harin yaƙi da kuma alamomin da waɗanda suka rasa matsugunansu ke ɗauke da su, kuma hakanan ma makircin suna da - galibi - gabar tekun gabashin Afirka a matsayin babban wurinsu. Rubutun Abdulrazak Gurnah a bayyane yake.

Jerin ayyukan Abdulrazak Gurnah

Haɗin ayyukan da Zanzibarí ke yi yana da yawa sosai, don haka nadin nasa ba bakon abu bane; miliyan SEK miliyan 10 da ya ci sun fi cancanta. Ga sunayen sarautar da ya buga:

Novelas

  • Ƙwaƙwalwar Tashi (1987)
  • Hanyar Mahajjata (1988)
  • Dottie (1990)
  • Aljanna (1994).
  • Sha'awar Shiru (1996)
  • Paraíso (1997, fassarar Sofía Carlota Noguera)
  • Shiru mai ban tsoro (1998, fassarar Sofía Carlota Noguera)
  • Ta bakin Teku (2001)
  • A bakin teku (2003, Fassarar Carmen Aguilar)
  • Rashin haihuwa (2005)
  • Kyauta ta ƙarshe (2011)
  • Zuciyar tsakuwa (2017)
  • Bayan rayuwa (2020)

Rubutu, gajerun labarai da sauran ayyuka

  • Matsayi (1985)
  • Cages (1992)
  • Makaloli akan Rubuce-rubucen Afirka 1: Sake Ƙimantawa (1993)
  • Dabarun Canji a cikin almara na Ngũgĩ wa Thiong'o (1993)
  • Fiction of Wole Soyinka ”a cikin Wole Soyinka: An kimanta (1994)
  • Fushi da Zaɓin Siyasa a Najeriya: La'akari da Mahaukatan Soyinka da Kwararru, Mutumin da Ya Mutu, da Lokacin Anomy (1994, taron da aka buga)
  • Rubutun rubutun Afirka 2: Na zamani Wallafe-wallafe (1995)
  • Tsakiyar tsakiyar ihun ': Rubutun Dambudzo Marechera (1995)
  • Kaura da Canji a cikin Enigma na Zuwan (1995)
  • rakiya (1996)
  • Daga Hanyar Mahajjata (1988)
  • Tunanin Mawallafin Postcolonial (2000)
  • Tunani na Baya (2002)
  • Tarin Labarai na Abdulrazak Gurnah (2004)
  • Mahaifiyata ta rayu a gona a Afirka (2006)
  • Abokin Cambridge ga Salman Rushdie (2007, gabatarwar littafin)
  • Jigogi da Tsarin a cikin Yara Tsakar dare (2007)
  • Gwanin Alkama ta Ngũgĩ wa Thiong'o (2012)
  • Labarin Mai isowa: Kamar yadda aka fada wa Abdulrazak Gurnah (2016)
  • Buga zuwa Babu inda: Wicomb da Cosmopolitanism (2020)

Wanene aka zaɓa tare tare da Abdulrazak Gurnah?

A bana, kamar a baya lokacin da ya ci nasara Louise glück, ƙafar ta saɓa. Kawai ta ambaci wani ɓangare na waɗanda aka zaɓa, an fahimci sarai dalilin: Can Xue, Liao Yiwu, Haruki Murakami, Javier Marías, Lyudmila Ulitskaya, César Aira, Michel Houellebecq, Margaret Atwood da Ngugi wa Thiongó. 

Javier Marías ne adam wata.

Javier Marías ne adam wata.

Murakami, kamar a shekarun baya, har yanzu yana daya daga cikin wadanda aka fi so, amma har yanzu bai cimma manufarsa ba. Javier Marias, a nata bangaren, shi ma yana cikin shahararrun sunaye. Dole ne mu jira shekara mai zuwa don ganin wanda ya lashe kyautar.


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

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