Finarshe a cikin saura

Finarshe a cikin saura rubutu ne da marubuciya kuma masaniyar masani Irene Vallejo ta shirya. An buga shi a cikin 2019, wannan rubutun yana tunawa dalla-dalla tarihin halitta da juyin halittar littafin cikin ƙarnuka da yawa. Shekara guda bayan haka, saboda nasararta da karbuwa, aikin ya sami lambobin yabo da yawa, daga cikinsu akwai: Kyautar Bayar da Nationalasa ta Mutanen Espanya da ritwararriyar Ido don Labari.

Tare da wannan rubutun, marubucin aikinsa ya kasance mai ban tsoro, gudanar ya wuce kofi 200.000 da aka siyar kuma da sauri zama mafi kyawun mai siyarwa. Aikinsa ya sami babban yarda a ƙasar Spain, wanda ya ba da izinin ci gaban ƙasashen, kasancewar an fassara shi zuwa fiye da harsuna 30 zuwa yanzu.

Game da marubucin

A cikin 1979, garin Zaragoza ya sami haihuwar Irene Somoza. Tun tana ƙarama, ta haɓaka dangantaka da littattafai, sakamakon iyayenta suna karanta mata labarai da kuma ba ta labarai kafin su yi bacci. A 6 ya hadu Da odyssey, mahaifinsa ya ba shi labarinsa dare da rana a matsayin labari, kuma daga can ta kasance mai son labarai game da almara.

A shekarun karatunsa aka azabtar da zalunci ta hanyar fellowan uwansa ɗalibai, wanda har ya jawo masa zagi ta jiki. Iyalinsa sun kasance masu tallafawa na asali a wannan matakin, duk da cewa babban mafakar shi litattafai ne. Ga Irene, ana dawowa gida da karatu wani nau'i ne na ceto.

Nazarin Kwarewa

Marubucin yayi karatunsa m en jami'o'in Zaragoza da Florence, inda ya kammala karatunsa daga baya kuma ya sami digirin digirgir a Na gargajiya philology. Bayan kammala aikinsa, ya sadaukar da kansa ga zurfafawa da yada duk abin da ya shafi littattafan adabi.

Rayuwa ta sirri

Litterat din shine ya auri furodusan fim Enrique Mora, da waye yana da ɗa mai suna Pedro.

Ayyuka

Baya ga aikinta na marubuciya da kuma masaniyar dan adam, ta yi aiki a matsayin malami a jami’o’i daban-daban na kasar. A halin yanzu, ya rubuta labarai ga jaridun Spain El País y Magajin Aragon, wanda hikima ta d inter a ke hulɗa da jigogin zamani. Da yawa daga cikin waɗannan bita da aka tattara a cikin ayyukansa guda biyu: Abubuwan da suka gabata da ke jiran ku (2008) y Wani yayi magana game da mu (2010).

Gasar adabi

Marubuciya ta yaba mata littattafai 8, rubutunsa na farko shine: Hasken da aka binne, mai ban sha'awa wanda aka sake shi a cikin 2011. Daga baya, ya shiga cikin wallafe-wallafe don yara da matasa, tare da Wanda ya kirkiri tafiya (2014) y Labarin tatsuniya mai taushi (2015). Ya ci gaba da: Furucin maharba, labarin soyayya da kasada wanda aka buga a 2015.

Littafinsa na ƙarshe ya zo a cikin 2019: Finarshe a cikin saura, y cikin kankanin lokaci ya zama bestseller. An ba da wannan rubutun sau da yawa tun bayan fitowarta. Baya ga Critical Eye of Narrative (2019) da National Essay (2020), ya kuma sami rabe-rabe: Los Libreros Recommend (2020), José Antonio Labordeta Prize for Literature (2020) da Aragón Prize 2021.

Gina

  • Libraryakin karatu da mahimman kalmomin rubutu a cikin Marcial (2008)
  • Abubuwan da suka gabata da ke jiran ku (2010)
  • Hasken da aka binne (2011)
  • Wanda ya kirkiri tafiya (2014)
  • Labarin tatsuniya mai taushi (2015)
  • Fushin baka (2015)
  • Wani yayi magana game da mu (2017)
  • Finarshe a cikin saura (2019)

Finarshe a cikin saura (2019)

Labari ne mai shafi sama da 400, wanda ya ruwaito kirkirar littafin, wani bangare na ci gabansa da mahimman abubuwan da suka faru a tsawon tarihinsa. A cikin wannan aikin an bayyana kusan shekaru 3000 na abubuwan da suka faru, tsakanin abubuwan da suka gabata da yanzu. Matsala va tun halittar littafin farko, dakunan karatu na farko da kuma masu karanta tsohuwar duniyar, zuwa yanzu.

Da wannan aikin marubucin ya sami nasarar zama mace ta biyar da ta ci Kyautar National Essay Prize (2020), ban da karɓar ra'ayoyi masu kyau. Daga cikin yabo, kalmomin Mario Vargas Llosa sun yi fice: “An rubuta sosai, tare da shafuka masu ban sha'awa sosai; kaunar littattafai da karatu su ne yanayin da shafukan wannan fitacciyar fasahar suka wuce ”.

Siyarwa Arshe a cikin saura: ...

Labarin da aka haifeshi cikin tsakiyar wahala

Marubucin yana cikin wahala lokacin iyali Lokacin da ya fara rubuta wannan littafin, dansa ba shi da lafiya. Tsawon watanni yana zaune a asibiti tare da karamin, a tsakanin dimbin hanyoyin kula da lafiya, magunguna, allurai da riguna masu launin shuɗi.

Pero Irene ta sake fakewa da adabi, a wannan karon tana rubuta nata rubutun. Yayinda mijinta yake samun nutsuwa, zata tafi gida, ta ɗauki littafinta, ta fara rubutu. Ta wannan hanyar, litterat din na da ɗan kwanciyar hankali da kwanciyar hankali, daga wannan damuwar na wannan lokacin. Ba tare da ma zargin cewa zai rubuta nasarar da za ta canza rayuwarsu ba.

Labari daban kuma cikakke

Litattafai da yawa Finarshe a cikin saura azaman abin rubutu na ban mamaki da na kwarai, tunda abinda yake ciki ya cika kuma ya banbanta. A ciki, yana yiwuwa a sami cikakkun bayanai na al'ada da na gargajiya irin su abin dariya, shayari, tatsuniyoyi, labaran ƙauyuka, tarihin rayuwar mutane, gutsuttukan aikin jarida da alamomi. Baya ga manyan wuraren tarihin da suka kasance a lokacin wannan babban yanayin na fiye da ƙarni 30.

Sunan da marubucin ya so ya ba da labarin shi ne: Aminci mai ban al'ajabi, don girmamawa ga Borges. Amma an canza shi ne bisa ga shawarar gidan wallafe-wallafe, a wannan lokacin yana magana ne akan Pascal, wanda ya nuna cewa 'yan adam suna "tunanin reeds".

Haɗuwa

Aikin ya kunshi sassa 2; na farko: Girka tana tunanin gaba, tare da cikakkun babi 15 a ciki. A can, labarin ya gudana ta hanyoyi daban-daban: rayuwa da aikin Homer, fagen daga na Alexander the Great, babban dakin karatu na Alexandria - darajarta da rusa ta - Cleopatra. Hakanan, lokutan wahala na lokacin da nasarorin: farkon haruffa, littafi na farko da kantunan littattafan tafiya.

To kuna da kashi na biyu: Hanyoyin Rome. Wannan bangare ya kunshi surori 19, daga ciki akwai: "Matalauta Marubuta, Masu Karatu Mawadata"; "Shagon sayar da littattafai: cinikin hadari"; "Ovid yayi karo da takunkumi"; da "Canon: tarihin reed". Marubucin ya yi furuci da cewa akwai wani ɓangare na uku da ya kai ga ƙirƙirar injin buga takardu, amma yanke shawarar ci gaba da wannan abun, kamar yadda zai sa rubutun yayi tsayi sosai.

Synopsis

Labari ne cewa yana tafiya ta hanyar yin littafin ta hanyar kayan aiki daban-daban, kamar su: hayaƙi, dutse, yumbu, ciyawa, tukwane, papyrus, fata, da haske. Menene ƙari, Har ila yau, yana ba da labarin abubuwan da suka faru na tarihi a ciki aka bayyana su: fagen fama, aman wutar dutse, gidajen sarautar Girka, farkon dakunan karatu da wuraren yin kwafin hannu.

Yayin labarin haruffa daban-daban suna fitowa da ma'amala, waye dole ne shawo kan adadi mai yawa na masifa don kiyaye littattafan. Ba batun manyan mutane bane, amma game da mutane na yau da kullun: malamai, dillalai, marubuta, masu ba da labari, 'yan tawaye, masu fassara, bayi, da sauransu.

Haka kuma, yana maganar tarihin zamani; An fallasa wani muhimmin bangare na gwagwarmaya da ke damun taken adabi. Cikakken bayani game da matakai daban-daban da litattafai suka shiga cikin tsarin rayuwarsu a matsayin daya daga cikin mahimman hanyoyin yada ilimi.


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

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