Percy Bysshe Shelley. Gajerun waqoqi domin ranar haihuwarta.

A yau, 4 ga watan Agusta, ke bikin sabuwar shekara ta nacimiento na hausa mawaki Percy Bysshe Shelley. Kuma daidai wannan shekara da shekara biyu na littafin na Frankenstein, na matarsa Marya Shelley. Waɗannan ma'aurata sun kasance mahimman bayanai game da ilimin Romanism na adabin Turai. A cikin ƙwaƙwalwarsa, na zaɓi wadannan baitocin don tuna da shi.

Percy Bysshe Shelley

An haifeshi a Field Place, England, a ciki 1792. Daga dangi mai arziki sosai, yayi karatu a babbar kwaleji ta Eton sannan a kwalejin jami'a ta Oxford. An kore shi daga can saboda buga wani taken batanci mai taken Bukatar rashin yarda da Allah. Lokacin da na isa zuwa London, ya kamu da son wata yarinya 'yar shekara 16, Harriet westbrook, tare da wanda ya gudu ya auri. Yana zaune a York, a Ireland da Wales. A can ne ya rubuta babbar wakarsa ta farko mai taken Sarauniya Mab.

Auren Harriet ya ƙare, ta ƙare da kashe kanta, kuma Shelley ta rasa kulawar yaranta biyu da ta haifa. Sannan ya kamu da rashin lafiya da tarin fuka kuma ya tafi Italiya a 1818. Ya riga ya sadu Maryamu Wollstone, 'yar masanin falsafa William Godwin, kuma ita ma ta gudu tare da ita.

Sun zauna a Milan, Venice, Naples da Florence. Ya kasance a cikin shekaru hudun karshe na rayuwarsa cewa ya rubuta nasa manyan abubuwa: wasan kwaikwayo na waƙa Prometheus ya sami 'yanci, masifar Cenci, wakoki daban-daban na waka kamar Ode zuwa Yammacin IskaOde ga lark Da mimosa, da kuma elegy Adonai, An yi wahayi zuwa bayan mutuwar John Keats.

Shelley shine ɗayan manyan mawaƙan Turanci na Turanci, tare da John Keats da Lord Byron, abokai naku. A cikin aikinsa, da manufa da imani ga rayuwar ɗan adam na gaba, amma kuma ana cusa shi da shi melancholy.

Wakokin da aka zaba

Waɗannan su ne 6 daga gajerun waƙoƙinsa, misalan misalan ainihin duk waƙarsa.

Loveauna, Daraja, Amana

Auna, Daraja, Amana, kamar gajimare
Sun tafi sun dawo, wata rana rance.
Idan mutum mara mutuwa ya kasance, mai iko duka,
Kuna -togawa da ɗaukaka kamar yadda kuke-
zaka bar tawagarsa cikin ransa.
Kai, jakadan so,
cewa ka girma a idanun masoyi;
Ku wanda ya raya tsarkakakken tunani
wane duhu ne zuwa harshen wuta!
Kada ka bar lokacin da inuwar ka ta iso:
ba tare da ku ba, kamar rayuwa da tsoro,
kabari gaskiya ce mai duhu.

***

Yayinda nake yarinya, Ina neman fatalwowi

Yayinda nake yarinya, Ina neman fatalwowi
a cikin ɗakunan shiru, kogo, kango
da kuma gandun daji masu taurari; matakan tsorona
sun yi fatan yin magana da matattu.
Ya kira waɗannan sunaye waɗanda suke camfi
instills. A banza ne wannan binciken.
Kamar yadda na yi tunani game da ma'anar
na rayuwa, a lokacin da iska ke kadawa
nawa rayuka da fecund
sababbin tsuntsaye da tsirrai,
ba zato ba tsammani inuwar ki ta sauka a kaina.
Maƙogwaro na ya fashe da kukan farin ciki.

***

Ina tsoron sumbatar ku

An rubuta shi a 1820, an buga shi sosai bayan 1824.

Ina tsoron sumbatar ku, yarinya mai taushi.
Ba kwa buƙatar jin tsoro na;
Ruhuna ya ɓaci a cikin wofin,
Ba zai iya fatattaka naka ba.

Ina jin tsoron ɗaukar ku, alamunku, dalilinku.
Ba kwa buƙatar jin tsoro na;
Ibada da ma'ana ba laifi
tare da wadanda zuciyata ke kaunarka.

***

Ya fito ne daga tatsuniya

An buga shi bayan mutuwa a cikin tarihin 1839, Ayyuka na waƙa, Mary Maryley ce ta shirya.

Na bugu ne a kan wannan ruwan zumar
na wata mai kwalliyar wata cewa fairies
an tattara a cikin tabaran hyacinth:
dormouse, jemage da al'aura
suna kwana a rami ko cikin ciyawa,
a cikin hamada da bakin ciki farfajiyar gidan sarauta;
lokacin da ruwan inabi ya zube a lokacin bazara
ko a tsakiyar raɓar turɓaya,
farincikin mafarkinsu na ni'ima ya zama
kuma, suna bacci, suna gunaguni da farin cikinsu; da kyau 'yan kaɗan ne
tatsuniyoyin da ke ɗauke da waɗancan abubuwan almara.

***

Lokacin da muryoyin masu taushi suka mutu

Wannan yana yiwuwa daya daga cikin mafi kyau sannan kuma ana daukarta daya daga cikin mafi yawan wakilcin soyayyar soyayya. Maganar madawwami ta yadda wasu abubuwa da abubuwan ban sha'awa ba'a manta dasu ba kuma suna nan daram a cikin ƙwaƙwalwa da zuciya duk da ƙarancin lokaci.

Lokacin da muryoyin masu taushi suka mutu
kiɗan sa har yanzu yana jijjiga cikin ƙwaƙwalwar ajiya;
lokacin da violets masu zaki suyi rashin lafiya,
kamshinta yana dadewa ajikinta.

Ganyen fure-fure, idan furen ya mutu,
an tattara su don gadon masoyi;
Sabili da haka a cikin tunaninku, lokacin da kuka tafi
soyayya kanta zata kwana.

***

Falsafar soyayya

An kuma kirkira shi a cikin 1820 kuma an buga shi a cikin ilimin tarihi Daga 1866: Zaɓaɓɓun waƙoƙi daga Percy Bysshe Shelley.

Maɓuɓɓugan suna haɗuwa da kogi,
Da koguna tare da teku;
Iskokin sama suna haɗuwa har abada,
Tare da motsin rai mai dadi;
Babu wani abu a duniya da babu kamarsa
Dukkan abubuwa ta hanyar dokar Allah
Suna kammala juna:
Me yasa ba zan yi tare da ku ba?

Dubi duwatsu suna sumbatar sararin sama
Kuma raƙuman ruwa suna motsawa a kan tudu;
Babu fure da zata yi kyau
Idan kun raina 'yan uwanku:
Hasken rana yana son duniya,
Kuma tunanin wata yana sumbatar tekuna:
Menene duk wannan ƙaunar
Idan baku sumbace ni ba?


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