Ikholomu yomlilo

UKen Follett.

UKen Follett.

Ikholomu Yomlilo Igama langempela ngesiNgisi) yincwadi kaKen Follet, umbhali wamanoveli waseBrithani owaphumelela kakhulu ezikhathini zanamuhla. Isiginesha yalo mbhali ifana nokunqoba, zombili ezingeni lokuhlela kanye nokugxekwa kwemibhalo nokwamukela abafundi. Akumangalisi-ke ukuthi imibhalo yakhe - iningi labo engaphakathi kohlobo lwamanoveli omlando - imenze waba ngumbhali othengisa kakhulu.

Phakathi kwendalo yakhe ehlonishwa kakhulu emhlabeni jikelele kukhona i-trilogy "The Century" (The Century) kanye nochungechunge Izinsika zomhlaba. Ngokuqondile, Ikholomu yomlilo (2017) yingxenye yesithathu yalesi saga sakamuva. Okuthi, kwaqala ngesihloko esingaziwa ngo-1989 futhi sekuphothulwe nge-prequel, Ubumnyama nokusaIn 2020.

Umbhali

UKenneth Martin Follet wazalwa ngoJuni 5, 1949 eCardiff, eWales, e-United Kingdom. Abazali bakhe - uMartin noVeenie Follet - babengamaKrestu alandelanayo. Ngakho-ke, Wayefunda kuphela njengendlela ayithandayo yokuzilibazisa, ngoba wayenqatshelwe ukubuka ithelevishini nokuya kumabhayisikobho. Kamuva ngawo-1950 umndeni wakwaFollet wazinza eLondon.

Lapho, uKenneth osemncane wafunda ifilosofi e-University College yaseLondon phakathi kuka-1967 no-1970. Ngemuva kokuphothula iziqu, wachitha izinyanga ezintathu ezifundweni zobuntatheli ngaphambi kokuqala umsebenzi kuleli phephandaba ISouth Walles Echo kusuka eCardiff. Ngemuva kweminyaka emithathu eseWales, wabuyela eLondon ukuyojoyina iqembu le- Ukuma kusihlwa.

Izincwadi zokuqala

UFollet waqala umsebenzi wakhe wokubhala ngo-1974 ngalolu chungechunge Ama-apula Carstairs —Ngaphansi kwegama likaSimon Myles— kabani ivolumu yokuqala kwakungu Inaliti enkulu. Ngemuva kwalokho wasayina negama lakhe langempela Shakeout (1975) futhi Ukuhlaselwa Kwentshebe (1976), bobabili bevela ochungechungeni lwakhe lweSpy Roper. Ngemuva kwalokho, phakathi kuka-1976 - 1978 umbhali wase-Welsh wakhipha izincwadi eziyisithupha ezisayinwe ngamagama angombombayi uBernard L. Ross, uMartin Martinsen noZachary Stone.

Ukucaphuna kukaKen Follett.

Ukucaphuna kukaKen Follett.

Kusukela ngo-1978 uFollet akazange asebenzise i-alias futhi, kusukela ngalowo nyaka yethula Isiqhingi seziphepho… Impilo yakhe yashintsha unomphela. Leso sihloko bekuyisinyathelo sokuqala esikhulu sodumo phakathi komsebenzi ophumelele kakhulu onamanoveli angaphezu kwama-40 esikweletini sakhe. Namuhla, umbhali weCardiff waziwa umhlaba wonke njenge- okuhamba phambili yamanoveli omlando nezindaba ezinhle zezinganekwane zomlando.

Amanoveli kaKen Follet aziwa kakhulu

  • Ukhiye ukuRebecca. (Ukhiye kuRebecca, 1980).
  • Indoda yaseSt. (Indoda yaseSt, 1982).
  • Izimpiko zokhozi. (Emaphikweni oKhozi, 1983).
  • Isigodi sezingonyama. (Lala Phansi Namabhubesi, 1986).
  • Indawo ebizwa ngenkululeko. (Indawo Ebizwa Ngenkululeko, 1995).
  • Iwele lesithathu. (Iwele Lesithathu, 1997).
  • Ingcuphe enkulu. (AmaJackdaws, 2001).
  • EMhlophe. (Whiteout, 2004).

I-Trilogy Yekhulu - Ikhulu Leminyaka

  • Ukuwa kwemidondoshiya. (Ukuwa Kwemidondoshiya, 2010).
  • Ubusika bomhlaba. (Ubusika Bomhlaba).
  • Umbundu waphakade. (Umngcele Waphakade, 2014).

uchungechunge Izinsika zomhlaba

Le saga ibibhekiswe phambili Ken follet isimo sokugcina sombhali othengisa kakhulu. Ngaphezu kwalokho, umthamo ngamunye kulolu chungechunge unamakhasi okungenani angama-900 (esewonke, kunamakhasi angaphezu kwezinkulungwane ezine). Ngakho-ke, umfundi uhlala exhunywe kuze kube sekupheleni naphezu kobude bombhalo. Okukhombisa ubuciko bokulandisa nokujula kwezinhlamvu ezidalwe ngumlobi weCardifian.

I-Los izinsika de la Umhlaba (Izinsika Zomhlaba, 1989)

Le noveli yomlando eqanjiwe ikhomba ezenzakalweni zesiyaluyalu saseNgilandi (ngekhulu le-XNUMX). Ngokuqondile esikhathini esiphakathi kwesigameko se-White Ship nokuhlaselwa kuka-Archbishop Thomas Becket. Kubandakanya nendinyana emayelana nabahambi beSantiago de Compostela endleleni yabo esuka eFrance iye enyakatho yeSpain.

Umhlaba ongapheli (Umhlaba Ongapheli, 2007)

Njengencwadi eyandulelayo, isenzo senzeka eKingsbridge (idolobha eliqanjiwe), kepha ngekhulu leshumi nane. Ngaphezu kwalokho, ubhadane olumnyama nemiphumela yalo ezwenikazi lase-europe -Kugcine ingxenye yesithathu yabantu emazweni afana ne-Italy noma iNgilandi— ithatha ingxenye enkulu yesakhiwo. Ngokwengeziwe, i-akhawunti ichaza ukuhlasela ngesihluku kuka-Edward III eFrance kanye nokwakhiwa kwamadolobha ngaleso sikhathi.

Ikholomu yomlilo (Ikholomu Yomlilo, 2017)

Ngo-1558, iKingsbridge kwakuyidolobha elihlukaniswe ukushisekela inkolo ngokweqile. Okwamanje, UNed Willard (protagonist) usekuphikiseni kwesithandwa sakhe, uMargery Fitzgerald. Isimo siba sibi kakhulu lapho u-Elizabeth I ebekwa njengeNdlovukazi yaseNgilandi. Ngemuva kwalokho, eminye imibuso yaseYurophu iqala ukwakha uzungu lokuyiketula.

Ubumnyama nokusa (Kusihlwa nasekuseni, 2020)

I-prequel yochungechunge lonke iqala ngo-997, eKingsbridge, maphakathi nesikhathi esibizwa nge-Dark Ages. Ngenxa yalokho, kwakuyisikhathi lapho abantu bendawo kwakudingeka babhekane nokuhlaselwa okuqhubekayo nokunegazi kwamaViking kanye neWelsh.

Ikholomu yomlilo, indaba ngokubekezelelana

Ikholomu yomlilo.

Ikholomu yomlilo.

Ungathenga incwadi lapha: Ikholomu yomlilo

Engxoxweni nephephandaba laseSpain El País (2017), UFollet ukuchaze lokho Ikholomu yomlilo "Yincwadi ekhuluma ngokubekezelelana." Ngoba, yize iyincwadi enengxabano egxile ezingqikithini zenkolo, ayisiwona umbhalo ngenkolo. Ngokunjalo, umbhali waseWales uveza inhloso yakhe yokuveza ubudlelwano phakathi kwamandla, imali nenkolo.

Kuyo leyo ngxoxo, UFollet uqhathanisa ukushisekela inkolo ngekhulu le-XNUMX leminyaka nokukhula ngokweqile okwandayo okutholakala emhlabeni wonke namuhla. Lokhu kushiseka ngokweqile kweqa inkolo, njengoba "kungcolisa" ezombusazwe, ubudlelwane bezenhlalo kanye nezinkinga zesayensi. Njengesibonelo, umbhali waseBrithani ukhomba ubuphekula beBretxit nobamaSulumane eYurophu.

Isiqubulo

Inicio

UNed Willard, ophambili endabeni, uyinsizwa yaseKingsbridge eyabuyela ezweni layo ngoKhisimusi ka-1558. Kwadlula iminyaka yenzondo nokungabekezelelani ngokwenkolo phakathi kwamaKatolika namaProthestani. Ngenxa yalokho, ukuchitheka kwegazi kwakuyinsakavukela. Okubi kakhulu: UNed ufuna ukushada nentombazane evela kolunye uhlangothi, uMargery Fitzgerald.

Ngokushesha ngemva kokuba u-Elizabeth I enyukele esihlalweni sobukhosi saseNgilandi. Indlovukazi, ngokwazi ubutha obunamandla obudaleke kulo lonke izwekazi, yayalela umsebenzi wayo oyimfihlo ukuthi uhlale uqaphile. Usongo olukhulu kakhulu lwaboniswa umzala wakhe - ozifunela isikhundla futhi oyengayo - uMary Stuart, iNdlovukazi yamaScots. Ubani owayenempi yakhe ethembekile ngaphakathi nangaphandle kweBritish Isles.

Uthando olungenakwenzeka

UKen Follett ucaphuna.

UKen Follett ucaphuna.

Khonamanjalo, uNed wayefuna uJean Langlais ongaziwa (umlingiswa owayefihlwe ngemuva kwegama lomgunyathi; ekugcineni, wayengumngane wobuntwana). Ngokufana, itulo ligxile emizameni eyenziwe yizinhloli yokulondoloza umbuso ka-Elizabeth I phakathi kodlame olwenzekile ukusuka e-Edinburgh kuya eGeneva, ngaphezu kweziza eziningi zasekhaya.

Kuleli qophelo, kwembulwa ubuqiniso bengxabano, (bobabili bakwaNed noMargery, nobezombusazwe). Ukungqubuzana kwakungekho phakathi kwamaKatolika namaProthestani. Impi yayiphakathi kwalabo ababekezelela kakhulu - bakulungele ukuxoxisana ngesivumelwano - futhi izitha zabo ezinonya zazimisela ukuphoqelela umbono wazo womhlaba nganoma iyiphi imali.


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Yiba ngowokuqala ukuphawula

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe.

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.

i-bool(iqiniso)