Uhlu lwezincwadi ezinconywe nguJoseph Brodsky, uNobel Prize in Literature

Uyazi ukuthi wayengubani uJoseph Brodsky? Uma wazi ukuthi wayeyimbongi yaseRussia-yaseMelika, ngabe kukhona okunye okwaziyo ngokuphila kwakhe okwehlukile? Uyazi ukuthi wafundani nokuthi waba kanjani Umklomelo kaNobel Ezincwadini ngonyaka 1987? Kulesi sihloko sizokutshela cishe konke ngaye futhi sizophinda sithole ukuthi yiluphi uhlu lwezincwadi ezinconyiwe aluleka abafundi bakhe baseMount Holyoke.

Ubuwazi lokhu ngoJoseph Brodsky?

  • Wazalelwa futhi wakhulela edolobheni lasendulo lase ILeningrad, iSaint Petersburg yamanje.
  • Washiya isikole eneminyaka engu-15 kuphela Noma kunalokho, waxoshwa, futhi ngaleso sikhathi wayenemisebenzi ehlukahlukene efika ku-7 ngezikhathi ezithile (umakhenikha, emakhazeni, efektri, ezindlini zokugcina izithombo, njll.).
  • Selokhu wayeka isikole waphenduka i-autodidact: Wafunda incwadi nencwadi futhi lokhu kwamholela ekutheni abe nomsebenzi omuhle wakusasa.
  • Kwakuyi- umhumushi owaziwayoWayenekhono kulo futhi enikezwa imisebenzi yalo.
  • Wanikeza amakilasi ezincwadi emanyuvesi ahlukene aseMelika.
  • Ubhale izinkondlo eziningi ngesiRashiya kodwa nangesiNgisi, okuzoba wulimi lwakhe olusha uma esefudukele eMelika.
  • Ngaphandle kwezinkondlo, wayenza ama-eseyi nemidlalo.
  • Wadlula emhlabeni ngo-1996 eNew York.

Amabhuku owancomile

Kwelinye lamakilasi akhe ezincwadi, uJoseph Brodsky watusa kubafundi bakhe uhlu olubanzi kakhulu lwe izincwadi ngokusho kwakhe ezazidingeka ukuzifunda ukuze zikwazi ukugcina ingxoxo eshelelayo nebanzi nomuntu. Zimi kanje:

  1. Umbhalo ongcwele wamaHindu «Bhagavad Gita »
  2. Umbhalo oyingqophamlando ovela eNdiya: "Mahabharata"
  3. "I-Epic kaGilgamesh"
  4. Itestamente elidala
  5. Iliad, I-Odyssey kusuka kuHomer
  6. Izincwadi zomlando eziyisishiyagalolunye, UHerodotus
  7. Izinhlekelele nguSophocles
  8. Izinhlekelele de ingwejeje
  9. Izinhlekelele ngu-Euripides
  10. "Impi yePeloponnesian"nguThucydides
  11. "Izingxoxo", kusuka kuPlato
  12. Inkondlo, I-physics, Izimilo, Okomphefumulo lika-Aristotle
  13. Izinkondlo zase-Alexandria
  14. «Ngemvelo yezinto » nguLucrecio
  15. «Izimpilo ezifanayo ", nguPlutarco
  16. "I-Aeneid", "I-Bucolic », "IsiGeorgia », nguVirilioo
  17. "Ama-Annal", nguTacitus
  18. "I-Metamorphosis", "AmaHeroidas », "Ubuciko bokuthanda », ngu-Ovid
  19. Incwadi Entsha yeTestamente
  20. "Izimpilo zabaseKhesari abayishumi nambili", nguSuetonio
  21. "Izizindlo", ngu-Marco Aurelio
  22. «Izinkondlo», nguCátulo
  23. «Izinkondlo», nguHoracio
  24. "Izinkulumo", ngu-Epícteto
  25. «Amahlaya», ngu-Aristophanes
  26. "Umlando Ohlukahlukene", "Ngohlobo lwezilwane ”, nguClaudio Eliano
  27. «I-Argonáuticas», ngu-Apollonius waseRhodes
  28. "Izimpilo Zababusi baseByzantium", ngu-Miguel Psellos
  29. "Umlando wokwehla nokuwa koMbuso WaseRoma", ngu-Edward Gibbon
  30. "Ukujoyina", de Plotinus
  31. "Umlando weSonto", ngu-Eusebio
  32. "Ukududuza kwefilosofi", nguBoecio
  33. "Amakhadi", nguPliny Omncane
  34. Izinkondlo zaseByzantine
  35. "Izingcezu", nguHeraclitus
  36. "Ukuvuma", LaseSan Agustín
  37. «Summa Theologica», kaSanta Thomas Aquinas
  38. «Izimbali ezincane», kaSanta Francis wase-Assisi
  39. "INkosana", nguNiccolò Machiavelli
  40. "Amahlaya", nguDante Alighieri
  41. "Amanoveli angamakhulu amathathu"nguFranco Sacchetti
  42. Ama-Sagas ase-Iceland
  43. UWilliam Shakespeare ngemidlalo yakhe ethi «U-Antony noCleopatra », "I-Hamlet », "IMacbeth » Y "UHenry V »
  44. Izincwadi zikaFrançois Rabelais
  45. Izincwadi zikaFrancis Bacon
  46. Imisebenzi ekhethiwe, ULuther
  47. UCalvin: "Isikhungo senkolo yobuKristu"
  48. UMichel de Montaigne: "Izindatshana"
  49. UMiguel de Cervantes: "UDon Quixote"
  50. URene Descartes: "Izinkulumo"
  51. Ingoma kaRolando
  52. Beowulf
  53. UBenvenuto Cellini
  54. "Imfundo kaHenry Adams" nguHenry Adams
  55. "ILeviyathani" nguThomas Hobbes
  56. "Imicabango" nguBlaise Pascal
  57. "IPharadesi Elilahlekile" nguJohn Milton
  58. John Donne Izincwadi
  59. Andrew Marvell Izincwadi
  60. UGeorge Herbert Books
  61. Izincwadi zikaRichard Crashaw
  62. "Izivumelwano", nguBaruch Spinoza
  63. "I-Charterhouse yeParma", "Okubomvu nokumnyama », "Impilo kaHenry Brulard », nguStendhal
  64. "Ukuhamba kukaGulliver", nguJonathan Swift
  65. «Impilo nemibono yomnumzane UTristram Shandy », nguLaurence Sterne
  66. "Ubudlelwano obuyingozi", nguChoderlos de Laclos
  67. "Izinhlamvu zasePheresiya", ngu I-Baron de Montesquieu
  68. "Isivumelwano sesibili mayelana nohulumeni womphakathi", nguJohn Locke
  69. "Ingcebo Yezizwe", ngu-Adam Smith
  70. "Inkulumo nge-metaphysics", nguGottfried Wilhelm Leibniz
  71. Konke kukaDavid Hume
  72. 'Amaphepha E-Federalist'
  73. "Ukuhlaziywa kwesizathu esimsulwa", ngu-Immanuel Kant
  74. "Ukwesaba nokuqhaqhazela", "Kuphakathi kokunye noma okunye », "Imvuthuluka yefilosofi », nguSøren Kierkegaard
  75. "Izinkumbulo zomhlaba ongaphansi", "I-Los amademoni ", ngu-Fyodor Dostoyevsky
  76. "Intando yeningi eMelika", ngu-Alexis de Tocqueville
  77. "Ubukhazikhazi", "Ukuhambela e-Italia ", nguJohann Wolfgang von Goethe
  78. "Russia", we-Astolphe-Louis-Léonor noMarquis de Custine
  79. "AmaMimesisi", ngu-Eric Auerbach
  80. "Umlando wokunqotshwa kweMexico", de UWilliam H. Prescott
  81. "ILabyrinth of Solitude, ngu-Octavio Paz
  82. Umbono wocwaningo lwesayensi », "Umphakathi ovulekile kanye nezitha zawo ", nguSir Karl Popper
  83. "IMisa namandla", ngu-Elias Canetti

 


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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.

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