UJulia Ward Howe, owesifazane owethule uSuku Lomama lwesimanje

UJulia Ward Howe, owesifazane owethule uSuku Lomama lwesimanje

UJulia Ward Howe wazalwa ngo-1819 eNew York. Wayeyisishoshovu esaziwayo samalungelo abesifazane kanye ne-suffrage yabesifazane, isazi sokuqeda nya nokubhala, owaziwa ngokuba ngowesifazane okuvela kuye umbono womqondo ukugubha usuku lomama. Yize lo mgubho uneziphikiso esezivele zisenganekwaneni nasemlandweni wakudala, ukugujwa koSuku Lomama namuhla kuhlobene kakhulu nomlando walo wesifazane.

Yize eYurophu ukugubha uSuku Lomama kuhlobene nesiko lobuKristu nokuba ngumama kweNtombi, ithonya amasiko nemikhosi yaseNyakatho Melika elinalo emasikweni omhlaba lisikhuthaza ukuba sikhumbule isibalo salo wesifazane omkhulu, uJulia Ward Howe.

UJulia Ward wayenempilo enzima. Uyise wayengusomabhange kaCalvin. Lapho esemncane kakhulu, wayeyintandane kunina. Wafundiswa ngumalume owayenenkululeko, okwamvumela ukuba afunde nothisha abahle. UJulia waba nesithakazelo ezibalweni nasezincwadini, azi ukucabanga kwabalobi abahlukahlukene. Ngaphezu kwalokho, wafunda izilimi eziningana. Wayehambela umphakathi waseNew York futhi eneminyaka engama-20 wabhala u Ukugxekwa kwemibhalo eyashicilelwa ngokungaziwa kumagazini wezincwadi nezenkolo waseNew York.

En 1843 UJulia Ward ngashada nodokotela kanye nomqedi wokuqeda uSamuel Gridley Howe (1801-1876). Ngaphandle kokuthi uSamuel wayemthanda uJulia ngemibono yakhe futhi belwa impi efanayo yokulwa nobugqila, akazange amvumele ngemuva komshado ukuthi ahlale ngaphandle kwekhaya lakhe, ngakho-ke akakwazanga ukubamba iqhaza ezinhlelweni zomphakathi noma ukuphatha izimpahla zakhe. Ngaphezu kwe zihlala zodwa, UJulia waphila kwehlisiwe kumuntu onodlame futhi olawulayo obesabise ngokuthatha izingane zakhe uma ephikelela esehlukanisa.

Ngenkathi enakekela izingane zakhe, wazinikezela ekuzifundiseni kwakhe, efunda ifilosofi nomlando. Vuliwe 1854 UJulia ushicilele ngokungaziwa iqoqo lezinkondlo ezinesihloko Izimbali Zomdlandla, ivesi lapho elahla khona ukuhlupheka kwakhe nokungajabuli kwasekhaya nokuntula ukwazisa kumyeni wakhe. Ngokushesha ukubhalwa kwayo kwaziwa futhi umyeni wakhe wakuthatha njengenselelo nokukhaphela, futhi bafika esivumelwaneni ngaso kukhishwe ezimfunweni zomyeni wakhe futhi waqinisekisa nomholo wakhe. Kungaleso sikhathi lapho aqala khona ukuzibandakanya kakhulu ekubhaleni nasempilweni yomphakathi.

En 1862 UJulia Ward ushicilele le nkondlo Impi Ihubo LaseRiphabhulikhi, owaziwa ngalo, nodumo lwakhe lwamlethela ukuzimela okukhulu, ngakho-ke izifiso zakhe zaqala ukufezeka. Kusukela lapho waba yilungu elikhuthele lokulwela amalungelo abesifazane, kanye ne-suffrage yabesifazane.

Ngo-1870 wabhala i- Isimemezelo Sosuku Lomama, ukunxusa abesifazane besifazane emhlabeni ukuthi bahlanganyele ukuthula nokulwa nezikhali. Uhlele izingqungquthela zokuthula e-United States nase-Great Britain. Uphinde wakhuthaza ukwakhiwa kosuku olunikezelwe kwabesifazane nabomama: Usuku Lomama, njengophawu lwenyunyana nokuthula. Kepha akuphumelelanga ngaleso sikhathi, yize lolu hlelo lwathathwa ngomunye wesifazane, u-Anna Jarvis, owakwazi ukusungula ngokusemthethweni uSuku Lomama ngo-1914. Kusukela ngo-1872 kuya ku-1879, uJulia wajoyina uLucy Stone nomyeni wakhe uHenry Brown Blackwell ekuhleleni Idayari yabesifazane, iphephandaba lamasonto onke ukuthi lo mbhangqwana wawusungule ngo-1870, eBoston.

Ngenkathi eshonelwa umfelokazi ngo-1876, uJulia Ward wayesenomsebenzi wokuziphilisa, lapho enza kahle khona njengomshumayeli, uguquko, umbhali kanye nembongi.

UJulia Ward uhambe umhlaba wonke efundisa ekhuthaza Amalungelo Abesifazane Nokuguqulwa Kwezemfundo. Wayengumbhali wezindatshana, izincwadi zezingane eziqanjiwe, izincwadi zokuhamba, izinkondlo, i-biography kaMargaret Fuller (1883), kanye ne-autobiography enesihloko esithi Memory (1899). Eminye yemisebenzi yakhe ayizange ikubone ukukhanya kwaze kwaba sekufeni kwakhe njengo Leonora noma umhlaba uqobo (1917) futhi USanta Hippolytus (1941).

Ngo-1908 kwakuyi- Owesifazane wokuqala ukhethwe e-American Academy of Arts and Letters.

UJulia Ward Howe ushone ngo-1910.


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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.