Juan Torres Zalba. Ingxoxo nombhali we-The First Senator of Rome

Izithombe: UJuan Torres Zalba, ikhasi le-Facebook.

Juan Torres Zalba uvela ePamplona futhi usebenza njenge abogado, kodwa ngesikhathi sakhe esikhululekile uzinikela ezincwadini zohlobo lomlando. Ngemva kokuthumela Pompelo. Iphupho lika-Abisunhar, ngonyaka odlule wethulwa USenator wokuqala ovela eRoma. Ngiyabonga kakhulu ngesikhathi sakho nangomusa enikelwe kulokhu ingxoxo, lapho ekhuluma ngaye nangezinye izihloko ezimbalwa. 

  • UMBHALO WAMANJE: Inoveli yakho yakamuva ibizwa ngokuthi USenator wokuqala ovela eRoma. Usitshelani ngakho futhi umqondo wavelaphi?

UJUAN TORRES ZALBA: Le noveli ilandisa ngezenzakalo ezenzeka eRiphabhulikhi yaseRoma phakathi kweminyaka eyi-152 kuya ku-146 BC, isikhathi lapho kwenzeka khona isigameko esibalulekile, iMpi Yesithathu YePunic kanye nokuthunjwa kokugcina nokubhujiswa kweCarthage. 

Lona intambo eyinhloko yomsebenzi, lapho sizokwazi khona ukwazi kuqala izibalo zomlando zamanje (uScipio Emiliano, uCato omdala, uCornelia, ongumama wabazalwane bakwaGraco, njll.) , izimpi ezifanele kakhulu, imikhankaso e-Afrika nase-Hispania, izindaba zezombangazwe zaseRoma naseCarthage, imikhosi, amasiko, impilo yansuku zonke nokunye okuningi emakhasini ayo angamakhulu ayisishiyagalombili. 

Ngemva kwenoveli yokuqala, eyayixhunyaniswe nesisekelo samaRoma sedolobha lami, iPamplona, ​​ngangifuna ukubhekana nendaba enkulu, enesifiso sokuvelela, Umlando obhalwe ngosonhlamvukazi, futhi ngalesi sikhathi seRiphabhulikhi yaseRoma nganginentshisekelo ngabalingiswa bayo. , bonke besigaba sokuqala, ingqophamlando yayo kanye nesimo sayo sezombusazwe, isandulela soguquko lwabazalwane bakwaGraco. Ngakho-ke, kancane kancane, kwavela umqondo wenoveli, engangiwuthanda kakhulu njengoba ngiqhubeka nemibhalo. Ukuhlasela kokugcina kweCarthage kuphela ngamabutho amaRoma nendlela okufinyelelwa ngayo kulesi simo sezombangazwe okufanelekile. Kwakuyidolobha elikhulu elinesimiso esabisayo sodonga kanye nenani elikhulu labantu elilungele noma yini. Kodwa amaRoma angena. Okwenzeka lapho kumelwe ukuba kwakubi kakhulu. 

  • AL: Ungabuyela kuleyo ncwadi yokuqala oyifundile? Nendaba yokuqala oyibhalile?

JTZ: Iqiniso wukuthi angisakhumbuli ukuthi iyiphi incwadi engayifunda okokuqala. Ngingathi omunye wabaNhlanu. Udadewethu wayenazo zonke futhi ngangizithanda. 

Ngimdala kancane, hhayi kakhulu, ngiyithanda ngokukhethekile eyodwa enesihloko esithi Edeta's Hill, inoveli yezingane ekhuluma ngeMpi Yesibili YePunic. Kungenzeka ukuthi kwaphawula okuthile kimina, isifiso noma uthando Lomlando kanye noMlando ophilayo. 

Nokho, ngiyikhumbula kahle (nobaba uyayikhumbula) indaba yokuqala engayibhala. Kwakuwukulingisa ukulandisa kwe "The Five", kufushane kakhulu, kodwa okubhalwe ngokusuka kimina. Futhi iqiniso ukuthi uma ngiyifunda namuhla kimina sengathi ayikubi neze (esho emamatheka). 

  • AL: Futhi lowo mbhali omkhulu? Ungakhetha ngaphezu kweyodwa nakuzo zonke izinkathi. 

JTZ: Ngiwathanda kakhulu amanoveli anamandla, hhayi ngokomfanekiso, kodwa ngenxa yomthamo wawo. Ngiyamthanda uPosteguillo, kunjalo, kodwa ikakhulukazi uColleen Mccullough, othukuthele. Amanoveli akhe avela eRoma lasendulo ayahlaba umxhwele. I-Creation, ka-Gore Vidal, nayo ishiye uphawu kimi. 

Futhi uma sishiya inoveli yomlando, nginentshisekelo ngeThe Lord of the Rings. Ingenye yezincwadi ezimbalwa engizifunde izikhathi ezingaphezu kwesisodwa (angiyena umfundi ophindayo). 

  • AL: Yimuphi umlingiswa osencwadini obungathanda ukuhlangana naye futhi umakhe? 

JTZ: Bengingathanda ukuhlangana nabaningi, ngibabone bezulazula eRome, abafana noCato, Scipio Emiliano, Cornelia, Appius Claudius Pulcro, Tiberius noGaius Sempronius Graco, Sertorio, Pompey the Great ... futhi nginenhlanhla ngokuba sezivele zidalile. Ngiswele abanye, kepha ngezikhathi ezithile.  

  • AL: Yimiphi imikhuba noma imikhuba ekhethekile uma kukhulunywa ngokubhala noma ukufunda? 

JTZ: Iqiniso liwukuthi, cha. Ngike ngacabanga ngalo mbuzo isikhathi eside, kodwa ngiyabona ukuthi anginazo izinto zokuzilibazisa noma imikhuba. Ngibhala nini futhi kanjani (ebusuku kakhulu kunasemini), kodwa kungekho lutho olukhethekile engingakusho ngaphandle kokuthi ngidinga ukuthula okukhulu. Emzini wami sebeyalelwe ukuthi uma ngibhala kungcono bangangibheki (ngibabaza kancane). 

  • AL: Futhi indawo yakho oyithandayo nesikhathi sokwenza? 

JTZ: Hawu, sengikuphendulile lokho. Isikhathi engisithandayo kusebusuku (ngiyisikhova kakhulu), kanti mayelana nendawo, ngiyayishintsha ngezinye izikhathi, ngezinye izikhathi ekamelweni lami, abanye etafuleni lasekhishini, abanye ekamelweni elisebenza njengehhovisi ... ngokusho kimi ngiphe nendlela engizizwa ngikhululeke ngayo. 

  • AL: Ingabe zikhona ezinye izinhlobo ozithandayo? 

JTZ: Uhlobo engilithanda kakhulu inoveli yomlando. Ngaphandle kwayo, uhlobo lwefantasy nalo luyangikhanga, kodwa njengoba besho, imbuzi idonsa intaba. 

  • AL: Ufundani manje? Futhi ukubhala?

JTZ: Njengamanje ngicwile ekuqhubekeleni phambili kwe-The First Senator of Rome. Ukufundela injabulo yokufunda anginaso isikhathi njengamanje. Umsebenzi wami usudinga ukuzinikela okukhulu, futhi isikhala enginaso esokubhala. Ehlobo ngathatha ikhefu no-El Conquistador, kaJosé Luis Corral.

  • AL: Ucabanga ukuthi sinjani isigcawu sokushicilela?

JTZ: Ngikholwa ukuthi ayikaze ibhalwe futhi ishicilelwe ngendlela engakaze yenzeke ngayo, kokubili ngephepha nangefomethi yedijithali. Kuyiqiniso ukuthi kubabhali be-novice ukufinyelela umshicileli kuyinkimbinkimbi ngempela, kanye nokuthengisa, njengoba umncintiswano kanye nekhwalithi iphezulu kakhulu. Endabeni yami, nginenhlanhla enkulu yokuba nendlu yokushicilela enginakekela kakhulu (Umkhakha wezincwadi). Ngiyabona futhi ukuthi kunamabhulogi amaningi ezincwadi (njengaleli), amaqembu okufunda, amaqembu ezinkundleni zokuxhumana anezinkulungwane zamalungu, njll., okuthi ngaphezu kokunikeza ukubonakala okwamukelekile kakhulu, abonise ukuthi intshisekelo yokuyifunda igcwele. ukusebenza kahle. 

Okunye wumonakalo owenziwa yi-piracy obukeka udlangile. Umzamo owenziwayo ekwakheni inoveli nanoma yimuphi umsebenzi wokubhala mkhulu kakhulu, futhi kuyakhungathekisa kakhulu ukubona ukuthi izincwadi ezikokoteliwe zizungeza kanjani. 

Kokunye, sisanda kubona indlela abashicileli abakhulu abasayina ngayo ababhali, okubonisa ukuthi umhlaba wokushicilela uyanyakaza, ukuthi uyaphila kakhulu. 

  • AL: Ngabe isikhathi senhlekelele esibhekene naso sinzima kuwe noma uzokwazi ukugcina okuthile okuhle ngezindaba ezizayo?

JTZ: Odabeni lwami angizange ngiswele umsebenzi (okuphambene impela) futhi angikaze ngibe nesipiliyoni esibuhlungu, ngakho-ke ngicabanga ukuthi asikho isizathu sokukhononda. Noma kunjalo, kuyiqiniso ukuthi, njengawo wonke umuntu, nginesifiso esikhulu sokubuyisela impilo yangaphambilini, injabulo yayo, ukuzijabulisa, ukuhamba noma ukukwazi ukuba nomndeni nabangane ngaphandle kokwesaba. Noma kunjalo, angicabangi ukuthi ngizothola okuthile okuhle ngezindaba ezizayo. Kube yisikhathi eside futhi esinzima ukuthi kungcono sishiywe.


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

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  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.