UJames Fenimore Cooper. Eyokugqibela yeeMohicans neminye imisebenzi.

UJames fenimore uyasebenzisana Wazalwa ngoSeptemba 15, 1789 kwaye wasweleka ngoSeptemba 14, 62 kwiminyaka kamva. Umbhali wenoveli waseMelika ubhale ngaphezulu kweenoveli ezingama-30 zokuzonwabisa Ndizinikele ngaphezulu kwayo yonke ukubalisa ngobomi be oovulindlela bakudala eNtshona Melika kunye nokujongana kwabo kunye nokulwa namaIndiya. Incwadana yakhe eyaziwayo kwaye iya kuba I-Mohican yokugqibela, ka-1826. Kodwa umsebenzi wakhe ngokubanzi ufumene udumo. Nalu uphononongo lwakhe kunye namanye amabinzana akhe.

UJames fenimore uyasebenzisana

UFenimore Cooper wazalelwa Burlington, ENew Jersey, 15 Septemba ye-1789 Wafa ke 14 Septemba ye-1851 en Cooperstown, Inew York. Wayefundiswe eAlbany, eNew York, naseYale, kwaye ixesha lakhe kwezi ndawo lamnceda wakha ubuhlobo kwaye wanxibelelana kakuhle neentsapho ezahlukeneyo zobukhosi.

Inoveli yokuqala awayibhalayo yayinesihloko Isilumkiso, eyayiyi ukuhluleka. Kodwa yayilandelayo, Intlola, eya kuchaza umsebenzi wakhe wamva kunye nesimbo sakhe kwaye wayifumana mpu melelo ebesele engaphazanyiswa. Inoveli yakhe edumileyo yayi I-Mohican yokugqibela (o Eyokugqibela yeemogic njengoko kuguqulelwe). Kuyo usibonisa imixholo eyayimbonakalisa ngonaphakade: imida kunye nobomi obunzima kubo, oovulindlela kunye nabahlali yelizwe elikhulu laseMntla Melika elingekafumaneki, kunye nobudlelwane balo ne AmaNdiya, abemi bomthonyama bala mazwe.

I-Mohican yokugqibela

Lo msebenzi sele ugqithile wonke, kodwa wabhala ngaphezulu kweenoveli ezingama-30 zohlobo. Ngendlela yakhe, kwelinye icala, inkulu Umahluko phakathi kobundlobongela obukho ngamanye amaxesha kwingxelo kunye nokucotha kweprozi yayo kwezinye iindawo okanye iinkcazo. Kodwa i tezothando, ezikhuthazayo kunye nostalgic ono, akusekho ngenxa yezihloko ekuthethwa ngazo ubuhlobo, uthando, ukuthembeka, isibindi, imbeko okanye umbingelelo, kodwa useto lwengxelo.

Yapapashwa okokuqala ngefayile ye- NgoFebruwari 1826. Yincwadi yesibini eyayiyi-a ngamehlo umnxeba Iintsomi zesikhumba. Ezi ncwadi zintlanu wazibhala ngaphezulu kweshumi elinesibhozo leminyaka kwaye zithathwa njengezona zimele kakhulu kwinto eyaziwayo njenge Ingxelo yeqhawe laseMntla Melika.

Uthotho lomxube Uhlobo lwembali kunye nolonwabo kwaye ijolise kwimizabalazo kaFranco-isiNgesi ngenkulungwane ye-XNUMX. Umntu ophambili kuye Iliso loKhetshe, inkedama ethathwe ebuntwaneni ngamaNdiya. Yonke yenziwe OovulindlelaI-Mohican yokugqibelaIdleloUmhloli y Umzingeli wexhama.

Ibali elixeliweyo kwi I-Mohican yokugqibela yenzeka ngo-1757, ngexesha leMfazwe yeminyaka esixhenxe xa i-France ne-Great Britain yayilwela ulawulo lwamathanga ase North America. AmaFrentshi afuna uncedo kwizizwe zaseMelika zaseMelika ukuba zilwe nabantu abaninzi baseBritane.

Ibalisa ii-adventures zomzingeli u-Hawkeye kunye namaqabane akhe wesizwe sama-Mohicans, U-Chingachgook nonyana wakhe u-Uncas, abakhusela u-Alicia no-Cora Munro, iintombi ze gosa lesiNgesi elaliphethe u-Fort Henry, lingqongwe yimikhosi yase-France i-General Montcalm namahlakani ayo, ama-Huron Indiya, ekhokelwa ligorha elikhohlakeleyo uMagua.

Iinguqulelo zeCinematic

Eyona ilaziest Xa kuziwa ekufundeni, unokuhlala ufumana izandla zakho kwiinguqulelo zebhanyabhanya esekwe kumsebenzi kaCooper.

Kukho eyokuqala kunye mdala kakhulu 1920, yabalawuli UMaurice Tourneur noClarence Brown, Kunye noHarry Lorraine kunye noWallace Beery. Vula 1936 UGeorge Seitz wenza enye nge URandolph scott kwindima ephambili. Kwaye ngaphakathi 1977 uguqulelo lwenzelwe umabonwakude nge USteve Forrest, uLieutenant Harrelson owaziwayo Amadoda kaHarrelsonNjengomntu ophambili.

Kodwa ngaphandle kwamathandabuzo eyaziwa kakhulu yayiyeyona yenziwe ngaphakathi 1992, yeluswa nguwe Michael Mann. Baneenkwenkwezi kuyo UDaniel Day-Lewis, Madeleine Stowe, Wes Studi, Patrice Chéreau kunye noPete Postlethwaite kwiindima eziphambili.

Amabinzana e-5

  1. Bambalwa amadoda abonise ubuninzi obukhulu, okanye, ukuyibeka ngcono, imeko enkulu yomlinganiso kunelijoni lomthonyama laseMelika. Emfazweni wayenenkani, eqhayisa, enobuqili, ekhohlakele, ezincama, kodwa kwangaxeshanye ezinikele kuye; ngoxolo, wayelungile, enesisa, ebuka iindwendwe, ephindezela, eneenkolelo, ethozamile, kwaye elula elula.
  2. Yonke indlela inesiphelo sayo kwaye yonke intlekele izisa isifundo sayo.
  3. Ndivile ukuba kukho amadoda afunda iincwadi ukuze aziqinisekise ukuba ukhona uThixo. Andazi, kodwa umntu unokuyiqhekeza imisebenzi yakhe kwiindawo zokuhlala, ukuba ashiye okucacileyo entlango njengokuthandabuza phakathi kwabarhwebi nababingeleli.
  4. U-Chingachgook wabamba isandla esithi, kwimfudumalo yeemvakalelo, umhloli wamazwe wayesasazekile emhlabeni omtsha, kwaye kweso simo sengqondo sobuhlobo aba bagawuli bemithi babekrobile bagoba iintloko zabo, ngelixa iinyembezi ezivuthayo zawela ezinyaweni zakhe, unkcenkceshela ingcwaba le-Uncas njengamathontsi emvula.
  5. Hayi! Hala uphila! Bamba, uyandiva? Unamandla, sinda. Hlala uphila, nokuba kwenzeka ntoni! Ndizokufumana. Kungakhathaliseki ukuba kuthatha ixesha elingakanani, ukude kangakanani, ndiya kukufumana ...

Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.