Iinoveli zikaGaston Leroux

Gaston Leroux Quote

Gaston Leroux Quote

UGastón Leroux wayengumbhali ongumFrentshi, intatheli kunye negqwetha elishiye uphawu kuncwadi lwexesha lakhe enkosi kwiinoveli zakhe eziyimfihlakalo. Phakathi kwabo, izavenge ezimbini zokuqala zomcuphi wakhe uJoseph Rouletabille zidume kakhulu. Oko kukuthi, Imfihlakalo yegumbi elityheli (1907) kunye Isiqhumiso senenekazi elimnyama (1908).

Kanjalo, kukushiya oku kungcwele Iphantom yeOpera (1910), eyona ndalo idumileyo kaLeroux. Akumangalisi ke ngoko ukuba, esi sihloko siguqulelwe kwimidlalo engaphezu kwekhulu, kuthotho lwemidlalo kamabonwakude neefilimu ezibalaseleyo, zaseYurophu naseHollywood. Lilonke, umbhali waseParis upapashe iinoveli ezingama-37, amabali amafutshane ali-10 kunye nemidlalo emibini ngexesha lokuphila kwakhe.

Imfihlakalo yegumbi elityheli (1907)

Umlinganiswa ophambili

UJoseph Rouletabille ngumcuphi ongumdlali ophambili kwiinoveli ezisibhozo zikaLeroux. En Le mystere de la chambre jaune -isihloko sokuqala sesiFrentshi-kutyhilwa ukuba igama lakhe lisisiteketiso. Ngendlela, ifani yakhe inokuguqulelwa njenge "globetrotter", isichazi esinomdla senkwenkwe ekhulele kwikhaya leenkedama lenkolo e-Eu, kwidolophu ekufutshane neNormandy.

Ekuqaleni kwe-saga, umphandi uneminyaka eyi-18 ubudala kwaye "umsebenzi wakhe wangempela" yintatheli. Ngaphandle kobuncinci bakhe kunye namava, ubonisa amandla okunciphisa "unesazela ngakumbi kunamapolisa". Ngaphezu koko, sele ekwityala lakhe lokuqala kufuneka ajongane noBallmeyer, isaphuli-mthetho esaziwayo samazwe ngamazwe esinezazisi ezininzi.

Uhlalutyo kunye nendlela

Imfihlakalo yegumbi elityheli Ithathwa njengenoveli yokuqala "yegumbi elitshixiweyo eliyimfihlakalo". Yathiywa ngeyelenqe layo, apho isigebenga esibonakala singabonakali siyakwazi ukubonakala kwaye sinyamalale kwigumbi elivaliweyo. Ngenxa yesi sizathu, impapasho yokuqala yalo mxholo—phakathi kukaSeptemba noNovemba 1907—yakhawuleza yatsala umdla wabafundi beli phephandaba. L'Illustration.

Umbalisi webali nguSinclair, igqwetha elingumhlobo weRouletabille. Isenzo senzeka kwinqaba yaseChâteau du Glandier. Ngaphaya, UMathilde Stangerson, oyintombi yomninimzi, ufunyenwe enzakele ngokumasikizi kwilebhu engaphantsi komhlaba (ivaliwe ngaphakathi). Ukusukela ngelo xesha ukuya phambili, iyelenqe elintsonkothileyo elinxulunyaniswe nekamva lomlinganiswa oyintloko liya kutyhilwa ngokuthe ngcembe.

Abanye abalinganiswa ababalulekileyo

  • UFrédéric Larsan, inkokeli yamapolisa aseFransi (uRouletabille ukrokrela ukuba nguBallmeyer);
  • Stangerson, isazinzulu esingumnini wenqaba kunye noyise kaMathilde;
  • URobert Dalzac, iqabane likaMathilde Stangerson kunye nomrhanelwa oyintloko wamapolisa;
  • UJaques, umngcamli wosapho lakwaStangerson.

Isiqhumiso senenekazi elimnyama (1908)

En Le parfum de la dame en noir isenzo sijikeleza uninzi lwabalinganiswa ukusuka kwisavenge esandulelayo. Ukuqala kwale ncwadi kubonisa abasandula ukutshata uRobert Darzac noMathilde Stangerson bekhululekile kakhulu kwi-honeymoon yabo kuba utshaba losapho lufile ngokusemthethweni. Ngequbuliso, u-Rouletabille ubizwa kwakhona xa utshaba lwakhe olungenalusini luvela kwakhona.

Imfihlakalo iba nzulu ngokuthe ngcembe, ukunyamalala okutsha kunye nolwaphulo-mthetho olutsha lwenzeka. Ekugqibeleni, kwayeyena uYosefu oselula uyakwazi ukufikelela ezantsi kuyo yonke le nto ngenxa yobukrelekrele bakhe obubukhali… Kuyavela ukuba intatheli ngunyana kaMathilde kunye noBallmeyer. Lo mva walukuhla intombi kaProf Stangerson esemncinci kakhulu.

Ezinye iinoveli ezidlala noJoseph Rouletabille

  • Rouletabille kwibhotwe likaTsar (Rouletabille chez le tsar, 1912);
  • inqaba emnyama (I-chateau noir, 1914);
  • Imitshato engaqhelekanga yeRouletabille (Les Étranges Noces de Rouletabille, 1914);
  • Rouletabille kwiifektri zaseKrupp (Rouletabille chez Krupp, 1917);
  • Ulwaphulo-mthetho lweRouletabille (Ulwaphulo-mthetho lweRouletabille, 1921);
  • Rouletabille kunye neegypsies (Rouletabille chez les Bohémiens, 1922).

Iphantom yeOpera (1910)

Isiqendu

Uthotho lweziganeko ezingaqhelekanga zenzeka kwiParis Opera ngeminyaka yoo-1880.. Ezo zibakala zingaziwayo zeyisela abantu ukuba lo mcimbi uzaliswe ziinkathazo. Abanye abantu bade bangqine ukuba babone umfanekiso osisithunzi, onokhakhayi olunolusu olutyheli kunye namehlo atshisayo. Kwasekuqaleni umbalisi uyangqina ukuba isiporho sinyani, nangona singumntu.

Isiphithiphithi siqhubeka xa abadanisi bebanga ukuba babone isiporho kwintsebenzo yamva nje elawulwa nguDebienne noPoligny. emva kwexesha, UJoseph Buquet, umakhi weqonga lemidlalo yeqonga, ufunyenwe eswelekile (waxhonywa phantsi kweqonga). Nangona yonke into ibonakala ibonisa ukuzibulala, ukucinga okunjalo akubonakali kusengqiqweni xa intambo yesibonda ingafunyanwanga.

Isihlomelo: dwelisa kunye nezinye iinoveli zikaLeroux

  • Umthengisi wetshiphu omncinci (1897);
  • indoda ebusuku (1897);
  • Iminqweno emithathu (1902);
  • intloko encinci (1902);
  • Ukuzingela ubutyebi kusasa (1903);
  • Ubomi obumbaxa bukaThéophraste Longuet (1904);
  • ukumkani oyimfihlelo (1908);
  • Umntu owabona usathana (1908);
  • inyibiba (1909);
  • isitulo esiqalekisiweyo (1909);
  • Ukumkanikazi wesabatha (1910);
  • Isidlo sangokuhlwa sebhasi (1911);
  • umfazi welanga (1912);
  • Iziganeko zokuqala zikaChéri-Bibi (1913);
  • Cheri-Bibi (1913);
  • Balaoo (1913);
  • UChéri-Bibi kunye noCecily (1913);
  • I-Adventures entsha ye-Chéri-Bibi (1919);
  • Ubhukuqo lukaChéri-Bibi (1925);
  • ikholamu yesihogo (1916);
  • Izembe legolide (1916);
  • confit (1916);
  • Indoda ebuya kude (1916);
  • UCaptain hyx (1917);
  • idabi elingabonakaliyo (1917);
  • intliziyo ebiweyo (1920);
  • iiklabhu ezisixhenxe (1921);
  • unodoli onegazi (1923);
  • umatshini wokubulala (1923);
  • IKrisimesi kaVicent kaVicent (1924);
  • Hayi'Olympe (1924);
  • I-Tenebrous: Isiphelo sehlabathi kunye neGazi kwi-Neva (1924);
  • I-coquette yohlwaywa okanye i-adventure yasendle (1924);
  • Owasetyhini oneNecklace yeVelvet (1924);
  • Mardi-Gras okanye unyana wootata abathathu (1925);
  • Uphahla lwegolide (1925);
  • IiMohicans zaseBhabheli (1926);
  • abazingeli bomdaniso (1927);
  • UMnu Flow (1927);
  • Pouloulou (1990).

Ubomi bukaGaston Leroux

UGaston Leroux

UGaston Leroux

UGaston Louis Alfred Leroux wazalelwa eParis, eFransi, ngoMeyi 6, 1868, kwintsapho ecebileyo yabarhwebi. Ngethuba lobutsha bakhe waya kwisikolo sokubhoda eNormandy ngaphambi kokuba afundele ubugqwetha kwikomkhulu laseFransi. (Usifumene isidanga sakhe ngo-1889). Ukongezelela, umbhali wexesha elizayo wafumana intywenka yemali engaphezu kwesigidi seefranc, isixa esasilingana neenkwenkwezi ngelo xesha.

Imisebenzi yokuqala

U-Leroux wachitha ilifa phakathi kokubheja, amaqela kunye nokusela ngokugqithiseleyo, ngoko ke, owayesakuba ngusozigidi wanyanzelwa ukuba asebenze ukuze azixhase. Umsebenzi wakhe wokuqala obalulekileyo waba yintatheli kunye nomgxeki wethiyetha L'Echo de Paris. Emva koko waya kwiphephandaba Ekuseni, apho waqalisa ukugubungela iMvukelo yokuQala yaseRashiya (ngoJanuwari 1905).

Esinye isiganeko apho wayebandakanyeke ngokupheleleyo kuphando lwe-Opera yaseParis endala. Kwigumbi elingaphantsi kwendawo ebiyelweyo - ngelo xesha eyayibonisa i-ballet yaseParis - kwakukho isisele esinamabanjwa e-Paris Commune. Emva koko, ngo-1907 wayeka ubuntatheli nto leyo eyaba yingozi ekubhaleni, umnqweno awayewuhlakulele ukususela kwiintsuku zakhe zomfundi ngexesha lakhe lokuphumla.

Umsebenzi woncwadi

Uninzi lwe Amabali kaGaston Leroux abonisa impembelelo ephawulekayo evela kuSir Arthur Conan Doyle kunye nokusuka Edgar Allan Poe. Impembelelo yombhali oqaqambileyo waseMelika ayinakuphikiswa kwizicwangciso, i-archetypes, i-psychology yabalinganiswa kunye nesitayela esibalisayo saseParis. Zonke ezi mpawu ziyabonakala kwinoveli yokuqala kaLeroux, Imfihlakalo yegumbi elityheli.

Ngowe-1909, uLeroux wenza udidi lwemagazini IGaulois de Iphantom yeOpera. Impumelelo yayo encomekayo yakhokelela ekubeni isihloko sibe yincwadi ethandwa kakhulu ngelo xesha kuzwelonke nakumazwe ngamazwe. Ngaloo nyaka, umbhali weGallic wabizwa ngegama UChevalier weLegion d'honneur, eyona mhlobiso iphezulu (yoluntu okanye yomkhosi) eyanikezelwa eFransi.

Ilifa

Ngowe-1919, uGaston Leroux kunye no-Arthur Bernede-umhlobo osondeleyo-bakha i- Umbutho weeCineromans. Eyona njongo iphambili yaloo nkampani yefilim yayikukupapasha iinoveli ezinokuthi zibe yajika yaba ziimuvi. Ngeminyaka yee-1920, umbhali ongumFrentshi waqatshelwa njengovulindlela kudidi lwabacuphi baseFransi., umlinganiselo oyigcinayo unanamhla.

Kuphela kwe Iphantom yeOpera Ngaphezulu kwe-70 uhlengahlengiso lwenziwe phakathi kwe-cinema, unomathotholo kunye nomabonakude. Ukongeza, lo msebenzi ukhuthaze ngaphezu kwekhulu lezihloko ezibandakanya iinoveli zabanye ababhali, uncwadi lwabantwana, iicomics, iitekisi ezingeyonyani, iingoma kunye nokubalulwa ngeendlela ezahlukeneyo. UGastón Leroux wafa ngo-Aprili 15, 1927 ngenxa yosulelo lwezintso; Ndandineminyaka engama-58 ubudala.


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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