Iincwadi zikaJavier Marías azibhalileyo kumsebenzi wakhe

UJavier Marias

Umthombo wefoto kaJavier Marías: RAE

NgeCawa, ngoSeptemba 11, 2022, siye safumana iindaba zokuba umbhali uJavier Marías wayefile. Kukho abalandeli abaninzi bepeni yakhe abaye babona ukuba iincwadi zikaJavier Marías zaba ziinkedama.

Ngaba uyafuna ukwazi ukuba bangaphi ababhalileyo? Ukuba uye wayifunda kwaye wayithanda, ngoku lixesha lokuba ugcine umsebenzi wakhe uphila ngokufunda ezinye zeencwadi zakhe. Eyiphi? Sixoxa ngazo ngezantsi.

Yintoni omele uyazi malunga noJavier Marias

UJavier Marías Franco wazalwa ngo-1951 eMadrid. Kubo bonke ubomi bakhe Ube ngumbhali, umguquleli kunye nomhleli, kunye nokuba yinxalenye yeRoyal Spanish Academy, esihlalweni 'R', ukususela ngo-2008. Unyana wababhali ababini, uJulián Marías kunye noDolores Franco Manera, wachitha ubuntwaneni bakhe e-United States kodwa waphumelela kwiFilosofi kunye neeleta ezivela kwiYunivesithi yaseComplutense yaseMadrid.

Kwintsapho yakhe kukho "iinkwenkwezi" ezininzi«. Ngokomzekelo, umntakwabo nguFernando Marías Franco, umbhali-mbali wezobugcisa; o Miguel Marías, omnye wabantakwabo, ungumgxeki wefilimu kunye noqoqosho. Umalume wakhe wayengumenzi wefilimu uJesús Franco Manera, kwaye umzala wakhe ulandele loo ndlela, uRicardo Franco.

Inoveli yokuqala ayibhalayo yayiyiDomain yeNgcuka.. Wayigqiba ngo-1970 kwaye yapapashwa emva konyaka. Ngenxa yoku, waqala ukubhala iinoveli awathi wazidibanisa nomsebenzi wakhe woguqulo kwakunye nonjingalwazi wezoNcwadi okanye encedisa umalume nomtshana wakhe ekuguquleleni okanye ekubhaleni imibhalo-ngqangi (kwaye ebonakala eyongezelelweyo kwiifilimu zabo).

Njengoko umsebenzi wakhe wokubhala wawuqalisa, waza wafumana amawonga ngako, wagxininisa ngakumbi kuye. Kwaye kukuba, kulo lonke umsebenzi wakhe, iincwadi zakhe ziguqulelwe kwiilwimi ezingama-40 kwaye zipapashwe kumazwe angama-50.

Ngelishwa, inyumoniya ebitsala ixesha elide ngenxa yeCovid Wabugqiba ubomi bakhe ngoSeptemba 11, 2022. Kwinkumbulo yakhe ziincwadi azipapashayo njengombhali.

Iincwadi ezibhalwe nguJavier Marías

UJavier Marías ube ngumbhali onobuchule ngengqiqo yokuba upapashe imisebenzi embalwa. Enyanisweni, sinokuyahlula ngokwamaqela amaninzi kuba umbhali akazange agxininise kuphela kuhlobo olunye.

Ngokukodwa, kuye uya kufumana:

Novelas

Siqala ngeenoveli kuba umbhali waziwa kakhulu ngezi. Oko waqalisa umsebenzi wakhe njengombhali, ubhale ezininzi kwaye inyaniso kukuba uya kuba nokukhetha phakathi kwabo bonke.

  • Imimandla yengcuka.
  • Ukuwela i-horizon.
  • Ukumkani wexesha.
  • Inkulungwane.
  • Indoda eneemvakalelo.
  • Yonke imiphefumlo.
  • intliziyo imhlophe kakhulu
  • Ngomso edabini cinga ngam.
  • Umva wexesha elimnyama.
  • Ubuso bakho ngomso.
  • Iityumza.
  • Ziqala ngolu hlobo ke izinto ezimbi.
  • Isiqithi saseBertha.
  • Thomas Nevinson.

Iintsomi

Olunye uhlobo loncwadi alubhalileyo ngamabali. Kodwa asithethi ngamabali abantwana (kukho amanye awo kamva) kodwa amabali abantu abadala, amabali amafutshane aya kukushiya ucinga ngale nto ugqiba kuyifunda. Nazi zonke awazibhalayo (bezingekho zininzi).

  • Ngoxa belele.
  • Xa ndandingumntu ofayo
  • Indalo embi.
  • Indalo embi. Amabali amkelekileyo namkelekileyo.

izincoko

Njengoko usazi, isincoko singumsebenzi omfutshane woncwadi kwiprozi. Injongo yezi asiyiyo enye ngaphandle kokujongana nesihloko ngokubanzi kodwa ngaphandle kokuba ibe yinkcazo, kodwa kunombono wombhali malunga nomcimbi othile.

Kule meko, uJavier Marías usishiye eziliqela.

  • Amabali awodwa.
  • ubomi obubhaliweyo.
  • Indoda eyayibonakala ingafuni nto.
  • Ababukeli.
  • UFaulkner noNabokov: iinkosi ezimbini.
  • Imizila yeenyawo ethe saa.
  • UDon Quixote kaWellesley: amanqaku ekhosi kwi-1984.
  • Phakathi kwamaphakade kunye neminye imibhalo.

Uncwadi lwabantwana

Asinakutsho ukuba wakhupha iincwadi ezininzi zabantwana. Kodwa wazama enye ukuze abone ukuba luza kuhamba njani olo gqatso.

Ekuphela kwencwadi yabantwana enesihloko esithi Yiza undikhangele, evela kwindlu yopapasho yaseAlfaguara. Bayipapasha ngo-2011 kwaye akusekho mabali abaphulaphuli babantwana.

zihloko

Ukongeza ekubeni ngumbhali, UJavier Marías naye wayengumbhali wemihlathi kwaye wapapasha amanqaku ahlukeneyo kumhleli ohlukeneyo, ezifana ne-Alfaguara, iSiruela, i-Aguilar ... Zonke zifumaneka ngokulula kwaye ziyimibhalo emincinci engachithwanga.

Iinguqulelo

UJavier Marías akazange abhale kuphela, ukwaguqulela iincwadi zabanye ababhali bamanye amazwe. Elokuqala waliguqulela ngowe-1974, elithi The Withered Arm and Other Stories, nguThomas Hardy. Iincwadi zikaRobert Louis Stevenson, uWillam Faulkner, uVladimir Nabokov, uThomas Browne okanye u-Isak Dinesen, phakathi kwabanye, baye badlula kuyo.

Ngokwenyani, ayizizo iincwadi zikaJavier de Marías, kodwa zinomdla wakhe kuba, xa eguqulela, umguquleli uhlala "ehlala" kancinci ngokwembali.

Zeziphi iincwadi zikaJavier Marías esizicebisayo?

Ukuba awufundanga nto nguJavier Marías kodwa, ngokufa kwakhe, ungumbhali ongathanda ukumazi ngemisebenzi yakhe, iincwadi esizicebisayo zezi zilandelayo:

Ubuso bakho ngomso. Umkhuhlane kunye nokuphosa

umkhuhlane kunye nokuphosa incwadi

Kule noveli uya kudibana noJacques. Usanda kubuyela eNgilani emva komtshato ongaphumelelanga. Kodwa, apho, Uya kufumanisa ukuba unamandla: ukubona ikamva labantu.

Ngeli gunya litsha lifunyenweyo, iqela elingachazwanga ngamagama lamtyikitya kwi-M16, iBritish Secret Secret Service kwiMfazwe Yehlabathi II. Umsebenzi wakho uya kuba kukuphulaphula nokuqaphela abantu ukwenza isigqibo sokuba baya kuba ngamaxhoba okanye ababulali. Ukuba baya kuphila okanye bafe.

Idomeyini yengcuka

Iincwadi nguJavier Marías Ulawulo lwengcuka

Yayiyinoveli yakhe yokuqala kwaye, kunjalo, kufuneka kube kolu luhlu. Kuye uya kuzifumana ngeminyaka yee-1920 ukuya koo-1930. Kuyo i-protagonists ngabantu baseMelika kunye ubalisa ngamava osapho.

Intliziyo imhlophe kangako

Intliziyo imhlophe kangako

Lo msebenzi yenye yezona zinto zibalulekileyo zikaJavier Marías. Ngaphezulu kwako konke kuba Yeyona nto wafumana ngayo eyona ntengiso iphezulu yomsebenzi wakhe.

Kuye uza kuba nesoka kunye nehoneymoon yakhe njengomdlali oyintloko, ibali ekubonakala ngathi liyiyo neliya kumangaliswa xa uqalisa ukulifunda.

Ngomso emfazweni cinga ngam

Le ncwadi izele kukuthatheka, ukufa, impambano kunye nenye into esingazukuyityhila kuwe. Kuyo uya kudibana noMarta, ibhinqa elathi, emva kokuba liqalise ukuziva limbi, lifa ebhedini yakhe noVíctor, umgcini-skrini nombhali osisithandwa sakhe, kunye nabantwana babo kwigumbi lokulala elilandelayo.

Ngaba uyasicebisa ngeencwadi ezininzi zikaJavier Marías ekufuneka sizifunde?


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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