Amabali kunye nehlabathi: Umhlaba ongaqhelekanga, nguJhumpa Lahiri

Kwiminyaka yakutshanje, ukufumana iincwadi ezimalunga ne-diaspora, nokuba yeyaseAfrika, eyaseDominican okanye eyase-Indiya, isenza sazi ngokwethu amava kunye namava abo bashiye ilizwe labo ukuze badibane namaphupha athenjiswe yiNtshona. Omnye wabo, kwaye emva koko ebesemva kwexesha elide, uyabizwa Umhlaba ongaqhelekanga, nguJhumpa Lahiri, Umbhali waseMelika wabazali baseBangali obalisa, ngamabali asibhozo, amabali ala bantu abanjelwe phakathi kwesiko kunye nokutshintsha, phakathi kweIndiya neUnited States.

I-Curry kunye ne ketchup

 

Ubume bomntu abunakuvelisa ziqhamo, njengeetapile, ukuba ityalwe iphindaphindwe, kwizizukulwana ezininzi, kumhlaba ofanayo ogqityiweyo. Abantwana bam banezinye iindawo zokuzalwa, kwaye ngokokwazi kwam ukulawula ithamsanqa labo, baya kumila iingcambu kumhlaba ongaqhelekanga.

Ngale sicatshulwa sikaNathaniel Hawthorne, uJhumpa Lahiri uqala umbono wakhe (kunye nowelizwe) wabo bonke abalinganiswa kunye namabali alandelwe phakathi kwekhaya lakhe nomhlaba ogcwele amathuba:

URuma ngumHindu oselula otshate nomntu waseMelika otyelelwa nguyise ongumhlolokazi. UBoudi ngumfazi otshatileyo othandana nomfuduki oselula ongumHindu. U-Amit noMegan sisibini esitshatileyo esiya emtshatweni ngelixa uSudha noRahul bengabantakwabo ababini abasela utywala ngasemva kwabazali babo bemveli abangamaHindu, ngelixa u-Hema no-Kaushik's trilogy yamabali elandela ekhondweni labathandi ababini abazanayo ukusuka ebantwaneni ukuya kwi-idyll yakhe ebudaleni, njengovuthondaba lwencwadi egcwele ubomi bemihla ngemihla kodwa umtsalane, umtsalane omkhulu.

Umhlaba ongaqhelekanga yincwadi yokunuka, njengekheri, efana iparahtas Igqityiwe phantse ngabo bonke abalinganiswa abaza kunxweme olusempuma ye-United States apho kufuneka bajongane notshintsho olutsha olwenziwe yiNtshona kwaye bazame ukugcina izithethe zabo zaseBangali kwihlabathi apho abantwana belulibeleyo ulwimi, iindibano kunye neetabo. Konke oku kusongelwe ngamabali aphekwe phezu komlilo ocothayo, njengezitya ezilungileyo zaseIndiya, de kube kufikelela kwisiphumo esimele ukujika. Ngokuphandle amabali ayilwe kakuhle kunye namabali ahambayo kunye nokumangalisa, ngakumbi ibali lokuvala incwadi, igalelo lalo landikhumbuza elinye lamabali endiwathandayo: Umkhondo wegazi lakho kwikhephu, nguGabriel García Márquez.

Ngokwezibalo, ngaphezulu kwe-3 yezigidi zaseMelika (1% yabemi) zivela eIndiya, apho i-150 ivela eBengal, kumazantsi mpuma eli lizwe. Inyani ephosa ngaphezu kwesinye isibonakaliso sokuhamba okufudukayo kunye ne-diaspora efumana umhlaba othile othenjisiweyo eYurophu kwaye, ngakumbi, eUnited States.

Ifoto: NPR

Le yayiyimeko yabazali bombhali UJhumpa Lahiri, owazalelwa eLondon ngo-1967 kwaye wafudukela eRhode Island (eUnited States) nabazali bakhe eneminyaka emibini. Emva kokufunda ukuBhala ngokuBumba kwiDyunivesithi yaseBoston, uLahiri wenza i-diaspora yase-Bengali eyona nto iphambili kwimisebenzi yakhe Ukutolika kweemvakalelo (2000) incwadi yakhe yokuqala epapashiweyo. Iseti yamabali apho, njengoMhlaba ongaqhelekanga, umbhali uzama ukuphonononga amabali abo bonke aba baphambukeli ngokweemvakalelo zezibini ezihamba phambili kwibali ngalinye.

Incwadi iphumelele iPulitzer Prize, into engaqhelekanga kwincwadi yamabali, eqinisekisa ukubanakho kombhali oza kuthi kungekudala emva koko apapashe iinoveli El buen nombre (2003) kunye La hondonada (2013). Umhlaba ongaqhelekanga wapapashwa kwi-2008, ithathwa njengeyona Ncwadi ibalaseleyo yoNyaka yiNew York Times. Isihloko esihle sokuqala ukukhangela kwindalo iphela yalo mbhali umsebenzi wakhe uhlala ungaphelelwa lixesha, nokuba ungomeleleyo ngoku ungatsho.

 


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  1.   Nicolás sitsho

    Uphengululo lwakho lubonakala ngathi ludambile kum, ukuba uyandivumela ukuba ndiphawule. Incwadi yandonwabisa. Kubonakala kulungile kakhulu kum. Kulunge kakhulu.
    Iinoveli azibhalileyo emva koko azifikeleli kwinqanaba konke konke. Andicingi ukuba ngumbhali obalaseleyo, kodwa umbhali ogqibeleleyo ukuxelela into exeliweyo kwiLizwe elingaqhelekanga. Ndicinga ukuba ayibhalwanga nguFoster Wallace, okanye uThomas Pynbchon angangcono. Luvo nje.