Theresa Old. Udliwano-ndlebe nombhali wencwadi ethi Intombazana Eyayifuna Ukwazi Yonke Into

Sathetha nombhali kunye nomnxibelelanisi uTeresa Viejo malunga nomsebenzi wakhe wamva nje.

Ukufota: Teresa Viejo. Ngoncedo lweCommunication Ingenuity.

A UTeresa Viejo Waziwa kakhulu ngomsebenzi wakhe wobugcisa njenge intatheli, kodwa kunjalo umbhali umsebenzi wezandla. Usebenzisa ixesha lakhe phakathi koonomathotholo, umabonwakude, ubudlelwane nabafundi bakhe kunye neendibano zocweyo neentetho ezininzi. Ukongeza, ungunozakuzaku weGoodwill UNICEF kunye neSiseko saMaxhoba eZithuthi. Ubhale izincoko kunye neenoveli ezinezihloko ezifana nezi Ngelixesha kuyanetha o Imemori yamanzi, phakathi kwabanye, kwaye ngoku ibonisiwe Intombazana eyayifuna ukwazi yonke into. Kule nto udliwano ndlebe Usixelela ngaye nangeminye imixholo. Ndiyabulela kakhulu ngengqalelo yakho kunye nexesha lakho.

Teresa Viejo - Udliwano-ndlebe

  • IINCWADI ZONCWADI: Inoveli yakho yamva inomxholo Intombazana eyayifuna ukwazi yonke into. Usixelela ntoni ngayo kwaye yavela phi le mbono?

UTERESA OMDALA: Intombazana eyayifuna ukwazi yonke into ayikho inoveli, kodwa a umsebenzi ongeyonyani malunga nokufuna ukwazi, inqaba endiyenze uphando lwakhe kwiminyaka yamuva nje, ndiphethe ukupapasha iingenelo zayo kunye nokukhuthaza ukusetyenziswa kwayo kwiinkomfa noqeqesho. Le ncwadi yinxalenye yenkqubo endinika uvuyo olukhulu, eyokugqibela eqalayo ithisisi yam yobugqirha ukuxhasa olu phononongo. 

  • AL: Ngaba ungabuyela kwincwadi yokuqala oyifundileyo? Kwaye ibali lokuqala olibhalileyo?

TV: Ndicinga ukuba iyakuba yikopi yesaga Abahlanu, nguEnid Blyton. Kwakhona ndikhumbula ngokukhethekileyo Pollyanna, ngu-Eleanor H. Porter, ngenxa yokuba intanda-bulumko yakhe eyonwabileyo nangona ubunzima awayebufumana umlinganiswa, yandiphawula kakhulu. Emva kwexesha, ekuhambeni kwexesha, ndiye ndafumanisa kuyo imbewu yengqondo entle endiyenzayo ngoku. ngelo xesha Ndaqalisa ukubhala amabali angaqondakaliyo, engazange ibonakale iqhelekile kwintombazana eneminyaka elishumi elinesibini, ishumi elinesithathu, kodwa, njengoko uJuan Rulfo wathi, "sihlala sibhala incwadi esingathanda ukuyifunda." 

  • AL: Umbhali oyintloko? Unokukhetha ngaphezu kweyodwa nakwezinye iindawo. 

Umabonwakude: UPedro Paramo, nguJ. Rulfo yincwadi endisoloko ndiyifunda. Umbhali ubonakala kum engumntu ongaqhelekanga kubunzima bakhe. ndiyayithanda UGarcia Marquez, u-Ernesto Sabato, kunye no-Elena Garro; Iinoveli zeBoom zandinceda ukuba ndikhule njengomfundi. imibongo ye UPedro Salinas basoloko behamba nam; owayephila ngexesha lakhe, nangona wayekwisini esahlukileyo UDaphne du Maurier, amacebo akhe andikhohlisayo kwasekuqaleni, umzekelo omhle onokuthi udume kwaye ubhale kakuhle. kwaye ndincoma ukuba UOlga Tokarczuk ngento efanayo, ophumelele iBhaso leNobel iincwadi zakhe ezithi zithabatheke ngoko nangoko. Edgar Allan Poe phakathi kweeklasikhi kunye noJoyce Carol Oates, wangoku. 

  • AL: Nguwuphi umlinganiswa osencwadini onqwenela ukudibana naye kunye nokwenza? 

Umabonwakude: Ngaphezu komlinganiswa, bendingathanda ndwendwela naziphi na iisetingi ezivela kwiinoveli zikaDaphne du Maurier: Indlu kaRebecca, eJamaica Inn, ifama ahlala kuyo umzala uRachel...

  • AL: Ngaba unayo nayiphi na imikhwa okanye imikhwa xa kufikwa ekubhaleni nasekufundeni? 

TV: Ewe, ezininzi kakhulu! Inoveli nganye inoluhlu lwayo lwamavumba, ngoko Kufuneka ndibhale ngamakhandlela anevumba elimnandi okanye izinto zomoya ngeenxa zonke kum. kwi ofisi yam Ndidala umoya wabalinganiswa bam ngeefoto ezindala: amalaphu kunye neelokhwe abaya kuzisebenzisa, izindlu apho isiza siza kwenzeka khona, ifenitshala kunye nezinto zomntu ngamnye kubo, imimandla yeendawo ... ukuba isenzo esithile senzeke kwisixeko, kwindawo yangempela , Ndidinga ukufumana imephu echaza ukuba kwakunjani ngexesha ibali liqhubeka. Iifoto zezakhiwo zayo, uhlengahlengiso olwenziwe emva koko, njl. 

Njengomzekelo, ngexesha lokubhalwa kwenoveli yam yesibini, Ngamana ixesha lingasifumana, yamkelwe izaci zasemexican ukubanika abalinganiswa ndaye ndaziqhelanisa nokutya kwaseMexico, ndizintywilisela kwinkcubeko yayo. Ndihlala ndisithi ukubhala inoveli luhambo: ngaphakathi, ekuhambeni kwexesha, kwiinkumbulo zethu nakwinkumbulo edibeneyo. Isipho ekufuneka ngamnye wethu aphe omnye komnye, kube kanye ebomini. 

  • AL: Kwaye indawo oyikhethileyo kunye nexesha lokwenza oko? 

TV: Eofisini yam, kukho okuninzi ukukhanya kwendalo, kwaye ndikhetha ukubhala emini. Kungcono kusasa kunasemva kwemini. 

  • AL: Ngaba zikhona ezinye iintlobo ozithandayo? 

I-TV: Ngokubanzi, ndiyawathanda ama-soap operas anomthwalo omhle imfihlakalo, kodwa iphinda idlule kwimizila. Umzekelo, kwiminyaka yakutshanje ndiye ndafunda ngakumbi non-fiction: iNeuroscience, psychology, ukuvumisa ngeenkwenkwezi, ubunkokeli kunye nokukhula komntu… kwaye, phakathi kokufunda kwam, iitekisi zokomoya zihlala zingena ngaphakathi. 

  • AL: Ufunda ntoni ngoku? Ukubhala?

Umabonwakude: Kuxhaphake kakhulu ukuba ndidibanise iincwadi ezininzi ngaxeshanye; kwisutikheyisi yam yeholide ndifake iinoveli Hamnet, nguMaggie O'Farrell, kunye Isibhakabhaka siluhlaza, umhlaba umhlophe, nguHiromi Kawakami (incwadi eyonwabisayo, ngendlela), kunye nezincoko Cinga kwakhonanguAdam Grant ukuba nobudlelwane, nguKenneth Gergen kunye amandla ovuyo, nguFrédérich Lenoir (iingcinga zakhe zivakala kancinci). Kwaye namhlanje ndifumene iBlonde, nguCarol Oates, kodwa malunga namaphepha ayo ali-1.000 ndifuna ixesha. 

Ngokuphathelele ukubhala, mna ukugqiba ibali ukuba ndithunyiwe kuqulunqo. Kwaye inoveli ijikeleza entlokweni yam. 

  • AL: Ucinga ukuba imeko yokupapasha injani kwaye uthathe isigqibo sokuba uzame ukupapasha?

TV: Phofu andiyazi ukuba mandikuphendule ndithini ngoba ukubhala nokupapasha kum kuqhagamshelwe. Ndapapasha incwadi yam yokuqala ngonyaka ka-2000 kwaye yaba sisiphumo seencoko endandinazo nomshicileli wam; Ndihlala ndigcina unxibelelwano lolwelo kunye nabahleli bam, ndiyawuxabisa umsebenzi wabo kunye negalelo labo, ukuze umphumo wokugqibela ube sisimbuku seembono ezininzi ngexesha lenkqubo yokudala. 

  • AL: Ngaba umzuzu wobunzima esijamelana nawo unzima kuwe okanye uya kuba nakho ukugcina into elungileyo kumabali exesha elizayo?

I-TV: Ixesha ngalinye linenkathazo yalo, imfazwe yalo kunye neziporho, kwaye abantu kufuneka bafunde ukuzilawula. Akunakwenzeka ukukhanyela ubunzima bemeko esikuyo; kodwa xa ubhala ngezinye iindawo zembali kuyakunceda ukuba uhlengahlengise kwaye uqonde. Andikwazi ukucinga intuthumbo yootatomkhulu nootatomkhulu bethu bezama ukufumana into eqhelekileyo ngexesha lemfazwe yamakhaya, kwaye ubomi baqhubeka: abantwana baya esikolweni, abantu baphuma, baya kwiivenkile zekofu, bathandana baza batshata. Ngoku abantu abaselula bayafuduka ngenxa yezizathu zoqoqosho yaye ngowe-1939 babaleka ngenxa yezizathu zobupolitika. Ezinye iinyani zisondele ngokuyingozi, ke ukuze siqonde into esijongene nayo kufuneka sifunde imbali yakutshanje.  


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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