UMiguel Ruiz Montañez. Udliwanondlebe nombhali weGazi likaColumbus

Ifoto nguMiguel Ruiz Montañez. Iprofayile kaFacebook.

UMiguel Ruiz Montanez Wazalelwa eMalaga ngo-1962 kwaye waba yinjineli, kodwa wagqiba ekubeni azinikezele ekufundiseni kwaye, ngaphezulu kwako konke, ukubhala. Inoveli yakhe yamva yile Igazi likaColumbus kwaye kuyo kwakhona unegama lomfumanisi olamnika impumelelo enkulu kwisihloko sakhe sokuqala, oyena mthengisi ubalaseleyo Ingcwaba likaColumbus. Undinike le nto udliwano ndlebe endiyipapashayo ngoku kwaye egqibezela uthotho olunikezelwe kubabhali bembali yenoveli endiyenzileyo ngoJuni ophelileyo. Ndiyambulela kunye noHarper Collins ngokuqwalaselwa kwakhe, ububele kunye nexesha.

UDLIWANO-NDLEBE NO-MIGUEL RUIZ MONTAÑEZ

  • IINDABA ZONCWADI: Uyayikhumbula incwadi yokuqala oyifundileyo? Kwaye ibali lokuqala olibhalileyo?

UMIGUEL RUIZ MONTAÑEZ: Inyani yile, hayi, ndim umfundi we-inveterate ukusukela ebuntwaneni. Kodwa ndikhumbula kakuhle ibali lokuqala endikubhalileyo, kuba iphumelele ibhaso lokubhala kwisikolo sam. Kwakumalunga ingqekembe ukuba wayebala, kumntu wokuqala, wakhe Iihambo ngeepokotho zabantu.

  • AL: Yeyiphi incwadi yokuqala eyakubetha kwaye ngoba?

MRM: Umthi wesayensinguPío Baroja. Mhlawumbi yiloo nto ndaye ndagqiba kwelokuba ndibe yinjineli.

  • AL: Ngubani umbhali wakho omthandayo? Unokukhetha ngaphezu kweyodwa nakwezinye iindawo.

MRM: UPaul auster Ngaphandle kwamathandabuzo ireferensi yam. Ndifundile ndafunda lukhulu kuye. UPhilip Roth noJonathan Franzen ziyandichukumisa. Kwaye ngeSpanish, URoberto Bolaño. Ngokubanzi, Ndiyaluthanda uncwadi lwaseMelika lwaseMelika, i ubunyani bomlingo Ndiyifumana ikhethekile. Kodwa ndiyakuthanda ezakudala, Kwaneenoveli zika Iihambo ngokwesiNtu.

  • AL: Nguwuphi umlinganiswa osencwadini onqwenela ukudibana naye kunye nokwenza?

MRM: Kwincwadi kaRoberto Bolaño, Abacuphi basendle, Ulises Lima kunye noArturo Belano. Zintle kakhulu kangangokuba uRoberto wanikwa iincwadi ezininzi ezilungileyo, kwaye kwimeko yam, ngalo lonke ixesha ndiphinda ndifunda loo msebenzi, ndifumana izinto ezintsha malunga nabalinganiswa abangaqondakaliyo.

  • AL: Ngaba kukho naziphi na izinto ozithandayo xa kufikwa ekubhaleni nasekufundeni?

MRM: Ndenza iitshathi, izishwankathelo, iigrafu, njl Ndiyinjineli ngeyure yokubhala. Ndihlala ndifuna ukuba ne- isakhelo esiqinileyo yomsebenzi ngaphambi kokuqala. Kule nto, ndiyinjineli.

  • AL: Kwaye indawo oyikhethileyo kunye nexesha lokwenza oko?

MRM: Umbhali wasebusuku. Ndiyayithanda i u lonwabo yobusuku, inzolo noxolo. Ndinegumbi endlwini yam ilayibrari enkulu Abasebenzi baphi zonke iincwadi ezindityise iminyaka.

  • AL: Nguwuphi umbhali okanye incwadi echaphazele umsebenzi wakho njengombhali?

MRM: Paul Auster, kufuneka ndivume ukuba ndiphinda ndizifunde iincwadi zakho ndingayeki. Kodwa eyona nto ndiyithandayo URoberto Bolaño. Abacuphi basendleNjengoko benditshilo, yinto yobugcisa.

  • AL: Uhlobo lwakho oluthandayo ngaphandle kwembali?

MRM: Ndifunde yonke into Ukusuka kubathengisi abaphambili ukuya kweminye imisebenzi yoncwadi. ndiyayicinga lonto nayiphi na incwadi equlathe ibali elimnandi ukufanele ukuboleka ixesha lam. Ngokuqinisekileyo ndiyabuthanda ubunyani. 

  • AL: Ufunda ntoni ngoku? Ukubhala?

MRM: Ndiyafunda Gcina umlilo, Ibhaso lalo nyaka lika-Alfaguara, elivela UGuillermo Arriaga. NdandiseMexico ngoDisemba, kwaye ndandifuna ukwazi ngcono ubunyani belizwe, kwaye lo msebenzi yi-X-ray ekhethekileyo.

Ngokubhekisele kwincwadi entsha, ndisekwa inqanaba lokufaka iingcinga. Inoveli yam yokugqibela, Igazi likaColumbus, isengumthengi kangangokuba ndifuna ixesha elincinci lokucinga ngamabali amatsha.

  • AL: Ucinga ukuba imeko yokupapasha yenzelwe ababhali abaninzi ukuba bakho okanye ufuna ukupapasha?

MRM: Nguwo iyamangalisa la ubungakanani de abantu Bathatha isigqibo sokubhala incwadi ngenjongo yokuyipapasha, kodwa kungekudala bayabuqonda ubunzima. Ngethamsanqa namhlanje zikhona ezinye iindlela ezinokubakho ezithi zinike ababhali abatsha indlela. 

  • AL: Ngaba umzuzu wobunzima esijamelana nawo unzima kuwe okanye uya kuba nakho ukugcina into elungileyo kwiinoveli ezizayo?

MRM: Ndicinga akukho nto intle kule nto ibisenzeka, Nokuba abanye bathi sizakuphuma somelele. Kwimeko yam, ndibenethamsanqa ngokwempilo kunye nomsebenzi, kodwa andizukubhala kwanto kwezi nyanga, ndizakuzama ukulibala msinyane kangangoko kunokwenzeka. Kwaye uncwadi luya kundinceda ukwenza njalo.


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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.

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