Iincwadi ezi-5 ezibalulekileyo ezisasinika izifundo ezinkulu

Ilizwe lanamhlanje alifani neminyaka engama-2000 eyadlulayo, nangona imixholo ethile ihlala ingenasiphelo: uthando, ezopolitiko, ukungalingani okanye utyekelo lomntu ogwetyiweyo, ngokuhleba, lokuzibhubhisa. Uncwadi ibiyeyona festile iphambili kuyo yonke imbali ukujonga ukuqonda ubunyani bethu, kwaye nangona ababhali abanjengoHermann Hesse okanye uMlawuli uMarcus Aurelius ngokwakhe angaziwa kwizizukulwana ezitsha, inyani kukuba ezi Iincwadi ezi-5 ezibalulekileyo ezisasinika izifundo ezinkulu bafanele ithuba.

 

INkosana encinci, nguAntoine de Saint-Exúpery

Inkosana encinci

Ukufihla phantsi kwekhava yencwadi yabantwana, izicatshulwa ezimfutshane kunye nenkwenkwana ebomvu njenge-protagonist, INkosana encinci yatshintsha yonke into ngonaphakade, yaba yinto ezona ncwadi zibalulekileyo embalini. Umlinganiswa ophambili othatha isigqibo sokubaleka kwi-asteroid yakhe ehlaselweyo kwaye ahlangane nabalinganiswa abanjengempungutye efuna ukufuywa ekhaya okanye ijografi ekwaziyo ukuya kuphonononga umhlaba okhawulezayo ukudibanisa igalari yabalinganiswa bezizukulwana ezizayo, kubo bonke abo bantu badala babekhe babhekiswa ebantwaneni. ngumbhali wayo, iaviator UAntoine de Saint-Exupéry.

Ubugcisa beMfazwe, nguSun Tzu

Nangona ingazange ifike eYurophu de kwaba yinkulungwane ye-5, phantse iminyaka engama-XNUMX XNUMX ngaphambi kokuba iSun Tzu yaseTshayina ibe sele ikubhalile oku uthotho lwamabali abonisa iinjengele kunye nomkhosi malunga neendlela ezahlukeneyo zendlela Kwimbambano yeTshayina Yamandulo. Owona mzekelo ubalaseleyo wencwadi engaphelelwa lixesha kuthathelwa ingqalelo ukuba ubugcisa beMfazwe buye baba lihlakani koosomashishini kunye neenkampani eziguqula iimfundiso zobuchule zenkulungwane yesine. BC ukuya ku-XXI.

I-Pearl, nguJohn Steinbeck

Kutshanje ndiye ndafunda le noveli imfutshane kaSteinbeck malunga ukubawa, umlobi olihlwempu owabona onke amaphupha akhe ezaliseka xa efumanisa eyona perile inkulu eyakhe yabonwa luluntu lwakhe. Ukukhanya namandla, uLa perla ngokufihlakeleyo ujongana nawo onke amashwa anokubangelwa kukuzibamba ngamandla kwiimeko ezigabadeleyo ezinokubazisa ebantwini nasehlabathini.

ISiddhartha, nguHermann Hesse

(Iinkcukacha zeli bali zinxulumene).

Isongelwe kwinkcubeko engaqhelekanga yaseIndiya, uSiddhartha wacinga ukuba, emva kokupapashwa kwayo ngo-1922, enye ye iimpembelelo zokuqala zenkcubeko yasempuma kuncwadi lwasentshona enkosi kuHerman Hesse, umbhali waseJamani owahambela inkolo yobuBhuda ukuze afumane eyakhe intsingiselo yobomi. Ibali, elilandela emanyathelweni kaSiddhartha omncinci emva kukaGautama Buddha, liphela emlanjeni apho umlinganiswa ophambili eqonda "yonke into" njengesixa samava onke, enika enye ezona mfundiso zintle kuncwadi lwenkulungwane yama-XNUMX. Enye yeentando zam.

Ukucamngca, nguMarco Aurelio

Nangona kungekaziwa ncam ukuba ngowuphi kanye umzuzu awabhalwa ngawo, iMetitations kaMarcus Aurelius (121 - 180 AD), yabhalwa ngamaGrike, kucingelwa ukuba, kwiminyaka yabo yokugqibela yobomi, ishiye izizukulwana ezizayo Ukuboniswa kwendalo iphela kwaye mhlawumbi kungaphelelwa lixesha njengoko unokulindela. Iqulathwe kwi imiqulu elishumi elinambini eyahlukeneyo, Ukucamngca kukaMarcus Aurelius kubonakala Ilizwi langaphakathi lomlawuli onyanzelwe ukuba aphathe i, ngokutsho kwakhe, imishini ebuhlungu yokulawula ubukumkani, isizathu sokuphanda ukukhangela intsingiselo yomntu ngamazwi omntu owake wabhala ukuba "Ubomi bomntu yinto ayicingayo."

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