Ukukhumbula uDon Pedro Calderón de la Barca. Amabinzana angama-20 kunye nokuthula

Isifanekiso seCalderón de la Barca. Plaza de Santa Ana. IMadrid. Ifoto ka (c) Mariola DCA.

Namhlanje uMeyi 25 yinto entsha Isikhumbuzo sokusweleka eMadrid eDon Pedro Calderón de la Barca ngo-1681, mhlawumbi oyena mbongi ubalulekileyo kunye nomlobi wemidlalo, kunye noLope de Vega, wethu Ubudala begolide. Eminye yemisebenzi yakhe edumileyo yile Ubomi liphupha, Usodolophu waseZalamea, Iqonga elikhulu lehlabathi, o Inenekazi elirhabaxa. Namhlanje, kwimemori yenkumbulo yakhe, ndiyaqaqambisa Amabinzana e-20 yemibhalo yakhe kunye nesiqwenga sombongo, Ngokudumisa ukuthula.

Amabinzana e-20

  1. Kodwa imbeko lilifa lomphefumlo kwaye umphefumlo ngokaThixo kuphela.
  2. Ithamsanqa aloyiswanga ngokungabikho kokusesikweni nokuziphindezela, kuba ngaphambi kokuba ikhuthaze ngakumbi
  3. Ukufa kothando ngumona, ongamxoleliyo umntu, kwaye ongamshiyiyo okanye othobekileyo, kwaye bengamhloniphi njengobalulekileyo.
  4. Ukusuka kweyona ntyatyambo intle, ubuqaqawuli begadi emnandi, i-asp itsala ityhefu, inyosi enobusi.
  5. Nanini na xa uthando kunye nentiyo ikhuphisana, luthando oloyisayo.
  6. Ndiyoyika ukuba nokuba ndingabaleka andinasibindi.
  7. Ukunciphisa umonakalo, isilumko esisilumko isiluleko.
  8. Ubungangamsha kunye nobukhulu abukho ekubeni yinkosi, kodwa ekubeni naye unjalo.
  9. Kwaye ukuba nomphefumlo omninzi, ngaba ndinenkululeko encinci?
  10. Ungaze unike ingcebiso kumntu ocela imali.
  11. Ngubani othanda ngaphandle kokuziva, isandi senza isixhobo, kodwa hayi ukuba sivakala silungile.
  12. Isizathu, ukuqiqa, kuya kude kube nini ukuthanda ukubetha?
  13. Kwimiba engapheliyo akukho mntu ulusizi kangangokuba akanamntu unomona; kwaye akukho ndoda inethamsanqa kangangokuba ayinamona.
  14. Injongo yenza okungalunganga.
  15. Ngubani ongaziyo ukuthanda, ukuba marble, hayi umfazi. Lowo undithandayo, ndiyamthanda. Endilibeleyo, ndiyalibala.
  16. Ukukopa namhlanje nokulinda ingomso.
  17. Ukufa kuhlala kusesekuseni kwaye akusindisi mntu.
  18. Ukusuka kububi ukuya kwimpahla bathi idlula ngokulula; kodwa ukusuka kokubi kuye kokubi, ndithi kuyinto ephindaphindayo.
  19. Nangona inkumbulo ihlala ifa ezandleni, ikwahlala ivuseleleka ngokujonga izinto, ngakumbi xa izivumelwano zabo zibuhlungu.
  20. Ubuhlobo bokwenyani kukuzalana ngaphandle kwegazi.

Ukudumisa Ukuthula (inkcazo)

Cwaka yifayile egciniweyo
apho ukuqonda kuhlala khona;
ukuzibamba kwengqondo, indlela anekratshi ngayo
ukukhasa ngaphandle kokucinga;
ubuqhetseba bobuqhetseba obuncinci,
kunye nengqondo ephikisayo:
kuba akukho mntu uzisolayo ngokuba uthe cwaka;
kwaye abaninzi baba nosizi ngokuthetha.

       Inxamnye nolona tshaba lunomsindo
elona qhekeza linobushushu,
ngokuthanda elona ngqina lisemthethweni,
kuba lowo uncwinayo uthetha ngakumbi kunalowo uthethayo;
yenyaniso umhlobo oqhelekileyo,
Kunokulinganisa ubuxoki
Ukufiphala kwebala, kuba kunjani, kuyabhadula,
ulwimi lwaxoka, ubuso baphika.

       Ukuzola komoya oyingcwele,
ilizwe elingenakumahlula;
umfanekiso wohambo lokuthozama,
esinye isandla sinika umlomo, esinye ikhaka.
Mangaphi amadini abonwe ngabantu abangafanelekanga
ukuthandwa yintlanzi, isilwanyana esisisimumu,
kwalelwa ukuba ekukhanyeni kwedini,
I-Vice ayikabonakalisi obu buhle.

       Kwaye ukuba bamnike ukuba bathethe kwaye bathule
ixesha apho ukugqibelela kunqwenela kakhulu,
Kungenxa yokuba entliziyweni kasompempe bayenzile
ukunyaniseka kwakhe okanye ububi bakhe.
Hayi ngenxa yokuthula ababengakholelwa
ube yinkolo enkulu yezobulungisa,
kuba ndiyamoyika uThixo ngemisebenzi yakhe,
Ulwimi lukaThixo luthe cwaka.

       Yithi ezulwini ngosuku lokuqala
ukuba amandla oMdali abonakalisiwe,
ngokuba ezulwini kwabakho ukuzola okukhulu;
ngelixa uMiguel elwa nenamba.
Umhlaba, ke, ubusuku obunqabileyo nobubandayo
Umntu wamncoma, ethule,
kwaye usompempe wayeseluxolweni kunye nemfazwe:
into eyayimthanda ithi izulu nomhlaba.

       Isikolo sasePythagoras iminyaka emihlanu
kuphela ngumnqweno wokuba bathule banike;
U-La Tebaida, ekuphoxekeni kwakhe kwengqondo
ukuze athule wayehlangana kuphela;
Ewe, ukuba izithandi zobulumko ngokwazo kunye nabasemzini
ukuthula okungafunekiyo kufundisiwe,
Yeyiphi indawo yokuzivocavoca eyeyona ine-laurels
Ngaphezu kwalowo ubethembekile ethembekile?


Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.