I-Biography ka-Octavio Paz

Ukuba kufuneka sithethe malunga I-Octavio PazKuqala kufuneka simakhele kwisigaba sokubhala ukuze siwuqonde ngcono umsebenzi wakhe. U-Octavio Paz wayengowexesha elenziwa ngalo I-post-avant-garde imibongo. Ukuba imbongi ye-avant-garde yaphoswa kwiminyaka ye-20, u-Octavio Paz wayengowexesha elisemva kwale gadi, eyayiza kwenzeka Ngama-30.

I-30s yayihlala ngexesha lempikiswano enkulu kwezopolitiko nakwezentlalo kwihlabathi liphela, eyayithanda kakhulu ukwaziwa kwababhali ababephila ngelo xesha. Ke, ababhali bathanda UCésar Vallejo o Pablo Neruda baguqukela ekuvuseleleni ubuntu kwimibongo yakhe. Imibongo ye-Hispano-American, ngaphandle kokuphika ngokucacileyo ukuphunyezwa ngokusesikweni kwexesha le-avant-garde, yaqhubeka ikhuthaza ukuzibophelela kwayo kwinyani eyayiphilwa, kodwa kule nguqulelo ukuza kuthi ga namhlanje esiphila kuyo namhlanje, yahlukile kwiindlela ezahlukileyo ezahlukileyo. .

U-Octavio Paz wayengenguye kuphela owayengoweli xesha Iposi ye-avant-garde kodwa kunye neembongi ezinje nge UNicolas Guillén, kunye negama layo elaziwa njenge imibongo emnyama, UNicanor Parra kunye neyakhe "IiAntipoem" y "Izinto zakudala", UDulce Maria Loynaz kunye naye "Imibongo esulungekileyo", U-Eduardo Carranza obambe umfanekiso kunye naye iklasikhi o U-Ernesto Cardenal, othe kwindawo yakhe njengenkolo, wacula iingoma zethemba ngekamva lomntu.

Kodwa sigxile kumfanekiso osikhathazayo namhlanje, masenze le ngcaciso imfutshane ngobomi buka-Octavio Paz: ubomi nomsebenzi.

Ubomi kunye nomsebenzi we-Octavio Paz

U-Octavio Paz wazalwa ngo-1914 kwisiXeko saseMexico kwaye wasweleka ngo-1998 kwidolophu yakowabo.. Wayeyimbongi (njengoko besesitshilo ngaphambili), imbongi, isincoko esinozakuzaku kunye nonozakuzaku waseMexico, kwaye ukuba kukho into enye egqamileyo, phakathi kwezinye izinto, ngokucacileyo, kukuba wawongwa ngembasa kaNobel yoNcwadi ngo-1990. Umsebenzi wakhe njengonozakuzaku uya kumvumela ukuba afumane ithuba lokuhlala eFrance, apho wadibana ne-surrealism. Wayehamba nelizwe lethu, iSpain, ukongeza kokwazi i-India ne-Japan.

Umbono walo mbhali wawusoloko unxibelelene ngasekhohlo kwaye ngenxa yeso sizathu wayethandeka kwiiriphabliki ngexesha lemfazwe yamakhaya yaseSpain apho waqamba khona iivesi ezenza umbongo "Ungapasi". Ukongeza kulo mbandela uzibophelelayo, kufuneka sibonise iimpembelelo ezinkulu ezathi zashiyeka kuye ngefilosofi nengcinga yaseMpuma ngexesha lokuhlala kwakhe kwilizwekazi, elalibonakaliswe kowakhe umsebenzi.

Uzibandakanya nomsebenzi apho inkxalabo ebalulekileyo lulwimi. Umsebenzi wakhe "Isaphetha nehadi" (1956), sisicatshulwa esisisiseko esenza ukuba siqonde izibongo zombhali waseMexico: izinto ezinje ngemibongo kunye nemibongo, ulwimi, isingqisho, ukungcwaliswa komzuzu, wangoku, wangoku, zenza imibuzo ephazamisayo malunga nesi sincoko . Kwelinye icala, umsebenzi wakhe "Ilitye lelanga", epapashwe ngo-1957, yenye yezona zibongo zibanzi nezibalulekileyo zase-Latin America, apho imixholo eyahlukeneyo yeengoma (umhlaba, ubudlelwane phakathi kwakho, obukhoyo, obukhawulezileyo, obokukhangela, inkanuko, ...) zidityaniswa nembonakalo yombongi kuyo inkqubo. "Mhlophe" (1967) wenza umbongo wasendaweni, ukufundwa kwawo kungenziwa ngeendlela ezahlukeneyo, kunye nomxholo omkhulu wenkanuko kunye nenkxalabo enkulu yeelwimi. Umsebenzi wakhe "Edlulileyo kwinto ecacileyo" (1978) luhambo, ukukhangela okuqala ngokucamngca kunye nokuzola malunga nenkqubo yokubhala ngokwayo.

Amabinzana ali-10 ka-Octavio Paz esiya kuhlala simkhumbula

  • «Uthando luzalwa kukutyunyuzwa; Ubuhlobo botshintshiselwano rhoqo kunye nexesha elide ».
  • "Inkanuko kunye nemibongo: eyokuqala sisikweko sokuziphatha ngokwesini, okwesibini kukususa ulwimi."
  • "Ukucinga ngenkululeko kuguqula umhlaba kwaye kuqhume izinto."
  • "Ukukhusela indalo kukhusela amadoda".
  • "Kuzo zonke iintlanganiso ezenzekelayo kukho ukungabonakali kwaye uhlala usebenza osebenzayo: ukucinga."
  • «Akukho bantu bakholelwa kurhulumente wabo. Uninzi lwabantu bayarhoxa.
  • "Imibongo kufuneka yomile ukuze itshise kakuhle, ukuze isibonakalise ishushu."
  • "Ukungakhathali kwabantu baseMexico ekufeni kuyondliwa kukungakhathali kwakhe ebomini."
  • "Ngaphandle kwentando yesininzi, inkululeko yitshimera".
  • "Isizwe esingenalo unyulo olukhululekileyo sisizwe esingenalizwi, sinamehlo, kwaye singenangalo."

Umxholo wenqaku uyabambelela kwimigaqo yethu imigaqo yokuziphatha yokuhlela. Ukuxela impazamo cofa apha.

Izimvo ezi-3, shiya ezakho

Shiya uluvo lwakho

Idilesi yakho ye email aziyi kupapashwa.

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  1. Uxanduva lwedatha: UMiguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Injongo yedatha: Ulawulo lwe-SPAM, ulawulo lwezimvo.
  3. Umthetho: Imvume yakho
  4. Unxibelelwano lwedatha: Idatha ayizukuhanjiswa kubantu besithathu ngaphandle koxanduva lomthetho.
  5. Ukugcinwa kweenkcukacha
  6. Amalungelo: Ngalo naliphi na ixesha unganciphisa, uphinde uphinde ucime ulwazi lwakho.

  1.   3333 sitsho

    inyaniso inomdla kakhulu

  2.   gio sitsho

    kuhle kakhulu enkosi undincede kumsebenzi wam wesikolo 🙂

  3.   U-orlando octavio sitsho

    ilunge kakhulu