Amabali ama-7 afundwayo ngexesha lohambo kwizithuthi zikawonkewonke

Ifoto ngu-Jorge Luis Borges

Kwiintsuku ezimbalwa ezidlulileyo besithetha ngendalo enkulu yendlu yokupapasha i-Short-anddition kunye neyayo umatshini wokuthengisa amabali, imibongo kunye noncwadi olufutshane esele ifakiwe kwizikhululo ezininzi kwilizwe leGallic. Indlela enokwenzeka yokulinda esinokuthi sibuyekeze ngayo nayiphi na kwezi zinto zilandelayo Amabali ama-7 oza kuwafunda kwibhasi yakho elandelayo, kwindlela engaphantsi okanye kwitramu xa usiya emsebenzini. Ukufundwa okufutshane ukuqhubeka nokukhuthaza ukusasazwa kwebali njengohlobo lokuqinisekisa la maxesha akhawulezayo.

* Ibali ngalinye likhatshwa likhonkco ukuze ulifunde.

Ubusuku bujongane phezulu, nguJulio Cortázar

Enye ye ezona ntsomi zaziwayo eCortázar ikwayenye yezona zibalaseleyo kungekuphela kwibhayibhile yakhe, kodwa nakwinkulungwane yonke yama-XNUMX. Ngaphandle kokufuna ukutyhila okuninzi, ibali libonisa abalinganiswa ababini: umfana ofumana ingozi yesithuthuthu kunye nombaleki ngexesha leemfazwe ezibizwa ngokuba zii-Aztec Mexico. Ibali lafakwa kwincwadi Umdlalo udlulile, epapashwe ngo-1956, kwaye ndiyithandayo eCortázar kunye neMpilo yabagulayo.

Ungayifunda apha

Usizi, ngu-Antón Chekhov

I-master of the tale, uChekhov akaze adanise ngamabali akhe abekwe kwiRashiya engumkhenkce yamadoda kunye nentlupheko exinene phantsi kwengubo. Izinto ezikweli bali zinika ibali likaYona, loo mqeqeshi ungonwabanga ekungekho mntu umameleyo, ifuthe elothusayo nangakumbi. Ubushushu bomlinganiswa obubonakala bufihlekile nakwinkulungwane ye-XXI.

Ungayifunda apha

Ukulandelwa kwegazi lakho kwikhephu, nguGabriel García Márquez

Nangona uGabo esaziwa ngcono ngencwadi zakhe, akufuneki siphazamise la mabali abhalwe kwiincwadi ezinje Iintsomi ezilishumi elinambini zePilgrim, iseti yamabali athetha ngokungahambi kakuhle kwabafiki baseLatino kwilizwekazi elidala. Oomongameli bangaphambili abacela indawo yokukhosela, abantwana aboyikayo i-governess yaseJamani, ngakumbi olo hambo lasemva komtshato olwathathwa nguNena Daconte noBilly Sánchez ngobusuku obubandayo besendleleni eya eParis. Kubalulekile.

Ungayifunda apha.

El Aleph, nguJorge Luis Borges

Kwigumbi elingaphantsi kwendlu kaCarlos Argentino kukho I-Aleph, loo ndawo kwindalo iphela apho wonke umntu akhoyo. Ukukhangela komntu okudinisayo ngonaphakade kuya kuba yinto ephambili kwenye Iiborges zidumileyo, Ngubani kweli bali osikhohlisayo kwakhona kunye nomlinganiswa we-erudite esithanda kakhulu ukudityaniswa neyona ntsomi ibalaseleyo.

Ungayifunda apha

Iimvula ezincinci ziya kuza, nguRay Bradbury

Ngunyaka wama-2026 kwaye indlu iyaqhubeka nokusebenza njengesiqhelo: Iimpuku ezincinci zicoca umkhondo wenja, iiholograms zegumbi labantwana, ialam yomlilo. . . Yonke into ibonakala ilungile. Kuthathwa njengenye ye Ezona ndaba zamabali zenzululwazi, UBradbury ucaphula isihloko kumbongo kaSara Teasdale ukuba idesika yedesika ihlebela umnini ongekhoyo.

Ungayifunda Apha.

Iinwele zomprofeti, nguSalman Rushdie

Umbhali ophikisanayo apho bakhoyo, uRushdie ubhale namabali amafutshane ahlukeneyo abantwana kunye nabantu abadala. Enye yeengqungquthela zakhe ezidumileyo EMpuma Ntshona, apho amabali asethwe e-India nase-United Kingdom edityanisiwe, aqala kwiintsomi ezikhumbula u-Ian Fleming kwabanye abafanelekile Amawakawaka kunye neNight One ezinje ngeNwele zikaMprofeti, ezibekwe eKashmir kwaye zaphuhliswa malunga nokubiwa kweenwele ezidumileyo zikaMuhammad. .

Ungayifunda apha.

Imimoya, nguChimamanda Ngozi Adichie

Kwinkulungwane yama-XNUMX siqhubekeka ukuba nababhali abakhulu abathi inkqubela phambili, ubumbano lwehlabathi okanye ubufazi kube yimixholo ephindaphindayo, kwaye uChimamanda Ngozi Adichie ngomnye wabo. Lo mbhali waseNigeria, umkhuseli welizwekazi "abaninzi abasalijonga njengelizwe elinye", ubhale iinoveli ezintathu kunye nengqokelela yamabali amafutshane, Into ejikeleze Intamo Yakho, eye yaba yenye yokufunda kwam okokugqibela. Iziporho zinokwenyani kwaye ziyamangalisa.

Ungayifunda apha

Ezi Amabali ama-7 afundwayo ngexesha lohambo kwizithuthi zikawonkewonke Benza ukhetho olukhulu lokufunda ngomso xa besendleleni eya emsebenzini okanye nangaphambi kokulala. Amabali aqinisekisa ubukho bohlobo olubalulekileyo ngamaxesha amafutshane, amandla kunye notyekelo lokuqala (kunye nokuphelisa) ukufundwa kwindawo enye.

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