Karyar rayuwar manya

A watan Satumbar 2020 marubuciyar nan 'yar kasar Italiya Elena Ferrante ta wallafa labarinta Karyar rayuwar manya, zama babban nasarar edita ba makawa. Bugu da ƙari kuma, rashin sanin ko wanene marubuciya - ba a sakaya sunanta ba - ya sa labarin ya zama mafi kyau ga jama'a. A wannan ma'anar, labarin ganowa ne yarinya tayi game da ɓoyayyun halaye na manya.

A karkashin wannan muhawara, muna shaida labarin yiwuwar rikici wanda ya samo asali daga saurayi saboda saukakkun gaskiyar da ke lalata motsin rai. Saboda haka, mai ba da labarin, Giovanna, ta ba da labarin abubuwan da ta samu a farkon mutum kuma ta shawo kansu, ba tare da gimmicks ba, mai karatu game da abubuwan da suka faru. A lokaci guda, ana samar da wani nau'i na aiki tare da haɗin kai ga mai son nunawa.

Game da marubucin, Elena Ferrante

Abun sihiri mai ban mamaki ga wannan marubucin ba shi da tabbas tun lokacin da aka buga littafinta na farko kusan shekaru talatin da suka gabata. To, Har zuwa yau, asalin marubucin ba shi da tabbas, bayan hirar ta imel. Abin sani kawai an san cewa - da alama - an haife ta a cikin 1943 a Naples, Italiya kuma Elena Ferrante sunan ɓoye ne.

Saboda wadannan dalilai, kawai zato ne game da marubucin. Bugu da ƙari, wasu daga cikin masu karatunsa sun yi imanin cewa littattafansa hoto ne na tarihin rayuwa. Saboda haka, kowane sabon littafin yana tare da ra'ayoyi da bincike don gano wanene Elena Ferrante. Sabili da haka, mafi yawan tarihin rayuwar yau da kullun game da marubucin alama ce ta adabin ta.

Elena Ferrante, samfurin littattafanta

Wannan shari'ar ba ita ce farkon marubucin Italiyanci da ya yanke shawarar ɓoye sunansa ba. Amma, abin da babu shakka shi ne, kamar yadda tashar Amazon ta nuna, wannan matar ita ce "babbar matsala a cikin adabin yanzu." Dama can, an ce "yana burge masu karatu 20.000.000 a cikin kasashe 46" a duk duniya. Bugu da kari, Karyar rayuwar manya shine ɗayan mafi kyawun littattafai 100 waɗanda mujallar ta zaɓa Time.

Sakamakon haka, ita marubuciya ce ta gaske gwargwadon yadda wallafe-wallafenta suke. Wato, Elena Ferrante (ko wacce ce ainihi) marubuciya ce saboda litattafanta (sama da duka) suna ba ta rayuwar jama'a. Bayan haka, ana iya cewa litattafan nata sune ainihin sahihan takardu game da mahaliccin rubutun.

Kusan kusan shekaru talatin na wallafe-wallafe

Sananne ne cewa Elena Ferrante ta shahara a duk Turai a cikin 2011 lokacin da ta fara buga bayan littattafai huɗu. Na karshen, wanda aka sani da Abokai biyu, labari na huɗu ya fito a cikin 2015 (a cikin Mutanen Espanya) tare da karɓar karɓa mai girma. Yanzu naka bugawa ta farko da aka yi a cikin Italiyanci a 1992, M soyayya, don sake bugawa a 2002 Kwanakin watsi.

Daga baya, ya buga Yarinyar mai duhu (2006), wani labari ne mai ɗauke da labarai masu ma'ana da haruffa masu ban al'ajabi, inda ya nuna alamun juyin halitta mai ban mamaki. Bayan, kamar yadda aka fada a baya, buga tasirin tsarkake tasirinsa tsakanin 2011 da 2015. A ƙarshe, tare da ƙaddamar da Karyar rayuwar manya (2020), Elena Ferrante ta kafa kanta a matsayin babbar alamar adabi.

Takaitawa game da Karyar rayuwar manya

Tsarin farko

A cikin wannan littafin na Elena Ferrante, Yayinda take yarinya, Giovanna ta gano mutuwar karya a cikin asalin soyayya, na iyayenta. Wannan yana faruwa yayin da yaji mahaifinsa yana yin ishara (ba tare da ya sani ba) game da munanan 'yarsa. Ta wannan hanyar, yarinyar dole ne ta fuskanci sabon abu, wanda a ciki ta fahimci yadda tsofaffi ke yin ƙarya, har ma da waɗanda suke kusa da su.

Sirrin dangi

Babu makawa, Yarinyar ta kamu da karairayi da halayen iyalinta (memba a cikin Bourgeoisie na Neapolitan na 1990s). Don haka, Giovanna, ta tuna cewa mahaifinta ya ce "tana da kyau kamar ƙwarwarta Vittoria", wani wanda ba ta da masaniya game da shi.

Sakamakon haka, ya fara neman wannan goggon da shakkar danginta har sai ya sadu da Vittoria, wacce ke ƙasa da matsayin tattalin arziki. Kadan kadan Giovanna ya fahimci cewa inna matar da abin ya shafa ne da rayuwa mai rikitarwa, ya sha bamban da rayuwar yau da kullun na iyayensa, masu ilimi da burgesa.

Littattafai a matsayin hanyar amsawa

Dangane da yanayin da aka bayyana a sakin layi na baya, Giovanna (mai karatu na yau da kullun) ta fi nutsar da kanta cikin littattafai. Bugu da kari, matashi ya ƙaddamar da mahimmancin karatu da ilimi gaba ɗaya. A wannan yanayin, Roberto ya bayyana, malamin da ke ƙarfafa ta don neman sabon ilmantarwa koyaushe da kuma kafa manyan tsammanin game da kanta.

Ta wannan hanyar, labarin ya ci gaba - ya dauki tsawon kimanin shekaru hudu - tare da sauran kananan labarai masu layi daya da babban labarin. Tuni zuwa ƙarshen Karyar rayuwar manya, tabbacin yarinyar ya zama "shakkar da ake buƙata." A wannan lokacin, ba a faɗi komai kuma mafi mahimmanci shine a sami sabon ilimi ba tare da iyakancewa ba ko takunkumi.

Takaitaccen nazarin littafin Karyar rayuwar manya

Jigon littafin

A cikin wannan sabon littafin na Elena Ferrante akwai jigogi da yawa da ke haɗe da ci gaban al'amuran. Daga cikin waɗannan batutuwan, galibinsu suna ta'allaka ne da soyayya da ƙarya. I mana, soyayya jigon duniya ne, amma marubucin ya tunkareshi ta hanyar wata matashiya wacce ta gano kyawawan halayenta da kuma munanan halayenta.

Neman bege da ilimi

Karyar rayuwar manya yana ba da labarin rushewar kyakkyawar kyakkyawar ƙuruciya a Giovanna, babban halin, saboda karyar cutarwa. Koyaya, wannan saurayin kafin gano yaudarar da ke kusa, yana ganin hanyar fita zuwa neman gaskiya ... fata ya zama batun yanke shawara.

Babu makawa, jarumin ya gamu da rikice-rikice masu mahimmanci, masu mahimmanci don haɓakar motsin rai na yarinya a cikin wani kyakkyawan yanayi. Hankalin matar Giovanna ya dogara da abin da aka gano kai da waɗancan abubuwan. Wanda kuma ya kai ga wahayi na musamman game da mahimmancin bayyanar mutane.

Salon da yake mamaye masu karatu

Nasarar da Karyar rayuwar manya Ba a cikin asirin asalin marubucin ba. A takaice dai, rashin adalci ne ba a yarda da cancantar adabi na Elena Ferrante. Dangane da haka, yana da mahimmanci a bayyana hakan salo ne mai ratsa jiki na mutum na farko wanda ke shagaltar da masu karatu da gaske.

Sakamakon haka, labarin da wata murya ta bayyana ya nuna tasirin kusanci, wanda, ya aika da shaidar yarinyar game da gaskiya. A zahiri, da zaran labarin ya fara, masu karatu sukan ji cewa an san su a ciki kuma suna so su bi shi a cikin binciken har zuwa ƙarshe.


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

Kasance na farko don yin sharhi

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