Marubuta waɗanda aka karrama bayan mutuwarsa

Marubuta waɗanda aka karrama bayan mutuwarsa

Lokacin da nake karama kuma na kasance ina gaya wa wani cewa ina son zama marubuci, wani ya zo ya ce mani kalmar "marubuta kawai ana biyansu idan sun mutu." A yau wannan magana ta dawo kaina kuma ban iya tunanin waɗannan ba marubutan da aka gane bayan mutuwarsa.

Edgar Allan Poe

Edgar Allan Poe

Wahayi ga Oscar Wilde, Mark Twain da dubban marubutan da suka gano aikinsa, Poe shi ne marubucin Ba'amurke wanda ya gabatar da kansa ga rayuwa kawai daga rubutu. Manufa wacce ta kashe masa kuɗi fiye da fatarar kuɗi da matsaloli masu haɗari da giya, aukuwa wanda ya ga haihuwar wasu daga cikin mafi kyawun labaran tsoro na tarihi. Poe bai ba mu kyauta kawai da manyan labarai ba, amma har abada ya canza adabin ban sha'awa ta hanyar haɓaka shi da yanayi da hangen nesa da ba a taɓa gani ba. Tabbas, a lokacin da duniya ta yaba da aikin Poe, marubucin ya riga ya mutu a cikin 1849.

Franz Kafka

marubutan da aka haifa

Wanda ya kasance ɗaya daga cikin manyan mutane masu tunani na farkon karni na ashirin, marubucin asalin yahudawa Franz Kafka, yana da rayuwa mai haɗari da aka sadaukar musamman ga doka da rubutu. Koyaya, marubucin koyaushe yana bayyana fatarsa ​​cewa duk ayyukansa sun lalace da zarar ya mutu. Yayi sa'a ga duniya, abokinsa Max Brod, wanda Kafka ya ba shi aikin, ya fara zagayawa Metamorphosis ta hanyar da'irorinsu. Sauran tarihi ne.

Emily Dickinson

Emily Dickinson

Rayuwar Emily Dickinson ta kasance misali na hangen nesa kuma, a lokaci guda, rashin fahimta a cikin duniya kamar ta karni na goma sha tara inda mata masu waƙoƙi ba su yalwata ba, da yawa tare da waƙoƙi kamar na Dickinson. Shagaltar da jigogi kamar mutuwa, rashin mutuwa ko sha'awa sadaukarwa ga masoyin da ba a taɓa jin labarinsa ba, Dickinson ya rubuta wakoki sama da dubu 18 wanda goma sha biyu ne kawai editoci suka wallafa wanda, ban da haka, koyaushe suna sauya salon su don daidaita shi da matsayin lokacin. An kulle a gida a cikin shekarun da suka gabata na rayuwarta, Dickinson ya mutu a cikin 1886, 'yar uwarta Vinnie ce za ta gano waƙoƙi har 800 a cikin littattafan rubutu a cikin ɗakinta.

Roberto Bolano

Roberto Bolaño

Duk da yake  Masu binciken daji ya sami babban yabo a ƙarshen 90s, mutuwar Roberto Bolaño a 2003 da kuma wallafa aikin da ya yi bayan rasuwarsa 2666 gaba daya ya shahara da shahararren marubucin Chile. Wannan aikin na ƙarshe, wanda littafinsa Bolaño ya ɗora wa matarsa ​​a juzu'i daban-daban guda biyar don tabbatar da rayuwar iyali, a ƙarshe an buga shi a cikin ƙara guda ɗaya wanda ya wuce ɗayan littattafan Latin Amurka masu tasiri a wannan karnin. A zahiri, bayan mutuwar marubuci yawan kwangilar wallafe-wallafe ya karu a 50 da fassarar 49.

Steg Larson

Steg Larson

Shari'ar Larsson na daya daga cikin rashin taimako da za a ce ko kadan, musamman lokacin da shahararren marubucin dan kasar Sweden na Millenium saga ya mutu 'yan kwanaki kafin a buga littafin farko, Mazajen da basa kaunar mata, kuma bayan ya ƙaddamar da juzu'i na uku na saga ga mai wallafa shi, Sarauniya a gidan sarauta. Sagaren Millennium saga ya zama abin mamaki wanda tallace-tallace miliyan-dala ba wai kawai ya yi aiki don fuskantar budurwa da dangin marubucin ba, amma don kasancewa cikin haɗuwa akan saga wanda, abin baƙin ciki, mawallafin da ya riga ya nitse cikin ƙirƙirar ta huɗu ƙarar saga.

Salvador Benesdra

Salvador Benesdra

Marubucin Ajantina Salvador Benesdra ya sha wahala daga damuwa da raunin hankali a duk rayuwarsa, rashin lafiya da ta karu daidai lokacin da littafinsa na farko, Mai fassara, duk sun ƙi shi masu wallafa waɗanda suka ɗauki aikinsa da yawa da yawa. A cikin 1996 kuma yana da shekaru 4, marubucin ya jefa kansa daga hawa na goma na gininsa a Buenos Aires, kodayake yana da lokaci don aika aikin zuwa Kyautar Planet. Daya daga cikin membobin alkalan gasar, Elvio Gandolfo, ya yanke shawarar buga aikin Benesdra tare da taimakon dangin marubucin. A yau, Mai fassara yana ɗayan ɗayan manyan litattafan adabin na Ajantina.

Anne Frank

Anne Frank

Aya daga cikin mawuyacin halin marubuci wanda bai taɓa sanin tasirin aikinsa a rayuwa ba Anne Frank ce. An juya cikin muryar abin da ke ɗayan duhu a tarihin, Frank budurwa ce Bayahude wacce ya shafe daga shekaru 11 zuwa 13 a kulle a cikin wani matsuguni a cikin birnin Amsterdam tare da danginsa. Yayinda sojojin Nazi suka afkawa babban birnin kasar Dutch, matashiyar ta fara yin rubuce rubuce a cikin diary inda bawai kawai ta shiga cikin rikicin da duniya ke fuskanta ba, har ma da tambayoyi da kuma yanayin rayuwar kowane matashi. Bayan mutuwarsa a cikin sansanin zinare, wanda ya rage daga cikin dangin, mahaifinsa Otto Frank, sun gano shahararriyar jarida a tarihi.

Kuna so ku karanta Littafin littafin Ana Frank?

Yankin Sylvia

Yankin Sylvia

A ranar 11 ga Fabrairu, 1963, tana 'yar shekara 30, Sylvia Plath ta kulle kanta a cikin ɗakinta kuma ta kunna gas har sai da ta mutu. Mutuwar da adabi ke ci gaba da makoki, kodayake an gano aan shekarun da suka gabata cewa shahararren mawaƙin wahala daga rashin daidaito, cutar da ta goge duk wasu zato game da mutuwar uba wanda har yanzu bai yi nasarar shawo kansa ba. Bayan mutuwarsa, mijinta Ted Hughes ya shirya dukkan rubuce-rubucen Ban da littafin rubutu wanda ya haɗa da abubuwa game da alaƙar su. A cikin 1982, Sylvia Plath ya zama marubuciya mace ta farko da ta sami lambar yabo ta Nobel a cikin Adabi. Ofaya daga cikin marubutan da suka yi tasiri sosai game da wasiƙu da mata ya mutu kafin ya shaida nasarar wani aiki da ya yi shekaru yana fama da rashin lafiya da matsalolin kuɗi na marubucin.

Waɗannan marubutan waɗanda aka yarda da su bayan mutuwarsu sun zama manyan misalai na yadda za a iya kimanta aiki ta hanyoyi daban-daban ta masu sukar ko don wani lokaci wanda, a wasu lokuta, ba za su kasance a shirye don kewaya wasu labaran ba.


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

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    Bace Cesar Vallejo