Marubutan da suka buga kansu, inganci ko almara?

Maganar matsafa ta Magda Kinsley, wacce ta lashe kyautar Red Circle, babban kamfanin buga kai da kai a cikin Sifen.

Mawallafa masu wallafa kansu sune al'amuran adabin wannan karni. Babu wanda ya yi shakkar cewa fasaha ita ce babbar jagorar canje-canjen zamantakewar ɗari na XXI. Dukkanin bangarori sun sami babban canji kuma editan ba shi da bambanci. Lamarin littafin dijital ya zo da satar fasaha da kuma damar da kowa zai iya buga rubuce rubucensa a dandalin kasuwanci kamar Amazon.

Adadin marubutan da suka gaji da jiran amsa ga edita ko kuma wadanda, saboda rashin sanin kasuwar buga takardu, ba edita zai iya karantawa, ya yanke shawarar kada su bar litattafan da suke tattara kura a cikin aljihunansu su buga kansu.

Shin marubutan da aka buga da kansu suna da talauci fiye da waɗanda suke bugawa tare da hanyar gargajiya?

Dogara. Wadanda suke ci Roberto Martinez Guzman ya kasance tare da ɗayan littattafansa, Bakwai Bakwai don Hauwa'u, XNUMX kwanakin jere jere # XNUMX akan tallan Amazon 'yan makonnin da suka gabata. Lokacin da irin wannan ya faru a cikin littafin da aka buga da kansa, ba tare da haɓaka kaɗan ba, ba tare da tallafi na edita ba kuma ba tare da saka hannun jari a talla ba, a bayyane yake cewa littafin ba wai kawai yana da inganci ba kuma yana kama masu karatu, amma kuma yana da abubuwa da yawa na cancanta. Gaskiya ne cewa, a wannan yanayin, ayyukan Martínez Guzmán sun isa ga mai karatu a cikin yanayin gyara mara kyau, wanda babban mai bugawa ke so.

"Wataƙila idan kuna iya sanya litattafanku a cikin Top 100 na Amazon ba za ku yi sha'awar bugawa tare da ɗaya ba, komai girmansa." (Roberto Martínez Guzmán)

Shin buga kai tsaye wata hanya ce kawai ga marubutan marubuta?

Ba yawa ba. Mun samu buga kansa wanda ya fito daga bugawa a cikin mai wallafa, amma wannan, saboda rashin jituwa, ƙididdigar tallace-tallace ko wasu sharuɗɗa, ba su da dadi, kada ku ci gaba da tsalle zuwa ɗab'i kamar yadda Mariola Diaz-Cano Arevalo. Wasu kuma sun shiga kasuwar wallafe-wallafe a hannun wani fitaccen mai wallafa irin su Esteban Navarro. Wannan marubucin da ya dade yana aikin rubuce-rubuce da litattafai goma sha takwas da aka wallafa sun shiga kasuwar wallafe-wallafe tare da Ediciones B. Daga littafi na takwas da aka buga tare da wannan mawallafin, ya fara hada wallafe-wallafen gargajiya da edita da aikin tebur. Kuma wannan samfurin ne na marubuci na yau da kullun wanda aka kulle a cikin ɗakunan shi ba tare da sanin komai game da duniya ba yayin barin ƙwarewar sa ta aiki, ya riga ya zama ba aiki kuma yau, tare da mai bugawa kuma ba tare da shi ba, marubucin ba gyara kawai ba, har ma shine fuskar da ake gani na cigaban kowane labari, yana motsawa akan hanyoyin sadarwar jama'a kuma masu karatu zasu iya samunsa.

"A zamanin yau tallafi na mai wallafa ba shi da mahimmanci kamar yadda zai iya zama a wani zamani, saboda sadaukarwa koyaushe yana kan marubucin ta kowane hali." (Esteban Navarro)

Kyaututtuka don buga kansu?

Wani lokaci. Ta yaya zai kasance in ba haka ba, kyaututtukan ba su dau lokaci ba don bayyana azaman hanyar jawo hankali zuwa Marubutan da suka wallafa kansu sunada darajar ku. Mafi shahararrun Indie Indie, kyauta ta duniya wacce ke ƙara dacewa kowace rana, don ayyukan da aka buga. Daga cikin wadanda suka yi nasara har da marubuta kamar su David Zaplana da Ana Ballabriga, wanda a yau suke bugawa a gidan wallafe-wallafen gargajiya ko kuma kamar Pilar Mu`oz, lashe lambar karshe ta lambar yabo. Akwai kuma kyaututtukan da kamfanoni masu buga littattafai suka bayar: Círculo Rojo, kamfanin sabis na buga takardu don buga kai da bugawa a kasuwa, yana da nasa lambar yabo, wanda har yanzu shi ne tutar mai wallafa don gargadin masu karatu cewa su ma suna buga manyan litattafai. A wannan shekara mai nasara shine marubucin Magda Kinsley. 

«Bugun kai-tsaye wani muhimmin mataki ne a cikin harkar adabi na. Ba wai kawai hakan ya taimaka min na shawo kan wannan tsoron na farko na gazawar da wasu marubutan marubuta ke sha ba, amma kuma ya kusantar da ni ga abokai da yawa marubuta kuma marubuci kuma ya ba ni damar cika burin ganin littafi na a hannun mutane ba zan taba haduwa da su ba , amma wanene zan kasance tare da shi koyaushe. haɗe da haɗin wallafe-wallafe. (Magda Kinsley)

Shin buga kai da kai shine hanyar isa ga mawallafin gargajiya?

A lokuta da yawa. Kar mu manta da manyan sunaye waɗanda suka yunƙura cikin buga kai kamar Eva García Sáenz de Urturi, Federico Moccia, EL James (50 tabarau na launin toka), Fernando Gamboa o Eloy Moreno.

Wasu, wanene gamsu da cewa makomar bugawa ta hanyar buga kai ne, ta yaya Clara Tíscar , sun zama alamomin buga tebur kuma suna ci gaba da buga ayyukansu da kansu duk da shahararsu.

“Idan kuna da ilimin edita ko kwararrun masu hulda da su wadanda zasu iya taimaka maku, wallafa kai wani zabi ne da ya dace wanda kuke sarrafa shi daga farkon lokacin. Don ƙaunarku da hanyarku, kodayake ku ma ku ɗauki lokaci da himma. (Mariola Díaz-Cano Arevalo)

Shin wannan yana nufin cewa babu ƙarancin inganci a cikin buga kansa?

Wannan yana nufin cewa ya dogara, amma akwai alamomi da yawa da ke nuna mana lokacin da muke gaban dukiyar gaske kamar waɗanda aka ambata a cikin wannan labarin kuma wanene a cikinmu masu karatu ba zai so gano na gaba ba bestseller kafin littattafansa su sani ga jama'a?


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

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  1. Mai alhakin bayanan: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Dalilin bayanan: Gudanar da SPAM, gudanar da sharhi.
  3. Halacci: Yarda da yarda
  4. Sadarwar bayanan: Ba za a sanar da wasu bayanan ga wasu kamfanoni ba sai ta hanyar wajibcin doka.
  5. Ajiye bayanai: Bayanin yanar gizo wanda Occentus Networks (EU) suka dauki nauyi
  6. Hakkoki: A kowane lokaci zaka iyakance, dawo da share bayanan ka.

  1.   Manuel Castaño Casquero m

    Gaskiya ne. Yanzu na shigo waccan duniyar kuma naji dadin ta. Yana tilasta maka ka gyara da kuma kula sosai da rubutun ka da amfani da kayan aikin da ba'a sani ba a baya tare da yiwuwar kasancewa mahaliccin murfin ka. Hakanan yana tilasta maka kasancewa cikin ma'amala tare da masu karatu mai yuwuwa.

  2.   Roberto Martinez Guzman m

    Na gode da ambatona. Kuma haka ne, buga tebur ba yana nufin littafi ya fi kyau ko mafi muni ba, amma cewa an ƙirƙira shi, an shirya shi, an wallafa shi kuma an inganta shi daga marubucin kansa. Kuma kamar yadda yake a cikin gidajen wallafe-wallafe, za a sami mawallafa waɗanda ke kula da ayyukansu da sauransu ƙarancin gaske.
    A aikace, duniya ce mai kayatarwa, amma mai matukar wahala, wanda dole ne marubucin ya rufe aikin da mawallafinku yake yi a cikin wallafe-wallafen gargajiya (karantarwa, gyarawa, tsarawa, zane-zane, gabatarwa, da sauransu)
    Abubuwan fa'ida: cikakken 'yanci na halitta da fa'idodin tattalin arziki.
    Fursunoni: girman aiki da ƙananan tashoshin rarrabawa, sama da duka.
    Yawanci kuna zuwa wajenta ne saboda farilla kuma ba ku cikin ibada. Amma kuma saboda wani dalili, a cikin buga kai yawanci kuna da masu karatun ku a cikin ebook da kuma a cikin bugu na al'ada, a cikin littafin takarda. Wannan yana nufin cewa tafiya daga wannan zuwa wani zai zama mai hadari kamar yawan masu karatu da kuka tara har zuwa wannan lokacin, saboda da yawa za ku rasa su.

  3.   Antonio zignago m

    Na shiga duniyar bugu da kaina kuma na sami manyan abubuwan ban mamaki masu gamsarwa, daga cikinsu akwai Cristian Perfumo, marubucin ɗan wasan Argentina mai ban sha'awa, wanda ke da ban mamaki da tursasawa, ana ba da shawarar sosai.