Mafi kyawun masu ba da labari a tarihi

Mafi kyawun masu ba da labari a tarihi

La gajerun adabi An sake farkawa a cikin 'yan shekarun nan albarkacin kafofin watsa labarun da hanyoyin cin abincin da suke da sauri fiye da na baya. Kyakkyawan lokaci don tunawa da waɗannan mafi kyawun masu ba da labari koyaushe wanda ke kula da daukaka nau'in da har zuwa tsakiyar karni na XNUMX, ya kasance zamanin gwal musamman.

Edgar Allan Poe

Edgar Allan Poe

An haife shi a Boston a 1809, Poe shine babban jakadan gajerun labarai a Amurka kuma mai gabatar da shiri na wani nau’i kamar tatsuniyoyin kimiyya hakan zai bude kofa ga sauran mawallafa daga karni na XNUMX zuwa. Har ila yau, an yi la’akari da marubuci na farko da ya yi ƙoƙari ya rayu ba tare da labarinsa ba, marubucin The Golden Beetle ya kasance bawan rayuwar da ke cike da wahalar iyali, giya da baƙin ciki. Kwarewar da ta samo asali daga gajerun wallafe-wallafe waɗanda ke lalata satirical da Gothic kamar La caja oblonga, El Rey Peste ko, babban aikinsa, Babu kayayyakin samu..

Gabriel García Márquez

Gabriel García Márquez

Duk da cewa hakan ta kasance Shekaru dari na loneliness littafin da zai sa ya zama tauraron adabi wanda yake a yau, Gabo ya haɓaka fasahar gajeriyar labari tun daga farkon aikinsa. Daga tarin Blue kare idanuWannan ya riga ya yi tsammanin Macondo wanda za mu gano ta hanyar Buendía saga zuwa aikin jarida Labarin kwalliya, marubucin dan kasar Kolombiya ya bamu labarai da yawa wadanda suka cancanci ambaton su, daga cikinsu akwai mai karfi Alamar Jininku a Cikin Dusar Kankara, wanda aka saka a cikin tarin Tatsuniyoyin Mahajjata Goma sha biyu wanda yayi magana akan gogewar wasu haruffan Latin a cikin Turai kuma aka buga shi a 1992.

Alice munro

Alice munro

Alice Munro, wacce ta lashe kyautar Nobel ta 2013 a Adabi.

Gwarzon Nobel a 2013 saboda kwazonta akan karamin labarin, yar kasar Canada Alice Munro tana daya daga cikin mafi kyawun misalan zamani na gajerun adabi. Kodayake rubuce-rubucenta na farko sun zo a cikin 60s, amma har zuwa ƙarshen shekarun 70s za a fara sanin ta albarkacin tarin Wa kake tsammani kai ne?, tare da nasarar sauran abubuwan tarihi kamar shahara Watannin Jupiter. Labarun Munro gabaɗaya an saita su ne a Huron County, Ontario, kuma ba kamar maza masu faɗakarwa ba, haruffan mata sun fi rikitarwa, suna jan hankalin mai karatu da labaransu na kadaici, sulhu, da kuma dubawa.

Anton Chekhov

Anton Chekhov

Idan akwai mai ba da labarin da za a yi la'akari da shi, wannan shi ne Rashanci Anton Chekhov, wani marubuci ya rikide zuwa wani katafaren bincike na kasar sa ta Rasha, kasar da ya kame hakikanin ta ta hanyar labaran da suka fitar da zahiri da dabi'ar rayuwa a karshen karni na sha tara. Kodayake da farko Chekhov ya fara rubutu ne kawai saboda burin kudi, amma daga ƙarshe ya ƙare har da sababbin yan bango kamar maganganun ciki, wanda zai sa wasu marubuta su sami kwarin gwiwa kamar James Joyce bayan nasarar aikin da ya fassara ba da daɗewa ba bayan Yaƙin Duniya na .aya. Aiki kamar Tsibirin Flying, Kiss din Sad Baƙin ciki ya riga ya zama ɓangare na tarihin adabi na duniya.

Charles yaudarar mutane

Charles yaudarar mutane

Kodayake da farko aikinsa ya ta'allaka ne da yabo ga Louis the Great, wanda a kotun sa ya yi aiki na wani karni na goma sha bakwai, an kaddara Perrault ya sake kirkirar tatsuniyoyin rayuwa don kawo su ga sabbin tsararraki kuma ya sanya su zama na har abada. Mahaliccin labaran yara (ko wataƙila ba mai yawa ba) Cinderella, Redananan Jan Hood ko Matsi a otsan Takalma, kunshe a cikin littafin Babu kayayyakin samu., Perrault mai yiwuwa shine ɗayan shahararrun masu ba da labari a tarihi kuma marubucin wanda daga gare shi ne ake ɗauke da ɗaukacin samarin duniya na ɗabi'a, abubuwanda ake shiryawa ko fina-finan Disney.

Charles Bukowski

Charles Bukowski

Haife shi a cikin Jamus amma ya zama amurka a Amurka, Bukowski yana wakiltar hoton almara na marubucin gurbatacce: barasa, izgili da jima'i a kusa da keken rubutu wanda za a samu abin biyan bukata (ko kuma wanda za'a ci gaba da samun fa'idodi don rayuwa ba daidaituwa ba). Kodayake litattafan nasa suna daga cikin sana'arsa, amma gajerun labarum ne ya sanya shi shahara kuma ya ba wa tsararrun marubutan sha'awa. datti gaskiya. Mafi kyawun misalai sune Na'urar Fucking, Tarihi mai kawo labarai daban-daban game da haruffa da halaye a rayuwar marubucin, ko kuma labarin Soyayyar Mace, wanda a ciki Bukowski yayi magana game da soyayya mara yiwuwa a cikin duniyar maƙiya.

Jorge Luis Borges

Jorge Luis Borges

Falsafa ya warware aikin wanda aka ɗauka ɗayan mafi kyawun marubuta na karni na XNUMX. Tun daga wannan lokacin ne sararin samaniya na Borges na Argentine ya samo asali mai mahimmanci amma kuma yana buƙatar siffofin. Lissafi na adabi ko mafi kyawun abinci, alamun Baibul, Shakespeare ko Cabala, sun tabbatar da yanayin wannan ɗan takarar har abada na Nobel Prize a cikin wallafe-wallafe wanda ma'anar komai da komai ta hanyar haruffa ko labarai kamar tatsuniya Aleph sanya shi ta zama ma'auni.

Julio Cortazar

Julio Cortazar

Wani ɗan ƙasa na Borges, Cortázar ba shi da nisa idan ya zo ga aikinsa na mai ba da labari. Kodayake wani bangare na gadon nasa ya ta'allaka ne da shahararren littafinsa Rayuela, Cortázar ya haskaka duniya da labarai inda misalai da abubuwan yau da kullun ke yawo hannu da hannu, musamman a labaran irin su La noche bocarriba, mai yiwuwa ɗayan mafi kyawun labaru, ko Axolotl, inda wani salamander dan Mexico ya zama abin kwatance don magana game da kadaici na dan Adam.

Juan Jose Arreola

Juan Jose Arreola

Abokin aiki na wani babban marubucin labarin ɗan Mexico kamar Juan Rulfo, marubucin wanda na kafa littattafan adabi tare da su kamar mujallar Pan, Arreola na ɗaya daga cikin manyan mashahuran karni na XNUMX kuma yana ɗaya daga cikin fitattun masu buga labarai a Meziko. Sanannen aikinsa, Makirci, wani yanki ne na labaran da suke bayani, tare da ban dariya, matsaloli kamar kadaici, kadaici ko kuma matsalolin soyayya. Ba tare da wata shakka ba, ɗayan mafi yawan marubutan Mexico duka.

Wadannan mafi kyawun masu ba da labari koyaushe Sun ƙaddamar da taƙaitaccen labari amma mai zurfi, sun zama manyan marubutan zamaninsu kuma suna tasiri ga al'ummomi masu zuwa waɗanda suka mai da bayanin a cikin sabon yanayin.

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  1.   Walter gonzales m

    Mafi kyawun mai bayar da labarai a cikin Peru shine Sebastián Salazar Bondi