The Auschwitz Laburaren

The Auschwitz Laburaren (2012) labari ne na tarihi daga marubucin Spain kuma ɗan jarida Antonio González Iturbe. Ya sake ba da labarin abin da Dita Adlerova ta yi, wanda, lokacin da shekarunta ba su wuce 14 ba, ta zama jarumar al'adu a tsakiyar sansanin taro na Auschwitz, Poland.

Wannan yarinyar ta ba yara littattafai ga ofa andan gida 31 kuma an kirkiresu - a jagorancin shugaban wannan ɓangaren, Fredy Hirsch - fili a fili don koyarwa. Saboda haka, yana wakiltar labari mai motsawa game da juriyar ɗan adam don shawo kan tsoro na Nazism. Ba abin mamaki bane, an fassara wannan taken zuwa harsuna 31 kuma ya sami lambobin yabo na ƙasa da na duniya daban-daban.

Sobre el autor

An haifi Antonio González Iturbe a garin Zaragoza na kasar Spain, a shekarar 1967. Ya yi yarinta da kuruciyarsa a Barcelona, ​​inda ya karanci Kimiyyar Bayanai. Kafin kammala karatu a 1991, Ya yi aiki a fannoni daban-daban: daga mai yin burodi zuwa haɗin gwiwar aikin jarida a talabijin na gida don tallafa wa kansa da kuma gama karatunsa.

Bayan kammala karatunsa, ya yi aiki a matsayin edita da kuma babban editan mujallu da wallafe-wallafe masu alaƙa da fannin adabi da fasaha. Ya kuma gudanar da aikin kai wa ga al'adun gargajiya a karin abubuwan yau da kullun kamar su La Vanguardia. A yau, shi ne darektan mujallar Littafin komputabanda zama malami a Jami'ar Barcelona da kuma a Jami'ar ta mai zaman kanta ta Madrid.

Aikin adabi

Littattafai huɗu, makaloli biyu da littattafan yara goma sha bakwai (waɗanda aka raba su kashi biyu) su ne kayan adabi na Antonio González Iturbe. Tafiya ce da aka fara da ita Mikewa yayi (2004), littafinsa na farko, wanda da shi, ya samu yabo. Kodayake, ba tare da wata shakka ba, sanannen aikinsa kuma tare da mafi kyawun lambobin edita The Auschwitz Laburaren.

Takaitawa na The Auschwitz Laburaren

A cikin sansanin maida hankali da kuma wargazawa Auschwitz, wani Bayahude Bajamushe mai suna Fredy Hirsch, an nada shi ya kula da barikin sojoji 31, inda akwai yara. Duk da bayyananniyar haramcin 'yan Nazi, Hirsch koyaushe yana da sha'awar ƙirƙirar makarantar ɓoye. A bayyane yake, ba aiki ne mai sauki ba, tunda matanin karatu, addini ko siyasa an hana su kwata-kwata.

Daga baya, ƙaramar Dita Adlerova ta isa sansanin taro, wanda, yana da shekaru 14, ya yarda ya taimaka a matsayin mai ba da laburari. A gefe guda, rayuwar yau da kullun a cikin wannan mummunan wuri babu makawa zai zama bala'i. Yayin da makircin ke tafiya, ana ba da labarai masu ban tsoro da na baƙin ciki. Amma kuma akwai wuri don ƙauna (alal misali, tsakanin sojan Nazi da budurwa Bayahude).

Siyarwa Dan dakin karatu na ...
Dan dakin karatu na ...
Babu sake dubawa

Laburaren

Dita ta fara aikin ta a matsayin mai kula da laburare na shekara guda. A wannan lokacin tana ɓoye (wani lokacin a cikin rigarta) littattafai guda takwas kawai a wurin, daga cikinsu akwai marubuta kamar HG Wells ko Freud. Saboda haka, Adlerova ta shawo kan tsoro ta hanyar sadaukar da kai ga 'yanci. Zai yiwu, matashiyar mai kula da karatun ba ta san ko za ta sami damar fita daga Auschwitz da rai ba.

Koda hakane, matashiyar jarumar tana kokarin kare karamin dakin karatun ba tare da yawan tunani game da kanta ba. Daga baya, an ba da sanarwar canja wurinsa zuwa Bergen-Belsen - wanda ya mutu sanadin cutar typhus Anne gaskiya- a Jamus. Daga baya, Mutuwar Hirsch ta faru kuma Dita ta haɗu da mashahurin Dr. Mengele (sananne ne don yin gwaji tare da yahudawa). A ƙarshe, an sake ta kusa da ƙarshen yaƙin.

Mahimmancin aiki

Duk da yake ya daɗe tun faɗuwar Nazis a cikin 1945, kuma duniya ta canza sosai tun daga wannan lokacin, wannan masifar ta ɗan adam ta kasance. Wato, la Shoah, furucin da ke nufin "masifa", Ba wai kawai alamar yawan mutuwa ba ne, amma ɗaukaka muguntar ɗan adam. A saboda wannan dalili, adabi gabaɗaya ya sake ƙirƙirar abin da ya faru don adana ƙwaƙwalwar ajiya.

A gaskiya ma, lokacin daukar labarin da ya faru a sansanonin tattarawa, The Auschwitz Laburaren yana aika sako ga al’umma: “ku tuna”. Sabili da haka, marubucinsa ya bayyana ingancin wannan batun wanda ke wakiltar raɗaɗin rai har ma ga Turai da Yamma gaba ɗaya.

Jinjina ga wadanda abin ya shafa da littattafan

Game da ma'anar da aka ba wannan labari, halin su na shaida yana da mahimmanci. Hakazalika, an san shi a cikin labarinsa na gaskiya game da abin da ya faru a sansanonin tattara 'yan Nazi. A lokaci guda, wannan littafin girmamawa ne ga waɗanda aka kashe da kuma bita game da ƙarfin waɗanda suka sha wahala daga Nazism.

,Ari, wani abu mai matukar birgeni ya bayyana - Duk na marubuci, kamar yadda masu karatu suke: - Ofarfin littattafai. Wannan ya faru ne, a wani bangare, ga bayyanawar Iturbe ga dakunan karatu, tunda ta wannan hanyar ne ya gano labarin Dita Kraus (sunan matar da ya yi fim din).

Nazarin Laburaren Auschwitz

Littafin tarihin

Cikakken bayani da cikakken bayani ya kunshi wasu labaran kirkirarren labari, amma gaba dayan labarin ya ta'allaka ne da ainihin abubuwan da suka faru.. A cikin wannan rubutun, jarumi ya ci nasara da mai karatu da ƙarfin gwiwa kuma ya sami damar tsira. A halin yanzu, Dita tana zaune a Isra'ila, gwauruwa marubuciya Otto Kraus (wacce ta yi aure shekara 54).

A gefe guda, almara da ke cikin littafin ta ragu zuwa haɗuwa ta lokaci ko ta ɗabi'a, amma babu wani yanki da ya yi ƙarya ko ƙari. A zahiri, kusan duk sunaye, ranaku, wurare da nassoshi amintattu ne. Dita Kraus ce ta tabbatar da wannan a kanta a wata hira lokacin da ta sami labarin mafi kyawun mai sayarwa da ta bayar Amazon.

Jigogin labari

A cikin wani labari na tarihi game da Yaƙin Duniya na II (ko kuma game da duk wani yaƙin da aka daɗe ana yi), batun masifar ɗan adam galibi yana tsakiyar makircin. Amma ba haka lamarin yake ba The Auschwitz Laburaren. Maimakon haka mayar da hankali ya faɗi a kan matakin da aka nuna ƙarfin hali ta halayen da aka bayyana.

Jigon muguntar mutane yana jujjuyawa ne, amma jigogin da Iturbe ke son ɗaukakawa da sadarwa wasu. Koyaya, Dangane da tsananin zalunci da mutuwa, ba za ku iya ƙetarewa sai da yardar rai. A wannan yanayin, Fredy Hirsch shine mutum na ƙarfin hali yayin da Dita ke nuna sadaukarwa; dukansu suna wakiltar bege.

Fata da kuma so

The Auschwitz Laburaren abune mai kyau ga kyawawan halaye da halaye na ɗan adam wanda ke iya bayyana a cikin mafi munin yanayi. Domin, faɗin gaskiya, babu ƙarshen farin ciki a cikin yaƙi. Waɗannan nau'ikan rufewa suna da matsayi ne kawai a cikin finafinan Hollywood; hakikanin rayuwa wani abu ne daban.

Bayan rikice-rikice irin wannan, masu tsira ne kawai, mutanen da suka rasa muhallinsu, kango da ciwo suka rage. A kowane hali, shaidu koyaushe zasu iya faɗakar da al'ummomi masu zuwa don hana waɗanda abin ya shafa da abubuwan da suka faru daga faɗuwa ... Hanya ce mafi kyau ta girmama waɗanda suka faɗi.


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

Kasance na farko don yin sharhi

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