Endarshen Halitta, na Tim Willocks. Bita

Tim willocks (Stalybridge, 1957) ne likita hauka y marubuci Ingilishi, tare da littattafai guda 6 da aka wallafa, ya shafi kowane nau'in - ya ce babu wani, akwai kyawawan labarai kawai - kuma sanannun takensa sune Karshen halittar (labari mai kyau) y Umurnin (littafin tarihi). Yana ɗaya daga cikin marubutan da na fi bautata, watakila don abin da ba a cancanci saninsa ba amma m Menene. Wannan nawa ne review na tarihi mai wahalarwa kamar yadda yake da iko, bai dace da kyawawan ciki ba.

Karshen karshe na halittata Tim Willocks (1994)

Synopsis

Kogin Green shine sunan gidan yarin Texas wanda shine mafi jahannama a duniya. Mai gadin ya jagoranta John hobbes, a mahaukaci manual, a ciki suke cram fursunoni na kowane yanayi azaman masu kisan kai, masu fyade ko masu safarar ƙwayoyi, waɗanda suke yin su nasa yaƙe-yaƙe na yankuna da tsakanin jinsi.

"Kuma menene jahannama kuke damu" shine taken Ray Klein, wani likita mai fiɗa, wanda tsohuwar budurwarsa ta zarge shi da aikata fyaden da bai aikata ba. A ranar da labari zai fara, a ƙarshe zai sami yanci na yanci. Amma zai ɗauki dogon lokaci kuma zai zama mafi munin rayuwarka lokacin da tarzoma ta barke kuma hauka ya mamaye kowa.

Domin kuwa duk yadda na yi kokarin bin wannan taken, ba za ku sami wani zaɓi ba sai dai ku shiga ciki idan kana son ka rayu kuma, sama da duka, waɗanda ka damu da su su ma su yi. Tsakanin su, Earl (Toad) Coley, abokin aikinsa a asibitin da suke kula da masu cutar kanjamau musamman; Hoton Juliette Devlin, likitan hauka na waje da kuma soyayya da Klein, wanda ke aiki tare da su kuma yana ziyarar wannan rana; Claude / Claudine Toussant, trans ya ɓace a cikin rikicin ainihi da babban abin da ya haifar da tarzoma; Y Henry abbott, mai kisan kai wanda ya zama babban mai iko da Klein - kuma mai ban sha'awa - aboki.

Makale a cikin rashin lafiya Dole ne Coley da Devlin su fuskanci rukuni na fursunoni, wanda ke cike da mummunan tunani da rashin tausayi. Duk da yake, Klein da Abbott dole ne su samu kai musu shiga ciki kowane kusurwa, corridor da lambatu ba wai kawai na ganuwar Green River ba, har ma da mafi duhunta hankali da ruhohi.

A cikin Kogin Green, rai ya kasance damuwa mai haɗari, ɗakin azabtar da mutum wanda masochists ko masu satar ra'ayi kawai zasu ziyarta.

Tim willocks

Tim Willocks masanin hauka ne kuma marubuci, kwararre a cikin tratamiento de marasa lafiya tare da matsaloli na maganin likita. Don haka, a cikin littattafansa nassoshi ga medicina da kuma Martial Arts, tun da yake Karate farko dan baki bel shotokan. Shima mai rubutun allo ne.

Ya rubuta litattafai shida wanda na karanta guda hudu daga ciki. Anan sun buga guda biyu ne kawai, kodayake na farkon shima ya zo, Garin gall. Amma shahararrun sune wannan kuma Umurnin, littafin tarihi mai tarin tarihi, tare da cigaba, 'Ya'yan Paris guda goma sha biyu, kuma yana da kyau, amma hakan bai iso ba.

Bita

Amma ba tare da wata shakka ba Hawan Kogin Green o Karshen halittar (take a cikin Sifeniyanci da aka karɓa daga faɗan Kant wanda yake farawa da shi) shine mafi kyawun sananne kuma mafi mahimmanci. Yana faruwa a cikin yini ɗaya kuma an tsara shi a ciki Bangare biyu:

  • a cikin na farko yana nuna mana mahallin kuma yana gabatar da haruffa da yanayinsu daban-daban kafin tarzoma ta fara;
  • kuma a cikin na biyu dukkanin rikice-rikice da rikice-rikice sun bayyana.
  • Sannan akwai epilogue inda, tare da mafi ban dariya da dariya, an gaya mana abin da ke faruwa da halayen waɗanda suka sami damar tserewa - ko tsira - gidan wuta.

Dole ne a bayyana hakan bai dace da ruhi mai taushi ko tawali'u ba, waɗanda yawanci ana lakafta su azaman batsa da ƙazanta don ita Harshen hoto, bayyane da tashin hankali. Koyaya, shi ma yana ɓata a zurfi da kyau kusan waka. Akwai jimloli, wurare kuma, sama da duka, hotunan da aka loda su hankali da kuma ilimi mai yawa na wani wanda ya keɓe don zurfafawa da bincika mafi mawuyacin hali, da juyawa, da sauya tunani ta hanyar cuta ko yanayin ɗan adam kanta.

Hits

Don haka, bugawa na farko: da kin amincewa kafin tsayayyen harshe yana da karfi daya cewa sha'awa wanda kuma zai iya haifar. A halin da na ke ciki, abin birgewa ne lokacin da nake rubuta littafina Marie. A ciki nayi amfani da shi ba tare da hadaddun ko dai ba kuma kamar yadda yake catharsis. Saboda wannan shine ɗayan ƙarshen ƙirar da Willocks ya gabatar.

Mafi mahimmanci shine ƙirƙirar da amfani da gaskiya —Ta gidan yari- kamar cikakken misali na wannan ƙuntataccen tunani duka don sharrin da ya haifar da wanda aka karɓa. A ciki tana nuna gallery na haruffa wanda shine kawai misalai da yawa na yadda daban-daban sadarwa: da shaidar jima'i da rikice-rikicenta, amfani da jima'i kanta azaman biyan kuɗi, wulakanci, rayuwa ko kyauta, da tashin hankali m ko samu, da hauka wucewa ko samfurin cutar, da iko babba duka soyayya as of odio. Kuma waɗancan haruffan suna iya zama masu ƙyalli kamar yadda suke babu kamarsu.

Shi kenan karo na biyu kuma wataƙila mafi mahimmancin abin da na ɗauka daga cikin duk abin da na karanta game da Willocks: nasa cikakken layi na stereotypes da labarai masu tsafta kamar fim da kuma, a lokaci guda, tare da su ajizai gefuna. Iyawar tausaya wa tare da su, ko dai gwarzo cikin soyayya, jajirtacce kuma a shirye don komai kamar Ray klein, ko dame mafi muni kuma, a lokaci guda, mafi aminci, aminci da godiya kamar Henry abbott, Babban fursunan da ya kashe iyalinsa duka da guduma kuma wanda ya zama mala'ikan fansa.

Su biyun sune ma'aurata masu dacewa a cikin wani misali na daidaitawa cikakken daidaita Tsakanin mai kyau da mara kyau. Wannan shine dalilin da ya sa duka suka sanya abu guda girmamawa kowa da kowa, mafi yawan mutane masu gaskiya da rauni kuma mafi munin lahani. Klein by daidaito da kuma diplomacyda kuma Abbott kawai ta hanyar shan inna ta'addanci hakan ke haifarwa. Duk da haka ...

"Klein Ab" Abbott ya gaya masa. Wannan shi ne karo na farko da ba ta kira shi "likita" ba. Ba wanda ya ƙaunace ni kamar ku. Klein ya so ya kau da ido, amma waɗannan idanun masu zafi sun tilasta shi ci gaba da dubansa. Babu wanda ya taɓa samun aboki mafi kyau. Kin zo gefena lokacin da na karye, kuma kin kasance tare da ni. Ka warkar da ni.

Tare da su, wasu samari a cikin su inarin sifofin ɗan adam kamar yadda Karina Grauerholz, ko fiye zurfin mutum kamar yadda Earl Coley ne adam wata. Saboda suna fitar da mafi girman illolinsu na yau da kullun da rashin hankali, wanda waccan sararin samaniyar ke ɗaukar nauyinsa, da kuma karimci mafi rashin kai da sadaukarwa. Shin haka ne kulle jiki, saboda sun cancanci hakan, saboda sune mafi sharri. Amma kawai hakan.

Waɗanda ke kiyaye su da hukunta su suma an kulle su, waɗanda wannan lalatacciyar iska ta cuta, mugunta da rashin daidaituwa ta hankali ta kamu da su. Da jami'ai kamar kyaftin Bill Cletus ko mai gadi Victor Galindez, gicciye da fuskar tsabar kuɗi ɗaya. KO Hoton Juliette Devlin, halayyar mace ta musamman, jarumi kuma ba a hana ta ba, wanda shima aka dauke shi kuma wanda, kwatsam kuma kuma mai tsananin karfi, ya kasance cikin kurkuku.

A takaice

Willocks kawai yana sa kuyi tunani game da shi da farko sannan kuma ya nuna muku Me zaka iya yi a cikin lahira cike da dabbobin mutane. Kuma duk mun san cewa waɗannan sune mafi munin. Don haka, don samun ƙaramin ra'ayi, zai fi kyau ku kuskura ku karanta shi.


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

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