John Dryden. Shekaru 320 bayan rasuwarsa. Yankin jumloli da waƙoƙi

Hoton mai zanen ɗan ƙasar Jamus Gottfried Kneller. National Gallery a London.

John Dryden mawaki ne, marubucin wasan kwaikwayo kuma mai sukar adabi, sannan kuma babban adadi wallafe-wallafen lokacin Maido da Ingilishi na Carlos II. A zahiri, ya zama sananne ne da Zamanin da ya bushe. Yau sun cika 320 shekaru na mutuwarsa. Ina nazarin tarihin rayuwarsa kuma na zaɓi wasu jimloli da gutsutsuren ayyukansa.

John Dryden

John Dryden aka haife shi a Aldwinkle (Northamptonshire) a cikin 1631 a cikin gidan Puritan mai yara goma sha huɗu.

Ina karatu a cikin Makarantar Westminster da kuma Trinity College daga Cambridge, kuma yana aiki London tare da Sakataren Gwamnati na Cromwell. Amma tun yana karami ya fara wallafa waka.

Yayi aure da Lady elizabeth howard kuma yana da 'ya'ya uku kuma ya rubuta wasan kwaikwayo bayan gidajen kallo, waɗanda aka hana ta Puritan sun sake buɗewa. Tare da su, ban da fa'idodi masu kyau, ya saita yanayin da salon da zai bambanta a cikin kiran Comedy na Maidowa. Don haka shima ya sami karramawa a matsayin ɗayan mahimman wasan kwaikwayo a cikin ƙasar. Kuma kuma ya haskaka yadda classic mai fassara Latin da Girkanci.

Wasu daga cikin shahararrun ayyukan sa sune:

Ayyukan Virgil, Lambar, Jarumi ya tsaya, Guguwar, Labari game da waƙoƙin ban dariya, Absalom da Ajitofel (tare da bayyana amo na John Milton da nasa Aljanna ta ɓace), Soyayyar yamma, Sarkin Indiya, Mamaye Granada, Aure mai dadi, Duk don soyayya, Da kura da panther ko ta Ode zuwa Saint Cecilia.

Ya mutu 12 ga Mayu, 1700 da Gawarsa tana nan a shahararriyar kusurwa ta mawaka Westminster abbey a London.

Kalmomin da aka zaba

  1. Gida yakamata ya zama mafakar rayuwa.
  2. Kurakurai, kamar ruwan wukake, sun ɓace a duniya; Idan kana son neman lu'lu'u, dole ne ka zurfafa sosai.
  3. Wannan shine yumɓun yumɓun yumɓu na ɗan adam.
  4. Isauna ita ce mafi ƙarancin rauni na ruhu.
  5. Hauka wani jin daɗi ne wanda mahaukaci ne kawai ya san shi.
  6. Mutum ne kawai ke hana farin ciki ta hanyar lalata abin da zai iya zama ainihin.
  7. Jin zafin soyayya yafi dukkan sauran ni'ima dadi.
  8. Dukkanin masarautu ba komai bane face karfin amana.
  9. Dukiyarsa tana da girma, amma zuciyarsa ta fi girma.
  10. Ba ta jin haɗarin, domin ba ta san zunubi ba.
  11. Na ɗan ji rauni, amma ban mutu ba. Zan kwanta in zub da jini na wani lokaci. To zan tashi in sake fada.
  12. Duk wani farin ciki da Humanan Adam zai iya samu ba shine cikin nishaɗi ba, amma yana cikin hutawa daga ciwo.
  13. Isauna ita ce mafi ƙarancin rauni na ruhu.

Ode zuwa Saint Cecilia (yanki)

An rubuta shi a ciki 1687 izini da Musungiyar Kiɗa ta London wanda ya riga ya shirya aan shekarun da suka gabata bikin shekara shekara ga 22 ga Nuwamba, don girmamawa ga majiɓincin Kiɗa.

Wannan baitin, wanda ya daukaka ikon kiɗa don cimma daidaito a cikin duniyar da ke cike da hargitsi kuma ya gayyace mu mu ji da shi sosai a rayuwarmu. Mawaki Friedrich Handel sa kiɗa a cikin hanyar cantata en 1739.

Kiɗan Allah
Wace sha'awa ba ta farka kuma ba ta mallake ta?
Lokacin jubal ɗaukaka
Ana kaɗa garayu da waƙoƙi,
A kusa da 'yan'uwansa sun saurare shi,
Kuma ko da kura goshin ya sunkuya
Girmama sihiri.
Wannan ba kasa da allah suke tsammani ba
Rike wannan abin mamaki
Cewa yayi musu magana da wannan irin numfashi mai dadi.
Kiɗan Allah
Wace sha'awa ba ta farka kuma ba ta mallake ta?

Aika ƙahon bellicose
Cewa murfin ya rigaya ya karye,
Kuma fushin yana rura wutar, da kuma yaƙin
Abin da hadari ya karye.
The redoubling, da gagarumar ninninku
Na masu busasshiyar ganga
Karfafa mayaƙan taurin kai,
Ci gaba! ci gaba! maimaitawa.

Consoles mai dadi
Flarar sarewa
Tare da bakin ciki mai kauna
Na mai jin kunya ɗaya,
Wanda fata yake kuka.

Muryar goge ta bayyana
Etarfafa wanda yake kauna

 Mace mai raini;
Kishin da ke cikin ganima,
Fushin da ke masa zafi.


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

Kasance na farko don yin sharhi

Bar tsokaci

Your email address ba za a buga.

*

*

  1. Mai alhakin bayanan: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Dalilin bayanan: Gudanar da SPAM, gudanar da sharhi.
  3. Halacci: Yarda da yarda
  4. Sadarwar bayanan: Ba za a sanar da wasu bayanan ga wasu kamfanoni ba sai ta hanyar wajibcin doka.
  5. Ajiye bayanai: Bayanin yanar gizo wanda Occentus Networks (EU) suka dauki nauyi
  6. Hakkoki: A kowane lokaci zaka iyakance, dawo da share bayanan ka.

bool (gaskiya)