James Fenimore Cooper. Lastarshen Motar da sauran ayyukan.

James fenimore mai sanyaya hannu An haife shi a ranar 15 ga Satumba, 1789 kuma ya mutu a ranar 14 ga Satumbar shekaru 62 bayan haka. Wannan Ba'amurken marubucin ya rubuta fiye da 30 littattafan kasada sadaukar da kai sama da duk don yin bayanin rayuwar tsofaffin magabatan farko a Yammacin Amurka da gwagwarmayarsu da Indiyawa. Babban sanannen labarinsa shine kuma zai kasance Mohican na ƙarshe, 1826. Amma aikinsa gaba ɗaya ya shahara sosai. Ga bitar ta da wasu daga jimlolin ta.

James fenimore mai sanyaya hannu

Fenimore Cooper an haife shi a cikin Burlington, New Jersey, da 15 Satumba na 1789 kuma ya mutu 14 Satumba na 1851 en Karasowa, New York. Ya yi karatu a Albany, New York, da kuma a Yale, kuma lokacin da ya yi a waɗannan wuraren ya taimaka masa wajen ƙulla abota da haɗa kai da iyalai da yawa.

Littafin farko da ya rubuta mai taken Tsanani, wanda ya kasance rashin nasara. Amma ya kasance mai zuwa, Dan leken asiri, wanda zai ayyana aikinsa na gaba da salon sa kuma ya sami wani nasara wanda tuni ya katse. Shahararren littafinsa shine Mohican na ƙarshe (o Lastarshen motocin kamar yadda kuma aka fassara). A ciki ya nuna mana jigogin da suka dace da shi har abada: kan iyakoki da mawuyacin rayuwa a cikin su, majagaba da mazauna na babbar ƙasar Arewacin Amurka da har yanzu ba a gano ta ba, da alaƙarta da Indiyawa, mazaunan asalin waɗannan ƙasashe.

Mohican na ƙarshe

Wannan aikin ya riga ya rufe sauran, amma ya rubuta labarai fiye da 30 na nau'in. A cikin salonsa, a gefe guda, akwai mai girma bambanci tsakanin tashin hankali wanda wani lokacin yake kasancewa a cikin labarin da kuma jinkirin rubutunsa a wasu wurare ko kwatancin. Amma da tmai cike da soyayya, mai nuna kwarjini da rashin son abinci, ba saboda batun da aka rufe abota, soyayya, aminci, jarumtaka, girmamawa ko sadaukarwa, amma don saitin labarin.

An fara buga shi a cikin Fabrairu 1826. Shine littafi na biyu wanda ya kasance pentalogy kira Leatherstocking Tatsuniyoyi. Wadannan littattafan guda biyar da ya rubuta sama da shekaru goma sha takwas kuma ana ɗaukar su a matsayin mafi wakilin abin da aka sani da Labarin jaruntaka na Arewacin Amurka.

Jerin jerin abubuwa abubuwan tarihi da kasada kuma yana mai da hankali kan gwagwarmayar Franco-Ingilishi na ƙarni na XNUMX. Babban halayenta shine Hawk Ido, Marayan da Indiya ta karba tun suna yara. Dukkanin an yi su ne MajagabanMohican na ƙarsheCiyawar ciyawaMai bincike y Dawa mai farauta.

Labarin da ake fada a ciki Mohican na ƙarshe yana faruwa ne a cikin 1757, a lokacin Yaƙin shekara bakwai lokacin da Faransa da Burtaniya suka yi yaƙi don ikon mallakar ofasashen Arewacin Amurka. Faransawa sun nemi taimakon kabilun Asali na Amurka don yaƙar mafi yawan mazaunan Burtaniya.

Ya ba da labarin abubuwan da ke faruwa na maharbi Hawkeye da sahabbansa na kabilar Mohicans, Chingachgook da dansa Uncas, wadanda ke kare Alicia da Cora Munro, 'ya' yan jami'in Ingilishi da ke kula da Fort Henry, wadanda sojojin Faransa na Janar Montcalm da abokan kawancensa, 'yan kabilar Huron Indiyawa, wadanda ke karkashin jagorancin jarumi Magua.

Sigogin silima

Ga mafi ƙasƙanci Idan ya zo ga karatu, koyaushe kuna iya ɗora hannuwanku kan sigar fim ɗin bisa aikin Cooper.

Akwai na farko kuma tsufa sosai 1920, na daraktoci Maurice Tourneur da Clarence Brown, tare da Harry Lorraine da Wallace Beery. Kunnawa 1936 George Seitz yayi wani da Randolph scott a cikin jagorancin. Kuma a cikin 1977 an yi sigar don talabijin con Steve Forrest ne adam wata, sanannen Laftana Harrelson na Mutanen Harrelson, a matsayin mai taka rawa.

Amma ba tare da wata shakka ba mafi sani shi ne wanda aka yi a 1992, ya jagoranta Michael Mann. Sun yi tauraro a ciki Daniel Day-Lewis, Madeleine Stowe, Wes Studi, Patrice Chéreau da Pete Postlethwaite a cikin manyan ayyuka.

Bayanin 5

  1. 'Yan maza kaɗan sun nuna mafi yawa, ko kuma, don sanya shi mafi kyau, mafi ƙyamar halin halayya fiye da jarumin ɗan arewacin Amurka. A cikin yaƙi ya kasance mai girman kai, mai girman kai, mai wayo, mai taurin kai, mai musun kai, amma a lokaci guda yana mai da kansa; cikin aminci, ya kasance mai adalci, karimci, karimci, mai ramuwar gayya, mai camfi, mai tawali'u, kuma mai sauƙin kai.
  2. Kowace hanya tana da ƙarshenta kuma kowace masifa tana kawo darasinta.
  3. Na ji cewa akwai mazaje da suke karanta littattafai don shawo kansu cewa akwai Allah. Ban sani ba, amma mutum na iya canza ayyukansa a cikin ƙauyuka, kamar dai barin abin da yake bayyane a cikin hamada abin shakku tsakanin 'yan kasuwa da firistoci.
  4. Chingachgook ya kama hannun da cewa, a cikin zafin rai, mai binciken ya bazu a duniyar sabo, kuma a cikin wannan halayyar abokantaka waɗannan maraƙan katako masu ban tsoro sun sunkuyar da kawunansu, yayin da hawaye masu zafi suka zubo a ƙafafunsa, suna shayar da kabarin Uncas kamar ruwan sama.
  5. Ba haka bane! Kasance da rai! Riƙe, za ku iya ji na? Kuna da ƙarfi, ku tsira. Kasance da rai, komai ya faru! Zan same ku. Komai tsawon lokacin da zai dauka, yaya ka yi nisa, zan same ka ...

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