Isabel Allende: Tarihin rayuwa da mafi kyawun littattafai

Isabel Allende

Ana ɗauka a matsayin ɗayan manyan marubutan duniyar Latin Amurka, Isabel Allende (Lima, 2 ga Agusta, 1942) ta rayu mafi yawan yarinta a cikin wata damuwa ta Chile wanda aka tilasta mata tserewa a 1973. A lokacin ne siyasa, mata ko sihiri suka zama maimaitattun maganganu game da wanda ke sakar littafin tarihi wanda ya haɗa da an sayar da kofi har miliyan 65, yana mai sanya Allende mawallafin rayayye a cikin Mutanen Espanya. Da tarihin rayuwa da mafi kyawun littattafan Isabel Allende sun tabbatar da shi.

Tarihin Isabel Allende

Isabel Allende

Graphyaukar hoto: Primicias24

Rubuta abin da bai kamata a manta da shi ba

Daga zuriyar Mutanen Espanya, musamman Basque, Isabel Allende an haife shi a cikin Lima na Peruvian, garin da aka tura mahaifinta yayin aiki a Ofishin Jakadancin Chile. Bayan rabuwar iyayenta lokacin da take da kimanin shekaru 3, mahaifiyarta ta dawo tare da 'ya'yanta zuwa Chile don haɗuwa da wasu matakan da ke zaune a Lebanon ko Bolivi, har zuwa lokacin da Allende ya dawo zuwa Chile a 1959.

Ta auri mijinta na farko, Miguel Frías, a cikin 1963, a shekarar da aka haifi ɗiyarta Paula. An haifi ɗansu na biyu, Nicolás a 1967. A cikin shekarun da Allende ya zauna a Chile yayi aiki a Hukumar Abinci da Noma ta Majalisar Dinkin Duniya (FAO), a tashoshin telebijin guda biyu na Chile, a matsayin marubucin labarin yara har ma da mai rubuta wasan kwaikwayo. A zahiri, aikinsa na ƙarshe, Madubai Bakwai, ya fara ne jim kaɗan kafin Allende da danginsa ya bar Chile a 1973 bayan juyin mulkin Pinochet. A cikin 1988, bayan saki Miguel Frías sakamakon tafiye-tafiye da yawa da suka fara a kan nasarar nasarar littattafansa na farko (La casa de los espíritus ko De amor y de sombra), Allende ya sake yin aure, a wannan lokacin tare da lauya Willie Gordon, a San Francisco, samun ɗan ƙasar Amurka a 2003 bayan shekaru goma sha biyar yana zaune a ƙasar Arewacin Amurka.

Rayuwar Allende ta kasance cikin alama ta rashin kwanciyar hankali, tafiye-tafiye da kuma abubuwan aukuwa masu ban mamaki kamar mutuwar 'yarsa Paula, wacce ta mutu tana da shekara 28 a wani asibiti a Madrid saboda cutar sankarau da ta kai ta ga suma. Daga wannan mummunan halin, an haifi ɗaya daga cikin litattafan da ke da tausayi, Paula, wanda ya fito daga wasiƙar da marubucin ya rubuta wa 'yarta. Misali wanda ke tabbatar da halin Allende na ƙirƙirar labarai daga abubuwan da ya samu wanda daga baya almara ta sarrafa su. Sakamakon shine sararin samaniya wanda aka yiwa alama ta ainihin sihiri wanda yake da alaƙa da haɓakar Latin Amurka, amma kuma haɓakar bayan fage wanda ke da mafi kyawun rubutu da komawa zuwa haƙiƙa.

A tsawon rayuwarta, Isabel Allende ta sayar da littattafai har miliyan 65 da aka fassara zuwa harsuna 35 daban-daban kuma ta ci nasara kyaututtuka irin su Kyaututtukan Adabin Chileasa na Chile a 2010 ko Hans Christian Andersen a cikin 2011.

Mafi kyawun littattafai na Isabel Allende

Gidan Ruhohi

Gidan Ruhohi

Aikin Allende na farko (kuma mafi shahara) an haifeta ne daga wata wasika da marubuciyar ta rubutawa kakanta, 99, daga Venezuela a 1981. Abinda zai zama daga baya labari ne game da cin amana da asirin ƙarni huɗu na Trueba, dangi daga mulkin mallaka na Chile. Kasance duka mafi kyawun sayarwa bayan bugawa a cikin 1982, Gidan Ruhohi yana da yawancin wannan sihiri na sihiri wanda halaye ne wanda tsofaffin fatalwowi suke cudanya da halaye daban-daban waɗanda aka haifa na canjin zamantakewa da siyasa a cikin Chile. Labarin ya dace da silima a cikin 1994 tare da Jeremy Irons, Glenn Close da Meryl Streep a matsayin manyan taurari.

Na Soyayya da Inuwa

Na Soyayya da Inuwa

A tsakiyar duhu, musamman wanda ke kiran tarihin tarihi kamar mulkin kama karya na Chile, Soyayyar da aka hana ta zama wani abu kamar furar kamamme. Jawabin na Na Soyayya da Inuwa ya zama littafin Allende na biyu mafi kyawun kasuwa bayan an buga shi a cikin 1984, musamman saboda godiya ga ƙarancin soyayya tsakanin Irene da Francisco, labarin da ita kanta marubuciyar ta ajiye ta a tsawon shekarunta na hijira domin bawa duniya labarin da yafi farin ciki fiye da wuri da lokacin da ya dace da ita. Labarin ya dace da silima a shekarar 1994 tare da Antonio da Jennifer Connelly a matsayin jarumai.

Hauwa Luna

Hauwa Luna

Scheherazade, wannan yarinyar da ta taba ba da labarin ga khalifa mai bakin jini a cikin tsawon dare dubu da daya tana neman ‘yar’uwar Latin Amurka shekaru aru aru. Allende ya kasance mai kula da bayarwa Hauwa Luna da kuma labarinsa mai dadi a cikin daji, mutane da rikice-rikice na Kudancin Amurka na muryar da ake buƙata don juya littafinsa na 1987 zuwa ɗaya daga cikin mafiya ƙarfi. A zahiri, labarin da kansa ya haifar da wani ɓangare na biyu da ake kira Tatsuniyoyin Eva Luna wanda shine mafi kyawun uzuri don nutsar da kanku cikin gajerun labaran Allende, waɗanda suka shiga cikin rikice-rikice waɗanda suka faro daga ƙwaƙwalwar tarihi zuwa cin amanar iyali.

Paula

Paula

A cewar Allende, daga dukkan littattafan da ya rubuta, Paula Wannan shine sanadin da ba a son sa a duniya. Ceacea cikin wasiƙar da aka haifa daga haruffa 180 da marubuciyar ta rubuta a lokacin da take cikin azama inda 'yarta ta tsunduma sakamakon cutar sankarau Har zuwa mutuwarta a cikin Disamba 199,2, ta sanya wannan littafin a matsayin cikakkiyar tasha a cikin littafin tarihin marubucin. Labari mai sosa rai da nutsuwa wanda uwa mai tsoron rasa diyarta ya rayu da rayuwarta kuma tana aiki tana manne da mafi karancin fata. Tabbas ɗayan mafi kyawun litattafan Isabel Allende.

Ines na raina

Ines na raina

Isabel Allende koyaushe tana bincika tarihi da duk abubuwan da ke tattare da ita azaman hanya don ƙirƙirar cikakkun tushe ga ayyukanta. Kyakkyawan misali shi ne wannan littafin da aka buga a cikin 2006 wanda ya sake ba da labarin abin da ya faru da shiita ce mace ta farko daga ƙasar Sifen da ta isa ƙasar Chile: Inés, Extremaduran wacce ke bin sawun ƙaunataccenta har sai ta yi rajista a cikin wasu manyan abubuwan tarihi na Kudancin Amurka kamar cin nasarar Chile ko faɗuwar daular Inca.

Kuna so ku karanta Ines na raina?

Menene, a ra'ayin ku, mafi kyawun littattafai na Isabel Allende?

 


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