Littafin Gothic

gothic labari

Littafin Gothic yana da alaƙa da ta'addanci. A yau, ɗayan sanannun sanannen abu ne, wanda ba kawai a cikin adabi ake samun sa ba, har ma a sinima. Muna da nassoshi da yawa ga litattafan wannan nau'in, na farko shine Castle of Otranto.

Amma, Menene littafin gothic? Wadanne halaye yake da su? Ta yaya ya samo asali? Za mu yi magana da ku game da wannan duka da ƙari a ƙasa.

Menene littafin gothic

Menene littafin gothic

Littafin Gothic, wanda kuma ake kira labarin Gothic, nau'ikan adabi ne. Wasu masana na daukar wannan a matsayin wani abu ne na daban, saboda yana da alaka da ta'addanci kuma sun yi imanin cewa dukkansu suna da wahalar rabuwa, har ma suka rude. A zahiri, ɗayan da'awar da aka fi faɗaɗa ita ce cewa labarin ban tsoro kamar yadda muka san shi a yau ba zai wanzu ba tare da gothic tsoro ba.

La tarihin Gothic labari ya dauke mu zuwa Ingila, kuma musamman a karshen karni na XNUMX inda labarai, labarai da litattafai suka fara kunno kai wadanda suke da halaye na musamman: hadawa a wuri guda na abubuwan sihiri, firgita da fatalwowi, inda suka sanya mai karatu bai iya bambance ainihin abin da yake na hakika da wanda ba.

La'akari da cewa karni na goma sha takwas ya kasance yana da gaskiyar cewa ɗan adam yana iya bayyana duk abin da bai fahimta ba ta amfani da hankali, cewa adabi ya ba mutane ƙalubale, yayin ƙoƙarin bayyana da dalilin abin da ya faru (kuma sau da yawa shi ne ba zai yiwu ba).

Daidai, littafin gothic an sanya shi daga 1765 zuwa 1820, shekarun da yawancin marubuta suka fara kallon wannan nau'in adabin kuma suka ɗauki matakan su na farko (yawancin labaran fatalwowi waɗanda ake kiyaye su daga wancan lokacin ne).

Wanene marubucin marubucin Gothic na farko

Shin kuna son sanin wanene ya rubuta sabon littafin Gothic? To ya kasance Horace Walpole, marubucin Gidan Sarautar Otranto, an buga shi a cikin 1764. Wannan marubucin ya yanke shawarar kokarin hada abubuwan da suka shafi soyayya ta zamani da sabon littafin zamani tunda yayi la’akari da cewa, daban, dukkansu sun kasance masu zafin rai da gaskiya.

Don haka, ya ƙirƙiri wani labari wanda ya danganci soyayya ta zamanin Italiantaliyya mai cike da sirri, barazanar, la'ana, ɓoyayyun wurare da jarumai mata waɗanda ba za su iya jure wannan yanayin ba (wanda shine dalilin da yasa koyaushe suke suma, wani fasalin littafin).

Tabbas, shine farkon, amma ba shi kaɗai ba. Sunaye kamar Clara Reeve, Ann Radcliffe, Matthew Lewis ... suma suna da alaƙa da littafin Gothic.

A Spain muna da wasu bayanai game da wannan nau'in a José de Urcullu, Agustín Pérez Zaragoza, Antonio Ros de Olano, Gustavo Adolfo Bécquer, Emilia Pardo Bazán ko José Zorrilla.

Halaye na littafin Gothic

Halaye na littafin Gothic

Yanzu da kun san ɗan ƙarin bayani game da littafin Gothic, tabbas kuna son sanin abin da ke nuna shi. Kuma wannan shine, - an sanya kalmar "gothic" saboda a mafi yawan labaran ban tsoro wadanda suka bayyana, saitin ya koma zamanin da, sanya jarumai, ko dai a cikin wani katafaren gida, ko a cikin wani katafaren gida, da sauransu. Hakanan, farfajiyoyi, ratayoyi, dakunan wofi, da dai sauransu. sun sanya marubutan ƙirƙirar saitunan da suka dace. Daga nan ne wannan kalmar ta wannan nau'in ta fito.

Amma menene halin labarin Gothic?

Tsarin yanayi

Kamar yadda muka fada muku a baya, muna magana ne game da zamanin da ko kuma wurare irin su manyan gidaje, gidajen zama, gidajen abbi wadanda suka ba da watsi, lalacewa, bakin ciki, iska mai iska ...

Amma ba su ne kawai wurare ba. Gandun daji, kurkuku, tituna masu duhu, crypts ... A takaice, duk wani wuri da marubucin zai iya kirkirar yanayin da zai ba da tsoro na gaske.

Abubuwan allahntaka

Wani daga cikin halaye na asali na adabin Gothic shine, ba tare da wata shakka ba, waɗancan abubuwan na allahntaka, kamar fatalwowi, undead, aljanu, dodanni ... Za su zama haruffa masu kyau, ee, amma koyaushe a gefen ta'addanci, waɗanda lokacin da kuke sadu da su ba ku tsoro sosai. A wannan yanayin, vampires na iya dacewa cikin nau'in.

Yan wasa tare da sha'awa

Don inganta labarai da kyau, marubuta da yawa sun kasance suna amfani da su haruffan da suka kasance masu hankali, kyawawa, girmamawa ... Amma, a can ƙasa, tare da wani sirrin da ke cin su, ya cika da sha'awar su, waɗanda ba sa so su bari kuma wannan, a cikin tarihi, abin da ke faruwa ya sa ainihin fuskokin su ya nuna. Kari kan haka, wadannan haruffa, don ba su waccan "ta dace da kyawun" nuance, ana amfani dasu da sunaye na baƙi da na furanni.

A wannan yanayin, kusan koyaushe a cikin litattafan muna samun alwatika: wani mugu mai martaba, wanda zai zama haɗari, ta'addanci, tsoro; yarinya mara laifi; kuma daga karshe jarumar, wacce tayi kokarin kubutar da ita daga wannan fargabar. Kuma haka ne, akwai kuma mataki don ƙauna, ko dai daga mafi laushi, zuwa waɗanda suka ci gaba.

Yanayi

Tafiya lokaci, labaran da aka ba da labarin zamanin da, duniyar mafarki (na mafarkai da mafarkai), da dai sauransu. wasu daga cikin yanayin da ake amfani dasu a cikin littafin Gothic, yin, a lokuta, mai karatu zai iya don kaucewa daga yanzu kuma don haka gudanar da labulen farin ciki na damuwa da damuwa, a wasu lokuta sa mutum ya sake tunani ko da gaske ya faru a zahiri.

Yaya juyin halittarku ya kasance

Yaya juyin halittarku ya kasance

Idan yanzu muna tunanin labarin Gothic na lokacin, tabbas ba za mu ga kamanceceniya da abubuwan da muka gaya muku ba. Kuma wani abu ne na al'ada tunda, tare da shudewar lokaci, wannan nau'in ya samo asali.

A gaskiya ma, ya fara yin hakan ne daga 1810 ko makamancin haka, lokacin da Gothic ya ba da ta'addanci ga zamani, wanda ke tattare da ta'addancin tunani. Wato, ya fara daukar sifa, ba wai kawai bayyanar fatalwowi ko fatalwowi ba, amma don shiga cikin tunanin mai karatu don haifar da tsoro kai tsaye a cikin sa, don sanya "tsoran" ba haka ba ne da za'a iya faɗi, amma dai cewa juyawa , yanayi, da dai sauransu. Zasu haifar da jin daɗi, na damuwa ... har ya zuwa ga jin daɗin rufewa a cikin wannan yanayin na ɓoye da tsoro.

A saboda wannan dalili, littafin Gothic din kansa shine wanda aka rubuta a ƙarshen karni na XNUMX da farkon karni na XNUMX. A yau, labaran da za a iya karantawa, kodayake suna cikin wannan nau'in, sun samo asali kuma ba su da yawancin tsoffin halayen da suka fassara wannan adabin.


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

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