Edgar Allan Poe. Shekaru 209 bayan haihuwarsa. Wasu daga cikin maganganun nasa

Edgar Allan Poe zane-zane. By Edouard Manet.

Ee yau ne 19 don Janairu, babbar ranar adabin duniya domin Edgar Allan Poe ya cika shekaru 209. Amma a cikin lahira wannan ba komai bane. Genwararren mutumin Boston har yanzu yana nan, a cikin litattafansa, labarai da wakoki. An riga an yi magana da shi sosai, an yi nazari, an bincika kuma an tattauna game da Poe cewa yana da kyau sosai a ci gaba da karanta shi. Ji daɗin damfara da firgici kamar yadda ƙauna da sha'awar da duk aikinsa ke nunawa. Shekaran jiya shine taya na farko ga Poe a cikin wannan shafin yanar gizon kuma wannan na biyun yana tuna wasu kalmominsa.

Edgar Allan Poe

Marubuci, mawaƙi, mai sukar ra'ayi kuma ɗan jarida mai son soyayyaIyayensa, 'yan wasan kwaikwayo na tafiye-tafiye, sun mutu tun yana ƙarami. Ya tashi daga aboki na dangi, John Alan, wanda duk da rashin amincewarsa ba zai iya hana Poe barin aikinsa ba don sadaukar da kansa ga rubutu. Bayan motsawa zuwa Boston fara posting ba suna. A can ya zama editan jaridar Kudancin Baltimore Manzo, kuma ya yi aure a 1835 (yana da shekara 26) tare da ƙaninsa Virginia Clemm (shekara 13 kawai). ç

Cewa tayi rashin lafiya da tarin fuka zai alama riga a kanta halin damuwa Daga marubuci. Babban damuwar rashin lafiyar matar shi ta kai shi zuwa barasa da kwayoyi. Ko da bayan mutuwarta, Poe yunkurin kashe kansa tare da laudanum amma yayi amai da shi kuma ya sami damar murmurewa.

Koyaya, barasa da ƙwayoyi ba su bar shi ba. Poe ya shige ciki Baltimore tare da shekaru 40 kawai. Ba a bayyana ainihin dalilin mutuwarsa ba kuma a tsakanin wasu dalilan, cutar kwalara, magunguna, bugun zuciya, tarin fuka haka nan ko ma ƙoƙarin kashe kansa na biyu da ya tafi daidai an yi la'akari da shi. Zai yiwu dukkan su.

Wasu daga cikin maganganun nasa

Waɗannan su ne kalmominsa ga nasa Goggo Maria Clemm bayan rasa matar sa da tarin fuka.

Zamu iya mutuwa tare kawai. Yanzu ba amfanin amfani da tunani tare da ni; Ba zan iya ɗauka ba kuma, dole in mutu. Tunda nayi posting Eureka, Ba ni da sha'awar kasancewa da rai. Ba zan iya gama komai ba. Don rayuwar soyayya ta kasance mai dadi, amma dole ne mu mutu tare. (…) Tunda na kasance a nan, na kasance a kurkuku sau ɗaya don maye, amma a wannan lokacin ban bugu ba. Ya kasance ga Virginia.

Amma akwai wasu kalmomin da yawa waɗanda duk mun sani. Yaya kake:

"Hanya guda daya da mutum zai kiyaye 'yancinsa shi ne a koyaushe ya kasance a shirye ya mutu saboda hakan."

"A cikin waƙa wataƙila inda rai ya kusa kusa da babban burin da yake yaƙi da shi lokacin da aka sa shi cikin ji da waƙoƙi: ƙirƙirar kyawawan abubuwan ban mamaki."

"Kimiyyar har yanzu ba ta koya mana ba ko rashin hauka shi ne mafi daukaka da hankali."

"Idan aka neme ni da in bayyana ma'anar fasaha a cikin 'yan kalmomi, zan kira shi haifuwar abin da hankulanmu ke hangowa a yanayi ta rufin ruhi."

"Ana ɗaukar mutuwa da gaba gaɗi a fuska sannan kuma a gayyace shi ya sha ruwa."

"Aljanin sharri yana daga cikin dabi'un zuciyar mutum."

"Duk abin da iyayensu, kyakkyawa, a cikin babban ci gaba, babu makawa ya haifar da rayuka masu hawaye."

"Mai hankali shine wanda ya yarda da haukan sa."

"Na zama mahaukaci, tare da dogon lokaci na mummunan yanayin hankali."

"Ba shi yiwuwa a yi tunanin wani abin tashin hankali wanda ya fi na wanda aka satar kayan aikin."

"Kyakkyawar kowane nau'i a cikin bayyananniyar bayyananniyarta babu makawa tana motsa mai hankali ga hawaye."

"Farin ciki baya cikin kimiyya, amma a cikin neman ilimin kimiyya."

"A cikin zukatan mutanen da ba su da hankali akwai igiyoyin da ba za a taɓa su ba tare da jin daɗi ba."

"Gray gashi shine tarihin abubuwan da suka gabata."

"Waɗanda suke yin mafarki da rana suna sane da abubuwa da yawa waɗanda ke tsere wa waɗanda suke mafarkin da daddare kawai."

"Wataƙila saukin al'amarin ne ya kai mu ga kuskure."

"Babu shakka mutuwar mace kyakkyawa ita ce mafi mahimmancin magana a duniya, kuma daidai yake da shakka cewa leben da ya fi dacewa da batun shi ne na wanda aka yi wa rasuwa."

"Haƙƙin rayuwar mutum na da farin ciki musamman saboda koyaushe yana tsammanin hakan ba da daɗewa ba."

"Sharuɗɗan guda huɗu don farin ciki: ƙaunatacciyar mace, rayuwa a sararin sama, rashin dukkan buri da ƙirƙirar sabuwar kyakkyawa."

Kada ka taba gudu daga kauna; zai cim maka.

"Duk ayyukan fasaha dole ne su fara ... a ƙarshe."

"Bana jin tsoron hatsari kwata-kwata, amma sakamakon karshe shine: ta'addanci."

"Akwai wani abu a cikin karimci da sadaukar da kai na dabba da ta isa kai tsaye cikin zuciyar wanda ya sha dandana abokiyar karya da amincin mutum."


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

Kasance na farko don yin sharhi

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