Gangster, mai haɗin gwiwa, mai laifi, ɗan gudun hijira da marubuta.

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Hoton José Giovanni

A cikin tarihin mun sami lokuta inda rayuwar marubuci ta wuce duk wani labari na adabi cewa su da kansu, ko wasu, na iya ƙirƙirawa. Rayuka da suke nesa da samfurin marubucin da aka ɗaure awanni da awanni a wurin halittar sa, nesa da kowane sharri kuma an mai da hankali ne kawai ga al'adu da adabi.

A hankalce, kodayake akwai waɗannan nau'ikan halittu a cikin marubutan da ɗan adam ya bayar, dole ne in yarda cewa ba al'ada ba ce duk da cewa wannan hoton na iya yaɗuwa tsakanin akidun al'ummarmu.

Koyaya, Ina tsammanin akwai 'yan marubuta kaɗan waɗanda suka taɓa rayuwa da tarihin kansu kamar na Faransanci na asalin Corsican José Giovanni. Rayuwa mai tsananin adawa da abin da za a zaci na marubuci wanda, don yawancin rayuwarsa, ya kasance cikin kisan kai, haɗin kai, karɓar rashawa da aikata laifi a cikin Turai mai wahala a ƙarshen Yaƙin Duniya na II.

José Giovani, da farko,  An haife shi a Paris a ranar 22 ga Yuni, 1923 kuma iyayensa, asalinsu tsibirin Corsica, sun yi masa baftisma da sunan Joseph Damiani wanda shine, saboda haka, ainihin sunansa da sunan mahaifinsa.

Lokacin da Faransa ta mallaki III Reich, saurayi Giovanni wanda ya kirga Yana dan shekara 17 kawai, ya fara aikinsa na laifi wanda ya kasance tsawon shekarun mamayar Jamusawa da shekaru masu zuwa. Don haka ya shiga cikin gungun 'yan daba wanda ya dauki unguwar Parisiya na Pigalle.

Membobin wannan ƙungiyar kamar su Abel Damos sun kasance a lokaci guda a cikin ɓoye na gestapo Jamusanci a reshe a cikin ƙasar Gallic. Saboda haka, "dakin matatar jirgin" wannan shine yadda wannan bangare na gestapo ya ci gajiyar ƙungiyar masu laifi wacce Giovanni ya kasance tare da wasu, don faɗaɗa ikonsa tsakanin mutanen da suka mamaye. A sakamakon haka, waɗannan rukunin sun sami “lamunin haƙƙin mallaka” don ci gaba da ɗauke hukunci ba tare da an hukunta su ba yayin aiwatar da mummunan ayyukansu.

 Duk membobin, ta wannan hanyar, suka zama masu haɗin gwiwar Jamusawa har ma, da yawa, suna kula da tsananta wa 'yan bangar siyasa, Yahudawa ko mutanen da ke adawa da tsarin mulki. A lokacin waɗannan shekarun rikitarwa da rikitarwa Giovanni shiga cikin cin zarafin baki iri daban-daban da kuma kisan shugaban kamfanin shagon da ake kira Haïm Cohen. Duk da haka, babban sanannen laifin ya hada da kwace da kisan 'yan uwan ​​Jules da Roger Peugeot.

Saboda wannan kisan gilla wanda ya faru a cikin 1945 kuma yayin binciken wannan a cikin 1948, an kama shi kuma an yanke masa hukuncin kisa. Duk da cewa babu makawa makomar sa ta kai shi ga gulotlotine, ya yi nasarar tserewa daga irin wannan mummunan halin ƙaddarar saboda Shugaba Vincent Auriol, cikin zartar da doka ta 17 na Tsarin Mulkin Faransa, an yanke masa hukuncin kisa zuwa shekaru ashirin na bautar.

Ko da hakane, fitaccen jaruminmu, a shekarun da ya yi yana fursuna, Ya kasance wani ɓangare na ƙoƙari mai ban mamaki don tserewa daga gidan yarin La Santé ta hanyar rami wanda a ƙarshe bai ba shi damar tserewa daga gidan yarin ba.. Da zarar ya fita daga kurkuku kuma saboda hukuncin da aka yanke masa na bautar, ya kasance yana share ma'adanai waɗanda suke ɓangare na katangar da ake kira Hitler a bakin Tekun Atlantika a gabar rafin Normandy da yankunan da ke kusa da su.

Ya kasance a wannan lokacin bayan da aka yanke masa hukunci, yana dan shekara 33, lokacin da ya fara aikinsa na marubuci yana rubuta “Le Trou ", littafinsa na farko wanda yayi daidai da yunkurin sa na tserewa tare da sauran fursunoni. Abin mamaki, shi ne lauya nasa wanda ya sami wannan littafin a ƙarshe aka shirya shi.

Wannan littafin na farko ya biyo baya: "Classe tous risques", "'Yanci”Kuma“ Le Deuxième Souffle »”. Dukansu, tare da "Le Trou", an kuma kawo su zuwa babban allon. Saboda wannan, ana faɗin komai, yana da matakan sa na farko a matsayin marubucin rubutu a duniyar fasaha ta bakwai, don haka ya zama marubuci mai fasali da yawa.

Yayin shekarunsa na karshe na rayuwa ya sadaukar da kansa ga ziyartar matasa fursunoni a gidajen yarin Faransa don shawo kansu tare da karfafa musu gwiwa kan sake dawo da su gabatar da kansa a matsayin misali don nuna cewa nan gaba na iya yiwuwa ba tare da aikata laifi ba.

Tabbas Giovanni ya sha wahala a lokacinsa da kuma lokacin da rikice rikice na siyasa da zamantakewar al'umma tare da yaƙin, ya ɗauki maza da yawa zuwa matsanancin fahimta ko halatta a zamaninmu.

Ba zai zama daidai a gare mu ba, saboda haka, mu fara la'antar Giovanni saboda abin da ya gabata, duk da, a hankalce, cewa abin da ya yi abin zargi ne. Na fi so, akasin haka, don in fahimci cewa ba wata rayuwa ta mutuntawa ba da za ta iya zama sanadin aikin adabi na gaske.

 

 

 

 


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

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  1.   Mariola Diaz-Cano Arevalo m

    Sannu Alex.
    Labari mai kyau. Na karanta Giovanni kuma ina matukar son shi. Na tsaya tare da hukuncinka na karshe.
    A gaisuwa.

    1.    Alex Martinez ne adam wata m

      Sannu Mariola, da kyau, nima naji daɗi sosai. Gaskiyar ita ce, ina tsammanin muna da dandano iri ɗaya na wallafe-wallafen lol.

      1.    Mariola Diaz-Cano Arevalo m

        Da kyau, suna kama da juna, heh, heh ...

  2.   Alberto Fernandez Diaz m

    Sannu Alex.
    Ya kasance ɗan lokaci tun lokacin da na karanta wani abu game da ku. Labari mai ban sha'awa. Ban san wanzuwar wannan halin ba. Rayuwa daga fim ko labari, gaskiya ne cikakke. Ko da barin fagen adabi, akwai kuma mutanen da rayuwarsu za ta cancanci fim da rubutaccen aiki kuma babu wanda ya sani ko kuma kusan ba wanda ya sani.
    Ban sani ba cewa Gestapo sun yi amfani da gungun ƙungiyoyin masu laifi don su iya sarrafa Faransawa sosai (kuma ni mai son Yaƙin Duniya na II ne). Ina tsammanin mutane kalilan ne suka sani. Mugu da karkatacciyar hanya, amma fa'ida ce ga duka ɓangarorin biyu. Mutane masu banƙyama.
    Tabbas, ba sabon abu bane ga wanda yake da martaba kamar José Giovanni ya sake shiga kansa (ina ji haka). Kuma mafi karancin abu shi ne cewa ya sadaukar da kansa ga rubutu.
    Bari mu gani idan zan ga fina-finai bisa ga littattafansa (Ina tsammanin dole ne su kasance masu kyau) kuma in karanta wasu daga cikinsu.
    Gaisuwa daga Oviedo.