Tokyo Blues

Tokyo Blues.

Tokyo Blues.

Tokyo Blues (1987) shine littafi na biyar da marubucin Japan Haruki Murakami. A lokacin fitowar ta, marubucin dan kasar Japan din ba bako bane a duniyar wallafe-wallafe kuma ya nuna wani salon na daban a cikin wallafe-wallafensa na baya. Abin da ya fi haka, shi da kansa ya yi tunanin wannan rubutu a matsayin wani nau'in gwaji wanda ke da manufar bincika batutuwa masu sauƙi ta hanya mai sauƙi.

Sakamakon ya kasance labari mai iya haɗuwa da mutane na kowane zamani, musamman tare da matasa masu sauraro. A zahiri, fiye da kofi miliyan huɗu na Tokyo Blues. Saboda haka, ya zama taken tsarkakewa ga marubucin Japan, wanda ya ci kyaututtuka da yawa tun daga lokacin. Bugu da kari, sunansa ya ci gaba da kasancewa dan takarar Nobel Prize a Adabi.

Takaitawa na Tokyo Blues

Tsarin farko

Farkon littafin ya gabatar Toru Watanabe, wani mutum dan shekaru 37 wanda aka sanya shi cikin jirgin sama (wanda yake sauka) lokacin da saurari waka ta musamman. Wannan yanki - "Itace ta Yaren mutanen Norway", ta thewararrun Englishan Turanci The Beatles— tsokane shi mutane da yawa tunanin samartakarsa (daga lokacin da yake dalibin jami'a).

Ta wannan hanyar labarin ya koma garin Tokyo a lokacin shekarun 1960. A wancan lokacin, abubuwa masu tayar da hankali sun faru a duk duniya saboda yakin sanyi da gwagwarmayar zamantakewar al'umma daban-daban. A halin yanzu, Watanabe ya ba da cikakken bayanan zamansa a babban birnin kasar Jafananci tare da saurin nutsuwa da kaɗaici.

Abota da bala'i

Kamar yadda labarin ke ci gaba, in ji mai ba da labarin cikakken bayani game da su abubuwan jami'a, wane irin kiɗa ne ya saurara da kuma baƙon halin wasu abokan aiki. Haka kuma, Watanabe da sauri tana ishara ga masoyanta da abubuwan da suka shafi jima'i. Na gaba, ya nuna kaunarsa da Kizuki, babban amininsa tun lokacin samartaka, da Naoko, budurwarsa.

Ta wannan hanyar, rayuwar yau da kullun ta bayyane tana wucewa (jin daɗin fahimta ta hanyar sauƙi da kusanci na labarin ...). har sai masifa ta barke a rayuwa kuma yana nuna tunanin haruffa har abada: Kizuki ya kashe kansa. A ƙoƙarinku na shawo kan mummunar asara, Toru ya yanke shawarar barin Naoko tsawon shekara guda.

Haduwa

Naoko da Toru sun sake saduwa a jami'a bayan fitowar jarumar lokacin kadaici. A) Ee, abota ta gaske ta samo asali wacce ta ba da damar haduwar juna da babu makawa. Amma, har yanzu tana nuna alamun alamun raunin hankali, saboda haka, tana buƙatar fuskantar masifu na baya. Ta wannan hanyar, aka shigar da yarinyar wata cibiya don ba da taimako na ƙwaƙwalwa da hutawa.

Keɓewar Naoko ya ƙarar da kadaicin Watanabe, saboda wannan dalili, ya fara nuna alamun rashin tsari. Daga baya, yayi tunanin ya kamu da son Midori, wata yarinya kuma wacce tayi aiki dan rage damuwar ta na wani lokaci. Bayan haka, Toru ya afka cikin guguwar sha'awa, jima'i, da rashin zaman lafiya jin motsin rai da ya kama tsakanin mata biyu.

Kudiri?

Ci gaban abubuwan da ke faruwa babu makawa ya tura mai ba da labarin zuwa wani irin tunani mai zurfi ta hanyar mizani mai kama da mafarki. A wannan yanayin, ba zai yuwu a rarrabe a fili abin da gaskiya ko abubuwa suke gaskiya da waɗanne abubuwa ne na hasashe ba. Daga qarshe, kwanciyar hankali da ake so zai yiwu ne kawai lokacin da mai son ya fara balaga daga ciki.

Tokyo shuɗi, a cikin kalmomin Murakami

A wata hira da El País (2007) daga Spain, Murakami yayi bayani dangane da "gwaji" Tokyo Blues, na gaba: "Ba ni da sha'awar rubuta dogayen litattafai da sahihiyar hanya, amma na yanke shawarar cewa, idan sau daya kawai, zan rubuta labari mai ma'ana. " Marubucin dan kasar Japan din ya kara da cewa ba kasafai yake karanta littattafansa ba bayan an buga su, saboda ba shi da wata alaka da al'amuran da suka gabata.

Daga baya, a cikin wata hira da Xavier Ayén (2014) ya gudanar, Murakami ya bayyana matsayinsa na haruffa tare da matsalolin halayyar mutum. Game da wannan, ya ce:Dukanmu muna da irin matsalolin mu na tunani, wanda wani lokaci zamu iya kiyayewa ba tare da sani ba, ba tare da bayyana a saman ba. Amma dukkanmu baƙi ne, duk muna ɗan hauka "...

Kalmomin goma na Tokyo shuɗi

  • "Idan duhu ya dabaibaye ku, abin da kawai za ku iya canzawa shi ne kasancewa mara motsi har sai idanunku sun saba da duhun."
  • "Abin da ya sa muka zama mutane na yau da kullun shine sanin cewa ba mu da al'ada."
  • "Karka tausayawa kanka. Ioan talakawa kawai suke yin hakan ”.
  • "Idan na karanta irin na sauran, zan gama tunani kamar su."
  • "Mutuwa ba ta adawa da rayuwa, mutuwa tana cikin rayuwarmu."
  • “Babu wanda ke son kaɗaici. Amma bana sha'awar yin abokai ko ta halin kaka ”.
  • "Shin a cikin jikina babu wani nau'in ƙwaƙwalwar ƙwaƙwalwa wanda duk mahimman abubuwan tunawa suke tarawa suka koma laka?"
  • "Hakan na faruwa da ku saboda yana ba da ra'ayin cewa ba ku damu da son wasu ba."
  • "Mutumin da ya karanta sau uku Babban Gatsby yana iya zama abokina ”.
  • "Wadanda suke cikin bakin ciki wadanda suka yi kuwwa ko waswasi, ya danganta da hanyar da iska ta bi."

Game da marubucin, Haruki Murakami

Marubuci ɗan ƙasar Japan da aka fi sani da shi a duniyar yau an haife shi ne a Kyoto a ranar Janairu 12, 1949. Shine zuriyar Buddha mai bautar zuriya kuma ɗa ne tilo. Iyayenta, Miyuki da Chiaki Murakami, masu koyar da Adabin ne. Saboda wannan dalili, ƙaramin Haruki ya girma kewaye da yanayin al'adu, tare da adabi da yawa daga sassa daban-daban na duniya (a haɗe tare da Jafananci).

Haruki Murakami quote.

Haruki Murakami quote.

Hakanan, kiɗan Anglo-Saxon ya kasance batun gama gari a gidan Murakami. Har ya kai ga tasirin tasirin kade-kade da rubuce-rubuce na kasashen Yamma ya zama alama ce ta rubutun Murakamian. Daga baya, saurayi Haruki ya zaɓi karatun wasan kwaikwayo da Girkanci a Jami'ar Waseda, ɗayan shahararrun mutane a Japan. A can ya sadu wanda yau matar sa ce, Yoko.

Gabatarwar marubucin nan gaba

A lokacin da yake dalibin jami'a, Murakami yayi aiki a shagon kade kade (don rubutun vinyl) da kuma wuraren shakatawa na jazz "Nau'in kiɗan da yake so." Daga wannan ɗanɗano ya faɗi cewa a cikin 1974 (har zuwa 1981) ya yanke shawarar yin hayar wuri domin ya kafa mashaya jazz tare da matarsa; sun yi masa baftisma "Peter Cat." Ma'auratan sun yanke shawarar ba za su haihu ba saboda rashin yardarsu ga tsara mai zuwa.

Tashin shahararren marubuci

A shekarar 1978, Haruki Murakami yi ciki ra'ayin zama marubuci yayin wasan ƙwallon baseball. Shekarar mai zuwa jefa Ji wakar iska (1979), littafinsa na farko. Tun daga wannan shekaru biyar, marubucin Jafananci ya ci gaba da ƙirƙirar labarai tare da haruffa masu ban mamaki a cikin yanayi mai rikitarwa.

Murakami ya zauna a Amurka tsakanin 1986 da 1995. A halin yanzu, ƙaddamar da Itace ta Yaren mutanen Norway —Matsayin taken na Tokyo Blues- ya yi alama a cikin aikinsa na rubutu. Kodayake miliyoyin mabiyansa sun yaba wa labaran nasa a nahiyoyi biyar, amma ba a kebe shi da kakkausar suka ba.

Salo da fasali na adabin Haruki Murakami

Surrealism, haƙiƙanin sihiri, oneirism ... ko cakuda dukansu?

Aikin marubuci daga ƙasar fitowar rana ba wanda ya damu da shi. Ko masu sukar adabi ne, manazarta ilimi ko masu karatu, tunanin halittar murakamian ya ba da sha'awa mai ban sha'awa ko ƙiyayya mai ban mamaki. Wato, da alama babu alamun tsakiyar yayin nazarin aikin Murakami. Me yasa irin wannan (pre) fitina ta kasance?

A gefe guda, Murakami daukar ciki rubutu da nufin cewa yaudarar hankali, saboda jajircewarsa game da mafarkin duniyoyin. Sakamakon haka, saitunan da ba a san su ba waɗanda Jafananci suka kirkira sun kusanci labarin ba da labari. Bugu da kari, kayan ado, wasu haruffa da kayan adabi kiyaye mucha kama tare da siffofin realismo mágico.

Muhimmancin Murakamian

Fantasy, yanayi mai kama da mafarki, da duniyoyi masu daidaituwa abubuwa ne na yau da kullun cikin labarin Murakami.. Koyaya, ba abu bane mai sauƙi a ayyana shi a cikin takamaiman halin yanzu, tunda a cikin labaransu ana yawan bayyana ko gurbata yanayi. Wannan karkatar da gaskiyar lamari na iya faruwa a cikin ma'anoni na ruɗi ko a cikin tunanin haruffa.

Me yasa labarin Murakamian ya haifar da ƙiyayya sosai?

Murakami, kamar sauran fitattun mutane - Dan Brown ko Paulo Coelho, misali-, an zarge shi da "kasancewa mai maimaitawa tare da halayensa da bayanansa." Bugu da ƙari, masu ɓata litattafan Asiya sun nuna cewa rashin maimaita iyaka tsakanin kirkirarren abu da hakikanin ya ƙare da rikicewa (ba dole ba?) Mai karatu.

Duk da haka, yawancin kurakuran Murakami ana ganin su a matsayin kyawawan dabi'u ta hanyar tarin magoya baya da muryoyin da suka dace da asalin yadda yake bayar da labarai. Dukkanin halayen da aka ambata dangane da labarin da aka loda da nutsuwa, mai kama da mafarki da abubuwa na almara suma ana iya kiyaye su a ciki Tokyo Blues.

Littattafan Murakami guda 5

  • Tokyo Blues (1987)
  • Tarihin tsuntsayen da ke shawagi a duniya (1997)
  • Sputnik, ƙaunataccena (1999)
  • Kafka a gabar teku (2002)
  • 1Q84 (2009).

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