Marubuta 5 su tunkari adabin Afirka

A cikin karni na XNUMX, adabi ya zama fasahar dimokiradiyya, duk da cewa har yanzu akwai sauran fadace-fadace da yawa don cin nasara da nuna bambanci don cin nasara. Halin da ke amsawa ga halin yanzu wanda, tsawon ƙarni, da adabin yamma an sanya shi a duk duniya, gami da waɗancan nahiyoyin da farar fata ya sa ƙafa, yana daidaita fasahar yanki ko al'ada ba tare da ba su damar bayyana shi a cikin yanayin alherinsu ba. Ngũgĩ wa Thiong'o, daga Kenya da abokin har abada na Murakami don zaɓar Nobel, ɗayan mafi kyawun sautuka ne a kan wannan batun kuma ɗayan waɗannan Marubuta 5 su tunkari adabin Afirka.

Chinua Achebe

Haifaffen ciki Ogidi, mutanen Najeriya, a matsayin dan kabilar Ibo, Achebe mai yiwuwa ne marubucin marubucin nahiyar Afirka godiya ga ayyuka kamar Komai ya lalace, wanda aka buga a cikin 1958. Aikin da yake ɗaukar wahayi ga marubucin lokacin yarintarsa, wanda aka tashe shi a muhallin da wa'azin Anglican ya fara mamaye shi, domin bamu labarin wani mayaƙi, Okonkwo, wanda ke halartar faɗuwar duniyarsa bayan isowar bature. Daya daga cikin mafi kyau marubuta don farawa a cikin adabin Afirka, tabbas.

Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie

Marubuciya 'yar Najeriya Chimamanda Ngozi Adichie.

Marubucin Afirka mafi tasiri a yau (idan muka shiga TOP Amazon na wallafe-wallafen Afirka, matsayi huɗu na farko suna nata) an haife shi a Nijeriya a cikin 1977 kuma ya girma a gidan Chinua Achebe har zuwa lokacin da malanta ta dauke ta zuwa Amurka , inda zai koyar a Adabin Afirka da Alakar Siyasa. Shekaru daga baya, duniya za ta shaida kyakkyawar aikin Ngozi Adichie, wata marubuciya wacce, baya ga bayyana hangen nesa game da nahiyar Afirka a cikin littattafai kamar Fure mai shunayya o Rabin rawaya rana Hakanan muryar mafi ƙarfi ce ta mace wacce take cikin ayyuka kamar su Amerikaanah, sanannen sananne, ko saitin labarai Wani abu a wuyan ku.

Ngũgĩ wa Thiong'o

Hakkin rubutu a yarenku

Ngũgĩ wa Thiong'o, a lokacin ɗayan laccar da yake gabatarwa.

Na fi so in ci nasara Lambar yabo ta Nobel a adabi shekarar da ta gabata (da shekarar da ta gabace ta, dayan kuma) ita ce Ngũgĩ wa Thiong'o, wani marubucin Kenya wanda yayi kama da wasu mutane kaɗan don kama yanayin Afirka a lokacin mulkin mallaka. Lalata hankali, ɗayan hisan litattafansa da aka buga a Spain tare Hankaka mayya, wata makala ce da ke bayani kan kasancewar farar fata wanda ya tilasta wa daliban jami’o’in Afirka yin watsi da nasu adabin kuma suka rungumi Shakespeare, wanda ya kira tarurrukan adabin Afirka yana mayar da wadanda suka ki barin yarensu na gida baya Ingilishi. Misalan abin da ya kamata a ƙara gaskiyar cewa wasa mai sauƙi a cikin en kikuyu, yaren marubucin, zai zama babban uzuri don sanya mawallafinsa a baya. A shekarar 1978 ne, shekarar da Thiong'o ya rubuta aikin Kikuyu na farko akan takarda na bayan gida.

Wole soyinka

Ya juya zuwa ɗan Afirka na farko da ya ci kyautar Nobel ta Adabi A cikin 1986, Soyinka wani marubucin Najeriya ne wanda yake da salon magana wanda ya dace da tatsuniyoyin Afirka zuwa tsarin labarin Yammacin Turai, musamman bayan yayi karatun shekaru da yawa a Ingila. Hanyar sa ta hadewa da fararen fata a lokacin ta haifar da suka mai yawa daga kungiyoyin adabin Afirka wanda har ila yau sakamakon tasirin Cholianism ya cutar da shi har ya koma nahiyyar sa, ya hade da wasan kwaikwayo da adabin sa. Aké: shekarun yarinta, wanda a ciki yake ba da labarin rayuwarsa daga shekara 3 zuwa 11, shine mafi kyawun sanannen aikinsa.

JMCoetzee

ElUniversalMexico.

Afirka ta Kudu ita ce ƙasar da ta fi dacewa ta bayyana canje-canje a Afirka a cikin shekaru hamsin da suka gabata, musamman tare da abubuwan da suka faru na jini kamar wariyar launin fata An soke shi a cikin 1994. Coetzee, zuriyar Danishan mulkin mallaka na Denmark waɗanda suka isa Afirka ta Kudu a cikin karni na XNUMX, sun haɗa da hangen nesan sa na nuna wariyar launin fata a cikin ƙasar bakan gizo da illolin da ke haifarwa ga al'umma cikin ayyuka kamar su Bazara ko mafi mashahuri, Masifa. A 2002, Coetzee ta lashe kyautar Nobel ta adabi, shiga cikin sama da aka ambata Soyinka, dan kasarsa Nadine Gordimer da Masar Naguib Mahfuz azaman marubutan Afirka huɗu kwamitin Sweden ya amince dashi har yanzu.

Kuna son adabin Afirka?


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  1.   Ranar hutu lahadi m

    Sanya JMCoetzee a gaban wasu ɗaruruwan marubutan Afirka waɗanda suka fi tasiri tasiri a gare ni. Wariyar launin fata ba tarihin Afirka bane, tarihi ne na Yammacin Turai.

bool (gaskiya)