Dutsen rayuka

Dutsen rayuka.

Dutsen rayuka.

Dutsen rayuka yana ɗaya daga cikin labaran da suke ɓangare Soria, tarin marubucin Spain Gustavo Adolfo Bécquer. An buga wannan almara mai ban tsoro na Gothic a ranar 7 ga Nuwamba, 1861 a cikin jaridar Zamani tare da wasu labaran goma sha shida. An rarraba aikin zuwa gajeriyar gabatarwa, sassa uku da takaddama inda mai ba da labarin ya ƙara sabbin bayanai game da labarin.

Ya faɗi game da ɓarnar Alonso, matashi mai farauta da halin rashin laifi que yana da yakini cikin sauki daga dan uwansa Beatriz don zuwa Dutsen Rayuka dama a cikin daren Ranar Matattu. Daidai wuri mafi ƙarancin dacewa don ziyarta a tsakiyar duk bukukuwan All Saints.

Sobre el autor

Baftisma da sunan Gustavo Adolfo Domínguez Bastida, an haife shi a ranar 17 ga Fabrairu, 1836 a Seville, Spain. Mahaifinsa, Don José Domínguez Bécquer, da 'yan'uwansa mashahuran masu zane ne. A cikin babban birnin Andalus ya ciyar da ƙuruciyarsa da samartaka; a can ya karanci ilimin bil'adama da zane-zane. Ya kasance a ƙarƙashin kulawar kawunsa, Joaquín Domínguez Bécquer, bayan ya zama marayu yana ɗan shekara goma sha ɗaya.

Ayyukan farko

Kafin ya zama mutum mai wasiƙu, ya koma Madrid a 1854, inda ya yi aiki a matsayin ɗan jarida da kuma daidaita wasannin kwaikwayo na kasashen waje. A shekarar 1958, a lokacin da yake zaune a garinsu, ya kamu da rashin lafiya mai tsanani kuma ya kwashe watanni 9 a gado saboda wata mummunar cuta. Har zuwa yau, masana tarihi ba su yarda da yanayin cutar ba (tsakanin tarin fuka da syphilis).

An uwansa Valeriano ya kula da shi kuma ya taimaka masa ya buga labarinsa na farko: Shugaba tare da jan hannuwa. A wannan lokacin ya kuma sadu da Julia Espín, wanda masana da yawa suka sanya shi a matsayin gidan kayan tarihin sa Waƙoƙi. Wasu kuma suna tunanin cewa Elisa Guillén ne ya ba shi ilhamar. A 1861 ya auri Casta Esteban, ɗiyar likita. Kodayake ba auren farin ciki ba ne, sun haifi yara uku.

tsakanin Legends y Waƙoƙi

Rabin farko na shekarun 1860 shine mafi ingancin lokacin sa a cikin lafazin adabi na Gustavo Adolfo Bécquer. Ba don komai ba ya rubuta yawancin nasa Legends a wannan lokacin. Hakanan, ya yi aiki a cikin bayanin tarihin aikin jarida kuma ya fara rubutunsa na Waƙoƙi. A 1866 ya zama aikin tantance bayanan littattafai, don haka ya sami damar mai da hankali sosai kan waƙoƙin nasa.

Juyin juya hali na 1868 ya sa ya rasa aikinsa kuma matarsa ​​ta bar shi.. Sakamakon haka, ya koma Toledo tare da ɗan'uwansa sannan zuwa babban birnin Spain. A can ya jagoranci mujallar Hasken Madrid (ɗan'uwansa yayi aiki a matsayin mai zane). Mutuwar Valeriano a watan Satumba na 1870 ta jefa shi cikin baƙin ciki sosai. Gustavo Adolfo Bécquer ya mutu bayan watanni uku.

Legacy

Gustavo Adolfo Becquer.

Gustavo Adolfo Becquer.

Gustavo Adolfo Becquer shi ne - tare da Rosalía de Castro - wanda aka ɗauka babban wakilin wakokin bayan-soyayya. Genwararren waƙoƙi mai rarrabe ta hanyar kusancinsa da yanayin bayyana ƙarancin lafazi irin na soyayya. Bugu da kari, Bécquer ya rinjayi manyan masu fasaha daga baya, kamar su Rubén Darío, Antonio Machado da Juan Ramón Jiménez, da sauransu.

Dutsen rayuka a cikin kansa aiki ne tare da keɓaɓɓen gado. Ya bayyana a cikin jigogi daban-daban na kide-kide da opera da masu fasaha irin su Rodríguez Losada, minstrel metal band "Saurom" da kungiyar 80s, Gabinete Caligari. A halin yanzu, akwai hanyar yawon bude ido a Soria wanda ya samo asali daga labarin Bécquer.

Binciken El Monte de las Animas

Personajes

Alonso

Shi dan uwan ​​Beatriz ne mara gaskiya. Yana nuna halin marar laifi bayan ya sami sauƙin shawo kansa don ya nemi laƙanin shuɗi a cikin Monte de las Ánimas. Matsalar ita ce ta yi daidai a daren All Saints, lokacin da ƙarin ruhohi ke yawo a wurin.

Mafarauci kuma magaji ga katanga Alcudiel ya kasance mai gaskiya a cikin haɗarin ɓoye ɓoyayyensa ta wannan hanyar. Kodayake kasancewa da masaniya sosai game da labaran da suka shafi ruhohin Templars waɗanda suka mutu a yaƙinsu da hidalgos. Alonso ya ƙare da saba wa imaninsu don faranta wa wanda suke so rai.

Beatriz

Yarinya mace mai kyawun kyawu, amma da yanayin sanyi da lissafi. Yarinyar da ake kirga ta Borges ta nuna son kanta lokacin da ta nemi dan uwanta Alonso da ya je Monte de las Ánimas don dawo da rigar da ta ɓace. Bai damu da komai ba game da yanayin daren ko haɗarin da dan uwansa ya gudu zuwa can.

Beatriz shine tsarkakakken narcissism. Mace mai yawan son kai da halayyar kama-karya, wanda aka bashi da haziƙan hankali wanda ya sami damar ƙalubalantar Alonso. Har ya kai ga cewa ɗan uwan ​​nasa ba zai iya yin fatali da buƙatar neman sutura a cikin irin wannan daren mai haɗari ba.

Yan wasa na Secondary

  • Counididdigar Alcudiel, iyayen Alonso.
  • Tsididdigar Borges, iyayen Beatriz.
  • 'Yan iska, mafarauta da bayin fadar.
  • Mataimakan zuwa fadar theididdigar Alcudiel a daren All Saints.
Bayanin Gustavo Adolfo Bécquer.

Bayanin Gustavo Adolfo Bécquer.

Takaitaccen Labari

Alonso ya saba da labarin Monte de las Ánimas. A tsakiyar ranar farauta tare da yara da shafukan Los Condes de Borges da Alcudiel, ya ba su labarai game da Templars waɗanda ke mulkin dutsen. Sun kasance mayaƙa kuma masu addini waɗanda suka mutu a can a hannun sojojin Sarkin Castile lokacin da masarautar ta yanke shawarar korar Larabawan daga garin Soria.

A cewar tatsuniyar, ruhohin Templars da aka binne a wurin sun fita don tsare dutsen tare da dabbobi a cikin daren All Saints. Saboda wannan, babu wani lafiyayyen mutum da ya kuskura ya kusanci dutsen yayin wadancan bukukuwa.

Kalubale

A lokacin cin abincin dare a fadar ƙididdigar Alcudiel, Alonso da Beatriz sun tsaya suna magana ta bakin murhu. Ya gaya wa dan uwan ​​nasa cewa nan ba da dadewa ba zai tashi daga nan kuma yana son ba ta wani abin ado a matsayin abin tunawa. Ta karɓi kyautar, duk da rashin sonta na farko. Amma Alonso yana son karɓar kyauta daga ɗan uwan ​​sa ma.

Beatriz ta gaya masa cewa za ta ba shi da zaren shuɗi. Koyaya, tufafin ya ɓace a cikin Monte de las Ánimas. Don haka, ta yi amfani da ƙarfinta don tambayar bajintar Alonso kuma ta nuna ba ruwansu. A cikin rikice-rikice, ya yanke shawara tabbatar da ƙimar ka ta hanyar kwaso bondan uwan ​​kaDuk don a faranta mata rai.

Kaset

Beatriz ya yi wahalar yin bacci a wannan daren. Da farko ta yi tunanin cewa ta yi karin gishiri ne ta hanyar tsorata da yin addu'oi akai-akai saboda mafarkin da ta yi. Amma wani abu mai tayar da hankali ya tsaya akan tebur a dakinta: kintinkiri mai launin shuɗi. Lokacin da bawan Borges ya je ya ba shi labarin mutuwar Alonso daga kyarketai, an sami Beatriz da ya mutu.

Wani lokaci bayan abin da ya faru, wani mafarauci ya kasance dare ɗaya a cikin Monte de las Ánimas. Kafin ya mutu, mutumin ya yi iƙirarin cewa ya ga kwarangwal na Templars sun fito kuma daga cikin manyan Sorians binne a can. Kari akan haka, ya hango surar kyakkyawar mace mai zafin nama da kafafu masu jini, tana yawo a kabarin Alonso.


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

Kasance na farko don yin sharhi

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