Binciken Bikin aure na Jini ta Federico García Lorca

Federico Garcia Lorca

A ranar 22 ga Yuni, 1928, a Cortijo de Fraile de Níjar, a cikin Cabo de Gata Natural Park da ke Almería na yanzu, wani mummunan lamari ya faru. Musamman, bikin aure wanda ya kawo karshen masifa lokacin da amarya ta yanke shawarar guduwa da mutumin da take ƙaunarta da gaske. Haƙiƙa abin da zai haifar da ɗayan shahararrun ayyukan Federico García Lorca: Bikin Auren Jini.

Takaitawa game da Auren Jini

Federico García Lorca na bikin auren jini

A cikin garin Andalus, kowa ya shirya yi bikin aure wanda zai tona asirin da rigimar dangi biyu. A gefe guda, dangin ango sun hada da mahaifiya wacce ta rasa mijinta da daya daga cikin ‘ya’yanta saboda Felix, wanda dansa Leonardo har yanzu yake soyayya da amaryar.

Halin da ya zafafa bikin aure wanda, duk da cewa an yi shi, ya ƙare da bala'i lokacin da amarya ta yanke shawarar guduwa tare da Leonardo. Jirgin da ya tattara dukkanin garin, tare da ango a matsayin babban mai bin ma'auratan ta cikin dajin.

A ƙarshe, labarin ya ƙare da mutuwar ango da Leonardo, waɗanda ke ƙare junan su yayin wata yana sama a sama. Amaryar ta tsira, ta zama babban mai fama da mutuwa tare da matar Leonardo.

Wannan ƙarshen, sananne ga kowa, yana ɗaukar fitowar labarin da ke tafiya a cikin crescendo, cike da dukkan tatsuniyar Andalusiya da Lorca ta zube cikin yanayi na alheri. Abubuwa masu maimaitawa haɗe tare da wahayi da aka haifa saboda sanarwa da aka buga wanda ya shafi labarin Francisca Cañadas, wanda wani dare a cikin Yuli 1928 ya gudu tare da dan uwanta Francisco Montes, ƙaunataccen rayuwarta, daga bikin auren da aka yi kawai tare da saurayinta, Casimiro, wacce ita da dangin ta suka yi kokarin aurar da ita domin sadakinta ya yi kyau.

Halayen Auren Jini

'Yan wasan fim din Amarya

Bikin aure na jini ya kunshi haruffa masu zuwa da na sakandare masu zuwa:

  • Saurayin: Duk da cewa ba shi da hankali, shi mutum ne mai tsananin son abin, don haka ba zai iya jure tunanin ganin budurwarsa a hannun wani mutum ba. A gare shi, sha'awar sa ga amaryar alama ce ta ma'anar soyayya ta gaskiya.
  • Budurwa: Mai tausayi da jinkiri, tana jan ɗaruruwan rikice rikice a duk ɓangaren farko na wasan har sai burinta ya fashe bayan bikin. Ita ce gabaɗaya mai ba da gudummawa ga aikin (kamar yadda tabbatarwa ta kwanan nan, The Bride) kuma tana kare kanta a cikin ikon yanayi a matsayin uzuri don ba da hujjar kubutarta.
  • Leonard: Kusurwa ta uku ta alwatika ita ce dan uwan ​​amarya, wanda suke matukar kauna da ita. Yayi aure da dan uwan ​​jarumar, yana ganin sha'awarsa ta karu yayin da labarin ke cigaba har sai ya yanke shawarar guduwa da ita. Ba shi da hankali, yana da kishi da hamayyar wasan.
  • Uwa: A matsayinta na mai ba da labarin inuwa, mahaifiyar ango ita ce ke kula da cike duk gibi a cikin makircin tare da bayanan da zai sauƙaƙa fahimtar sauran haruffa da ayyukansu.
  • Matar Leonardo: Ta san yadda mijinta yake ji game da amarya, a lokaci guda kuma, tare da surukarta, tana yin annabcin bala'in da zai faru a ƙarshen wasan.

Alamar Bikin Auren Jini

Cikakken Wata da Auren Jini

A cikin Auren Bikin Jini, alamomi da yawa waɗanda aka yaba a baya a cikin aikin Lorca suma suna aiki a matsayin haruffa da masu jagorantar labarin:

  • Wata: Kayan gargajiya na Lorca, wata galibi ana alakanta shi da mutuwa, kodayake a cikin Auren Bikin Jini shi ma yana aiki ne a matsayin zane na tsarkakewa da nuna jini da tashin hankali wanda ke bayyana tarihi.
  • Doki: Yana nuna alamar kuzari da namiji.
  • Marowaci: Sanye take da koren kore, ta fito a sashin karshe na wasan tare da Amarya zuwa makomarta na karshe. Yana nuna alamar mutuwa.

Bikin Auren Jini: Wakar Rikici

Cortijo del Fraile a cikin Almería

Cortijo del Fraile, saitin abin da ya karfafa Bodas de Sangre. Hoton Julen Iturbe.

Bikin aure na jini an haife shi ne ta hanyar sanarwar da aka ambata a baya wacce ta ruwaito abubuwan da suka faru a Nijar a 1928, musamman daya wanda Diario de Málaga ya buga mai taken "Sha'awar mace na haifar da ci gaban wani bala'i mai zubar da jini wanda a ciki ya jawowa namiji sanadin rayuwarsa ". Ya kasance kamar wannan Lorca ya yanke shawarar ɗaukar tarihi azaman bala'i, salo wanda kuma ya zama ɗayan asalin gidan wasan kwaikwayo.

Labari mai dangantaka:
Federico García Lorca. Shekaru 119 da haihuwarsa. Yankin jumloli da ayoyi

Bayan watanni na rubuce-rubuce, a ƙarshe a ranar 8 ga Maris, 1933 Bodas de sangre da aka gabatar a Beaterz Theater a Madrid, ya zama irin wannan nasarar da Shi ne kawai wasan kwaikwayon da Lorca ya buga a cikin wani littafi a cikin 1935 ta gidan wallafe-wallafe El Arbol a ƙarƙashin taken Bikin aure na Jinin: Bala'i a cikin ayyuka uku da kwata bakwai.

Dukansu a cikin wasanninta na wasan kwaikwayo da na adabi, ana gabatar da Bikin aure na Jinin ayyuka daban-daban uku, waɗanda aka yi su da maballoli daban-daban (na farko zuwa uku, yayin da na biyu da na uku suka kasu kashi biyu). Tsarin da ke ba da izinin ruwa mai yawa a cikin ruwayar, a daidai lokacin da yake ba da gudummawar cikakken shakku ga labarin.

Bugu da kari, aikin zai zama batun sauran wasannin kwaikwayo na baya-baya da kuma sauya fina-finai daban-daban, daga cikinsu shi ne wanda aka kai shi sinima a 1938 tare da gidan kayan tarihin Lorca, Margarita Xirgu, a matsayin fitaccen jarumi, ko kuma Amaryar, wacce aka fara a 2015 tare da Inma.Yan tsada a cikin aikin jagora.

Ana ɗauka a matsayin ɗayan manyan ayyukan Federico García Lorca, Bikin aure na jini shine mafi kyawun wakilin tasirin marubucin: yanayin iyali kamar na Andalus, wanda yake nuna alamunsa wanda ke ƙulla makoma dangane da masifa, nau'in da Lorca zata bayyana a wurin shekaru uku kafin kisan da zai hana mu sihiri na har abada na ɗayan manyan marubutan tarihi.

Kuna so ku karanta littafin Bodas de sangre na Federico García Lorca? Kuna iya samun shi a nan.


Abubuwan da ke cikin labarin suna bin ka'idodinmu na ka'idojin edita. Don yin rahoton kuskure danna a nan.

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