Ziyini izandiso

Ziyini izandiso

Izandiso zisisiza ukuthi sihlele imibono yethu ngombhalo ngendlela ehlangene. Yitemu lohlelo lolimi elingasiza kakhulu ekubhaleni noma yimuphi umbhalo. Kumele sizazi ukuze sazi ukuthi sizisebenzisa ngendlela efanele. Hhayi ngokwazi ukukhuluma ulimi esinganquma ukuthi silwenza ngendlela efanele noma cha.

Kodwa kude nokwenza indatshana eyisicefe ngale ndaba, Lapha sizokunikeza izibonelo zokusetshenziswa kwezandiso ngesiSpanishi. Khumbula ukuthi izandiso yilolo hlu lwamagama esiwafunde ngekhanda esikoleni. Lokhu ngokuqinisekile kuzokwenza kube lula ukuwakhumbula.

Ziyini izandiso

Izandiso ziyizigaba zohlelo lolimi noma izigaba zamagama ezisebenza ukuhlanganisa imishwana (ngokuvamile eyisibizo) noma imisho.. Ibinzana liyisakhiwo samagama, isigaba saso esiyinhloko esibizwa ngokuthi i-nucleus futhi inomsebenzi we-syntactic ngaphakathi komusho. Isibonelo: ibinzana lebizo lithi: "[inja] iyakhonkotha" ([inja] umunci oqondile + ibizo noma ibizo).

Ngakolunye uhlangothi, Isibonelo sebinzana lesandulela elithi «Udadewethu uthanda ushokoledi»; isakhiwo esethulwe yisandiso [Kudadewethu] siyisisho sesiqalo futhi kulokhu ifaka ibinzana lebizo elithi [dadewethu]. Esinye isibonelo: "Umbulali uboshwe amaphoyisa" [ibinzana lesandulela: ngamaphoyisa].

Nokho, Izandiso ngolimi lwesiSpanishi zivame ukwethula imisho. Izibonelo: "Intombazane engikutshele ngayo ngolunye usuku isebenza endaweni yokubhukuda kamasipala" [imisho yokubeka phambili: leyo engikutshela ngayo / echibini lokubhukuda likamasipala] / "Impilo edolobheni ingcono kunalokho engangikukhumbula" [ibinzana prepositional: lokho akukhumbulayo].

Intombazane efundayo idiniwe

Izici

Izandiso ngeSpanishi yilezi: kuya, ngaphambili, ngaphansi, kufanelana, nokuphikisana, ukusuka, phakathi, phakathi, phakathi, kuze kube, kudlule, ngokusho, ngaphandle, ngakho, emva, ngokuphambene.

Ezinye zazo sezingasasetshenziswa. Singazithola kweminye yemisebenzi yakudala, noma emibhalweni yezomthetho. Kumele lisho ukuthi "eduze kwe" (Indlu yasepulazini kufanelana umfula) kanye so "bass". Ngeke sisebenzise "okufanelana" noma ukukuzwa komunye umuntu, kodwa "ngakho" kusavamile ngolimi olusemthethweni noma lwenqubo futhi, ngakho-ke, emithonjeni yezindaba: "Laba besifazane ababili abakwazi ukubuyela ezweni labo. so Isigwebo sentambo". Ngakolunye uhlangothi, elithi "versus" i-anglicism okufanele isetshenziswe ngezikhathi ezithile kuphela (imiqhudelwano yezemidlalo noma imidlalo): "Emdlalweni wanamuhla babhekene neReal Madrid. Ukuqhathanisa Atletico Madrid".

Izandiso zine ifomu elingaguquki (abalokothi bashintshe), yingakho bengenabo ubulili noma inombolo futhi umsebenzi walo ubuhlobo phakathi kwamagama, imishwana nemisho, njengoba sesibonile kakade. Zingenziwa ngale ndlela: a + el (al) no-de + el (del).

Ngokujwayelekile sisebenzisa izandiso ukuveza ukunyakaza, indawo kanye nesikhathi. Yilona elivame kakhulu: Ngiye eFlorence ngaleli holide (umnyakazo), ngihlala eMadrid (indawo), Ikhonsathi iqala ngesishiyagalolunye (isikhathi).

Singathola futhi izandiso ze-prepositional. Isandiso siyisiguquli sesenzo futhi izandiso nazo zingase ziphelelise isenzo. Kungakho singathola izandiso ezinokubukeka kwesabizwana, ikakhulukazi ukucacisa indawo yento ethile. Lezi yizandiso ezivame kakhulu ze-hybrid prepositional: ngaphezulu/phezulu, ngaphansi/phansi, phambili/ngaphambili, emuva/ngemuva, ngaphakathi/ngaphakathi, ngaphandle/ngaphandle, phambili.

Ngokufanayo, Kunezinye izakhiwo ezihlanganisa izandiso futhi zibizwa ngokuthi imishwana ye-prepositional., kodwa futhi nezixhumi zombhalo: ngenxa yokuthi, ukuze, ngenkani, naphezu, cishe, cishe, eduze, nxazonke, ngaphambili, mayelana, nokubhekana, ngaphambi, ngemva, ukuze, phakathi, esikhundleni sokuthi, ngenxa yokuthi, mayelana...

Incwajana

Ukusetshenziswa nezibonelo

A

Isebenzisa: i-modo (Ngibhala a umshini ngoba ngiwuthanda), hamba (Ngihamba kakhulu a Toledo ngoba ngisebenza lapho), izingxenye zosuku (Bafike bazobheka i-boiler a emini), into eqondile yomuntu (Ngiyabona a umakhelwane njalo ekuseni), ubudala (Ngashada a iminyaka engu-25), isikhathi esiqondile / isikhathi (Ikilasi a isishiyagalombili), ukubonakaliswa kwendawo / ibanga / usuku / izinga lokushisa / imvamisa (Igumbi lokugezela likhona al ingemuva / yi a 200km/Sikhona a ULwesibili / Sikhona a 20th / ngizivocavoca kabili a isonto), ukuncoma okungaqondile (A umndeni wami uthanda ulwandle), isimiso (kuvulwe ngo-9 a I-8), isikhala (Kusuka eMadrid a I-Alicante icishe ibe ngu-500 km).

I-Ante

Isebenzisa: phambi (Abantwana baya I-ante umqondisi / uMaria uyaphahlazeka I-ante izinkinga)

Okuphansi

Isebenzisa: indawo (Ibhayisikili li phansi umuthi).

cunt

Isebenzisa: insimbi yomculo (Ngishaya zonke izingcingo con umakhalekhukhwini wami), Compania (Live con isoka lami).

Contra

Isebenzisa: ukuphikiswa / ukwethuka (Akulungile ukuthi uMariana enze ngokumelene umfowabo).

De

Isebenzisa: ifa (Le ncwadi de Manuel), impahla (Ithebula li de izinkuni), isimiso (Umtapo wolwazi uvuliwe de 9 kuya ku-8), imvelaphi / provenance (Ngiyaphuma de ekhaya njalo ekuseni / uHans ukhona de Germany), umphelelisi wegama (isikhwama de izithelo / incwadi de izibalo), ingxenye (Ingabe ufuna ezinye de ikhekhe?), imbangela (Ushonile de umdlavuza), isikhala (De I-Madrid ukuya e-Alicante cishe i-500 km / ngizoyicisha ithelevishini de leli gumbi), ingxenye yosuku maqondana nehora (Izi-5 de ntambama).

Kusuka

Isebenzisa: indawo (Kusuka I-balcony angiyiboni ikhemisi), isikhathi (Angibaboni bafowethu funa Ukhisimusi), ukuqala kwesenzo sesikhashana (Isebenzile funa Mashi kuya ku-Okthoba).

I-Durante

Isebenzisa: isandiso sesikhashana (UDolores akazange abheme lutho ngesikhathi ukukhulelwa).

En

Isebenzisa: indawo (Saphumula en Majorca / Umbhede en igumbi lokulala / Izinhlamvu ziyi en itafula / amasokisi en umshini wokuwasha), isikhathi (sizondiza en NgoJuni kuya eMalaga / Ngenza umsebenzi wami wesikole en Imizuzu engama-30).

phakathi

Isebenzisa: ubudlelwano besikhashana (phakathi September noNovemba izihlahla zinhle), siqu (phakathi URosa noJulián bazongihlanyisa), wezinto (Angizimisele phakathi iwashi elibomvu neliluhlaza okwesibhakabhaka).

Ngakusasa

Isebenzisa: isiqondiso (Kufanele sihambe kuya phambili Salamanca), cishe isikhathi (Ngike ngaba noMarta kuya phambili ihora lesithupha).

kuze

Isebenzisa: isiphetho sesenzo sesikhashana noma cha / indawo (Ngisebenze kusukela ngoMashi up October / ngizosebenza up ihora lesithupha / Sadla up dliswa / ngizohamba up epaki futhi ngizobuyela ekhaya).

Ngo

Isebenzisa: ngokusebenzisa / con (Ngenza amaphepha ngokusebenzisa isitifiketi sikagesi).

para

Isebenzisa: injongo (Ngiyajima ukuze hlala kahle), umamukeli (Le ngubo i ukuze Sarah), isikhathi (Ngidinga ukuqedela lokhu ukuze ekuseni), isiqondiso (Ngiyahamba ukuze Girona ngempelasonto), umbono (Kwami ukuthi ngeke beze emshadweni).

Por

Isebenzisa: imbangela (Ngifunda isiJalimane por usebenzile), izingxenye zosuku (Isebenzile por ntambama), isikhathi / indawo eseduze (Ngizoya eMadrid por Novemba / Ngithanda ukuhamba por e bhishi), ngokusebenzisa (Uhambile por umnyango omkhulu), imvamisa (Nginikeza izifundo zesiginci izikhathi ezintathu por isonto), medio (Ngihamba por I-inthanethi), ukufaka esikhundleni (washintsha imoto yakhe por isithuthuthu), isivumelwano / ukungezwani (Por angifuni ukuza).

Ngokusho

Isebenzisa: i-modo (Ngizokwenza ngokusho Ngitshele).

Sin

Isebenzisa: ukuntuleka (Imvamisa njengamapayipi Isono Usawoti).

Mayelana

Isebenzisa: indawo (Ikhamera i cishe umbhede), sondela (sahlala cishe ngelesishiyagalolunye), inkomba / mayelana (Ngithanda ukukhuluma cishe ifilimu).

Ngemuva kwalokho

Isebenzisa: ngemuva kwe- (The river is ngemuva leyo ntaba).

Via

Isebenzisa: ngokusebenzisa (Sithumela imibhalo nge ifeksi / Sizofika e-Alicante nge Albacete).


Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Amazwana ayi-2, shiya okwakho

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe.

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.

  1.   Fernando kusho

    Isihloko esithakazelisayo kakhulu. Njengenjwayelo ngokuzisebenzisa usuku lonke futhi ngaphandle kokuqaphela sisebenzisa ngendlela enesici. Futhi uma sisebenzisa kabi ulimi ukucabanga kwethu kuba mpofu kakhulu. Siyabonga ngalesi sihloko esilula nesibalulekile.

    1.    Belen Martin kusho

      Sawubona Fernando! Ngiyabonga kakhulu ngokuphawula kwakho. Kuhlale kunjalo ezindabeni ezihlobene nolimi esilusebenzisa sonke kodwa abambalwa abalwaziyo. Kufanelekile ukucabanga ngakho kancane.