Isifinyezo esifushane esithi "Umlando wezitebhisi" ngu-Antonio Buero Vallejo

Nokuthula Ngcobo placeholder image

Emsebenzini we Nokuthula Ngcobo placeholder image, «Umlando wezitebhisi», izizukulwane ezintathu ezihlala esakhiweni esifanayo zihlelwe ukumela ukukhungatheka kwezenhlalo nokukhona empilweni yaseSpain engxenyeni yokuqala yekhulu lama-XNUMX. Izitebhisi, isikhala esivaliwe nesingokomfanekiso, nokuhamba kwesikhathi okungenakulinganiswa kuvuna ukwakheka kokujikeleza nokuphindaphinda okugcizelela ukwehluleka kwabalingiswa.

Isenzo sokuqala

Isenzo sokuqala senzeka ngosuku ngo-1919. UCarmina noFernando, abantu abasha ababili abahlala esakhiweni esisezingeni eliphansi, bahlangana lapho kwehla noma "amakhasino" ezitebhisini.

Umthetho wesibili

Isenzo sesibili senzeka eminyakeni eyishumi kamuva. U-Urbano ucela uCarmina ukuthi amamukele njengomyeni wakhe. U-Elvira noFernando sebeshadile.

Umthetho wesithathu

Lesi senzo sesithathu senzeka ngo-1949, unyaka umdlalo owakhishwa ngawo. UFernando, indodana ka-Elvira noFernando, noCarmina, indodakazi ka-Urbano noCarmina, bayathandana, kepha abazali babo banqabe lobu budlelwano ngenxa yomunyu nokukhungatheka okubangelwa ukwehluleka kwabo.

Amazwibela «Indaba yesitebhisi»

«Umlando wezitebhisi» ngumdlalo (ngo-1947 nango-1948) ka-Antonio Buero Vallejo, athola kuwo umklomelo weLope de Vega. Yaqala ukukhonjiswa eSpain Theatre eMadrid ngo-Okthoba 14, 1949. Kuyo, umphakathi waseSpain, nawo wonke amanga awo, uhlaziywa endaweni yangakini Escalera.

Ingqikithi emaphakathi yeNdaba yesitebhisi

Indaba yesikhwelo isitshela indaba yabantu abaningana abampofu nakuzo zonke izizukulwane zabo, baqhubeke nokugcina leso simo, yize befuna ukuphuma. Kodwa-ke abayitholi indlela yokuphuma esimweni sabo nokuthi kubangela intukuthelo, umona, amanga, intukuthelo ... phakathi kwabo bonke omakhelwane ezitebhisini. Ikakhulukazi uma kukhona omunye wabo ogqamile.

Ngakho, U-Antonio Bueno Vallejo isibonisa ukuthi sikhungatheka kanjani, sifuna ukugqama kwabanye, futhi silwa nezigaba eziphansi ngaphandle kokuthola umvuzo kululaza umuntu, ukumenza abe munyu nokwenza zonke izinto ezimbi kumuntu kuchume.

Ezinye izindaba zivele ngokusobala okungenzeka kube ngumfanekiso othembekile womphakathi, njengoba kwenzeka kuFernando, owathi esemusha waphupha ukuthi uzoba ngumdwebi omkhulu futhi ocebile; futhi nokho, njengoba iminyaka iqhubeka kubonakala ukuthi uyaqhubeka nokuhlala kuleyo ndlu futhi usahlupheka.

Ngandlela thile, umbhali ukhombisa ukuthi imfundo kanye nendlela yokuphatha izingane kuyabathonya ukuthi baphinde iphethini efanayo evimbela ukuthi baphume kulobo buphofu.

Abalingiswa kuNdaba yesitebhisi

Njengoba kungabonakala kulokhu okungenhla, i-Historia de una escala ayigxili enkathini eyodwa kuphela, kepha kunalokho Ihlanganisa izizukulwane ezintathu zemindeni emithathu ehlukene nokuthi ziguquka kanjani ngokwehlukile. Ngakho-ke, kunezinhlamvu eziningi, kepha ngamunye wabo uhambelana nesizukulwane. Kulokhu, sikhuluma ngalokhu:

Indaba yesizukulwane sokuqala yesitebhisi

Kuyo abalingiswa yilawa:

  • UDon Manuel: Ungumlingiswa ocebile ohlala kuleyo ndawo kepha, ngokungafani nabanye, ufuna ukusiza omakhelwane bakhe ngemali anayo. "Iso lakhe langakwesokudla" yindodakazi yakhe u-Elvira, inkinga ukuthi lena yintombazane engenamqondo, okuthi, njengoba ibiphila engcebweni, ingaboni ukuthi yini ebaluleke ngempela.
  • IDoña Bondadosa (Asunción): Ungumama kaFernando, owesifazane owenza konke okusemandleni ukuze indodana yakhe iphile impilo emnandi. Abaningi bacabanga ukuthi ucebile, kanti empeleni nguyena ompofu kunabo bonke endaweni.
  • UBale: Ungumama wezingane ezintathu, uTrinini, Urbano noRosa. Umyeni wakhe nguMnu. Juan futhi ungowesifazane onegunya othanda ukugcina izingane zakhe zilawulwa.
  • UGregory: Wayenguyise kaCarmina noPepe, kodwa uyadlula futhi enze umndeni ube sesimweni esidabukisayo.
  • Unika: Ungunkosikazi kaGregorio, umfelokazi futhi udabukile ngokushonelwa ngumyeni. Yize enezingane ezimbili, intandokazi yakhe yintombazane.

Isizukulwane sesibili

Esizukulwaneni sesibili, sekudlule iminyaka eminingana futhi izingane ezibonwe kwesokuqala sezikhulile. Manje sebekhulile asebekhulile abaqala ukuhamba bodwa empilweni. Ngakho-ke, sinakho:

  • Fernando: Ngithandana noCarmina. Kodwa-ke, efuna ukuba ngomunye umuntu, futhi esikhundleni sokuthatha isinqumo ngenhliziyo yakhe, uyenzela imali, ngakho-ke ushada no-Elvira. Lokho kwenza, ngemuva kwesikhashana, aziqhenye, avilaphe ... futhi alahlekelwe yinkohliso yokuphila. Ubuye unezingane ezimbili, uFernando noManolín.
  • Carmina: UCarmina uqala njengentombazane enamahloni engafuni muntu omethembayo. Uthandana noFernando, kodwa ekugcineni ugcina eshade no-Urbano. Unendodakazi eqanjwe ngaye.
  • Elvira: U-Elvira wakhula phakathi kokuthanda nemali, ngakho akakaze aswele lutho. Kodwa-ke, unomona ngalokho uCarmina anakho.
  • Urban: Kukholakala ukuthi ulungile kukho konke nokuthi angaba ngaphezu kwabanye ngoba wazi okuningi. Ulukhuni, kodwa usebenza kanzima, ubhekana namaqiniso futhi noma nini lapho ezama khona uzama ukusiza.
  • Pepe: Umfowabo kaCarmina. Ungumuntu okuthi, njengoba impilo iqhubeka, avele acasuke futhi adliwe yiyo. Ekugcineni, yize eshade noRosa, ungumuntu othanda abesifazane futhi uyisidakwa.
  • Rosa: Ungudadewabo ka-Urbano. Ushada noPepe futhi umshado wakhe umholela empilweni ebuhlungu, abafa ngayo empilweni.
  • Trini: Uhlala engashadile yize emuhle futhi emuhle kwabanye.

Indaba yesizukulwane sesithathu yesitebhisi

Ekugcineni, isizukulwane sesithathu sisinikeza abalingiswa abathathu, asebevele babonwa kwesedlule:

  • Fernando: Indodana ka-Elvira noFernando, efana kakhulu noyise ngokukhanga, ukungacaci, igigolo, njll. Uthanda ukwenza amasu ngekusasa futhi oyithandayo uyindodakazi kaCarmina, uCarmina.
  • UManolin: Ungumfowabo kaFernando futhi ubelokhu eyisithandwa somndeni, ngakho-ke njalo lapho ethola ithuba uhlangana noFernando.
  • Carmina: Uyindodakazi kaCarmina no-Urbano, onendlela yokufana kakhulu nonina ebusheni bakhe. Uthandana noFernando, kepha umndeni wakhe awufuni ukuthi ahlobene naye.

Isakhiwo sendaba

Izitebhisi, into esemqoka yeNdaba yezitebhisi

Indaba yezitebhisi inesakhiwo esicishe sifane nenoveli, lapho une- ingxenye yesingeniso, ifindo, noma ingxabano; nengxenye yomphumela okuthi, ngandlela thile, kubonakale kunesiphetho esizophinda ukulandelana okufanayo kaninginingi kubalingiswa.

Ngokuqondile, kule ndaba uzothola okulandelayo:

Isingeniso

Akungabazeki ukuthi yisizukulwane sokuqala emlandweni, kusukela kutshelwa imvelaphi yabalingiswa, lezo zingane ezivelayo futhi ezizoba ngabalingiswa abaphambili ngemuva kwesikhathi ziyagxuma.

Unqunu

Ifindo, noma ukungqubuzana, yingxenye lapho kunakwa kakhulu emanovelini ngoba kulapho kwenzeka khona umnyombo wawo wonke. Futhi, kulokhu, ifindo uqobo yilo lonke isizukulwane sesibili lapho ubona khona ukuthi zihlala kanjani, ukukhungatheka, amagqubu, amanga, njll.

Umphumela

Ekugcineni, ukuphela, okuvuleke ngempela futhi okulandela iphethini efanayo ukuze konke kuphindwe, Isizukulwane sesithathu, lapho kubonakala khona ukuthi izingane zizokwenza amaphutha afanayo nawabazali. Futhi nalaba bayabakhuthaza kulokho abakwenzayo.

Incazelo yeladi

Enye yezinto ezibalulekile zoMlando wesitebhisi isitebhisi uqobo. Imayelana ne- into engasebenziseki, lokho kuhlala kungapheli ngokuhamba kweminyaka, futhi isizukulwane, isizukulwane ngesizukulwane sihlala siyisixhumanisi sobumbano lwabo bonke omakhelwane baleyo ndawo.

Kodwa-ke, kukhombisa nokuhamba kwesikhathi, ngoba ekuqaleni kubonakala izitebhisi ezintsha, ezicwebezelayo, futhi ngokuhamba kwesikhathi, futhi ngaphezu kwakho konke ukuqhubeka kulolo lwandle lobumpofu futhi zingakwazi ukugqama, idliwe, iba indala ngokwengeziwe, yehle kakhulu.

Ngale ndlela, iladi ngokwalo liba isimilo esisodwa okhona kuzo zonke izizukulwane futhi ucabanga, uyisimungulu, izimpilo zabanye abalingiswa.

Izilinganiso zika-Antonio Buero Vallejo

  • Uma uthando lwakho lungantuli, ngizokwenza izinto eziningi.
  • Kuhle kakhulu ukubona ukuthi usakhunjulwa.
  • Ungajahi ... Kuningi ongakhuluma ngakho ... Ukuthula nakho kuyadingeka.
  • Ngiyakuthanda ngosizi lwakho nosizi lwakho; ukuhlupheka nawe hhayi ukukuholela endaweni ethile yamanga yenjabulo.
  • Bazivumele ukuthi banqotshwe yimpilo. Sekudlule iminyaka engamashumi amathathu lehla futhi lehla ... liba lincane futhi lingcolile nsuku zonke. Kepha ngeke sivume ukuhlulwa yile ndawo. Akunjalo! Ngoba sizosuka lapha. Sizosizana. Uzongisiza ngisukume, ngishiye le ndlu edabukisayo ingunaphakade, lezi zimpi ezingapheli, lezi zingqinamba. Uzongisiza, akunjalo? Ngicela, ungitshele. Ngitshele! (Ibinzana elisencwadini «Umlando wezitebhisi»).

Okuqukethwe yi-athikili kunamathela ezimisweni zethu ze izimiso zokuhlelela. Ukubika iphutha chofoza lapha.

Amazwana, shiya okwakho

Shiya umbono wakho

Ikheli lakho le ngeke ishicilelwe. Ezidingekayo ibhalwe nge *

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  1. Ubhekele imininingwane: Miguel Ángel Gatón
  2. Inhloso yedatha: Lawula Ugaxekile, ukuphathwa kwamazwana.
  3. Ukusemthethweni: Imvume yakho
  4. Ukuxhumana kwemininingwane: Imininingwane ngeke idluliselwe kubantu besithathu ngaphandle kwesibopho esisemthethweni.
  5. Isitoreji sedatha: Idatabase ebanjwe yi-Occentus Networks (EU)
  6. Amalungelo: Nganoma yisiphi isikhathi ungakhawulela, uthole futhi ususe imininingwane yakho.

  1.   UCarlos Alonso Perez kusho

    Aitami phendula meee